Bihar Elections Latest News And Live Updates
The Bihar government on Saturday transferred 44 IPS officers ahead of the upcoming assembly polls. "The state government transferred 44 IPS off..... Read More
The Election Commission, on Friday, published the final list of 6,68,26,658 voters who are eligible to vote in the forthcoming assembly elections in..... Read More
Senior BJP leader Sushil Kumar Modi on Friday said Chief Minister Nitish Kumar had "betrayed" the BJP and that Bihar's development had..... Read More
The Patna High Court on Friday allowed four rebel JD-U legislators, who were disqualified by the Bihar assembly speaker, to attend the monsoon sessi..... Read More
The Election Commission has recognised the Hindustan Awami Morcha (HAM) of former Bihar chief minister Jitan Ram Manjhi as a political party, the pa..... Read More
Bihar Legislative Council Election Results 2015
|Sl. No.||Name of Local Authorities' Constituency||Winner Candidates||Party||Votes||Runner Up Candidates||Party||Votes|
|1||Patna||Ritlal Rai||IND||2433||Bhola Singh||BJP||1383|
|2||Nalanda||Reena Devi Alias Reena Yadav||JD(U)||2100||Ranjit Singh||Lok Janshakti Party||1427|
|3||Gaya-cum-Jahanabad-cum-Arwal||Manorama Devi||JD(U)||3958||Anuj Kumar Singh||BJP||3143|
|4||Aurangabad||Rajan Kumar Singh||BJP||1761||Vinay Prasad||RJD||1431|
|5||Nawada||Salman Raghib||JD(U)||1391||Sarwan Kumar||BJP||1222|
|6||Bhojpur-cum-Buxar||Radha Charan Sah||RJD||2854||Hulas Pandey||Lok Janshakti Party||2525|
|7||Rohtas-cum-Kaimur||Santosh Kumar Singh||BJP||3026||Anil Singh||JD(U)||2409|
|8||Saran||Sachchidanand Rai||BJP||2589||Saleem Perwez||JD(U)||1673|
|9||Siwan||Tun Ji Pandey||BJP||2192||Vinod Kumar||RJD||1850|
|10||Gopalganj||Aditya Narayan Pandey||BJP||2067||Mahanth Satyadev Das||RJD||1300|
|11||West Champaran||Rajesh RamIndian||National Congress Party||2488||Babloo Singh||BJP||1820|
|12||East Champaran||Rajesh Kumar @ Bablu Gupta||BJP||3004||Kalawati Devi||RJD||1966|
|13||Muzaffarpur||Dinesh Prasad Singh||JD(U)||5454||Priyadarshani Shahi||BJP||368|
|14||Vaishali||Subodh Kumar||RJD||2146||Ajay Kumar Kushwaha||Lok Janshakti Party||1487|
|15||Sitamarhi-cum-Sheohar||Dilip Ray||RJD||2467||Devendra Sah Dumra||BJP||1651|
|16||Darbhanga||Sunil Kumar Singh||BJP||2535||Mishri Lal Yadav||RJD||1593|
|17||Samastipur||Hari Narayan Chaudhary||BJP||2794||Roma Bharti||RJD||1174|
|18||Munger||Sanjay Prasad||RJD||2546||Mukesh Yadav Rashtriya||Lok Samta Party||2306|
|19||Begusarai-cum-Khagaria||Rajnish Kumar||BJP||2763||Doctor Sanjeev Kumar||JD(U)||2428|
|20||Saharsa-cum-Madhepura-cum-Supaul||Nutan Singh||Lok Janshakti Party||3756||Mohammad Isarail Rain||INC||1629|
|21||Bhagalpur-cum-Banka||Manoj Yadav||JD(U)||2966||Abhishek Verma||Rashtriya Lok Samta Party||1981|
|22||Madhubani||Suman Kumar||BJP||3034||Vinod Kumar||JD(U)||1842|
|23||Purnea-cum-Araria-cum-Kishanganj||Dr. Dilip Kumar Jaiswal||BJP||5960||Dr. Md. Asad Imam||INC||2797|
|24||Katihar||Ashok Kumar Agrawal||IND||1914||Anjali Devi||Nationalist Congress Party||1508|
About Bihar Elections HistoryBihar, situated in North India, is the 12th largest state in India in terms of geographical area. The constitutional head of Bihar is the Governor, who is appointed by the President of India, and the real execution powers are in the hands of the Chief Minister, who is elected by people of the state.
