The Bharatiya Janata Party has won 12 out of 15 seats in the Karnataka by-election 2019. While the Indian National Congress has won 2 seats in the election and there is an independent candidate winner. In the previous Karnataka Assembly Elections, out of these 15 seats, INC had won 12 and JD(S) 3 seats. Celebrations are underway at the BJP offices in Karnatka, whereas Siddaramaiah has resigned as Congress Legislative Party leader and stated that he accepts the mandate of the voters. With this victory, the Yediyurappa government has retained the majority in the house.
The results highlight an important fact that the people have voted for the candidates contesting the elections and not the party. With this, BJP now has 117 members in the Karnata Legislative Assembly. While INC has 68, JD(S)-34, and 3 independents in the house. To recall, the Karnataka by-elections were held on 5 December to fill the 15 vacant seats when the speaker had disqualified 17 rebel MLAs under the anti-defection law.
Karnataka By-Election Results 2019 - Constituency Wise
|Year||AC No||Constituency name||Category||Winner||Gender||Party||Votes||Runner Up||Gender||Party||Votes|
|2019||3||Athani||GEN||Mahesh Iranagoud Kumatalli||M||BJP||99203||Gajanan Bhalachandra Mangasuli||M||INC||59214|
|2019||4||Kagwad||GEN||Shrimant Balasaheb Patil||M||BJP||76952||Bharamgouda Alagouda Kage||M||INC||58395|
|2019||9||Gokak||GEN||Jarkiholi Ramesh Laxmanrao||M||BJP||87450||Lakhan Laxmanarao Jarakiholi||M||INC||58444|
|2019||81||Yellapur||GEN||Arabail Hebbar Shivaram||M||BJP||80442||Bhimanna Naik||M||INC||49034|
|2019||86||Hirekerur||GEN||B.C. Patil||M||BJP||85562||Bannikod Basappa Hanumantappa||M||INC||56495|
|2019||87||Ranibennur||GEN||Arunkumar Guththur (M M P)||M||BJP||95438||K B Koliwad||M||INC||72216|
|2019||90||Vijayanagara||GEN||Anand Singh||M||BJP||85477||V.Y. Ghorpade||M||INC||55352|
|2019||121||Hunasuru||GEN||H. P. Manjunath||M||INC||92725||Adagooru.H.Vishwanath||M||BJP||52998|
|2019||141||Chikkaballapura||GEN||Dr. K.Sudhakar||M||BJP||84389||M. Anjanappa||M||INC||49588|
|2019||151||K.R.Pura||GEN||B.A.Basavaraja||M||BJP|| ||M.Narayanaswamy||M||INC|| |
|2019||153||Yeshvanthapura||GEN||S. T. Somashekar||M||BJP||144722||T.N. Javarayi Gowda||M||JDS||117023|
|2019||156||Mahalakshmi Layout||GEN||K. Gopalaiah||M||BJP||85889||M. Shivaraju||M||INC||31503|
|2019||162||Shivajinagar||GEN||Rizwan Arshad||M||INC||49890||M. Saravana||M||BJP||36369|
|2019||178||Hosakote||GEN||Sharath Kumar Bachegowda||M||IND||81671||N Nagaraju (Mtb)||M||BJP||70185|
|2019||192||Krishnarajapete||GEN||Narayan Gowda||M||BJP||66094||B. L. Devaraj||M||JDS||56363|
Karnataka Lok Sabha Election Summary 2019
Dates of voting for Karnataka Lok Sabha Elections were April 18 and April 23. There are 28 Lok Sabha Constituencies in Karnataka. As per the data from the Election Commission of India, Karnataka has 5,03,46,721 eligible voters, of which 2,54,94,711 are male, 2,48,47,292 female and 4,718 voters of the Third Gender. The two central alliances were on the battleground in Karnataka, the NDA, and UPA. For Karnataka Lok Sabha elections, BJP from NDA contested on 27 seats and one independent candidate Sumalatha Ambarish. From the UPA alliance, INC contested 21 seats and JD(S) contested 7 seats.
