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Bihar Elections 2015 - Updates and Results

Bihar Elections Latest News And Live Updates

August 01, 2015 03:12 PM
The Bihar government on Saturday transferred 44 IPS officers ahead of the upcoming assembly polls. "The state government transferred 44 IPS off..... Read More
August 01, 2015 01:48 PM
The Election Commission, on Friday, published the final list of 6,68,26,658 voters who are eligible to vote in the forthcoming assembly elections in..... Read More
July 31, 2015 03:30 PM
Senior BJP leader Sushil Kumar Modi on Friday said Chief Minister Nitish Kumar had "betrayed" the BJP and that Bihar's development had..... Read More
July 31, 2015 02:07 PM
The Patna High Court on Friday allowed four rebel JD-U legislators, who were disqualified by the Bihar assembly speaker, to attend the monsoon sessi..... Read More
July 30, 2015 11:31 AM
The Election Commission has recognised the Hindustan Awami Morcha (HAM) of former Bihar chief minister Jitan Ram Manjhi as a political party, the pa..... Read More

Bihar Legislative Council Election Results 2015

Sl. No.Name of Local Authorities' ConstituencyWinner Candidates PartyVotesRunner Up Candidates Party Votes
1Patna Ritlal RaiIND 2433Bhola SinghBJP1383
2Nalanda Reena Devi Alias Reena YadavJD(U)2100Ranjit SinghLok Janshakti Party 1427
3Gaya-cum-Jahanabad-cum-Arwal Manorama DeviJD(U)3958Anuj Kumar SinghBJP3143
4Aurangabad Rajan Kumar SinghBJP1761Vinay PrasadRJD1431
5Nawada Salman RaghibJD(U)1391Sarwan KumarBJP1222
6Bhojpur-cum-Buxar Radha Charan SahRJD2854Hulas PandeyLok Janshakti Party2525
7Rohtas-cum-Kaimur Santosh Kumar SinghBJP3026Anil SinghJD(U)2409
8Saran Sachchidanand Rai BJP2589Saleem PerwezJD(U)1673
9Siwan Tun Ji PandeyBJP2192Vinod KumarRJD1850
10Gopalganj Aditya Narayan PandeyBJP2067Mahanth Satyadev DasRJD1300
11West Champaran Rajesh RamIndianNational Congress Party2488Babloo SinghBJP1820
12East Champaran Rajesh Kumar @ Bablu GuptaBJP3004Kalawati DeviRJD1966
13Muzaffarpur Dinesh Prasad SinghJD(U)5454Priyadarshani ShahiBJP368
14Vaishali Subodh KumarRJD2146Ajay Kumar KushwahaLok Janshakti Party 1487
15Sitamarhi-cum-Sheohar Dilip RayRJD2467Devendra Sah DumraBJP1651
16Darbhanga Sunil Kumar SinghBJP2535Mishri Lal YadavRJD1593
17Samastipur Hari Narayan ChaudharyBJP2794Roma BhartiRJD1174
18MungerSanjay PrasadRJD2546Mukesh Yadav RashtriyaLok Samta Party2306
19Begusarai-cum-Khagaria Rajnish KumarBJP2763Doctor Sanjeev KumarJD(U)2428
20Saharsa-cum-Madhepura-cum-Supaul Nutan SinghLok Janshakti Party 3756Mohammad Isarail RainINC1629
21Bhagalpur-cum-BankaManoj YadavJD(U)2966Abhishek VermaRashtriya Lok Samta Party1981
22Madhubani Suman KumarBJP3034Vinod KumarJD(U)1842
23Purnea-cum-Araria-cum-Kishanganj Dr. Dilip Kumar JaiswalBJP5960Dr. Md. Asad ImamINC2797
24Katihar Ashok Kumar AgrawalIND 1914Anjali DeviNationalist Congress Party1508

About Bihar Elections History

Bihar, situated in North India, is the 12th largest state in India in terms of geographical area. The constitutional head of Bihar is the Governor, who is appointed by the President of India, and the real execution powers are in the hands of the Chief Minister, who is elected by people of the state.

