Final voter turnout in Bihar recorded at 56% |Final voter turnout in Bihar recorded at 56% |Final voter turnout in Bihar recorded at 56% |Phase 6 of General Elections 2014 will be held on 24-04-2014 in Bihar |

Elections in Bihar (BR) 2014

Bihar 16th General Elections Latest News And Live Update

Arrest warrant against Giriraj Singh - April 23, 2014 01:48 PM

A Bokaro Court has issued  an arrest warrant against Bihar BJP leader Giriraj Singh for his hate speech in a campaign rally. The BJP leader will face charges under IPC Sections 153 A, 295 A and 298. The Bokaro Police have also pressed charges under the People's Representation Act  in the FIR.  Two FIRs were lodged against the BJP leader for saying that those who oppose Narendra Modi will only have a place in Pakistan

Bihar LS candidate arrested by Meghalaya Police - April 23, 2014 12:32 PM

Chandra Mohan Jha, an independent candidate contesting the Lok Sabha polls from Bihar's Jhanjarpur constituency and wanted by Meghalaya Police for fraud and selling fake certificates, was  arrested in Bihar."Our CID (Criminal Investigation Department) team along with Bihar Police arrested Jha from Madhubani during his campaign," Meghalaya Director General of Police Peter Hanaman said. Source: IANS

BJP leader's Giriraj Singh's rallies banned, may be arrested soon - April 23, 2014 10:30 AM

BJP leader Giriraj Singh's election rally and road shows have been banned in Bihar and Jharkhand. It  is also likely that he maybe  arrested soon for his remark that critics of Narendra Modi will be sent to Pakistan, officials said on Tuesday. Taking serious note of Singh's remark, the Election Commission has also asked him to submit his explanation to it by April 24. Source: IANS

Muslims matter in the 6th phase of Bihar polls - April 22, 2014 03:41 PM

Bihar's seven parliamentary constituencies that vote on Thursday have a sizable Muslim population whom candidates are earnestly wooing. Bihar's most backward pockets with high percentage of poverty, illiteracy and migration are part of the five constituencies - Kishanganj, Purnea, Araria, Katihar and Supaul - known as the Seemanchal region as they share border with Nepal, Bangladesh or West Bengal. Source: IANS

Everyone claims credit for AMU in Muslim-majority Kishanganj - April 21, 2014 04:58 PM

Setting up of an Aligarh Muslim University centre in the Muslim dominated Kishanganj constituency has become a major issue. One of the most backward pockets of Bihar, several political parties are now claiming credit for the institution. After Congress president Sonia Gandhi laid the foundation stone of the AMU centre in January, party candidate and sitting member Ashrarul Haque is seeking votes in the centre's name, claiming it to be a big achievement.

JD-U suspends three women legislators for anti-party acts - April 20, 2014 11:20 AM

Bihar's ruling JD-U Saturday night suspended its three women legislators, including a former minister, for campaigning and seeking votes for the BJP and RJD candidates against official party candidates. Source: IANS

FIR against Misha Bharti for poll violation - April 17, 2014 08:36 PM

An FIR was Thursday lodged against Misha Bharti who is contesting from Patliputra seat in Bihar for forcibly entering a polling booth and allegedly damaging an EVM machine. A district official said an FIR was lodged against Bharti, daughter of RJD chief Lalu Prasad, on the basis of a written complaint of the polling booth presiding officer at Dehri village in Patna district. Source: IANS

Bihar recorded 56% final voter turnout - April 17, 2014 07:43 PM

The elections for seven constituencies in Bihar ended today with a voter turnout of around 56%. The second phase of Lok Sabha polls was held in Bihar today which will test the fate of heavyweight leaders like Shatrughan Sinha, Misa Bharti and Ram Kripal Yadav.  

44 per cent turnout in Bihar till 3:00pm - April 17, 2014 05:39 PM

Around 40% of the electorate in Bihar voted till 3:00pm. According to media sources, 30% electorate turnout has been seen in Munger, 22% in Nalanda, 40% in Patna Sahib, 40% in Pataliputra, 23% in Arrah, 29.8% in Buxar and 33% in Jahanabad.

Bihar registers over 13% polling till 10:00am - April 17, 2014 11:56 AM

According to media reports, over 13% votes had been cast by 10:00am in the state of Bihar. Arrah, Buxar, Jahanabad, Munger, Nalanda, Pataliputra and Patna Sahib are the 7 constituencies where polling is being held today.  

Voting starts in Bihar - April 17, 2014 08:04 AM

Second phase of polls for seven constituencies begun in Bihar. The fate of 117 candidate will be decided by the polls. Prominent names in the list are actor-tuned politician Shatrughan Sinha, and Lalu Prasad Yadav's eldest daughter Misa Bharti who is fighting against her uncles.

