With the JDU getting less seats than the RJD, do you think Nitish will have a challenging time as the CM of Bihar?
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The final results of Bihar elections for the 243-member House are JD(U)+ 178; BJP+ 58; and others 7

Bihar Elections - Updates and Results

Bihar Latest News And Updates

November 20, 2015 05:39 PM
Almost two lakh people had gathered to see Nitish take the oath from the ramparts of Gandhi Maidan, a venue from where the Quit India Movement of 19..... Read More
November 13, 2015 02:19 PM
Newly-elected legislators of Bihar's ruling Janata Dal-United (JD-U) will elect Nitish Kumar as the leader of the legislature party on Saturday ..... Read More
November 13, 2015 10:05 AM
Congress president Sonia Gandhi and chief ministers of Delhi, West Bengal, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh will attend the November 20 oath taking of Bihar..... Read More
November 09, 2015 06:12 PM
Former chief minister and HAM president Jitan Ram Manjhi on Monday blamed RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat and BJP president Amit Shah for the debacle of the..... Read More
November 09, 2015 02:28 PM
The number of Muslims in Bihar's new 243-member assembly will go up to 23 from 19 in the outgoing house. All the new Muslim legislators are f..... Read More

Quick Facts About Bihar Elections 2015

Parliamentary Constituencies40
Assembly Constituencies 243
Ruling PartyJanata Dal (United) and Alliance
Opposition PartyBharatiya Janata Party
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
GovernorShri Ram Nath Kovind
Chief Electoral OfficerAjay V Nayak
CEO Address7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna, Bihar.

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Bihar Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) Election Results 2015

Pie chart showing party wise 2015 election results for Bihar. Also shown along are 2010 pie chart showing the number of seats won by BJP, JD(U), RJD and Others.
Bihar Assembly 2015 Party Wise Results
Bihar Assembly 2010 Party Wise Results
Click for Detailed 2015 Assembly Results

Bihar Election Results 2015 Summary

The state assembly elections in 2015 saw the coming together of JD(U), RJD, and Congress for the first time. This Grand Alliance was voted to a thumping victory. While JD(U) bagged 71 seats, RJD and Congress won 80 and 27 seats respectively. BJP's previous tally of 91 was reduced to almost half as the party managed to win only 53 seats. While Hindustani Awam Morcha got one seat, Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) and Rashtriya Lok Samata Party (RLSP) won two seats each. The independent parties managed to get four out of 243 seats. Nitish Kumar was appointed the chief minister of Bihar for the fifth time and RJD Chief Lalu Prasad Yadav's son, Tejaswi Yadav, became the deputy chief minister. He had contested from Raghopur constituency.

About Bihar Elections History

Bihar, the 12th largest state in India in terms of geographical area, is situated in North India. The constitutional head of Bihar is the Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. The real execution powers rest with the Chief Minister, who is democratically elected by the people of the state.
Bihar has been a prominent state since the pre-independence era. The state has conducted elections in accordance with the Indian Constitution. To create law and order in the state and build a local body, elections have been held at regular intervals in accordance with the Indian laws and as approved by the Indian Parliament. Bihar is one of the major political centres of the Indian politics and considered as an important state. A number of prominent politicians from Bihar have contributed to the development of the nation. The state has 40 parliamentary constituencies. There are 243 legislative assembly constituencies in Bihar.

The Bihar electoral system consists of the national level representation, the Lok Sabha delegation and the Rajya Sabha delegation. The state level representation of Bihar comprises the legislative assembly and the legislative council. Elections are held regularly to form government that can govern the state.

Administrative Structure of Bihar

The administrative structure of Bihar is divided into nine divisions and 38 districts. The nine divisions are Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh. The state has a bicameral legislature comprising the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) – the upper house, and the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) – the lower house.