Quick facts for Bihar Elections 2015
|Parliamentary Constituencies|| |
|Ruling Party||Janata Dal (United) and Janata Parivar Group|
|Opposition Party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Chief Minister||Nitish Kumar|
|Governor||Keshari Nath Tripathi|
|Chief Electoral Officer||Ajay V Naik|
|Address||7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna - 800015|
The Bihar electoral system consists of the national level representation, the Lok Sabha delegation and the Rajya Sabha delegation. The state level representation of Bihar comprises the legislative assembly and the legislative council. Elections are held regularly to form government that can govern the state.
Bihar Political Turmoil
Jitan Ram Manjhi was considered to be a close confidant of Bihar’s Chief Minister and the JD(U) leader Nitish Kumar. When the JD(U) did not perform well in the 2014 general election, Nitish Kumar took the responsibility of the defeat and resigned from the position of Chief Minister. Manjhi, who was then the Minister for SC and ST Welfare department in Nitish Kumar's cabinet, substituted him as the 23rd Chief Minister of Bihar.
However, because of the breakup between the JD(U) and the BJP-led NDA and the abandonment of some JDU MLAs, the government of Manjhi faced unstableness. It seemed that he would not be able get the trust vote in the state legislative assembly, though Lalu Prasad Yadav's RJD and Sonia Gandhi's Congress provided outside support to him.
After 10 months, the party asked Manjhi to resign to make way for Nitish Kumar. But Manjhi refused and was expelled from the party. It resulted in a political crisis situation in Bihar and the Governor asked Manjhi to seek vote of confidence on 20 February 2015, which was the first day of the budget session of the assembly. BJP announced that it would support Manjhi. Despite that, Manjhi got short of numbers to prove majority.Subsequently, Manjhi resigned on 20 February 2015 before the trust vote and the 66-year-old Nitish Kumar became the 24th Chief Minister of Bihar.
Election Issues of the BiharBihar is one of the poorest states in India. What people in the state have been looking for is development. It is difficult for common man to survive because of the rising costs, poverty and corruption. Keeping that in mind, the JD(U) centred its campaign on the issues of development, good governance and law and order. The party aimed to target the people of the lowest strata of society, the Mahadalits and the backward castes, who make up 44% of the state's voters.
Administrative Structure of Bihar
The administrative structure of the state of Bihar is divided into nine divisions and 38 districts. The nine divisions are Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh. The state has a bicameral legislature that comprises the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council), i.e. the upper house, and the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly), i.e. the lower house
The 2014 Lok Sabha elections results proved the opinion polls right, which had predicted the victory of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the state. BJP won 22 seats and Indian National Congress (INC) got only two seats. Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) managed to bag four seats and Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) won six seats. Bihar has a total of 40 Lok Sabha constituencies for which elections in 2014 were held in six different phases. Nitish Kumar from the Janata Dal (United), in alliance with other parties, had won 206 seats from the total 243 assembly seats in the 2010 polls, which created a history in the politics of Bihar. Hence, Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister of the state. The major political parties in Bihar are the JD (U), the BJP and the RJD. The opinion polls believed that the BJP would be able to bag maximum number of seats in the Lok Sabha polls of 2014.Bihar General Elections Result 2014
Bihar Legislative Assembly
The Bihar legislative assembly is also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha. With an act of the Parliament that was named the Bihar Reorganisation Act 2000, the Bihar legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. The legislative assembly is not a permanent body and can be dissolved. The tenure of the legislative assembly is five years and the members are elected by the people. Every year three sessions are held; namely, Budget, Monsoon and Winter. The legislative assembly elections were held in six phases in 2010 and conducted in October and November. Phase I covered 47 seats, Phase II covered 45 seats, Phase III covered 48 seats, Phase IV covered 42 seats, Phase V covered 35 seats and Phase VI covered 26 seats. The current Speaker of the legislative assembly is Honourable Shri Uday Narain Choudhary. He was elected unanimously for the second time in 2010. He was also elected in 2005 as a Speaker of the legislative assembly in Bihar. The Leader of the House is Shri Nitish Kumar who is also the Chief Minister of Bihar. The Leader of the Opposition is Shri Amrendra Pratap Singh.
The term of Bihar legislative assembly is nearing expiry in November 2015. The total of 243 assembly seats includes seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The seats for scheduled castes are 38 and for scheduled tribes are two.
