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Bihar Elections 2015 - Updates and Results

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Indian politics to revolve around BJP, says Jaitley
May 23, 2015 05:33 PM
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Saturday said that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has become the central pole of Indian politics and, in future, Indian politics will be guided along pro or anti BJP lines. Speaking during a press conference in New Delhi, Jaitley also said that the BJP is hopeful of winning the Bihar assembly election later this year as he termed the Rashtriya Janata Dal and Janata Dal-United coalition as "impractical". "BJP hopes to win the polls that are to happen in Bihar soon. An impractical coalition is set to try and stop us. I am sure we, along with our allies, will come to power in Bihar," Jaitley said. Stating that the BJP had become the central pole of Indian politics in the last two decades, he said: "From now onwards the country's polity will be guided either on pro BJP or on anti BJP line." Source: IANS
We'll come to power in Bihar: Jaitley
May 23, 2015 01:42 PM
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said on Saturday the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is hopeful of winning the Bihar assembly election later this year and termed as "impractical" the Rashtriya Janata Dal-Janata Dal-United coalition. "Our party hopes to win the polls that are to happen in Bihar soon. An impractical coalition is set to try and stop us. I am sure we, along with our allies, will come to power in Bihar," Jaitley said in a press conference in New Delhi. Stating that the BJP had become the central core of Indian politics, Jaitely said: "we are on the centre stage". "Our party and our cadre are proud of our performance," the senior BJP leader said on the occasion of one-year of Modi government, adding: "The last one year has been historic for BJP." Source: IANS
Lalu pops Manjhi's name, Nitish skips meeting
May 23, 2015 09:44 AM
Rashtriya Janata Dal chief Lalu Prasad Yadav in New Delhi on Friday proposed roping in former Bihar chief minister and Janata Dal-United rebel Jitan Ram Manjhi for upcoming Bihar assembly polls, according to sources. Sources said that Lalu Prasad mooted the idea at a meeting of leaders of Janata Parivar, which Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar skipped despite being in Delhi. JD-U chief Sharad Yadav was, however, present, sources said. The JD-U leaders played down Nitish Kumar's absence from the meeting, saying he underwent a small eye surgery. Source: IANS
Modi reaches out to Bihar ahead of assembly polls
May 22, 2015 05:48 PM
Ahead of Bihar assembly elections later this year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday said that for the nation to progress, it was essential that eastern India, including the state, caught up with the western parts of the country. He called for an end to caste-based politics. At a function in New Delhi to mark the golden jubilee of poet Ramdhari Singh Dinkar's great works - 'Sanskriti ke chaar adhyaay' and 'Parshuram ki pratiksha' - Modi invoked Dinkar to call for an end to caste-based politics and work towards development of the eastern parts of the country. He recalled a letter written by Dinkar in 1961 in which the poet had emphasized that his native state of Bihar must forget caste-based divisions and work towards a merit-based society, an official release said. Source: IANS
For overall progress, eastern India must grow: Modi
May 22, 2015 01:41 PM
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Friday that for the nation to progress, it was essential for eastern India, including Bihar, to progress and catch up with the western part of the country. At a function in New Delhi to mark the golden jubilee of poet Ramdhari Singh Dinkar's great works - 'Sanskriti ke chaar adhyaay' and 'Parshuram ki pratiksha' - Modi invoked Dinkar to call for an end to caste-based politics and work towards development of the eastern parts of the country. He recalled a letter written by Dinkar in 1961 in which the poet had emphasized that his native state of Bihar must forget caste-based divisions and work towards a merit-based society, an official release said. Source: IANS

About Bihar Elections History

Bihar, situated in the north of India, is the 12th largest state in the country in terms of geographical area. The constitutional head of Bihar is the Governor, appointed by the President of India. The real executive powers are in the hands of Chief Minister, who is elected by people of the state. Bihar has been a prominent state since the pre-independence era.

Quick facts for Bihar Elections

Parliamentary Constituencies
Assembly Constituencies 243
Ruling PartyJanata Dal (United)
Opposition PartyBharatiya Janata Party
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
GovernorKeshari Nath Tripathi
Chief Electoral OfficerDipak Kumar Singh
Address7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna - 800015
The state has conducted elections in accordance with the Indian Constitution. To create law and order in the state and to build a local body, elections have been held at regular intervals in accordance with the Indian laws and as approved by the Indian Parliament. Bihar is one of the major political centres of the Indian politics. A number of prominent politicians from Bihar have contributed to the development of the nation. The state has 40 parliamentary constituencies. There are 243 assembly constituencies in Bihar.