Quick facts for Bihar Elections 2015

Parliamentary Constituencies
Assembly Constituencies 243
Ruling PartyJanata Dal (United) and Janata Parivar Group
Opposition PartyBharatiya Janata Party
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
GovernorKeshari Nath Tripathi
Chief Electoral OfficerAjay V Naik
Address7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna - 800015
Bihar has been a prominent state since the pre-independence era. The state has conducted elections in accordance with the Indian Constitution. To create law and order in the state and build a local body, elections have been held at regular intervals in accordance with the Indian laws and as approved by the Indian Parliament. Bihar is one of the major political centres of the Indian politics and considered as an important state. A number of prominent politicians from Bihar have contributed to the development of the nation. The state has 40 parliamentary constituencies. There are 243 assembly constituencies in Bihar.

The Bihar electoral system consists of the national level representation, the Lok Sabha delegation and the Rajya Sabha delegation. The state level representation of Bihar comprises the legislative assembly and the legislative council. Elections are held regularly to form government that can govern the state.

Inside the page
Quick facts for Bihar Elections 2015 Bihar Elections History Bihar Major Political Parties
Administrative Structure Issues of the State Bihar Legislative Assembly
Bihar Legislative Council Bihar Lok Sabha Elections Summary 2014 List of Chief Minister of Bihar
List of Governors in Bihar Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Bihar Latest News And Update
Parliamentary Constituencies in Bihar Rajya Sabha Members from Bihar ACs Elections Results of Bihar
Cabinet Ministers of Bihar

Bihar Political Turmoil

Jitan Ram Manjhi was considered to be a close confidant of Bihar’s Chief Minister and the JD(U) leader Nitish Kumar. When the JD(U) did not perform well in the 2014 general election, Nitish Kumar took the responsibility of the defeat and resigned from the position of Chief Minister. Manjhi, who was then the Minister for SC and ST Welfare department in Nitish Kumar's cabinet, substituted him as the 23rd Chief Minister of Bihar.

However, because of the breakup between the JD(U) and the BJP-led NDA and the abandonment of some JDU MLAs, the government of Manjhi faced unstableness. It seemed that he would not be able get the trust vote in the state legislative assembly, though Lalu Prasad Yadav's RJD and Sonia Gandhi's Congress provided outside support to him.

After 10 months, the party asked Manjhi to resign to make way for Nitish Kumar. But Manjhi refused and was expelled from the party. It resulted in a political crisis situation in Bihar and the Governor asked Manjhi to seek vote of confidence on 20 February 2015, which was the first day of the budget session of the assembly. BJP announced that it would support Manjhi. Despite that, Manjhi got short of numbers to prove majority.Subsequently, Manjhi resigned on 20 February 2015 before the trust vote and the 66-year-old Nitish Kumar became the 24th Chief Minister of Bihar.

Election Issues of the Bihar

Bihar is one of the poorest states in India. What people in the state have been looking for is development. It is difficult for common man to survive because of the rising costs, poverty and corruption. Keeping that in mind, the JD(U) centred its campaign on the issues of development, good governance and law and order. The party aimed to target the people of the lowest strata of society, the Mahadalits and the backward castes, who make up 44% of the state's voters.

Administrative Structure of Bihar

The administrative structure of the state of Bihar is divided into nine divisions and 38 districts. The nine divisions are Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh. The state has a bicameral legislature that comprises the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council), i.e. the upper house, and the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly), i.e. the lower house

Bihar Lok Sabha Elections Summary 2014

The 2014 Lok Sabha elections results proved the opinion polls right, which had predicted the victory of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the state. BJP won 22 seats and Indian National Congress (INC) got only two seats. Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) managed to bag four seats and Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) won six seats. Bihar has a total of 40 Lok Sabha constituencies for which elections in 2014 were held in six different phases. Nitish Kumar from the Janata Dal (United), in alliance with other parties, had won 206 seats from the total 243 assembly seats in the 2010 polls, which created a history in the politics of Bihar. Hence, Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister of the state. The major political parties in Bihar are the JD (U), the BJP and the RJD. The opinion polls believed that the BJP would be able to bag maximum number of seats in the Lok Sabha polls of 2014.Bihar General Elections Result 2014