IIT-educated real estate baron in Bihar poll fray - April 16, 2014 03:28 PM

Real estate baron Anil Kumar Sharma, an IITian who is contesting from Bihar's Jehanabad parliamentary constituency, is the richest candidate in the state with assets worth a whopping Rs.850 crore. Sharma, chairman and managing director of the Amrapali Group, is a candidate of the ruling Janata Dal (United) from Jehanabad, considered to be a lawless land till a decade ago. It witnessed caste massacres in a battle of supremacy between Maoists and Ranvir Sena, an upper caste militia. Source: IANS

Former home secretary battles caste in Bihar - April 16, 2014 12:47 PM

Having shed his official attire for dhoti and kurta, former Indian home secretary R.K. Singh has realized that caste matters most in elections -- certainly in Bihar. The BJP fielded R.K. Singh, an ex-IAS officer,in the Ara Lok Sabha constituency as he is a Rajput and the community has a strong presence in the area. Source: IANS

Sonia, Rahul destroyed the country: Modi - April 16, 2014 10:15 AM

Congress president Sonia Gandhi and her son and party vice president Rahul Gandhi have destroyed the country, BJP's prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi said Tuesday. "The mother-son duo has destroyed the country," Modi thundered at an election rally in Bihar's Bhagalpur Lok Sabha constituency. Source: IANS

Bihar's second phase of polls Thursday - April 15, 2014 03:46 PM

Caste arithmetic will be put to test in Bihar when seven parliamentary constituencies in the state go to polls Thursday. These elections are crucial for Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar of the JD-U and his bete noire RJD chief Lalu Prasad with both vying for approval as the main player in Bihar politics and to emerge with an enhanced kitty. Source: IANS

JD-U candidate quits to ensure BJP's defeat - April 15, 2014 03:37 PM

Janata Dal-United candidate in Bihar's Kishanganj constituency, Akhtarul Iman, Tuesday said he won't contest the Lok Sabha election so as not to divide the anti-BJP votes. "I have decided not to contest the polls to minimize the chances of a split in secular votes and to ensure the defeat of the BJP in Kishanganj," Akhtarul said. Source: IANS

Rahul to hold rallies in UP, Bihar - April 15, 2014 02:52 PM

Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi will Wednesday address two election rallies in Uttar Pradesh and one in Bihar, his office said Tuesday. Gandhi will address his first rally at Kishanganj constituency in Bihar followed by rallies in Unnao and Banda in Uttar Pradesh. Source: IANS

AAP candidate in Nalanda attacked - April 14, 2014 02:20 PM

The AAP Monday demanded the transfer of the superintendent of police in Bihar's Nalanda district after its candidate, Pranav Prakash, was attacked and injured by unidentified men. Prakash was assaulted Sunday evening in Utarthu village when he was on his way to the Aam Aadmi Party's election office. Source: IANS

Rabri Devi files nomination papers - April 12, 2014 02:10 PM

Former Bihar chief minister Rabri Devi Saturday filed her nomination papers from Saran parliamentary constituency as an RJD candidate. Rabri Devi was accompanied by her husband Lalu Prasad when she filed her nomination papers in Chapra, district headquarters, about 80 km from here. Source: IANS

Bihar votes, two die in blast - April 10, 2014 04:52 PM

Nearly half of the electorate in six Lok Sabha constituencies of Bihar cast their ballot Thursday even as two troopers headed for poll duty were killed in a landmine blast. "About 45 percent of the electorate has voted. The polling was slow in the early hours, but picked up later. The final figure of vote percentage will come after the end of polling," Additional Chief Electoral Officer R. Lakshaman said. Source: IANS

Bihar balloting picks up amid incidents of violence - April 10, 2014 01:44 PM

Nearly 32 percent of the electorate voted in the first six hours Thursday in Bihar's six Lok Sabha constituencies despite incidents of violence in the state. A little over 94 lakh voters are eligible to elect from among 80 candidates, including 10 women, who are in the fray in Maoists-affected constituencies. Two Central Reserve Police Force troopers were killed in the landmine blast in Munger district when they were on the way to a polling station in the neighbouring Jamui parliamentary constituency. Source: IANS

Former Kerala governor faces uphill task in Bihar seat - April 10, 2014 09:46 AM

Former Delhi Police chief Nikhil Kumar, who quit as Kerala governor last month, is in the poll fray in Bihar's Aurangabad constituency where he is facing an uphill task. Kumar is contesting on a Congress ticket and he is facing a big challenge from his traditional rival Sushil Kumar Singh of the BJP, who defeated him last time when he was a JD-U candidate. This time he has joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) after being expelled from JD-U. Source: IANS

Sadhu Yadav not to contest against sister Rabri Devi - April 05, 2014 02:17 PM

Former MP Sadhu Yadav said he will not contest the Lok Sabha polls from Bihar's Saran constituency, where his sister and former chief minister Rabri Devi is fighting on an RJD ticket, but from the Maharajganj constituency instead. Anirudh Prasad Yadav alias Sadhu Yadav said he will contest the polls from Maharajganj as an Independent candidate. Source: IANS