Results for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections were declared collectively for the nation on 23 May 2019. BJP gained a landslide victory by winning 25 seats from Karnataka. The Indian National Congress and Janata Dal (Secular) won one seat each, while one independent winner from NDA coalition. Some of the key candidates for the elections were Mallikarjun Kharge- who was contesting for the 12th lime, lost to Dr. Umesh Jadhav who was a former Congress party member now in BJP; HD Devegowda- The former prime minister lost to BJP candidate G.S. Basavaraj; Tejasvi Surya- who was the youngest Lok Sabha contestant won over BK Hariprasad from congress.
Inside The Page
Quick facts for Karnataka Election
Karnataka Assembly Polls
Issues of the state
Political Parties in Karnataka
State Legislative Assembly of Karnataka
State Legislative Council of Karnataka
List of Chief Ministers of Karnataka
List of Governors of Karnataka
Rajya Sabha Members from Karnataka
Cabinet Ministers of Karnataka
Karnataka Assembly Election Results 2018
Karnataka Election 2018 Campaign
Both the leading parties- BJP and Congress have campaigned aggressively for the high staked elections in the state. The campaigning started officially on November 2, 2017. And it culminated in Bengaluru in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 4, 2018. In these 85 days, the party covered all the constituencies. Towards the beginning of March, the saffron party also launched 'Protect Bengaluru' March for 14 days. The aim of the march in the city according to the party was to rebuild and revive it from Congress's neglect of crime. Also, Amit Shah and other political dignitaries of the party has visited the state for the campaigning.
Congress started the campaigning in December 2017. KPCC (Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee) began to set up booth-level committees with a target of reaching 54,261 locations. These committees have a responsibility to spread awareness about various programmes launched by the INC. In addition, Congress president Rahul Gandhi has visited a number of religious places during his 3 visits to the state.
Karnataka Election Opinion Polls and Preferred Chief Minister
Several opinion polls have been conducted, which asked the masses their preferred Chief Minister. The various chief ministerial candidates from different parties are Siddaramaiah ( Indian National Congress ), H. D. Kumaraswamy ( Janata Dal (Secular)) and B. S. Yeddyurappa (Bharatiya Janata Party).
A survey conducted by Lokniti-CSDS from 10-15 January, interviewed 878 people. 34% of the people expressed they want Siddaramaiah to stay CM. 19% wanted Kumaraswamy to lead the state and 14% chose Yeddyurappa.
Another survey conducted by CHS in January, revealed that Kumaraswamy is the most preferred choice as a chief minister and then Yeddyurappa and Siddaramaiah.
C-Fore's survey conducted between March 1 and 25 had a sample size of 22,357 voters and was conducted across 154 constituencies. About 45% of the people preferred Siddaramaiah as the CM, while 26% chose Yeddyurappa and 13% wanted Kumaraswamy to lead the next government. 16% chose 'others'.
|Polling firm||Date Publish||BJP||INC||JD(S)||Others|
|Public TV||Jan 2, 2018||85-95||90-100||40-45||0-6|
|TV9-CVoter||Jan 5, 2018||96||102||15||1|
|CHS||Jan 13, 2018||73-76||77-81||64-66|| |
|Creative Center for Politics||Feb 2, 2018||113||85||25||1|
|C-Fore||March 26, 2018||70||126||27||1|
Karnataka Assembly Polls
Karnataka is a state that belongs to the southern part of India. This was established in the year 1956 on 1st of November. Since then every year on this day, the people of this state have marked this day as Rajyotsava and celebrate throughout the state with pomp and splendor. There are 30 districts within this state. The capital city of Karnataka is Bangalore and is also the largest city of this state. Bangalore is also known as Silicon City. The official language of this state is Kannada and the literacy level is 75.6%. The population of Karnataka is more than 64.06 million. Elections in Karnataka are conducted as per the Constitution of India. The assembly of the state makes the laws regarding the matters of conducting of the local body Karnataka election in a unilateral way. But if there are any changes to be made by the state legislature with respect to the conducting of state level elections in Karnataka it needs to be approved by the Parliament of India. The state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament of India with respect to the provisions as per the provisions of the Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and the rule of the President may be imposed. Politics in the state are mainly dominated by the three main parties The Indian National Congress, the Janta Dal (Secular) and the Bhartiya Janata Party. Till 1983, leaders of Indian National Congress became Chief Ministers of the state. Mysore was home to first three chief ministers of the state. The politics of Karnataka have created news all over India and is often known as Karnataka's natak! During the recent times it has seen many ups and downs in the political system of this state.