Bihar State Assembly Elections 2010 Summary
The latest elections for the Bihar state assembly were held on 24 November 2010. Nitish Kumar, who was the Chief Minister of Bihar before Jitan Manjhi, won 206 seats of the total 243 assembly seats of the state and created history in Bihar. The alliance with the other parties led them to a big win. The opposition was led by the BJP alliance. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won 91 seats. The Communist Party of India won only one seat. The Indian National Congress won four seats in the Bihar State Assembly Elections. The Janata Dal (United) won 115 seats. Jharkhand Mukti Morcha won only one seat. Lok Janshakti Party won three sets. The Rashtriya Janata Dal won 22 seats. The other individual parties won around six seats in the 2010 elections.
The assembly by-polls to fill casual vacancies in Bihar legislative assembly were held on 21 August 2014. The 10 constituencies where polling took place were Narkatiaganj, Rajnagar (SC), Jale, Chapra, Hajipur, Mohiuddinnagar, Parbatta, Bhagalpur, Banka and Mohania (SC). The by-elections were necessitated due to the election of some members to the Lok Sabha and resignation of others.
The posts from Chapra, Bhagalpur, Hajipur, Mohania and Narkatiaganj assembly constituencies were left vacant as the MLAs from these constituencies were elected in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. These MLAs included Janardan Singh Sigriwal from Chapra, Ashwani Kumar Choubey from Bhagalpur, Nityanand Rai from Hajipur, Chhedi Paswan from Mohania and Satish Chandra Dubey from Narkatiaganj constituency.
Samrat Choudhary of Parbatta, Ram Lakhan Ram Raman of Rajnagar (SC) and Javed Iqbal Ansari of Banka resigned from their posts, thus leaving the seats vacant. All three of them rebelled against their party, Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD). Later, they were nominated to the legislative council in Jitan Ram Manjhi's government.
Vijay Mishra and Rana Gangeshwar Singh, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) members from Jale and Mohiuddinnagar constituencies respectively, resigned after a split in NDA thus necessitating by-polls. BJP emerged as the most successful party winning four of the 10 seats that went for by-polls. RJD bagged three of the seats, while Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) settled for two. The Indian National Congress (INC) had to be content with just one.
Bihar Legislative Council
The Bihar Legislative Council is the upper house of the state government. All the states that have a bicameral legislature consist of an upper house also known as the Vidhan Parishad. In 2010, the Indian Parliament passed an act that was meant to re-establish the legislative council for a seventh state. It is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved. The term for each member of the legislative council is for six years. The body of the legislative council is around one-third of the Vidhan Sabha or the legislative assembly. The members should be fewer than 40 in number. One-third members are elected by the local bodies like the corporations, zilla parishads and municipalities. One-third members are elected by the legislative assembly members from those who are not members of the assembly. One-twelfth members are elected persons who are graduates of three years’ standing residing in the state. Another one-twelfth members get elected from those who are engaged for three years in educational institutions in the state. One-sixth members are nominated by the Governor from people who are experts in the field of science, arts, social service, literature and co-operative movement. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman are elected by the elected members of the legislative council.
After the independence of India, the Bihar Legislative Council has come forward to work for public welfare. On 1 April 1950, the Secretariat of the BLC started functioning. Shri Nitish Kumar, Rabri Devi and Sushil Kumar Modi were elected unopposed to the Bihar Legislative Council that was held on 19 April 2012. A total of 11 candidates were elected unopposed for the legislative council in the biennial elections. The Chairman of the legislative council is Shir Awdhesh Narayan Singh.
Bihar Major Political Parties
Janata Dal (United): The JD (U) is considered to be in the centre-left of the political spectrum and has strong political base in Bihar and Jharkhand. The current form of the party started taking shape after the merger of the Janata Dal’s Sharad Yadav faction, the Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party on October 30, 2003. The JD (U) had a 17-year-old alliance with the BJP and was an important component of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). However, it broke away from the BJP for elevating Narendra Modi as NDA's Prime Ministerial candidate in 2013. The three ideological tenets of Janata Dal (United) are secularism, integral humanism and socialism. Sharad Yadav is the chairperson of the party. The JD (U)'s election symbol is arrow. The party had won 20 seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, while it could manage a mere two seats in 2014.