The Bihar electoral system consists of the national level representation, the Lok Sabha delegation and the Rajya Sabha delegation. The state level representation of Bihar comprises legislative assembly and the legislative council. Elections are held regularly to form the government that can govern the state.

Inside the page
Quick facts for Bihar Elections About Bihar Elections History Bihar Bye Election Results 2014
Bihar Major Political Parties Bihar Administrative Structure Election Issues of the Bihar
Bihar Legislative Assembly Bihar Assembly Election Results Bihar Legislative Council
Political Parties in Bihar List of Chief Minister of Bihar List of Governors in Bihar
Cabinet Ministers of Bihar Rajya Sabha Members from Bihar Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Bihar

Bihar Lok Sabha Elections Summary 2014

The 2014 Lok Sabha elections results proved the opinion polls right, which had predicted the victory of BJP in the state. 22 seats were won by BJP and only two seats went to INC. RJD managed to bag four seats and Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) won six seats. Bihar has a total of 40 Lok Sabha constituencies for which elections in 2014 were held in six different phases.

Bihar Bye Election Results 2014

The assembly by-polls to fill casual vacancies in Bihar legislative assembly were held on 21 August 2014. The 10 constituencies where polling took place were Narkatiaganj, Rajnagar (SC), Jale, Chapra, Hajipur, Mohiuddinnagar, Parbatta, Bhagalpur, Banka and Mohania (SC). The by-elections were necessitated due to the election of some members to the Lok Sabha and resignation of others.

The posts from Chapra, Bhagalpur, Hajipur, Mohania and Narkatiaganj assembly constituencies were left vacant as the MLAs from these constituencies were elected in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. These MLAs included Janardan Singh Sigriwal from Chapra, Ashwani Kumar Choubey from Bhagalpur, Nityanand Rai from Hajipur, Chhedi Paswan from Mohania and Satish Chandra Dubey from Narkatiaganj constituency.

Samrat Choudhary of Parbatta, Ram Lakhan Ram Raman of Rajnagar (SC) and Javed Iqbal Ansari of Banka resigned from their posts, thus leaving the seats vacant. All three of them rebelled against their party, Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD). Later, they were nominated to the legislative council in Jitan Ram Manjhi's government.

Vijay Mishra and Rana Gangeshwar Singh, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) members from Jale and Mohiuddinnagar constituencies respectively, resigned after a split in NDA thus necessitating by-polls. BJP emerged as the most successful party winning four of the 10 seats that went for by-polls. RJD bagged three of the seats, while Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) settled for two. The Indian National Congress (INC) had to be content with just one.

Election Issues of the Bihar

Bihar is one of the poorest states in India. What people in the state have been looking for is development. It is difficult for the common man here to survive because of the rising costs, poverty and corruption. Keeping that in mind the JD(U) centred its campaign on the issues of development, good governance, and law and order. The party aimed to target the people of the lowest strata of society, the Mahadalits and the backward castes, who make up 44 percent of the state's voters.

Bihar Major Political Parties

Janata Dal (United): The JD (U) is considered to be in the centre-left of the political spectrum and has a strong political base in Bihar and Jharkhand. The current form of the party started taking shape after the merger of the Janata Dal's Sharad Yadav faction, Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party on 30 October 2003. The JD (U) had a 17 year old alliance with the BJP and was an important component of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). However, it had broken away from the BJP for elevating Narendra Modi as NDA's Prime Ministerial candidate in 2013. The three ideological tenets of Janata Dal (United) are secularism, integral humanism, and socialism. Sharad Yadav is the chairperson of the party. The JD (U)'s election symbol is arrow. The party had won 20 seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, while it could manage a mere two seats in 2014.

There are a total of 53 local political parties in Bihar.

Rashtriya Janata Dal: The RJD is largely based in Bihar and was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in the year 1997. In terms of caste-and religion-based politics, Muslims and Yadavs are its main vote banks. The basic ideological tenets theoretically followed by the party include values of social justice, secularism, and equality. Lalu not only became the Chief Minister of the state but also came to be known as one of the most successful railway ministers of India. Keeping Lok Sabha elections of 2014 and Bihar assembly election of 2015 in mind, the RJD started the Parivartan Rally. Lalu Prasad Yadav is the Chairperson as well as the leader of the party in Lok Sabha. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the RJD won four seats, the number did not change for RJD in 2014 as well. The election symbol of the party is the lantern.