The Karnataka Assembly election 2018 were held on May 12 in 222 constituencies out of 224 as the elections in Jayanagar and Rajarajeshwarinagar assembly constituency was deferred. The counting of votes took place on May 15. The new government has taken over the reigns from the previous Congress government. The BJP emerged as the single largest party with 104 seats while Congress came in second with 78 seats followed by JD(S) in third place with 37 seats.
JD(S) with an unconditional support from the Congress has formed the new government in Karnataka after B S Yeddyurappa resigned two days into the Chief Minister's office before the float test on May 19, as BJP lacked the sufficient numbers to prove their majority on the floor of the assembly.
Karnataka Legislative Assembly
The State legislature of Karnataka is bicameral in nature. The upper house is known as Karnataka Legislative Council, where members are elected through electoral college formed by the elected MLAs of the Lower House known as, Karnataka Legislative Assembly. Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected through a universal adult franchise. The current Governor of this state is Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala and the Chief Minister is H D Kumaraswamy, who is an elected MLA from JD(S). The speaker of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly and the Leader of Opposition are yet to be decided.
Looking back at the political scenario of the southern state, Karnataka has been predominantly ruled by the Indian national Congress(INC). From late of 1947 to the early of 1983, Congress has ruled the state for decades, except for a brief period of time when the state came under the President's rule. From 1983 to April 1989, Janata party ruled the state. Then again Congress took the rulership of the state and had a government there for about 3 years. Then for the tenth Assembly election, Janata party dethroned the Congress to rule the state for about 5 years. For the next two Assemblies, it was again the repeat of INC and Janata party. And from 2008-13, BJP ruled the state for the 13th Assembly. And finally INC took over and has been ruling the state since 2013.
The tenure for the Assembly expires on May 28, 2018 and the polls to elect the next government would take place on May 12.
Karnataka Administrative structure
The administrative structure of every state in India is pre-defined in the Constitution of India that was adopted by Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of B R Ambedkar. The Governor is the de juré head of the state and functions on the advice of the Chief Minister and his Coucil of Ministers. The Chief Minister is the de facto head of the state leading the council of ministers.
The judiciary system of Karnataka consists of a High Court, District Courts, and subordinate courts. The state is divided into districts, which are grouped into four divisions. Each district is headed by a deputy commissioner.
Issues in Karnataka
Regional Imbalance: Karnataka is faced with a problem of lopsided economic development. Development takes place only in cities like Bangalore and Mysore as half the state revenue is being generated from these two cities. As a result, the development of other cities is being neglected.
Corruption, power crisis, water scarcity and unemployment are other issues that affect the life of people in Karnataka.