Rahul's election rally in Jharkhand canceled - April 02, 2014 04:13 PM

Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi's election rally in Jharkhand's Gumla district was canceled following a technical snag in his helicopter here. Congress sources said Gandhi was not allowed to fly in the helicopter. Therefore, the Gumla rally was called off and Gandhi went to Bihar's Gaya city by a special plane to address another rally. Source:IANS

Chaos at Narendra Modi's rally in Bihar - March 27, 2014 08:48 PM

 A chaos erupted in Gaya where Narendra Modi's rally was scheduled today before his arrival as the crowd tried to get into an enclosure meant for media only. The police therefore had to lathi-charge the crowd in order to control it. The commotion however came to a stop at Modi's arrival as he started his speech.
Bihar, state in northern India is 12th largest state in India, in terms of geographical size. The constitutional head of bihar is the Governor, appointed by President of India. And the real execution powers are in the hands of the Chief Minister, who is elected by people of the state. The General Elections 2014 will be held in Bihar starting from 10th April 2014. The 16th Lok Sabha (General) Elections will be a long one, divided into six phases in total. The dates and number of parliamentary constituencies to be covered are mentioned in the tables below. Apart from these, election for a few assembly seats that have been vacated will also take place. One assembly seat each will be contested on 30 April and 7 May.

Quick facts for Bihar General Elections 2014

Parliamentary Constituencies
Assembly Constituencies 243
Ruling PartyINC Alliance
Opposition PartyBharatiyaJanata Party
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
GovernorD. Y. Patil
Chief Electoral OfficerDipak Kumar Singh
Address7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna - 800015

Counting of votes will be done on 16 May 2014, which will clarify the way, mood of Bihar will swing this time.

Bihar Phase 5 Lok Sabha Election Summary

On April 17, 2014 seven constituencies in Bihar will be seeing voting for the ongoing Lok Sabha elections. This will be the second round of voting and four more rounds are yet to be completed. The authorities have opted to increase the security for this particular round since a lot of seats are located in areas where the Maoists are active. 11850786 voters are expected to cast their votes in 11,846 polling stations across the state. The 6 constituencies where 117 candidates will be contesting from may be mentioned as below:

  • Patna Sahib
  • Jehanabad
  • Patliputra
  • Ara
  • Nalanda
  • Buxar

The major candidates standing from these seats are Shatrughan Sinha, a former Bollywood star and now a well known political figure, Misa Bharti, who happens to be Lalu Prasad's eldest daughter, RK Singh, who has previously served as a Home Secretary, and Ranjan Yadav and Ramkripal Yadav, who are Lalu's brothers.

BJP, which is favored by many to win this year's elections, has been taking the whole process very seriously and that can be understood from the way it has carried out a high pitched campaign that has featured all its top candidates.

On April 10, Narendra Modi had addressed rallies that were held at Jehanabad, Bikram and Ara, which are part of the Patliputra constituency. LK Advani, yet another prominent and senior BJP leader, had started his first election campaign in the state when he addressed the rallies that had been organized on April 14 at Katihar and Banka.

Shatrughan Sinha, who is looking to be re-elected from Patna Sahib has also attended and addressed a significant amount of rallies. Kunal Singh, a famed actor of the Bhojpuri industry and Sinha's competitor from Congress has also been putting in the hard yards in order to put up a good challenge against him.

AK Sinha, the Chief Secretary, has stated that 42,600 security officers will be deployed in all so as to make sure that the elections can be conducted without any hiccup whatsoever. He has also stated that a couple of helicopters will be used for the elections just as it was done in the first part of the elections. In addition, 74 companies of Bihar military police and 152 companies of national armed forces will be used to maintain order. The Election Commission has also decreed that in the assembly constituencies with Maoist presence voting would have to be ended by 4 pm but in the remaining areas it will go on till 5 pm.

The 7 assembly constituencies where time will be reduced because of Naxalite disturbances are Munger, Jehanabad, Lakhisarai and some areas in rural Patna which make up the Pataliputra constituency.

It has been reported that till 3 pm the 7 constituencies have seen a voter turnout of 44.7%. The Patna Sahib constituency has experienced the lowest attendance with only 41% of the voters turning up till the time in consideration. Jahanabad has recorded the maximum attendance with 50%. No incidents of violence have been reported but the polls at booth 149 of Islampur, Nalanda has been given a pass by the local voters along with booths 170 and 232. This has been done as a mark of protest against the water and power issues plaguing the local population.

Some people have also complained that Anand Singh, an MLA for the JD(U) has been using pressure tactics against the voters. As per orders of the Election Commission he has been put within a house at Barh, which is located in the Lok Sabha constituency of Munger. At booth 117 of the Bankipore assembly segment, which is a part of Patna Sahib, the EVMs started to malfunction and this meant that voting could not be started over there.

