Bihar Elections Latest News And Live Updates
About Bihar Elections HistoryBihar, situated in the north of India, is the 12th largest state in the country in terms of geographical area. The constitutional head of Bihar is the Governor, appointed by the President of India. The real executive powers are in the hands of Chief Minister, who is elected by people of the state. Bihar has been a prominent state since the pre-independence era.
Quick facts for Bihar Elections
|Parliamentary Constituencies|| |
|Ruling Party||Janata Dal (United)|
|Opposition Party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Chief Minister||Nitish Kumar|
|Governor||Keshari Nath Tripathi|
|Chief Electoral Officer||Dipak Kumar Singh|
|Address||7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna - 800015|
The Bihar electoral system consists of the national level representation, the Lok Sabha delegation and the Rajya Sabha delegation. The state level representation of Bihar comprises legislative assembly and the legislative council. Elections are held regularly to form the government that can govern the state.
Bihar Lok Sabha Elections Summary 2014
The 2014 Lok Sabha elections results proved the opinion polls right, which had predicted the victory of BJP in the state. 22 seats were won by BJP and only two seats went to INC. RJD managed to bag four seats and Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) won six seats. Bihar has a total of 40 Lok Sabha constituencies for which elections in 2014 were held in six different phases.
The assembly by-polls to fill casual vacancies in Bihar legislative assembly were held on 21 August 2014. The 10 constituencies where polling took place were Narkatiaganj, Rajnagar (SC), Jale, Chapra, Hajipur, Mohiuddinnagar, Parbatta, Bhagalpur, Banka and Mohania (SC). The by-elections were necessitated due to the election of some members to the Lok Sabha and resignation of others.
The posts from Chapra, Bhagalpur, Hajipur, Mohania and Narkatiaganj assembly constituencies were left vacant as the MLAs from these constituencies were elected in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. These MLAs included Janardan Singh Sigriwal from Chapra, Ashwani Kumar Choubey from Bhagalpur, Nityanand Rai from Hajipur, Chhedi Paswan from Mohania and Satish Chandra Dubey from Narkatiaganj constituency.
Samrat Choudhary of Parbatta, Ram Lakhan Ram Raman of Rajnagar (SC) and Javed Iqbal Ansari of Banka resigned from their posts, thus leaving the seats vacant. All three of them rebelled against their party, Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD). Later, they were nominated to the legislative council in Jitan Ram Manjhi's government.
Vijay Mishra and Rana Gangeshwar Singh, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) members from Jale and Mohiuddinnagar constituencies respectively, resigned after a split in NDA thus necessitating by-polls. BJP emerged as the most successful party winning four of the 10 seats that went for by-polls. RJD bagged three of the seats, while Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) settled for two. The Indian National Congress (INC) had to be content with just one.
Election Issues of the BiharBihar is one of the poorest states in India. What people in the state have been looking for is development. It is difficult for the common man here to survive because of the rising costs, poverty and corruption. Keeping that in mind the JD(U) centred its campaign on the issues of development, good governance, and law and order. The party aimed to target the people of the lowest strata of society, the Mahadalits and the backward castes, who make up 44 percent of the state's voters.
Bihar Major Political Parties
Janata Dal (United): The JD (U) is considered to be in the centre-left of the political spectrum and has a strong political base in Bihar and Jharkhand. The current form of the party started taking shape after the merger of the Janata Dal's Sharad Yadav faction, Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party on 30 October 2003. The JD (U) had a 17 year old alliance with the BJP and was an important component of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). However, it had broken away from the BJP for elevating Narendra Modi as NDA's Prime Ministerial candidate in 2013. The three ideological tenets of Janata Dal (United) are secularism, integral humanism, and socialism. Sharad Yadav is the chairperson of the party. The JD (U)'s election symbol is arrow. The party had won 20 seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, while it could manage a mere two seats in 2014.
There are a total of 53 local political parties in Bihar.