Bihar Legislative Assembly

The Bihar legislative assembly is also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha. With an act of the Parliament that was named the Bihar Reorganisation Act 2000, the Bihar legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. The legislative assembly is not a permanent body and can be dissolved. The tenure of the legislative assembly is five years and the members are elected by the people. Every year three sessions are held; namely, Budget, Monsoon and Winter. The legislative assembly elections were held in six phases in 2010 and conducted in October and November. Phase I covered 47 seats, Phase II covered 45 seats, Phase III covered 48 seats, Phase IV covered 42 seats, Phase V covered 35 seats and Phase VI covered 26 seats. The current Speaker of the legislative assembly is Honourable Shri Uday Narain Choudhary. He was elected unanimously for the second time in 2010. He was also elected in 2005 as a Speaker of the legislative assembly in Bihar. The Leader of the House is Shri Nitish Kumar who is also the Chief Minister of Bihar. The Leader of the Opposition is Shri Amrendra Pratap Singh.

The term of Bihar legislative assembly is nearing expiry in November 2015. The total of 243 assembly seats includes seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The seats for scheduled castes are 38 and for scheduled tribes are two.

Bihar State Assembly Elections 2010 Summary

The latest elections for the Bihar state assembly were held on 24 November 2010. Nitish Kumar, who was the Chief Minister of Bihar before Jitan Manjhi, won 206 seats of the total 243 assembly seats of the state and created history in Bihar. The alliance with the other parties led them to a big win. The opposition was led by the BJP alliance. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won 91 seats. The Communist Party of India won only one seat. The Indian National Congress won four seats in the Bihar State Assembly Elections. The Janata Dal (United) won 115 seats. Jharkhand Mukti Morcha won only one seat. Lok Janshakti Party won three sets. The Rashtriya Janata Dal won 22 seats. The other individual parties won around six seats in the 2010 elections.

Bihar Bye Election Results 2014

The assembly by-polls to fill casual vacancies in Bihar legislative assembly were held on 21 August 2014. The 10 constituencies where polling took place were Narkatiaganj, Rajnagar (SC), Jale, Chapra, Hajipur, Mohiuddinnagar, Parbatta, Bhagalpur, Banka and Mohania (SC). The by-elections were necessitated due to the election of some members to the Lok Sabha and resignation of others.

The posts from Chapra, Bhagalpur, Hajipur, Mohania and Narkatiaganj assembly constituencies were left vacant as the MLAs from these constituencies were elected in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. These MLAs included Janardan Singh Sigriwal from Chapra, Ashwani Kumar Choubey from Bhagalpur, Nityanand Rai from Hajipur, Chhedi Paswan from Mohania and Satish Chandra Dubey from Narkatiaganj constituency.

Samrat Choudhary of Parbatta, Ram Lakhan Ram Raman of Rajnagar (SC) and Javed Iqbal Ansari of Banka resigned from their posts, thus leaving the seats vacant. All three of them rebelled against their party, Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD). Later, they were nominated to the legislative council in Jitan Ram Manjhi's government.

Vijay Mishra and Rana Gangeshwar Singh, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) members from Jale and Mohiuddinnagar constituencies respectively, resigned after a split in NDA thus necessitating by-polls. BJP emerged as the most successful party winning four of the 10 seats that went for by-polls. RJD bagged three of the seats, while Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) settled for two. The Indian National Congress (INC) had to be content with just one.