Nitish Kumar, the Bihar CM, put in his vote at Bakhtiarpur, Patna Sahib. Lalu Prasad exercised his franchise at Patliputra along with his Rabri Devi, his wife, and Misa. Shatrughan Sinha cast his vote from a Patna locality named Kadamkuan, which happens to be his ancestral home as well

No. of ElectorsMale electorsFemale electorsNo. of Electors as %age of Total Electorate of IndiaNo. of electors having EPIC (Electoral Photo Identity Card)

Bihar General Elections 2014 Information

Dates and Schedule for PCs Election Bihar 2014 Opinion Poll List of Parliamentary Constituencies in Bihar
Campaigning Strategies of political parties Bihar Elections History Bihar Major Political Parties
Bihar Administration Bihar Legislative Assembly Bihar Legislative Council
Bihar State Assembly Elections 2014 Political Parties in Bihar List of Chief Minister of Bihar
List of Governors in Bihar Election Commission of Bihar CEO of Bihar
Parliamentary Elections Result candidate list of bihar Assembly Candidate List 2014
Dates and Schedule for ACs Election

Bihar Lok Sabha Elections (General Elections) 2014 - Dates and Schedule

Bihar General Elections 2014 Important Dates

The table below represents the important dates associated with the Bihar General Elections 2014 and when are elections going to be held in Bihar, the date of issue of notification, nominations and much, more.

Phase 3B
No of PCs going to poll 6 (PC no. 34, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40) Click to see Pcs
Issue of Notification13 Mar 14 (Thu)
Last Date for filing Nominations20 Mar 14 (Thu)
Scrutiny of Nominations21 Mar 14 (Fri)
Last date for withdrawal of Candidature24 Mar 14 (Mon)
Date of Poll10 Apr 14 (Thu)
Counting of Votes16 May 14 (Fri)
Date be completedfore which the election shall be completed28 May 14 (Wed)
Phase 5th
No of PCs going to poll 7 (PC no. 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 36) Click to see Pcs
Issue of Notification19 Mar 14 (Wed)
Last Date for filing Nominations26 Mar 14 (Wed)
Scrutiny of Nominations27 Mar 14 (Thu)
Last date for withdrawal of Candidature29 Mar 14 (Sat)
Date of Poll17 Apr 14 (Thu)
Counting of Votes16 May 14 (Fri)
Date be completedfore which the election shall be completed28 May 14 (Wed)
Phase 6th
No of PCs going to poll 7 (PC no. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 26, 27) Click to see Pcs
Issue of Notification29 Mar 14 (Sat)
Last Date for filing Nominations05 Apr 14 (Sat)
Scrutiny of Nominations07 Apr 14 (Mon)
Last date for withdrawal of Candidature09 Apr 14 (Wed)
Date of Poll24 Apr 14 (Thu)
Counting of Votes16 May 14 (Fri)
Date be completedfore which the election shall be completed28 May 14 (Wed)
Phase 7th
No of PCs going to poll 7(PC no. 6, 7, 13, 14, 23, 24, 25) Click to see Pcs
Issue of Notification02 Apr 14 (Wed)
Last Date for filing Nominations09 Apr 14 (Wed)
Scrutiny of Nominations10 Apr 14 (Thu)
Last date for withdrawal of Candidature12 Apr 14 (Sat)
Date of Poll30 Apr 14 (Wed)
Counting of Votes16 May 14 (Fri)
Date be completedfore which the election shall be completed28 May 14 (Wed)
Phase 8th
No of PCs going to poll 7 (PC no. 4, 5, 15, 19, 20, 21, 22) Click to see Pcs
Issue of Notification12 Apr 14 (Sat)
Last Date for filing Nominations19 Apr 14 (Sat)
Scrutiny of Nominations21 Apr 14 ( Mon)
Last date for withdrawal of Candidature23 Apr 14 (Wed)
Date of Poll07 May 14 (Wed)
Counting of Votes16 May 14 (Fri)
Date be completedfore which the election shall be completed28 May 14 (Wed)
Phase 9th
No of PCs going to poll 6 (PC no. 1, 2, 3, 16, 17, 18) Click to see Pcs
Issue of Notification17 Apr 14 (Thu)
Last Date for filing Nominations24 Apr 14 (Thu)
Scrutiny of Nominations25 Apr 14 (Fri)
Last date for withdrawal of Candidature28 Apr 14 (Mon)
Date of Poll12 May 14 (Mon)
Counting of Votes16 May 14 (Fri)
Date be completedfore which the election shall be completed28 May 14 (Wed)

Bihar 2014 Lok Sabha Opinion Poll

ABP News - Nielsen opinion poll

Bihar Letest Opinion Poll survey 2014 by ABP News Nielsen

January Opinion Polls 2014

CNN-IBN survey 2014: BJP is likely to bag 16-24 seats while JDU may win 7-13 seats. Rashtriya Janata Dal may secure 6-10 seats. 0-4 seats will be won by the Congress party.

Bihar Opinion Poll survey 2014  by CNN-IBN

India TV survey 2014: Janta Dal (United) may bag 9 LS seats while BJP will win 14 seats. 14 seats are likely to be won by RJD, 1 by LJP, 1 by Congress, and 1 by an Independent candidate.

Bihar Opinion Poll survey 2014  by India TV

India Today-CVoter opinion poll: JDU may win only 4 seats while the BJP is expected to bag 22 seats. RJD is likely to win 11 seats.