Bihar Legislative Assembly

The Bihar legislative assembly is also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha. With an act of the Parliament that was named the Bihar Reorganisation Act 2000, the Bihar legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. The legislative assembly is not a permanent body and can be dissolved. The tenure of the legislative assembly is five years and the members are elected by the people. Every year three sessions are held; namely, Budget, Monsoon and Winter. The legislative assembly elections were held in six phases in 2010 and conducted in October and November. Phase I covered 47 seats, Phase II covered 45 seats, Phase III covered 48 seats, Phase IV covered 42 seats, Phase V covered 35 seats and Phase VI covered 26 seats. The current Speaker of the legislative assembly is Honourable Shri Uday Narain Choudhary. He was elected unanimously for the second time in 2010. He was also elected in 2005 as a Speaker of the legislative assembly in Bihar. The Leader of the House is Shri Nitish Kumar who is also the Chief Minister of Bihar. The Leader of the Opposition is Shri Amrendra Pratap Singh.

The term of Bihar legislative assembly is nearing expiry in November 2015. The total of 243 assembly seats includes seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The seats for scheduled castes are 38 and for scheduled tribes are two.

Bihar State Assembly Election Results

Bihar Bye Election Results 2014

The assembly by-polls to fill casual vacancies in Bihar legislative assembly were held on 21 August 2014. The 10 constituencies where polling took place were Narkatiaganj, Rajnagar (SC), Jale, Chapra, Hajipur, Mohiuddinnagar, Parbatta, Bhagalpur, Banka and Mohania (SC). The by-elections were necessitated due to the election of some members to the Lok Sabha and resignation of others.

The posts from Chapra, Bhagalpur, Hajipur, Mohania and Narkatiaganj assembly constituencies were left vacant as the MLAs from these constituencies were elected in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. These MLAs included Janardan Singh Sigriwal from Chapra, Ashwani Kumar Choubey from Bhagalpur, Nityanand Rai from Hajipur, Chhedi Paswan from Mohania and Satish Chandra Dubey from Narkatiaganj constituency.

Samrat Choudhary of Parbatta, Ram Lakhan Ram Raman of Rajnagar (SC) and Javed Iqbal Ansari of Banka resigned from their posts, thus leaving the seats vacant. All three of them rebelled against their party, Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD). Later, they were nominated to the legislative council in Jitan Ram Manjhi's government.

Vijay Mishra and Rana Gangeshwar Singh, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) members from Jale and Mohiuddinnagar constituencies respectively, resigned after a split in NDA thus necessitating by-polls. BJP emerged as the most successful party winning four of the 10 seats that went for by-polls. RJD bagged three of the seats, while Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) settled for two. The Indian National Congress (INC) had to be content with just one.

Bihar Legislative Council

The Bihar Legislative Council is the upper house of the state government. All the states that have a bicameral legislature consist of an upper house also known as the Vidhan Parishad. In 2010, the Indian Parliament passed an act that was meant to re-establish the legislative council for a seventh state. It is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved. The term for each member of the legislative council is for six years. The body of the legislative council is around one-third of the Vidhan Sabha or the legislative assembly. The members should be fewer than 40 in number. One-third members are elected by the local bodies like the corporations, zilla parishads and municipalities. One-third members are elected by the legislative assembly members from those who are not members of the assembly. One-twelfth members are elected persons who are graduates of three years’ standing residing in the state. Another one-twelfth members get elected from those who are engaged for three years in educational institutions in the state. One-sixth members are nominated by the Governor from people who are experts in the field of science, arts, social service, literature and co-operative movement. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman are elected by the elected members of the legislative council.

After the independence of India, the Bihar Legislative Council has come forward to work for public welfare. On 1 April 1950, the Secretariat of the BLC started functioning. Shri Nitish Kumar, Rabri Devi and Sushil Kumar Modi were elected unopposed to the Bihar Legislative Council that was held on 19 April 2012. A total of 11 candidates were elected unopposed for the legislative council in the biennial elections. The Chairman of the legislative council is Shir Awdhesh Narayan Singh.