Indian National Congress: The Indian National Congress’ Bihar state unit is called Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee (BPCC) and is headquartered at Sadaquat Ashram, Patna, in Bihar. Ashok Choudhary is its president in Bihar. It has many frontal organisations such as the Bihar Pradesh Youth Congress (BPYC), the Bihar Pradesh Congress Seva Dal (BPCSD), the Bihar Pradesh Congress INTUC, and the Bihar Pradesh Congress NSUI. In 2009 and 2014, the party won two seats each time. The election symbol of the INC is the palm.

Bharatiya Janata Party: The BJP has considerable strength in Bihar. This state is among some of those states where the Narendra Modi factor has worked strongly. Bihar BJP's state president is Mangal Pandey. The State Prabhari of the Bihar umit of BJP is Dharmendra Pradhan, who is also an MP. The frontal organisations of the BJP are the Bharatiya Janata Mazdoor Morcha, the Kisan Morcha, the Minority Morcha, the Mahila Morcha, the S.C. Morcha, the S.T. Morcha, and the Yuva Morcha.

A major blow to the state party was dealt by Tarakant Jha, a veteran leader of BJP who severed his ties with the BJP and joined the Janata Dal (United).

Political Parties in Bihar

The major political parties in Bihar are:
1. Janata Dal (U) 2. Bharatiya Janata Party3. Rashtriya Janata Dal
4. Indian National Congress5. Lok Janshakti Party 

Some of the prominent local parties are:
1. Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha2. Bajjikanchal Vikas Party3. Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Mazdoor congress
4. Janata Party5. Republican Party of India 

Bihar Administrative Structure

The administrative structure of the state of Bihar is divided into nine divisions and 38 districts. The nine divisions are Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh Division. The state has a bicameral legislature which comprises the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council), the Upper House, and Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly), the Lower House.

Bihar Legislative Assembly

The Bihar legislative assembly is also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha. With an act of the Parliament that was named the Bihar Reorganisation Act 2000, the Bihar legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. The legislative assembly is not a permanent body and can be dissolved. The tenure is for five years and the member are elected by the people. Every year three sessions are held namely the Budget, Monsoon and winter. The legislative assembly elections were held in six phases in 2010 and conducted for a month in October and November. Phase I covered 47 seats, 45 seats went to polls in Phase II, Phase III covered 48 seats, Phase IV was scheduled for 42 seats, Phase V covered 35 seats, Phase VI covered 26 seats. The current speaker of the legislative assembly is Uday Narayan Choudhary. He was elected unanimously for the second time in 2010. He was also elected in 2005 as a Speaker of the legislative assembly in Bihar. The leader of the house is Nitish Kumar and is also the Chief Minister of Bihar. The leader of the opposition is Amrendra Pratap Singh.

The term of Bihar legislative assembly is nearing expiry in November 2015. The total of 243 assembly seats includes seats for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The seats for scheduled castes are 38 and two seats are for scheduled tribes.

Bihar State Legislative Assembly Elections 2010

The latest elections for the Bihar state legislative assembly were held on 24 November 2010. The Janata Dal (U) won 115 seats of the total 243 assembly seats. The alliance with the other parties led them to a big win. The opposition was led by BJP alliance. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won 91 seats. The Communist Party of India won one seat only, while the Indian National Congress won four seats in the Bihar state Assembly. One seat went to Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. Lok Jan Shakti Party won three seats, while the Rashtriya Janta Dal settled for 22 seats. The other parties, that were individual parties, won six seats in the elections.

Bihar Legislative Council

The Bihar legislative council is the Upper House of the state government. All the states that have a bicameral legislature consist of an Upper House also known as the Vidhan Parishad. In 2010, the Indian Parliament passed an Act that was meant to re-establish the Legislative council for a seventh state. It is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved. The term for each member of the Legislative council is six years. The body of the Legislative council is around one-third of the Vidhan Sabha or the legislative assembly. The members should be less than 40 in number. One-third of the members are elected from the local bodies like the corporations, district councils and the municipalities. Another one-third of the members are elected from the Legislative assembly members. One-twelfth members are elected from persons who are graduates of three years of standing committee residing in the state. Another one-twelfth members get elected from those who are engaged for three years in the education institutions in the state and One-sixth are nominated by the governor from people who are experts in the field of science, arts, social service, literature and co-operative movement. The chairman and the deputy chairman of the house are elected by the elected members of the legislative council.

After the independence of India, the Bihar legislative council has been working for the public welfare. The secretariat of BLC started functioning on 1 April 1950. Nitish Kumar, Rabri Devi and Sushil Kumar Modi were elected unopposed to the Bihar legislative council in the latest elections. A total of 11 candidates were elected unopposed for the legislative council in the biennial elections. The chairman of the Legislative council is Awdhesh Narayan Singh.