Bihar CVoter opinion poll 2014  by India Today

Headlines Today-CVoter opinion poll: 22 Lok Sabha seats may be won by BJP, 4 by JDU, 11 by RJD, 1 by LJP, and 2 by Congress.

Bihar CVoter opinion poll 2014  by Headlines Today

List of Parliamentary Constituencies in Bihar

Bihar has 40 parliamentary constituencies, in which 7 seats (Rosera, Araria, Gaya, Bagaha, Hajipur, Sasaram, and Nawada) are reserved for Scheduled Castes. The Janata Dal (United), the Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Indian National Congress and the Lok Janshakti Party are the major forces to contest the upcoming Lok Sabha poll from Bihar.

PC No.PC NamePC No.PC NamePC No.PC Name
1Valmiki Nagar15Muzaffarpur28Munger
2Paschim Champaran16Vaishali29Nalanda
3Purvi Champaran17Gopalganj30Patna Sahib

Campaigning Strategies of political parties

Janata Dal (United): Nitish Kumar's JD (U) has kick-started the party's Lok Sabha campaign with the Sankalp Rally. The party is vouching for the demand of special-category status for Bihar. The JD (U) is also highlighting the development works done by Nitish Kumar's state government. He is also highlighting his success in providing better educational standards for girls through the Mukhyamantri Balika Cycle Yojana (MBCY). In fact, Nistish Kumar is trying to reach women voters by highlighting the fact that free bicycles to school girls has decreased the dropout rate. One of his strategies includes targeting both Narendra Modi and Lalu Prasad Yadav equally. To project the secular character of the party, he has reopened the cases related to one of the worst riots of Bihar - the 1989 Bhagalpur Riot, with many guilty put behind bars. To provide good governance, Nitish's government has taken strong steps against corrupt government officials and employees. In a fresh move towards a third alternative, 11 secular non-Congress and non-BJP parties have met to discuss future course of action towards a pre-poll alliance (if any) and seat sharing, prior to the 2014 Lok Sabha election. Nitish Kumar in an interview showed optimism towards the formation of a third alternative that can play important role in the upcoming 2014 General Election of India.

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP): The BJP is trying to play the role of a victim due to the JD (U)'s deserting of NDA on the issue of Narendra Modi as NDA's Prime Ministerial candidate. The party is also fine-tuning its strategy and is in talks with Upendra Kushwaha's Loktantrik Samata Party on seat-sharing. One of the interesting aspects of their strategy is going soft on Lalu Prasad Yadav's RJD and at the same time projecting Narendra Modi as a stronger face and better performer than that of Nitish Kumar. Going soft on RJD has poll implications too, as the BJP believes that targeting him will anger the Yadav vote bank (15% of the total Bihar electorate). The BJP also thinks that RJD will be able to snatch a large percentage of Muslim votes (about 16% of the total Bihar population) from the Janata Dal (United). The BJP is also playing the Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs) card. During the BJP's stint in the Bihar government with Nitish's JD (U), they had given emphasis on providing reservation to ECBs in local bodies. They had also showered them with other largesse. The ECBs constitute 28% of Bihar's population. Now, the BJP is claiming that the cause of the ECBs was jeopardised by Nitish's breaking away from the NDA. The Narendra Modi factor is also believed to be strong in Bihar.

Rashtriya Janata Dal: One of the most important strategies of the RJD is forging poll alliance with Lok Janshakti Party and the Indian National Congress. However, the seat sharing formula is yet to be finalised as all the parties concerned are bargaining hard. In fact, Lalu Prasad Yadav has met the Congress, especially Rahul Gandhi, to come to a common understanding and pre-poll alliance. One of the challenges for Lalu Prasad is to field candidates with clean image, one of the probable criteria put forward by Rahul Gandhi before the RJD Supremo.

Indian National Congress: The INC in Bihar has two distinct strategies in mind. The first one is to go it all alone and contest the upcoming Lok Sabha election on the basis of its own organisational strength. Another strategy is to form pre-poll alliance with secular parties like the RJD. In fact, talks are on with RJD leader Lalu Prasad Yadav. At present, the Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee is reviewing its organisational strength, persisting political scenario, and selection of probable candidates. In fact, secretaries in charge of the Bihar Lok Sabha election 2014--Paresh Dhanani and K.L. Sharma--are in talks with their local leaders on the pros as well as cons of a pre-poll alliance with secular parties like the RJD. Hard bargaining has already started between the RJD and the INC regarding seat-sharing in the pre-poll alliance.

Bihar Elections History

Bihar has been a prominent state before and after independence as well. The state has conducted election in accordance with the Indian constitution. To create law and order in the state and to build a local body elections election have been held at regular intervals in accordance with the Indian laws and as approved by the Indian parliament. Bihar is one of the major political centers of the Indian Politics and is considered as one of the major states regarding the politics and culture. A number of significant politicians from Bihar have contributed to the development of the nation. The state has 40 parliamentary constituencies. There are 243 assembly constituencies in Bihar.