Bihar Major Political Parties

Janata Dal (United): The JD (U) is considered to be in the centre-left of the political spectrum and has strong political base in Bihar and Jharkhand. The current form of the party started taking shape after the merger of the Janata Dal’s Sharad Yadav faction, the Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party on October 30, 2003. The JD (U) had a 17-year-old alliance with the BJP and was an important component of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). However, it broke away from the BJP for elevating Narendra Modi as NDA's Prime Ministerial candidate in 2013. The three ideological tenets of Janata Dal (United) are secularism, integral humanism and socialism. Sharad Yadav is the chairperson of the party. The JD (U)'s election symbol is arrow. The party had won 20 seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, while it could manage a mere two seats in 2014.

Rashtriya Janata Dal:The RJD is largely based in Bihar and was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in 1997. In terms of caste-and religion-based politics, Muslims and Yadavs are its main vote banks. The basic ideological tenets theoretically followed by the party include values of social justice, secularism, and equality. Lalu not only became the Chief Minister of the state but also came to be known as one of the most successful Railway Ministers of India. Keeping the Lok Sabha elections of 2014 and the Bihar assembly election of 2015 in mind, the RJD started the Parivartan Rally. Lalu Prasad Yadav is the chairperson as well as the leader of the party in Lok Sabha. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the RJD won four seats. The number did not change for the RJD in 2014 as well. The election symbol of the party is lantern.

Indian National Congress:The Indian National Congress' Bihar unit is called Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee (BPCC) and is headquartered at Sadaqat Ashram in Patna, Bihar. Ashok Choudhary is its president in Bihar. It has many frontal organisations such as the Bihar Pradesh Youth Congress (BPYC), the Bihar Pradesh Congress Seva Dal (BPCSD), the Bihar Pradesh Congress INTUC and the Bihar Pradesh Congress NSUI. In 2009 and 2014, the party won two seats each time. The election symbol of the INC is palm

Bharatiya Janata Party:The BJP has considerable strength in Bihar. This state is among some of those states where the Narendra Modi factor has worked strongly. Bihar BJP's state president is Mangal Pandey. The General Secretary of the Bihar BJP is Dharmendra Pradhan, who is also an MP. The frontal organisations of the BJP are the Bharatiya Janata Mazdoor Morcha, the Kisan Morcha, the Minority Morcha, the Mahila Morcha, the S.C. Morcha, the S.T. Morcha and the Yuva Morcha.

A major blow to the state party was dealt by Tarakant Jha, a veteran leader of BJP who severed his ties with the BJP and joined the Janata Dal (United).

Lok Jan Shakti Party- is headed by Ram Vilas Paswan
Hindustani Awam Morcha: Former Chief Minister of Bihar Jiten Ram Manjhi, who broke away from JD(U) following his resignation, founded the party on 8 May 2015.

Following are the Prominent Local Parties in Bihar:
1. Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha2. Bajjikanchal Vikas Party3. Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Mazdoor Congress
4. Janata Party5. Republican Party of India

Parliamentary Constituencies in Bihar

There are 40 parliamentary constituencies in Bihar. Following are the parliamentary constituencies in Bihar:

Valmiki Nagar, Sheohar, Jhanjharpur, Paschim Champaran, Purvi Champaran, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Madhubani, Supaul, Araria, Kishangani, Katihar, Purnia, Madhepura, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Gopalgani, Siwan, Maharajganj, Saran, Hajipur, Ujiarpur, Samastipur, Begusarai, Khagaria, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Nalanda, Patna Sahib, Pataliputra, Arrah, Buxar, Sasaram, Karakat, Jahanabad, Aurangabad, Gaya, Nawada and Jamui.