Rashtriya Janata Dal: The RJD is largely based in Bihar and was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in the year 1997. In terms of caste-and religion-based politics, Muslims and Yadavs are its main vote banks. The basic ideological tenets theoretically followed by the party include values of social justice, secularism, and equality. Lalu not only became the Chief Minister of the state but also came to be known as one of the most successful railway ministers of India. Keeping Lok Sabha elections of 2014 and Bihar assembly election of 2015 in mind, the RJD started the Parivartan Rally. Lalu Prasad Yadav is the Chairperson as well as the leader of the party in Lok Sabha. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the RJD won four seats, the number did not change for RJD in 2014 as well. The election symbol of the party is the lantern.
Indian National Congress: The Indian National Congress’ Bihar state unit is called Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee (BPCC) and is headquartered at Sadaquat Ashram, Patna, in Bihar. Ashok Choudhary is its president in Bihar. It has many frontal organisations such as the Bihar Pradesh Youth Congress (BPYC), the Bihar Pradesh Congress Seva Dal (BPCSD), the Bihar Pradesh Congress INTUC, and the Bihar Pradesh Congress NSUI. In 2009 and 2014, the party won two seats each time. The election symbol of the INC is the palm.
Bharatiya Janata Party: The BJP has considerable strength in Bihar. This state is among some of those states where the Narendra Modi factor has worked strongly. Bihar BJP's state president is Mangal Pandey. The State Prabhari of the Bihar umit of BJP is Dharmendra Pradhan, who is also an MP. The frontal organisations of the BJP are the Bharatiya Janata Mazdoor Morcha, the Kisan Morcha, the Minority Morcha, the Mahila Morcha, the S.C. Morcha, the S.T. Morcha, and the Yuva Morcha.
A major blow to the state party was dealt by Tarakant Jha, a veteran leader of BJP who severed his ties with the BJP and joined the Janata Dal (United).
Political Parties in Bihar
The major political parties in Bihar are:
|1. Janata Dal (U)||2. Bharatiya Janata Party||3. Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|4. Indian National Congress||5. Lok Janshakti Party|
Some of the prominent local parties are:
|1. Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha||2. Bajjikanchal Vikas Party||3. Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Mazdoor congress|
|4. Janata Party||5. Republican Party of India|
Bihar Administrative Structure
The administrative structure of the state of Bihar is divided into nine divisions and 38 districts. The nine divisions are Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh Division. The state has a bicameral legislature which comprises the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council), the Upper House, and Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly), the Lower House.
Bihar Legislative Assembly
The Bihar legislative assembly is also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha. With an act of the Parliament that was named the Bihar Reorganisation Act 2000, the Bihar legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. The legislative assembly is not a permanent body and can be dissolved. The tenure is for five years and the member are elected by the people. Every year three sessions are held namely the Budget, Monsoon and winter. The legislative assembly elections were held in six phases in 2010 and conducted for a month in October and November. Phase I covered 47 seats, 45 seats went to polls in Phase II, Phase III covered 48 seats, Phase IV was scheduled for 42 seats, Phase V covered 35 seats, Phase VI covered 26 seats. The current speaker of the legislative assembly is Uday Narayan Choudhary. He was elected unanimously for the second time in 2010. He was also elected in 2005 as a Speaker of the legislative assembly in Bihar. The leader of the house is Nitish Kumar and is also the Chief Minister of Bihar. The leader of the opposition is Amrendra Pratap Singh.
The term of Bihar legislative assembly is nearing expiry in November 2015. The total of 243 assembly seats includes seats for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The seats for scheduled castes are 38 and two seats are for scheduled tribes.
Bihar State Legislative Assembly Elections 2010
The latest elections for the Bihar state legislative assembly were held on 24 November 2010. The Janata Dal (U) won 115 seats of the total 243 assembly seats. The alliance with the other parties led them to a big win. The opposition was led by BJP alliance. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won 91 seats. The Communist Party of India won one seat only, while the Indian National Congress won four seats in the Bihar state Assembly. One seat went to Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. Lok Jan Shakti Party won three seats, while the Rashtriya Janta Dal settled for 22 seats. The other parties, that were individual parties, won six seats in the elections.