The Bihar electoral system consists of the national level representation, the Lok Sabha delegation and the Rajya Sabha delegation. The state level representation comprises of legislative assembly and the legislative council. Election is held regularly to form the government that can govern the state.

Bihar Major Political Parties

Janata Dal (United): The JD (U) is considered to be in the center-left of the political spectrum and has strong political base in Bihar and Jharkhand. The current form of the party has taken shape after merger of the Janata Dal's Sharad Yadav faction, Samata Party, and the Lokshakti Party on 30 October 2003. It had a 17-year-old alliance with the BJP and was an important constituent of the National Democratic Front. However, it had broken away from the BJP for elevating Narendra Modi as NDA's Prime Ministerial candidate. The three ideological tenets of Janata Dal (United) are secularism, integral humanism, and socialism. Sharad Yadav is its chairperson. The JD (U)'s election symbol is arrow. The party had won 20 seats in the last Lok Sabha election.

Rashtriya Janata Dal: The RJD is mainly based in Bihar and was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in the year 1997. In terms of caste- and religion-based politics, Muslims and Yadavs are its main vote banks. The basic ideological tenets theoretically followed by the party include values of social justice, secularism, and equality. Lalu not only became chief minister of the state but also came to be known as one of the most successful Railway Ministers of India. Keeping Lok Sabha election of 2014 and Bihar assembly election of 2015 in mind, the RJD has started the Parivartan Rally. Lalu Prasad Yadav is the Chairperson as well as the leader of the party in Lok Sabha. In the last Lok Sabha election, the RJD won 3 seats. The election symbol of the party is the lantern.

Indian National Congress: The Indian National Congress's Bihar state unit is called Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee and is headquartered at Sadaquat Ashram, Patna, in Bihar. Ashok Choudhary is its president in Bihar. It has many frontal organisations such as the Bihar Pradesh Youth Congress, the Bihar Pradesh Congress Seva Dal, the Bihar Pradesh Congress INTUC, and the Bihar Pradesh Congress NSUI. Since 1991, the INC has received anything between 12,23,835 and 70,07,304 votes in Bihar. In 2009, the party had won 2 seats. The election symbol of the INC is the palm.

Bharatiya Janata Party: The BJP has considerable strength in Bihar. This state is among some of those states where the Narendra Modi factor is working strongly. Bihar BJP's state president is Mangal Pandey. The State Prabhari of the Bihar BJP is Dharmendra Pradhan, who is also an MP. The frontal organisations of the BJP are the Bharatiya Janata Mazdoor Morcha, the Kisan Morcha, the Minority Morcha, the Mahila Morcha, the S.C. Morcha, the S.T. Morcha, and the Yuva Morcha.

A major blow to the state party was dealt by Tarakant Jha, a veteran leader of BJP who recently severed his ties with the BJP and joined the Janata Dal (United). During the 2009 Lok Sabha election, the BJP won 12 seats by securing 33,76,109 votes (13.93% vote share).

Bihar Administration

For administrative purposes, the state has nine divisions and 38 districts. The hierarchical structure of the district administration includes Municipal Corporation or Maha Nagar Palika, Blocks or Tehsils, City Councils or Nagar Panchayat, and Municipalities or Nagar Palika. Within Municipalities, there are Wards and within Blocks there are Villages.

In Bihar, a bicameral legislature exists, in which the Bihar Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) is the Upper House and Bihar Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) is the Lower House.

The Bihar Vidhan Parishad is a permanent body and is not subjected to dissolution. Members of Legislative Council are nominated or elected for 6 years and every one-sixth of them retire every second year. The presiding officers here are called Chairman and Deputy Chairman. 27 Committees are functioning within the Council.

Unlike the Legislative Council, the Bihar Legislative Assembly is subjected to dissolution and is not permanent. Its tenure is 5 years, until and unless dissolved sooner. Members here are directly elected by the people. Every year there are three sessions in the Bihar Vidhan Sabha: Budget, Monsoon, and Winter.

Another important part of Bihar administration is judiciary. The high court of Bihar is the Patna High Court, headquartered in Patna. It was established on 3 February 1916.

Bihar Legislative Assembly

Bihar legislative assembly is also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha. With an act of the Parliament that was named the Bihar Reorganization act 2000, the Bihar legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. The legislative assembly is not a permanent body and can be dissolved. The tenure is for five years and the member are elected by the people. Every year three sessions are held namely the Budget, Monsoon and winter. The legislative assembly elections were held in six phases in 2012 and conducted for a month in October and November. Phase I comprised 47 seats, Phase II for 45 seats, Phase II for 48 seats, Phase IV for 42 seats, Phase V for 35 seats, Phase VI. The current speaker of the legislative assembly is Honorable Shri Uday Narain Choudhary. He has been elected unanimously for the 2nd time in 2010. He was also elected in 2005 as a Speaker of the legislative assembly in Bihar. The leader of the house if Shri Nitish Kumar and is also the chief minister of Bihar. The leader of the Opposition is Shri Abdulbari Siddiqui, while the secretary of the state is Surendra Prasad Sharma. The Dy chief minister of Bihar is Shri Sushil Kumar Modi.