List of Chief Ministers of Bihar

S. No.Chief MinisterFromToParty Name
1Nitish KumarNov 20, 2015Incumbent JD(U)
2Nitish KumarFeb 22, 2015Nov 20, 2015JD(U)
3Jitan Ram ManjhiMay 20, 2014Feb 22, 2015JD(U)
4Nitish KumarNov 24, 2005May 19, 2014JD(U)
 President's ruleMar 7, 2005Nov 24, 2005 
5Rabri DeviMar 11, 2000Mar 6, 2005RJD
6Nitish KumarMar 3, 2000Mar 10, 2000JD(U)
7Rabri DeviMar 9, 1999Mar 2, 2000RJD
 President's ruleFeb 11, 1999Mar 9, 1999 
8Rabri DeviJul 25, 1997Feb 11, 1999RJD
9Lalu Prasad YadavApr 4, 1995Jul 25, 1997JD, RJD
10President's ruleMar 28, 1995Apr 4, 1995 
11Lalu Prasad YadavMar 10, 1990Mar 28, 1995JD
12Jagannath MishraDec 6, 1989Mar 10, 1990INC (I)
13Satyendra Narayan SinhaMar 11, 1989Dec 6, 1989INC (I)
14Bhagwat Jha AzadFeb 14, 1988Mar 10, 1989INC (I)
15Bindeshwari DubeyMar 12, 1985Feb 13, 1988INC (I)
16Chandrashekhar SinghAug 14, 1983Mar 12, 1985INC (I)
17Jagannath MishraJun 8, 1980Aug 14, 1983INC (I)
 President's ruleFeb 17, 1980Jun 8, 1980N/A
18Ram Sundar DasApr 21, 1979Feb 17, 1980JNP
19Karpoori ThakurJun 24, 1977Apr 21, 1979JNP
20President's ruleApr 30, 1977Jun 24, 1977N/A
21Jagannath MishraApr 11, 1975Apr 30, 1977INC
22Abdul GhafoorJul 2, 1973Apr 11, 1975INC
23Kedar PandeyMar 19, 1972Jul 2, 1973INC
 President's ruleJan 9, 1972Mar 19, 1972N/A
24Bhola Paswan ShastriJun 2, 1971Jan 9, 1972INC
25Karpoori ThakurDec 22, 1970Jun 2, 1971Socialist Party
26Daroga Prasad RaiFeb 16, 1970Dec 22, 1970INC
 President's ruleJul 6, 1969Feb 16, 1970N/A
27Bhola Paswan ShastriJun 22, 1969Jul 4, 1969INC (O)
28Harihar SinghFeb 26, 1969Jun 22, 1969INC
 President's ruleJun 29, 1968Feb 26, 1969N/A
29Bhola Paswan ShastriMar 22, 1968Jun 29, 1968INC (O)
30B. P. MandalFeb 1, 1968Mar 2, 1968INC
31Satish Prasad SinghJan 28, 1968Feb 1, 1968INC
32Mahamaya Prasad SinhaMar 5, 1967Jan 28, 1968JKD
33K. B. SahayOct 2, 1963Mar 5, 1967INC
34Binodanand JhaFeb 18, 1961Oct 2, 1963INC
35Deep Narayan SinghFeb 1, 1961Feb 18, 1961INC
36Krishna SinghApr 2, 1946Jan 31, 1961INC