Bihar Legislative Council
The Bihar legislative council is the Upper House of the state government. All the states that have a bicameral legislature consist of an Upper House also known as the Vidhan Parishad. In 2010, the Indian Parliament passed an Act that was meant to re-establish the Legislative council for a seventh state. It is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved. The term for each member of the Legislative council is six years. The body of the Legislative council is around one-third of the Vidhan Sabha or the legislative assembly. The members should be less than 40 in number. One-third of the members are elected from the local bodies like the corporations, district councils and the municipalities. Another one-third of the members are elected from the Legislative assembly members. One-twelfth members are elected from persons who are graduates of three years of standing committee residing in the state. Another one-twelfth members get elected from those who are engaged for three years in the education institutions in the state and One-sixth are nominated by the governor from people who are experts in the field of science, arts, social service, literature and co-operative movement. The chairman and the deputy chairman of the house are elected by the elected members of the legislative council.
After the independence of India, the Bihar legislative council has been working for the public welfare. The secretariat of BLC started functioning on 1 April 1950. Nitish Kumar, Rabri Devi and Sushil Kumar Modi were elected unopposed to the Bihar legislative council in the latest elections. A total of 11 candidates were elected unopposed for the legislative council in the biennial elections. The chairman of the Legislative council is Awdhesh Narayan Singh.
Parliamentary Constituencies in Bihar
There are 40 parliamentary constituencies in Bihar. Following are the parliamentary constituencies in Bihar :
Valmiki Nagar, Paschim Champaran, Purvi Champaran, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Madhubani, Jhanjharpur, Supaul, Araria, Kishanganj, Katihar, Purnia, Madhepura, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Gopalganj (SC), Siwan, Maharajganj, Saran, Hajipur (SC), Ujiarpur, Samastipur (SC), Begusarai, Khagaria, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Nalanda, Patna Sahib, Pataliputra, Arrah, Buxar, Sasaram (SC), Karakat, Jahanabad, Aurangabad, Gaya (SC), Nawada and Jamui (SC).
List of Chief Minister of Bihar
|Sr. No.||Name of Chief Minister||From||To||Party|
|1||Nitish Kumar||Feb 22, 2015||Present||JD(U)|
|2||Jeetan Ram Manjhi||May 20, 2014||Feb 21, 2015||JD(U)|
|3||Nitish Kumar||Nov 24, 2005||May 19, 2014||JD(U)|
|4||President's rule||Mar 7, 2005||Nov 24, 2005|
|5||Rabri Devi||Mar 11, 2000||Mar 6, 2005||RJD|
|6||Nitish Kumar||Mar 3, 2000||Mar 10, 2000||JD(U)|
|7||Rabri Devi||Mar 9, 1999||Mar 2, 2000||RJD|
|8||President's rule||Feb 11, 1999||Mar 9, 1999|
|9||Rabri Devi||Jul 25, 1997||Feb 11, 1999||RJD|
|10||Lalu Prasad Yadav||Apr 4, 1995||Jul 25, 1997||JD, RJD|
|11||President's rule||Mar 28, 1995||Apr 4, 1995|
|12||Lalu Prasad Yadav||Mar 10, 1990||Mar 28, 1995||JD|