The term of Bihar legislative assembly is nearing expiry on 27th November 2010. The total of 243 assembly seats comprised of seats for the schedule castes and schedule tribes. The seats for schedule castes are 38 and 2 seats for schedule tribes. Approximately there were around 55088402 votes in Bihar for the 15th Bihar assembly elections and 56943 polling stations. Women candidates comprised of 8.74 percent of the total candidates that won the 32 seats in Bihar.

Bihar Legislative Council

The Bihar legislative council is the upper house of the state government. All the states that have a bicameral legislature comprise of an upper house also known as the Vidhan Parishad. In 2010, the Indian Parliament passed an Act that was meant to re-establish the Legislative council for a seventh state. It is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved. The term for each member of the Legislative council is for 6 years. The body of the Legislative council is around one-third of the Vidhan Sabha or the legislative assembly. The members should be less than 40 in number. One-third members are elected by the local bodies like the corporations, zilla parishads and the municipalities. One third is elected by the Legislative assembly members from those who are not members of the Assembly. One Twelfth members are elected persons who are graduates of three years of standing residing in the state. Another one twelfth members get elected from those who are engaged for three years in the education institutions in the state and One sixth are nominated by the governor from people who are experts in the field of science, arts, social service, literature and co-operative movement. The chairman and the deputy chairman are elected by the elected members of the legislative council.

After the independence the Bihar legislative council has come forward to work for the public welfare. On 1st April 1950, the secretariat of BLC started functioning. Shri Nitish Kumar, Rabri Devi and Modi were elected unopposed to the Bihar legislative council that was held on April 19. This is the second term for Nitish Kumar and Modi. Modi is the senior BJP leader. The total number 11 candidates were elected unopposed for the legislative council in the biennial elections. The chairman of the Legislatie council is Shir Awdhesh Narayan Singh.

Bihar State Assembly Elections 2014

The latest elections for the Bihar state assembly were held on 24th November 2010. NItish Kumar, who is the current chief minister of Bihar won by 206 seats of the total 243 assembly seats of the state and created history in Bihar. The alliance with the other parties leads them to a victorious win. The opposition was led by BJP alliance. According to the various parties, the second most winners were the Bhartiya Janata Party who won 91 seats. The Communist Party of India won 1 seat onlyINDian National Congress party won 4 seats in the Bihar state Assembly elections. The Janata Dal (United) won 115 seats. 1 seat was won by Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. Lok Jan Shakti Party won 3 sets, while the Rashtriya Janta Dal won 22 seats. The other parties that were individual parties won around 6 seats in the 2010 elections. See the complete Bihar Assembly Election Result 2010 .

Political Parties in Bihar

The major political parties in Bihar are:
1. Janata Dal United2. Bhartiya Janata Party3. Rahstriaya Janta Dal
4. INDian Naitonal Congress5. Lok Janshakti party

Some of the prominent local parties are:

1. Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha2. Bajjikanchal Vikas Party3. Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Mazdoor congress
4. Janata Party5. Republican Party of India
There are a total of 53 local political parties in Bihar.

Assembly Constituencies in Bihar

There are around 40 constituencies in Bihar. Following are the constituencies in Bihar :

Valmiki Nagar, Sheohar Jhaniharpur, Paschim, champaran, Purvi, champaran, sheohar, Sitamrahi, Madhubani, Supaul, Araria, Kishangani, Kalihar, Purnea, Madhepura, Darbhanga, Muzffarpur, Vaishali, Gopalgani, Siwan, Maharajganj, Saran, Hajipur, Ujiarpur, Samastipur, Bequsarai, Khagaria, Bhagalpur, Banka, Monghy, Nalanda, Patna sahib, Patliputra, Arrah, Buxar, Sasaram, Karakat, Jahanabad, Aurangabad, Gaya, Nawada and Jamui.