List of Governors in Bihar

S.No.Name of GovernorFromTo
1Shri Ram Nath Kovind Aug 8, 2015Incumbent
2Keshari Nath TripathiNov 27, 2014Aug 8, 2015
3D. Y. PatilMar 9, 2013Nov 26, 2014
4Devanand KonwarJul 24, 2009Mar 8, 2013
5R. L. BhatiaJul 10, 2008Jul 23, 2009
6R. S. GavaiJun 22, 2006Jul 10, 2008
7Gopalkrishna GandhiJan 31, 2006Jun 21, 2006
8Buta SinghNov 5, 2004Jan 29, 2006
9M R JoisJun 12, 2003Oct 31, 2004
10V. C. PandeNov 23, 1999Jun 12, 2003
11S.S. BhandariApr 27, 1998Mar 15, 1999
12Akhlaqur Rahman KidwaiAug 14, 1993Apr 26, 1998
13Mohammad Shafi QureshiMar 19, 1991Aug 13, 1993
14Mohammad SaleemFeb 16, 1990Feb 13, 1991
15Jagannath PahadiaMar 3, 1989Feb 2, 1990
16R.D. PradhanJan 29, 1989Feb 2, 1989
17Govind Narain SinghFeb 26, 1988Jan 24, 1989
18P. VenkatasubbaiahMar 15, 1985Feb 25, 1988
19Akhlaqur Rahman KidwaiSep 20, 1979Mar 15, 1985
20Jagannath KaushalJun 16, 1976Jan 31, 1979
21Ramchandra Dhondiba BhandareFeb 4, 1973Jun 15, 1976
22Devkant BarooahFeb 1, 1971Feb 4, 1971
23Nityanand KanungoDec 7, 1967Jan 20, 1971
24M. A. S. AyyangarMay 12, 1962Dec 6, 1967
25Zakir HussainJul 6, 1957May 11, 1962
26R. R. DiwakarJan 15, 1952Jul 5, 1957
27Madhav Shrihari AneyJan 12, 1948Jun 14, 1952
28Jairamdas DaulatramAug 15, 1947Jan 11, 1948

Cabinet Ministers of Bihar

S.No.Minister's Name Departments Allocated
1Shri Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister
  • Home
  • General Administration
  • Information & Public Communication
2Tejaswi Yadav, Deputy CM
  • Road Construction
  • Building Constructions & Backward Class Development
3Tej Pratap Yadav
  • Health
  • Water resources
  • Environment and Forest
4Abdul Bari Siddiqui Finance
5Bijendra Prasad Yadav
  • Power
  • Commerce and Tax
6Rajiv Ranjan Singh alias Lalan Singh
  • Water Resources
  • Planning and Development
7Ashok Choudhary 
  • Education
  • Information Technology
8Shravan Kumar
  • Rural Development
  • Parliamentary Affairs
9Jai Kumar Singh
  • Industries Dept.
  • Science & Technology
10Alok Kumar Mehta Co-operative Dept.
11Chandrika Rai Transport Dept.
12Awadhesh Kumar Singh Animal Husbandry & Fisheries Resources
13Krishnandan Prasad Verma Public Health Engineering Dept.
14Maheshwari Hazari Urban Development & Housing Dept.
15Abdul Jalil Mastan
  • Registration
  • Excise & Prohibition Dept.
16Ramvichar Rai Agriculture
17Shivchandra Ram
  • Youth
  • Art & Culture
18Dr. Madan Mohan Jha Revenue & Land Reforms
19Shailesh Kumar Rural Works Dept.
20Smt. Kumari Manju Verma Social Welfare
21Smt. Anita Devi Tourism Dept.
22Dr. Abdul Gafoor Minority Welfare
23Chandra Shekhar Disaster Management
24Khurshid Ahmad Sugarcane Dept.
25Muneshwar Choudhary Mines & Geology Dept.
26Madan Sahni Food & Consumer Protection
27Kapil Dev Kamat Panchayati Raj
28Santosh Kumar Nirala SC & ST Welfare
29Vijay PrakashLabour Resources

Rajya Sabha Members from Bihar

Member of Rajya SabhaParty
Shri Ali Anwar AnsariJD (U)
Shri Ghulam Rasool BalyawiJD (U)
Shri HarivanshJD (U)
Dr. Mahendra PrasadJD (U)
Smt. Kahakshan PerweenJD (U)
Shri Dharmendra PradhanBJP
Shri Ravi Shankar PrasadBJP
Dr. Anik Kumar SahaniJD (U)
Shri Bashistha Narayan SinghJD (U)
Shri Ram Chandra Prasad SinghJD (U)
Shri R.K. SinhaBJP
Dr. C.P. ThakurBJP
Shri Ram Nath ThakurJD (U)
Shri K.C. TyagiJD (U)
Shri Pavan Kumar VarmaJD (U)
Shri Sharad YadavJD (U)

Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Bihar

Ajay V Nayak
The Chief Electoral Officer of Bihar
7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna, Bihar, Pincode - 800015.
E-mail Address
Office Phone

Bihar Legislative Council Election Results 2015

Sl. No.Name of Local Authorities' ConstituencyWinner Candidates PartyVotesRunner Up Candidates Party Votes
1PatnaRitlal RaiIND2433Bhola SinghBJP1383
2NalandaReena Devi Alias Reena YadavJD(U)2100Ranjit SinghLok Janshakti Party1427
3Gaya-cum-Jahanabad-cum-ArwalManorama DeviJD(U)3958Anuj Kumar SinghBJP3143
4AurangabadRajan Kumar SinghBJP1761Vinay PrasadRJD1431
5NawadaSalman RaghibJD(U)1391Sarwan KumarBJP1222
6Bhojpur-cum-BuxarRadha Charan SahRJD2854Hulas PandeyLok Janshakti Party2525
7Rohtas-cum-KaimurSantosh Kumar SinghBJP3026Anil SinghJD(U)2409
8SaranSachchidanand RaiBJP2589Saleem PerwezJD(U)1673
9SiwanTun Ji PandeyBJP2192Vinod KumarRJD1850
10GopalganjAditya Narayan PandeyBJP2067Mahanth Satyadev DasRJD1300
11West ChamparanRajesh RamIndianNational Congress Party2488Babloo SinghBJP1820
12East ChamparanRajesh Kumar @ Bablu GuptaBJP3004Kalawati DeviRJD1966
13MuzaffarpurDinesh Prasad SinghJD(U)5454Priyadarshani ShahiBJP368
14VaishaliSubodh KumarRJD2146Ajay Kumar KushwahaLok Janshakti Party1487
15Sitamarhi-cum-SheoharDilip RayRJD2467Devendra Sah DumraBJP1651
16DarbhangaSunil Kumar SinghBJP2535Mishri Lal YadavRJD1593
17SamastipurHari Narayan ChaudharyBJP2794Roma BhartiRJD1174
18MungerSanjay PrasadRJD2546Mukesh Yadav RashtriyaLok Samta Party2306
19Begusarai-cum-KhagariaRajnish KumarBJP2763Doctor Sanjeev KumarJD(U)2428
20Saharsa-cum-Madhepura-cum-SupaulNutan SinghLok Janshakti Party3756Mohammad Isarail RainINC1629
21Bhagalpur-cum-BankaManoj YadavJD(U)2966Abhishek VermaRashtriya Lok Samta Party1981
22MadhubaniSuman KumarBJP3034Vinod KumarJD(U)1842
23Purnea-cum-Araria-cum-KishanganjDr. Dilip Kumar JaiswalBJP5960Dr. Md. Asad ImamINC2797
24KatiharAshok Kumar AgrawalIND1914Anjali DeviNationalist Congress Party1508

Bihar Lok Sabha Elections Summary 2014

The 2014 Lok Sabha elections results proved the opinion polls right, which had predicted the victory of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the state. BJP won 22 seats and Indian National Congress (INC) got only two seats. Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) managed to bag four seats and Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) won six seats. Bihar has a total of 40 Lok Sabha constituencies for which elections in 2014 were held in six different phases. Nitish Kumar from the Janata Dal (United), in alliance with other parties, had won 206 seats from the total 243 assembly seats in the 2010 polls, which created a history in the politics of Bihar. Hence, Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister of the state. The major political parties in Bihar are the JD (U), the BJP and the RJD. The opinion polls believed that the BJP would be able to bag maximum number of seats in the Lok Sabha polls of 2014.Bihar General Elections Result 2014

Last Updated on 28 November, 2015.