Rashtriya Janata Dal:The RJD is largely based in Bihar and was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in 1997. In terms of caste-and religion-based politics, Muslims and Yadavs are its main vote banks. The basic ideological tenets theoretically followed by the party include values of social justice, secularism, and equality. Lalu not only became the Chief Minister of the state but also came to be known as one of the most successful Railway Ministers of India. Keeping the Lok Sabha elections of 2014 and the Bihar assembly election of 2015 in mind, the RJD started the Parivartan Rally. Lalu Prasad Yadav is the chairperson as well as the leader of the party in Lok Sabha. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the RJD won four seats. The number did not change for the RJD in 2014 as well. The election symbol of the party is lantern.
Indian National Congress:The Indian National Congress' Bihar unit is called Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee (BPCC) and is headquartered at Sadaqat Ashram in Patna, Bihar. Ashok Choudhary is its president in Bihar. It has many frontal organisations such as the Bihar Pradesh Youth Congress (BPYC), the Bihar Pradesh Congress Seva Dal (BPCSD), the Bihar Pradesh Congress INTUC and the Bihar Pradesh Congress NSUI. In 2009 and 2014, the party won two seats each time. The election symbol of the INC is palm
Bharatiya Janata Party:The BJP has considerable strength in Bihar. This state is among some of those states where the Narendra Modi factor has worked strongly. Bihar BJP's state president is Mangal Pandey. The General Secretary of the Bihar BJP is Dharmendra Pradhan, who is also an MP. The frontal organisations of the BJP are the Bharatiya Janata Mazdoor Morcha, the Kisan Morcha, the Minority Morcha, the Mahila Morcha, the S.C. Morcha, the S.T. Morcha and the Yuva Morcha.
A major blow to the state party was dealt by Tarakant Jha, a veteran leader of BJP who severed his ties with the BJP and joined the Janata Dal (United).
Lok Jan Shakti Party- is headed by Ram Vvilas Paswan
Following are the Prominent Local Parties in Bihar:
|1. Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha||2. Bajjikanchal Vikas Party||3. Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Mazdoor Congress|
|4. Janata Party||5. Republican Party of India|
There are around 40 parliamentary constituencies in Bihar. Following are the parliamentary constituencies in Bihar:
Valmiki Nagar, Sheohar, Jhanjharpur, Paschim Champaran, Purvi Champaran, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Madhubani, Supaul, Araria, Kishangani, Katihar, Purnia, Madhepura, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Gopalgani, Siwan, Maharajganj, Saran, Hajipur, Ujiarpur, Samastipur, Begusarai, Khagaria, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Nalanda, Patna Sahib, Pataliputra, Arrah, Buxar, Sasaram, Karakat, Jahanabad, Aurangabad, Gaya, Nawada and Jamui.
List of Chief Ministers of Bihar
|Name of Chief Minister||From||To||Party|
|Jitan Ram Manjhi||05/20/14||02/22/15||JD(U)|
|Nitish Kumar||November 24, 2005||05/19/14||JD(U)|
|President's rule||03/07/05||November 24, 2005|
|Lalu Prasad Yadav||April 4, 1995||07/25/97||JD, RJD|
|President's rule||03/28/95||April 4, 1995|
|Lalu Prasad Yadav||03/10/90||03/28/95||JD|
|Jagannath Mishra||December 6, 1989||03/10/90||INC (I)|
|Satyendra Narayan Sinha||03/11/89||December 6, 1989||INC (I)|
|Bhagwat Jha Azad||02/14/88||03/10/89||INC (I)|
|Bindeshwari Dubey||03/12/85||02/13/88||INC (I)|
|Chandrashekhar Singh||August 14, 1983||03/12/85||INC (I)|
|Jagannath Mishra||June 8, 1980||August 14, 1983||INC (I)|