Political Parties in Karnataka
|The National level Parties who take part in Karnataka Elections|
||Indian National Congress,
||Janata Dal (Secular)
|Main State level Parties in Karnataka|
|Coorg National Council
||Kannad Chalavali Vatal Paksha
||Karnataka Congress Party
|Karnataka Kranti Ranga
||Karnataka Vikas Party
Karnataka Legislative Council Election
The upper house of the legislature is the Karnataka Legislative Council. Karnataka is one of the few states in the country which has a Legislative Council. The Legislative Council resembles Rajya Sabha and members of it are not directly elected. The members are elected through the process of single transferable vote (STV) system. The strength of the council is always less than 1/3 that of the state Assembly. The composition of the council is defined by the Constitution's Article 171. One-third of the members are elected by the representatives of Municipalities, Block Parishads, Zilla Parishads and other Local Authorities. Another one-third are elected by the Legislative Assembly's members. Teachers and graduates in the state each elect the 1/12th of the members. The remaining members of the Council are elected by the Governor.
For a candidate to get selected, he/she needs to acquire maximum preference. Each voters casts their preference as 1,2 and 3 etc in front of the aspirant candidate's name. 1 is given to that candidate which is most preferred, 2 to one that is preferred second to the first candidate and so on. At the end, the ballot paper consists of all the candidates marked against a preference number. The candidates who gets the most preference get elected.
The leader of the upper House is G. Parameshwara who is an INC candidate and the leader of the opposition is K. S. Eshwarappa who is a candidate of BJP. The council is a permanent body with one-third of its members retiring every two years.
List of Chief Ministers of Karnataka
|S. No.||Chief Minister||From||To||Party Name|
|1||H D Kumaraswamy||23 May 2018||Present||JD(S)|
|2||B S Yeddyurappa||May 17, 2018||May 19, 2018||BJP|
|3||Siddaramaiah||May 13, 2013||May 17, 2018||INC|
|4||Jagadish Shettar||Jul 12, 2012||May 12, 2013||BJP|
|5||D. V. Sadananda Gowda||Aug 4, 2011||Jul 12, 2012||BJP|
|6||B. S. Yeddyurappa||May 30, 2008||Jul 31, 2011||BJP|
|7||President's rule||Nov 20, 2007||May 27, 2008|| |
|8||B. S. Yeddyurappa||Nov 12, 2007||Nov 19, 2007||BJP|
|9||President's rule||Oct 9, 2007||Nov 11, 2007|| |
|10||H. D. Kumaraswamy||Feb 3, 2006||Oct 8, 2007||JD(S)|
|11||Dharam Singh||May 28, 2004||Jan 28, 2006||INC|
|12||S. M. Krishna||Oct 11, 1999||May 28, 2004||INC|
|13||J. H. Patel||May 31, 1996||Oct 7, 1999||JD|
|14||H. D. Deve Gowda||Dec 11, 1994||May 31, 1996||JD|
|15||M. Veerappa Moily||Nov 19, 1992||Dec 11, 1994||INC|
|16||S. Bangarappa||Oct 17, 1990||Nov 19, 1992||INC|
|17||President's rule||Oct 10, 1990||Oct 17, 1990|| |
|18||Veerendra Patil||Nov 30, 1989||Oct 10, 1990||INC|
|19||President's rule||Apr 21, 1989||Nov 30, 1989|| |
|20||S. R. Bommai||Aug 13, 1988||Apr 21, 1989||JNP|
|21||Ramakrishna Hegde||Feb 16, 1986||Aug 10, 1988||JNP|
|22||Ramakrishna Hegde||Mar 8, 1985||Feb 13, 1986||JNP|
|23||Ramakrishna Hegde||Jan 10, 1983||Dec 29, 1984||JNP|
|24||R. Gundu Rao||Jan 12, 1980||Jan 6, 1983||INC|
|25||D. Devaraj Urs||Feb 28, 1978||Jan 7, 1980||INC|
|26||President's rule||Dec 31, 1977||Feb 28, 1978|| |
|27||D. Devaraj Urs||Mar 20, 1972||Dec 31, 1977||INC|