Parliamentary Constituencies in Bihar

There are 40 parliamentary constituencies in Bihar. Following are the parliamentary constituencies in Bihar :

Valmiki Nagar, Paschim Champaran, Purvi Champaran, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Madhubani, Jhanjharpur, Supaul, Araria, Kishanganj, Katihar, Purnia, Madhepura, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Gopalganj (SC), Siwan, Maharajganj, Saran, Hajipur (SC), Ujiarpur, Samastipur (SC), Begusarai, Khagaria, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Nalanda, Patna Sahib, Pataliputra, Arrah, Buxar, Sasaram (SC), Karakat, Jahanabad, Aurangabad, Gaya (SC), Nawada and Jamui (SC).

List of Chief Minister of Bihar

Sr. No.Name of Chief MinisterFromToParty
1Nitish KumarFeb 22, 2015PresentJD(U)
2Jeetan Ram ManjhiMay 20, 2014Feb 21, 2015JD(U)
3Nitish KumarNov 24, 2005May 19, 2014JD(U)
4President's ruleMar 7, 2005Nov 24, 2005 
5Rabri DeviMar 11, 2000Mar 6, 2005RJD
6Nitish KumarMar 3, 2000Mar 10, 2000JD(U)
7Rabri DeviMar 9, 1999Mar 2, 2000RJD
8President's ruleFeb 11, 1999Mar 9, 1999 
9Rabri DeviJul 25, 1997Feb 11, 1999RJD
10Lalu Prasad YadavApr 4, 1995Jul 25, 1997JD, RJD
11President's ruleMar 28, 1995Apr 4, 1995 
12Lalu Prasad YadavMar 10, 1990Mar 28, 1995JD
13Jagannath MishraDec 6, 1989Mar 10, 1990INC (I)
14Satyendra Narayan SinhaMar 11, 1989Dec 6, 1989INC (I)
15Bhagwat Jha AzadFeb 14, 1988Mar 10, 1989INC (I)
16Bindeshwari DubeyMar 12, 1985Feb 13, 1988INC (I)
17Chandrashekhar SinghAug 14, 1983Mar 12, 1985INC (I)
18Jagannath MishraJun 8, 1980Aug 14, 1983INC (I)
19President's ruleFeb 17, 1980Jun 8, 1980N/A
20Ram Sundar DasApr 21, 1979Feb 17, 1980JNP
21Karpoori ThakurJun 24, 1977Apr 21, 1979JNP
22President's ruleApr 30, 1977Jun 24, 1977N/A
23Jagannath MishraApr 11, 1975Apr 30, 1977INC
24Abdul GafoorJul 2, 1973Apr 11, 1975INC
25Kedar PandeyMar 19, 1972Jul 2, 1973INC
26President's ruleJan 9, 1972Mar 19, 1972N/A
27Bhola Paswan ShastriJun 2, 1971Jan 9, 1972INC
28Karpoori ThakurDec 22, 1970Jun 2, 1971Socialist Party
29Daroga Prasad RaiFeb 16, 1970Dec 22, 1970INC
30President's ruleJul 6, 1969Feb 16, 1970N/A
31Bhola Paswan ShastriJun 22, 1969Jul 4, 1969INC (O)
32Harihar SinghFeb 26, 1969Jun 22, 1969INC
33President's ruleJun 29, 1968Feb 26, 1969N/A
34Bhola Paswan ShastriMar 22, 1968Jun 29, 1968INC (O)
35B. P. MandalFeb 1, 1968Mar 2, 1968INC
36Satish Prasad SinghJan 28, 1968Feb 1, 1968INC
37Mahamaya Prasad SinhaMar 5, 1967Jan 28, 1968JKD
38K. B. SahayOct 2, 1963Mar 5, 1967INC
39Binodanand JhaFeb 18, 1961Oct 2, 1963INC
40Deep Narayan SinghFeb 1, 1961Feb 18, 1961INC
41Krishna SinghApr 2, 1946Jan 31, 1961INC