List of Chief Minister of Bihar

Sr. No.Name of Chief MinisterFromToParty
1Krishna SinghApr 2, 1946Jan 31, 1961INC
2Deep Narayan SinghFeb 1, 1961Feb 18, 1961INC
3Binodanand JhaFeb 18, 1961Oct 2, 1963INC
4K. B. SahayOct 2, 1963Mar 5, 1967INC
5Mahamaya Prasad SinhaMar 5, 1967Jan 28, 1968JKD
6Satish Prasad SinghJan 28, 1968Feb 1, 1968INC
7B. P. MandalFeb 1, 1968Mar 2, 1968INC
8Bhola Paswan ShastriMar 22, 1968Jun 29, 1968INC (O)
 President's ruleJun 29, 1968Feb 26, 1969N/A
9Harihar SinghFeb 26, 1969Jun 22, 1969INC
10Bhola Paswan ShastriJun 22, 1969Jul 4, 1969INC (O)
 President's ruleJul 6, 1969Feb 16, 1970N/A
11Daroga Prasad Rai16 February. 1970Dec 22, 1970INC
12Karpoori ThakurDec 22, 1970Jun 2, 1971Socialist Party
13Bhola Paswan ShastriJun 2, 1971Jan 9, 1972INC
 President's ruleJan 9, 1972Mar 19, 1972N/A
14Kedar PandeyMar 19, 1972Jul 2, 1973INC
15Abdul GafoorJul 2, 1973Apr 11, 1975INC
16Jagannath MishraApr 11, 1975Apr 30, 1977INC
 President's ruleApr 30, 1977Jun 24, 1977N/A
17Karpoori ThakurJun 24, 1977Apr 21, 1979JNP
18Ram Sundar DasApr 21, 1979Feb 17, 1980JNP
 President's ruleFeb 17, 1980Jun 8, 1980N/A
19Jagannath MishraJun 8, 1980Aug 14, 1983INC (I)
20Chandrashekhar SinghAug 14, 1983Mar 12, 1985INC (I)
21Bindeshwari DubeyMar 12, 1985Feb 13, 1988INC (I)
22Bhagwat Jha AzadFeb 14, 1988Mar 10, 1989INC (I)
23Satyendra Narayan SinhaMar 11, 1989Dec 6, 1989INC (I)
24Jagannath MishraDec 6, 1989Mar 10, 1990INC (I)
25Lalu Prasad YadavMar 10, 1990Mar 28, 1995JD
 President's ruleMar 28, 1995Apr 4, 1995 
26Lalu Prasad YadavApr 4, 1995Jul 25, 1997JD, RJD
27Rabri DeviJul 25, 1997Feb 11, 1999RJD
 President's ruleFeb 11, 1999Mar 9, 1999 
28Rabri DeviMar 9, 1999Mar 2, 2000RJD
29Nitish KumarMar 3, 2000Mar 10, 2000JD(U)
30Rabri DeviMar 11, 2000Mar 6, 2005RJD
 President's ruleMar 7, 2005Nov 24, 2005 
31Nitish KumarNov 24, 2005PresentJD(U)

List of Governors in Bihar

Sr. No.Name of GovernorsFromTo
1Jairamdas DaulatramAug 15, 1947Jan 11, 1948
2Madhav Shrihari AneyJan 12, 1948Jun 14, 1952
3R. R. DiwakarJan 15, 1952Jul 5, 1957
4Zakir HussainJul 6, 1957May 11, 1962
5M. A. S. AyyangarMay 12, 1962Dec 6, 1967
6Nityanand KanungoDec 7, 1967Jan 20, 1971
7Devkant BarooahFeb 1, 1971Feb 4, 1971
8Ramchandra Dhondiba BhandareFeb 4, 1973Jun 15, 1976
9Jagannath KaushalJun 16, 1976Jan 31, 1979
10Akhlaqur Rahman KidwaiSep 20, 1979Mar 15, 1985
11P. VenkatasubbaiahMar 15, 1985Feb 25, 1988
12Govind Narain SinghFeb 26, 1988Jan 24, 1989
13R.D. PradhanJan 29, 1989Feb 2, 1989
14Jagannath PahadiaMar 3, 1989Feb 2, 1990
15Mohammad SaleemFeb 16, 1990Feb 13, 1991
16Mohammad Shafi QureshiMar 19, 1991Aug 13, 1993
17A R KidwaiAug 14, 1993Apr 26, 1998
18S S BhandariApr 27, 1998Mar 15, 1999
19V. C. PandeNov 23, 1999Jun 12, 2003
20M R JoisJun 12, 2003Oct 31, 2004
21Buta SinghNov 5, 2004Jan 29, 2006
22Gopalkrishna GandhiJan 31, 2006Jun 21, 2006
23R. S. GavaiJun 22, 2006Jul 10, 2008
24R. L. BhatiaJul 10, 2008Jul 23, 2009
25Devanand KonwarJul 24, 2009Mar 8, 2013
26D. Y. PatilMar 9, 2013Present

Election Commission of Bihar

The 73rd amendment of the Indian constitution created State Election Commissions and Article 243-K enumerates the responsibilities as well as the powers for functioning and conducting election. Some of the basic functions entrusted with State Election Commission are direction as well as control of conducting election in urban local bodies and three-tier Panchayati Raj institution.

The office of State Election Commission is located at Sone Bhawan, 3rd floor, Beerchand Patel Marg, Patna - 800 001. The general public can get detailed information about upcoming election (such as voter ID card issuing information, lists of electoral role, voter registration forms download, and other information regarding electorates of Bihar) at www.secbihar.org and www.ceobihar.nic.in.

Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Bihar

Dipak Kumar Singh is the Chief Electoral Officer of Bihar. He is a 1992 IAS cadre from Bihar. During his professional career he has worked with the ministries of Textile as well as Finance for seven years (2004-2011) under the Union Government. The Bihar CEO's office is located at 7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna - 800015 , Bihar. Its contact details include email address (ceo_bihar@eci.gov.in) and phone number (0612-2217956). In case of More...

Last Updated on March 5, 2014

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