Bihar Legislative Council

The Bihar Legislative Council is the upper house of the state government. All the states that have a bicameral legislature consist of an upper house also known as the Vidhan Parishad. In 2010, the Indian Parliament passed an act that was meant to re-establish the legislative council for a seventh state. It is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved. The term for each member of the legislative council is for six years. The body of the legislative council is around one-third of the Vidhan Sabha or the legislative assembly. The members should be fewer than 40 in number. One-third members are elected by the local bodies like the corporations, zilla parishads and municipalities. One-third members are elected by the legislative assembly members from those who are not members of the assembly. One-twelfth members are elected persons who are graduates of three years’ standing residing in the state. Another one-twelfth members get elected from those who are engaged for three years in educational institutions in the state. One-sixth members are nominated by the Governor from people who are experts in the field of science, arts, social service, literature and co-operative movement. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman are elected by the elected members of the legislative council.

After the independence of India, the Bihar Legislative Council has come forward to work for public welfare. On 1 April 1950, the Secretariat of the BLC started functioning. Shri Nitish Kumar, Rabri Devi and Sushil Kumar Modi were elected unopposed to the Bihar Legislative Council that was held on 19 April 2012. A total of 11 candidates were elected unopposed for the legislative council in the biennial elections. The Chairman of the legislative council is Shir Awdhesh Narayan Singh.

Bihar Major Political Parties

Janata Dal (United): The JD (U) is considered to be in the centre-left of the political spectrum and has strong political base in Bihar and Jharkhand. The current form of the party started taking shape after the merger of the Janata Dal’s Sharad Yadav faction, the Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party on October 30, 2003. The JD (U) had a 17-year-old alliance with the BJP and was an important component of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). However, it broke away from the BJP for elevating Narendra Modi as NDA's Prime Ministerial candidate in 2013. The three ideological tenets of Janata Dal (United) are secularism, integral humanism and socialism. Sharad Yadav is the chairperson of the party. The JD (U)'s election symbol is arrow. The party had won 20 seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, while it could manage a mere two seats in 2014.

Rashtriya Janata Dal:The RJD is largely based in Bihar and was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in 1997. In terms of caste-and religion-based politics, Muslims and Yadavs are its main vote banks. The basic ideological tenets theoretically followed by the party include values of social justice, secularism, and equality. Lalu not only became the Chief Minister of the state but also came to be known as one of the most successful Railway Ministers of India. Keeping the Lok Sabha elections of 2014 and the Bihar assembly election of 2015 in mind, the RJD started the Parivartan Rally. Lalu Prasad Yadav is the chairperson as well as the leader of the party in Lok Sabha. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the RJD won four seats. The number did not change for the RJD in 2014 as well. The election symbol of the party is lantern.

Indian National Congress:The Indian National Congress' Bihar unit is called Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee (BPCC) and is headquartered at Sadaqat Ashram in Patna, Bihar. Ashok Choudhary is its president in Bihar. It has many frontal organisations such as the Bihar Pradesh Youth Congress (BPYC), the Bihar Pradesh Congress Seva Dal (BPCSD), the Bihar Pradesh Congress INTUC and the Bihar Pradesh Congress NSUI. In 2009 and 2014, the party won two seats each time. The election symbol of the INC is palm

Bharatiya Janata Party:The BJP has considerable strength in Bihar. This state is among some of those states where the Narendra Modi factor has worked strongly. Bihar BJP's state president is Mangal Pandey. The General Secretary of the Bihar BJP is Dharmendra Pradhan, who is also an MP. The frontal organisations of the BJP are the Bharatiya Janata Mazdoor Morcha, the Kisan Morcha, the Minority Morcha, the Mahila Morcha, the S.C. Morcha, the S.T. Morcha and the Yuva Morcha.

A major blow to the state party was dealt by Tarakant Jha, a veteran leader of BJP who severed his ties with the BJP and joined the Janata Dal (United).