|13||Jagannath Mishra||Dec 6, 1989||Mar 10, 1990||INC (I)|
|14||Satyendra Narayan Sinha||Mar 11, 1989||Dec 6, 1989||INC (I)|
|15||Bhagwat Jha Azad||Feb 14, 1988||Mar 10, 1989||INC (I)|
|16||Bindeshwari Dubey||Mar 12, 1985||Feb 13, 1988||INC (I)|
|17||Chandrashekhar Singh||Aug 14, 1983||Mar 12, 1985||INC (I)|
|18||Jagannath Mishra||Jun 8, 1980||Aug 14, 1983||INC (I)|
|19||President's rule||Feb 17, 1980||Jun 8, 1980||N/A|
|20||Ram Sundar Das||Apr 21, 1979||Feb 17, 1980||JNP|
|21||Karpoori Thakur||Jun 24, 1977||Apr 21, 1979||JNP|
|22||President's rule||Apr 30, 1977||Jun 24, 1977||N/A|
|23||Jagannath Mishra||Apr 11, 1975||Apr 30, 1977||INC|
|24||Abdul Gafoor||Jul 2, 1973||Apr 11, 1975||INC|
|25||Kedar Pandey||Mar 19, 1972||Jul 2, 1973||INC|
|26||President's rule||Jan 9, 1972||Mar 19, 1972||N/A|
|27||Bhola Paswan Shastri||Jun 2, 1971||Jan 9, 1972||INC|
|28||Karpoori Thakur||Dec 22, 1970||Jun 2, 1971||Socialist Party|
|29||Daroga Prasad Rai||Feb 16, 1970||Dec 22, 1970||INC|
|30||President's rule||Jul 6, 1969||Feb 16, 1970||N/A|
|31||Bhola Paswan Shastri||Jun 22, 1969||Jul 4, 1969||INC (O)|
|32||Harihar Singh||Feb 26, 1969||Jun 22, 1969||INC|
|33||President's rule||Jun 29, 1968||Feb 26, 1969||N/A|
|34||Bhola Paswan Shastri||Mar 22, 1968||Jun 29, 1968||INC (O)|
|35||B. P. Mandal||Feb 1, 1968||Mar 2, 1968||INC|
|36||Satish Prasad Singh||Jan 28, 1968||Feb 1, 1968||INC|
|37||Mahamaya Prasad Sinha||Mar 5, 1967||Jan 28, 1968||JKD|
|38||K. B. Sahay||Oct 2, 1963||Mar 5, 1967||INC|
|39||Binodanand Jha||Feb 18, 1961||Oct 2, 1963||INC|
|40||Deep Narayan Singh||Feb 1, 1961||Feb 18, 1961||INC|
|41||Krishna Singh||Apr 2, 1946||Jan 31, 1961||INC|
List of Governors in Bihar
|Sr. No.||Name of Governors||From||To|
|1||Keshari Nath Tripathi||Nov 27, 2014||Present|
|2||D. Y. Patil||Mar 9, 2013||Nov 26, 2014|
|3||Devanand Konwar||Jul 24, 2009||Mar 8, 2013|
|4||R. L. Bhatia||Jul 10, 2008||Jul 23, 2009|
|5||R. S. Gavai||Jun 22, 2006||Jul 10, 2008|
|6||Gopalkrishna Gandhi||Jan 31, 2006||Jun 21, 2006|
|7||Buta Singh||Nov 5, 2004||Jan 29, 2006|
|8||M R Jois||Jun 12, 2003||Oct 31, 2004|
|9||V. C. Pande||Nov 23, 1999||Jun 12, 2003|
|10||S S Bhandari||Apr 27, 1998||Mar 15, 1999|
|11||A R Kidwai||Aug 14, 1993||Apr 26, 1998|
|12||Mohammad Shafi Qureshi||Mar 19, 1991||Aug 13, 1993|
|13||Mohammad Saleem||Feb 16, 1990||Feb 13, 1991|
|14||Jagannath Pahadia||Mar 3, 1989||Feb 2, 1990|
|15||R.D. Pradhan||Jan 29, 1989||Feb 2, 1989|
|16||Govind Narain Singh||Feb 26, 1988||Jan 24, 1989|
|17||P. Venkatasubbaiah||Mar 15, 1985||Feb 25, 1988|
|18||Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai||Sep 20, 1979||Mar 15, 1985|
|19||Jagannath Kaushal||Jun 16, 1976||Jan 31, 1979|
|20||Ramchandra Dhondiba Bhandare||Feb 4, 1973||Jun 15, 1976|
|21||Devkant Barooah||Feb 1, 1971||Feb 4, 1971|
|22||Nityanand Kanungo||Dec 7, 1967||Jan 20, 1971|
|23||M. A. S. Ayyangar||May 12, 1962||Dec 6, 1967|
|24||Zakir Hussain||Jul 6, 1957||May 11, 1962|
|25||R. R. Diwakar||Jan 15, 1952||Jul 5, 1957|
|26||Madhav Shrihari Aney||Jan 12, 1948||Jun 14, 1952|
|27||Jairamdas Daulatram||Aug 15, 1947||Jan 11, 1948|
Cabinet Ministers of Bihar
|Ministries||Name of Minsiter|
|Hon'ble Governor of Bihar||Dr. D. Y. Patil|
|Chief Minister||Nitish Kumar|