|President's rule||02/17/80||June 8, 1980||N/A|
|Ram Sundar Das||April 21, 1979||02/17/80||JNP|
|Karpoori Thakur||June 24, 1977||April 21, 1979||JNP|
|President's rule||April 30, 1977||June 24, 1977||N/A|
|Jagannath Mishra||April 11, 1975||April 30, 1977||INC|
|Abdul Ghafoor||07/02/73||April 11, 1975||INC|
|President's rule||January 9, 1972||03/19/72||N/A|
|Bhola Paswan Shastri||June 2, 1971||January 9, 1972||INC|
|Karpoori Thakur||December 22, 1970||June 2, 1971||Socialist Party|
|Daroga Prasad Rai||02/16/70||December 22, 1970||INC|
|Bhola Paswan Shastri||June 22, 1969||07/04/69||INC (O)|
|Harihar Singh||02/26/69||June 22, 1969||INC|
|President's rule||June 29, 1968||02/26/69||N/A|
|Bhola Paswan Shastri||03/22/68||June 29, 1968||INC (O)|
|B. P. Mandal||02/01/68||03/02/68||INC|
|Satish Prasad Singh||January 28, 1968||02/01/68||INC|
|Mahamaya Prasad Sinha||03/05/67||January 28, 1968||JKD|
|K. B. Sahay||10/02/63||03/05/67||INC|
|Deep Narayan Singh||02/01/61||02/18/61||INC|
|Krishna Singh||April 2, 1946||January 31, 1961||INC|
List of Governors in Bihar
|Name of Governors||From||To|
|Keshari Nath Tripathi||November 27, 2014||Incumbent|
|D. Y. Patil||03/09/13||November 26, 2014|
|R. L. Bhatia||07/10/08||07/23/09|
|R. S. Gavai||June 22, 2006||07/10/08|
|Gopalkrishna Gandhi||January 31, 2006||June 21, 2006|
|Buta Singh||November 5, 2004||January 29, 2006|
|M R Jois||June 12, 2003||10/31/04|
|V. C. Pande||November 23, 1999||June 12, 2003|
|S.S. Bhandari||April 27, 1998||03/15/99|
|Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai||August 14, 1993||April 26, 1998|
|Mohammad Shafi Qureshi||03/19/91||August 13, 1993|
|R.D. Pradhan||January 29, 1989||02/02/89|
|Govind Narain Singh||02/26/88||January 24, 1989|
|Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai||September 20, 1979||03/15/85|
|Jagannath Kaushal||June 16, 1976||January 31, 1979|
|Ramchandra Dhondiba Bhandare||02/04/73||June 15, 1976|
|Nityanand Kanungo||December 7, 1967||January 20, 1971|
|M. A. S. Ayyangar||05/12/62||December 6, 1967|
|R. R. Diwakar||January 15, 1952||07/05/57|
|Madhav Shrihari Aney||January 12, 1948||June 14, 1952|
|Jairamdas Daulatram||August 15, 1947||January 11, 1948|
Cabinet Ministers of Bihar
|SL||Chief Minister/Minister's Name||Departments Allocated|
|1||Shri Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister|
|2||Shri Vijay Kumar Chaudhary|
|3||Shri Vijendra Prasad Yadav|
|4||Shri Ramai Ram|
|5||Shri Damodar Rawat|
|6||Shri Narendra Narayan Yadav|
|7||Shri Prashant Kumar Shahi|
|8||Shri Shyam Rajak|
|9||Shri Awadhesh Prasad Kushwaha|
|10||Smt. Leshi Singh|
|11||Shri Dulal Chandra Goswami|
|12||Shri Rajeev Ranjan Singh|
|13||Shri Shrawan Kumar|
|14||Shri Ram Lakhan Ram Raman|
|15||Shri Ramdhani Singh|
|16||Shri Jai kumar singh|
|17||Shri Manoj Kumar Singh|
|18||Shri Javed Ekbal Ansari|
|19||Smt. Beema Bharti|
|20||Smt. Ranju Geeta|
|21||Shri Vaidhnath Sahni|
|22||Shri Naushad Aalam|
|23||Shri Vinod Prasad Yadav|
Rajya Sabha Members from Bihar
|NAME OF MEMBER||PARTY||TERM(From, To)|
|Shri Gulam Rasool Balyawi||JD(U)||23/06/2014|
|Smt. Kahkashan Perween||JD(U)||10/04/14|
|Shri Dharmendra Pradhan||BJP||03/04/12|
|Shri Ramchandra Prasad Singh||JD(U)||08/07/10|
|Shri R. K. Sinha||BJP||10/04/14|
|Shri Ram Nath Thakur||JD(U)||10/04/14|
|Shri K.C. Tyagi||JD(U)||07/02/13|
|Shri Pavan Kumar Varma||JD(U)||23/06/2014|
Ajay V Naik is the Chief Electoral Officer of Bihar. The Bihar CEO's office is located at 7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna, Bihar, Pincode - 800015.
E-mail address – email@example.com
Phone number – 0612-2217956
Last Updated on May 29, 2015