Lok Jan Shakti Party- is headed by Ram Vvilas Paswan

Following are the Prominent Local Parties in Bihar:
1. Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha2. Bajjikanchal Vikas Party3. Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Mazdoor Congress
4. Janata Party5. Republican Party of India

Parliamentary Constituencies in Bihar

There are around 40 parliamentary constituencies in Bihar. Following are the parliamentary constituencies in Bihar:

Valmiki Nagar, Sheohar, Jhanjharpur, Paschim Champaran, Purvi Champaran, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Madhubani, Supaul, Araria, Kishangani, Katihar, Purnia, Madhepura, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Gopalgani, Siwan, Maharajganj, Saran, Hajipur, Ujiarpur, Samastipur, Begusarai, Khagaria, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Nalanda, Patna Sahib, Pataliputra, Arrah, Buxar, Sasaram, Karakat, Jahanabad, Aurangabad, Gaya, Nawada and Jamui.

List of Chief Ministers of Bihar

Name of Chief MinisterFromToParty
Nitish Kumar02/22/15IncumbentJD(U)
Jitan Ram Manjhi05/20/1402/22/15JD(U)
Nitish KumarNovember 24, 200505/19/14JD(U)
President's rule03/07/05November 24, 2005
Rabri Devi03/11/0003/06/05RJD
Nitish Kumar03/03/0003/10/00JD(U)
Rabri Devi03/09/9903/02/00RJD
President's rule02/11/9903/09/99
Rabri Devi07/25/9702/11/99RJD
Lalu Prasad YadavApril 4, 199507/25/97JD, RJD
President's rule03/28/95April 4, 1995
Lalu Prasad Yadav03/10/9003/28/95JD
Jagannath MishraDecember 6, 198903/10/90INC (I)
Satyendra Narayan Sinha03/11/89December 6, 1989INC (I)
Bhagwat Jha Azad02/14/8803/10/89INC (I)
Bindeshwari Dubey03/12/8502/13/88INC (I)
Chandrashekhar SinghAugust 14, 198303/12/85INC (I)
Jagannath MishraJune 8, 1980August 14, 1983INC (I)
President's rule02/17/80June 8, 1980N/A
Ram Sundar DasApril 21, 197902/17/80JNP
Karpoori ThakurJune 24, 1977April 21, 1979JNP
President's ruleApril 30, 1977June 24, 1977N/A
Jagannath MishraApril 11, 1975April 30, 1977INC
Abdul Ghafoor07/02/73April 11, 1975INC
Kedar Pandey03/19/7207/02/73INC
President's ruleJanuary 9, 197203/19/72N/A
Bhola Paswan ShastriJune 2, 1971January 9, 1972INC
Karpoori ThakurDecember 22, 1970June 2, 1971Socialist Party
Daroga Prasad Rai02/16/70December 22, 1970INC
President's rule07/06/6902/16/70N/A
Bhola Paswan ShastriJune 22, 196907/04/69INC (O)
Harihar Singh02/26/69June 22, 1969INC
President's ruleJune 29, 196802/26/69N/A
Bhola Paswan Shastri03/22/68June 29, 1968INC (O)
B. P. Mandal02/01/6803/02/68INC
Satish Prasad SinghJanuary 28, 196802/01/68INC
Mahamaya Prasad Sinha03/05/67January 28, 1968JKD
K. B. Sahay10/02/6303/05/67INC
Binodanand Jha02/18/6110/02/63INC
Deep Narayan Singh02/01/6102/18/61INC
Krishna SinghApril 2, 1946January 31, 1961INC