|Water Resources||Shri Vijay Kumar Chaudhary|
|Finance & Commercial Taxes||Shri Bijendra Prasad Yadav|
|Agriculture||Shri Narendra Singh|
|Education||Shri Brishen Patel|
|Transport||Shri Ramai Ram|
|Revenue and Land Reforms||Shri Narendra Narayan Yadav|
|Industry||Dr. Bhim Singh|
|Building Construction||Shri Damodar Raut|
|Forest & Environment, Planning & Development||Shri P K Shahi|
|Science & Technology||Shri Shahid Ali Khan|
|Social Welfare||Smt Lesie Singh|
|Building Construction||Shri Damodar Raut|
|Forest & Environment, Planning & Development||Shri P K Shahi|
|Science & Technology||Shri Shahid Ali Khan|
|Food and Consumer Protection||Shri Shyam Rajak|
|Rural Development||Shri Nitish Mishra|
|Registration, Excise & Prohibition||Shri Awadhesh Prasad Kushwaha|
|Road Construction||Shri Lalan Singh|
|Labour Resources||Shri Dulal Chandra Goswami|
|Art,Culture & Youth Affairs||Shri Vinay Bihari|
|Minority Welfare||Shri Naushad Alam|
|Rural Works & Parliamentary Affairs||Shri Shrawan Kumar|
|Mines & Geology||Shri Ramlakhan Ram Raman|
|Health||Shri Ramdhani Singh|
|Urban Development & Housing||Shri Samrat Choudhary|
|PHED||Shri Mahachandra Prasad Singh|
|Cooperative||Shri Jai Kumar Singh|
|Minor Irrigation||Shri Manoj Kumar Singh|
|Tourism||Shri Javed Iqbal Ansari|
|Backward & EBC Welfare||Shri Bima Bharti|
|Cane Industry||Shri Ranju Gita|
|Animal Husbandry & fisheries||Shri Baidyanath Sahni|
|Panchayati Raj||Shri Vinod Prasad Yadav|
Rajya Sabha Members from Bihar
|Shri Ali Anwar Ansari||Janta Dal (United)||03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018||Dr. Mahendra Prasad||Janta Dal (United)||03/04/2012 TO 02/04/2018|
|Smt. Kahkashan Perween||Janta Dal (United)||10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020||Shri Dharmendra Pradhan||Bharatiya Janata Party||03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018|
|Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad||Bharatiya Janata Party||03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018||Dr. Anil Kumar Sahani||Janta Dal (United)||03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018|
|Shri Bashistha Narain Singh||Janta Dal (United)||03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018||Shri Hari Bansh Narayan Singh||Janta Dal (United)||10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020|
|Shri Ramchandra Prasad Singh||Janta Dal (United)||08/07/2010 to 07/07/2016||Shri R. K. Sinha||Bharatiya Janata Party||10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020|
|Dr. C.P. Thakur||Bharatiya Janata Party||10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020||Shri Ram Nath Thakur||Janta Dal (United)||10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020|
|Shri K.C. Tyagi||Janta Dal (United)||07/02/2013 to 07/07/2016|
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Bihar
Ajay Nayak is the Chief Electoral Officer of Bihar. He is a 1984 IAS cadre from Bihar. The Bihar CEO's office is located at 7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna - 800015, Bihar. Its contact details include, email address: firstname.lastname@example.org and phone number (0612-2217956). In case of More...
Last Updated on April 4, 2015