List of Governors in Bihar

Sr. No.Name of GovernorsFromTo
1Keshari Nath TripathiNov 27, 2014Present
2D. Y. PatilMar 9, 2013Nov 26, 2014
3Devanand KonwarJul 24, 2009Mar 8, 2013
4R. L. BhatiaJul 10, 2008Jul 23, 2009
5R. S. GavaiJun 22, 2006Jul 10, 2008
6Gopalkrishna GandhiJan 31, 2006Jun 21, 2006
7Buta SinghNov 5, 2004Jan 29, 2006
8M R JoisJun 12, 2003Oct 31, 2004
9V. C. PandeNov 23, 1999Jun 12, 2003
10S S BhandariApr 27, 1998Mar 15, 1999
11A R KidwaiAug 14, 1993Apr 26, 1998
12Mohammad Shafi QureshiMar 19, 1991Aug 13, 1993
13Mohammad SaleemFeb 16, 1990Feb 13, 1991
14Jagannath PahadiaMar 3, 1989Feb 2, 1990
15R.D. PradhanJan 29, 1989Feb 2, 1989
16Govind Narain SinghFeb 26, 1988Jan 24, 1989
17P. VenkatasubbaiahMar 15, 1985Feb 25, 1988
18Akhlaqur Rahman KidwaiSep 20, 1979Mar 15, 1985
19Jagannath KaushalJun 16, 1976Jan 31, 1979
20Ramchandra Dhondiba BhandareFeb 4, 1973Jun 15, 1976
21Devkant BarooahFeb 1, 1971Feb 4, 1971
22Nityanand KanungoDec 7, 1967Jan 20, 1971
23M. A. S. AyyangarMay 12, 1962Dec 6, 1967
24Zakir HussainJul 6, 1957May 11, 1962
25R. R. DiwakarJan 15, 1952Jul 5, 1957
26Madhav Shrihari AneyJan 12, 1948Jun 14, 1952
27Jairamdas DaulatramAug 15, 1947Jan 11, 1948

Cabinet Ministers of Bihar

MinistriesName of Minsiter
Hon'ble Governor of BiharDr. D. Y. Patil
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
Water Resources Shri Vijay Kumar Chaudhary
Finance & Commercial TaxesShri Bijendra Prasad Yadav
AgricultureShri Narendra Singh
EducationShri Brishen Patel
TransportShri Ramai Ram
Revenue and Land ReformsShri Narendra Narayan Yadav
IndustryDr. Bhim Singh
Building Construction Shri Damodar Raut
Forest & Environment, Planning & DevelopmentShri P K Shahi
Science & TechnologyShri Shahid Ali Khan
Social WelfareSmt Lesie Singh
Building Construction Shri Damodar Raut
Forest & Environment, Planning & DevelopmentShri P K Shahi
Science & TechnologyShri Shahid Ali Khan
Food and Consumer ProtectionShri Shyam Rajak
Rural DevelopmentShri Nitish Mishra
Registration, Excise & ProhibitionShri Awadhesh Prasad Kushwaha
Road ConstructionShri Lalan Singh
Labour ResourcesShri Dulal Chandra Goswami
Art,Culture & Youth AffairsShri Vinay Bihari
Minority WelfareShri Naushad Alam
Rural Works & Parliamentary AffairsShri Shrawan Kumar
Mines & GeologyShri Ramlakhan Ram Raman
HealthShri Ramdhani Singh
Urban Development & HousingShri Samrat Choudhary
PHEDShri Mahachandra Prasad Singh
CooperativeShri Jai Kumar Singh
Minor IrrigationShri Manoj Kumar Singh
TourismShri Javed Iqbal Ansari
Backward & EBC WelfareShri Bima Bharti
Cane IndustryShri Ranju Gita
Animal Husbandry & fisheriesShri Baidyanath Sahni
Panchayati RajShri Vinod Prasad Yadav

Rajya Sabha Members from Bihar

Shri Ali Anwar AnsariJanta Dal (United) 03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018Dr. Mahendra Prasad Janta Dal (United) 03/04/2012 TO 02/04/2018
Smt. Kahkashan Perween Janta Dal (United) 10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020Shri Dharmendra Pradhan Bharatiya Janata Party 03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018
Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad Bharatiya Janata Party 03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018Dr. Anil Kumar Sahani Janta Dal (United) 03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018
Shri Bashistha Narain Singh Janta Dal (United) 03/04/2012 to 02/04/2018Shri Hari Bansh Narayan Singh Janta Dal (United) 10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020
Shri Ramchandra Prasad Singh Janta Dal (United) 08/07/2010 to 07/07/2016Shri R. K. Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party 10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020
Dr. C.P. Thakur Bharatiya Janata Party10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020Shri Ram Nath ThakurJanta Dal (United)10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020
Shri K.C. TyagiJanta Dal (United)07/02/2013 to 07/07/2016  

Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Bihar

Ajay Nayak is the Chief Electoral Officer of Bihar. He is a 1984 IAS cadre from Bihar. The Bihar CEO's office is located at 7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna - 800015, Bihar. Its contact details include, email address: and phone number (0612-2217956). In case of More...

Last Updated on April 4, 2015

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