List of Governors in Bihar

Name of GovernorsFromTo
Keshari Nath TripathiNovember 27, 2014 Incumbent
D. Y. Patil03/09/13November 26, 2014
Devanand Konwar07/24/0903/08/13
R. L. Bhatia07/10/0807/23/09
R. S. GavaiJune 22, 200607/10/08
Gopalkrishna GandhiJanuary 31, 2006June 21, 2006
Buta SinghNovember 5, 2004January 29, 2006
M R JoisJune 12, 200310/31/04
V. C. PandeNovember 23, 1999June 12, 2003
S.S. BhandariApril 27, 199803/15/99
Akhlaqur Rahman KidwaiAugust 14, 1993April 26, 1998
Mohammad Shafi Qureshi03/19/91August 13, 1993
Mohammad Saleem02/16/9002/13/91
Jagannath Pahadia03/03/8902/02/90
R.D. PradhanJanuary 29, 198902/02/89
Govind Narain Singh02/26/88January 24, 1989
P. Venkatasubbaiah03/15/8502/25/88
Akhlaqur Rahman KidwaiSeptember 20, 197903/15/85
Jagannath KaushalJune 16, 1976January 31, 1979
Ramchandra Dhondiba Bhandare02/04/73June 15, 1976
Devkant Barooah02/01/7102/04/71
Nityanand KanungoDecember 7, 1967January 20, 1971
M. A. S. Ayyangar05/12/62December 6, 1967
Zakir Hussain07/06/5705/11/62
R. R. DiwakarJanuary 15, 195207/05/57
Madhav Shrihari AneyJanuary 12, 1948June 14, 1952
Jairamdas DaulatramAugust 15, 1947January 11, 1948

Cabinet Ministers of Bihar

SL Chief Minister/Minister's NameDepartments Allocated
1Shri Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister
  • Cabinet Secretariat
  • General Administration
  • Home
  • Vigilance
  • Election
  • All such departments that are not
  •   allocated to anyone else.
2Shri Vijay Kumar Chaudhary
  • Water Resources
  •  Agriculture
  • Information and Public Relation
3Shri Vijendra Prasad Yadav
  •  Finance
  • Commercial Taxes
  •  Energy
4Shri Ramai Ram
  •  Transport
  • Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Welfare
5Shri Damodar Rawat
  • Building Construction
  • PHED
6Shri Narendra Narayan Yadav
  • Revenue and Land Reforms
  • Law
7Shri Prashant Kumar Shahi
  • Environment and Forest
  • Planning and Development
  • Education
8Shri Shyam Rajak
  •  Food and Consumer Protection
  • Industry
9Shri Awadhesh Prasad Kushwaha
  • Registration, Excise and Prohibition
  • Urban Development
10Smt. Leshi Singh
  • Social Welfare
  • Disaster Management
11Shri Dulal Chandra Goswami
  • Labour Resources
12Shri Rajeev Ranjan Singh
  • Road
  • Science and Technology
13Shri Shrawan Kumar
  • Rural Works
  • Parliamentary Affairs
  • Rural Development
14Shri Ram Lakhan Ram Raman
  • Mines and Geology
  • Youth, Art and Culture
15Shri Ramdhani Singh
  • Health
16Shri Jai kumar singh
  • Cooperation
  •  Information Technology
17Shri Manoj Kumar Singh
  • Minor Water Resources
18Shri Javed Ekbal Ansari
  • Tourism
19Smt. Beema Bharti
  • Backward Class and Extremely Backward Class Welfare
20Smt. Ranju Geeta
  • Sugarcane Industries Development
21Shri Vaidhnath Sahni
  • Animal and Fisheries Resources
22Shri Naushad Aalam
  •  Minority Welfare
23Shri Vinod Prasad Yadav
  • Panchayati Raj

Rajya Sabha Members from Bihar

Shri Gulam Rasool BalyawiJD(U)23/06/2014
Shri HarivanshJD(U)10/04/14
Smt. Kahkashan PerweenJD(U)10/04/14
Shri Dharmendra PradhanBJP03/04/12
Shri Ramchandra Prasad SinghJD(U)08/07/10
Shri R. K. SinhaBJP10/04/14
Shri Ram Nath ThakurJD(U)10/04/14
Shri K.C. TyagiJD(U)07/02/13
Shri Pavan Kumar VarmaJD(U)23/06/2014

Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Bihar

Ajay V Naik is the Chief Electoral Officer of Bihar. The Bihar CEO's office is located at 7, Sardar Patel Marg (Mangles Road), Patna, Bihar, Pincode - 800015.

E-mail address –
Phone number – 0612-2217956

Last Updated on May 29, 2015

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