|28||President's rule||Mar 19, 1971||Mar 20, 1972|| |
|29||Veerendra Patil||May 29, 1968||Mar 18, 1971||INC|
|30||S. Nijalingappa||Jun 21, 1962||May 28, 1968||INC|
|31||S. R. Kanthi||Mar 14, 1962||Jun 20, 1962||INC|
|32||B. D. Jatti||May 16, 1958||Mar 9, 1962||INC|
|33||S. Nijalingappa||Nov 1, 1956||May 16, 1958||INC|
|34||Kadidal Manjappa||Aug 19, 1956||Oct 31, 1956||INC|
|35||K. Hanumanthaiah||March 03, 1952||Aug 19, 1956||INC|
|36||K. Chengalaraya Reddy*||Oct 25, 1947||March 30, 1952||INC|
List of Governors of Karnataka
*Was the first Governor before the reorganisation of the state
|1||Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala||Sept 01, 2014||Incumbent|
|2||Konijeti Rosaiah||June 30, 2014||August 31, 2014|
|3||H. R. Bhardwaj||June 24, 2009||June 29, 2014|
|4||Rameshwar Thakur||August 21, 2007||June 24, 2009|
|5||T. N. Chaturvedi||August 21, 2002||August 20, 2007|
|6||V. S. Ramadevi||December 2, 1999||August 20, 2002|
|7||Khurshed Alam Khan||January 6, 1992||December 2, 1999|
|8||Bhanu Pratap Singh||May 8, 1990||January 6, 1992|
|9||Pendekanti Venkatasubbaiah||February 26, 1987||February 5, 1990|
|10||Ashoknath Banerji||April 16, 1982||February 25, 1987|
|11||Govind Narain||August 2, 1977||April 15, 1982|
|12||Uma Shankar Dikshit||January 10, 1975||August 2, 1977|
|13||Mohanlal Sukhadia||February 1, 1972||January 10, 1975|
|14||Dharma Vira||October 23, 1970||February 1, 1972|
|15||Gopal Swarup Pathak||May 13, 1967||August 30, 1969|
|16||V. V. Giri||April 2, 1965||May 13, 1967|
|17||S M Srinagesh||May 4, 1963||April 2, 1965|
|18||Jayachamaraja Wadiyar*||November 1, 1957||May 4, 1963|
Previous Cabinet Ministers of Karnataka
|S.No||Ministeries||Name of Minister|
|1||Department of Cabinet Affairs, Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms, Department of Finance including Institutional Finance and Small Savings & Lotteries, Intelligence Wing from Home Department, Information & Public Reltions from Kannada and Culture, Information and Public Relation Department, Any other Department not specifically allocated.||SHRI SIDDARAMAIAH (Chief Minister)|
|2||Home Department excluding Intelligence Wing.||SHRI RAMALINGA REDDY|
|3||Large and Medium Scale Industries from Commerce and Industries Department & Infrastructure Development Department||SHRI R.V.DESHPANDE|
|4||Transport from Transport Department.||SHRI H.M. REVANNA|
|5||Law, Justice and Human Rights, Parliamentary Affairs and Legislation & Minor Irrigation from Water Resources Department.||SHRI T.B.JAYACHANDRA|
|6||Forest, Ecology and Environment Department.||SHRI B. RAMANATHA RAI|
|7||Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Development.||SHRI H.K. PATIL|
|8||Public Works, Ports and Inland Transport Department.||DR. H.C. MAHADEVAPPA|
|9||Food and Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs Department.||SHRI U.T. KHADER|
|10||Major and Medium Irrigation from Water Resources Department.||SHRI M.B. PATIL|
|11||Social Welfare Department & Backward Classes Welfare Department.||SHRI H. ANJANEYA|
|12||Energy Department.||SHRI D.K. SHIVAKUMAR|
|13||City Corporations excluding BBMP and subjects pertaining to Bangalore City, Urban Development Authorities excluding subjects pertaining to Bangalore Directorate of Urban Land Transport, KUWS & DB and KUIDFC from Urban Development Department & Haj from Minority Welfare and Wakf Department.||SHRI R. ROSHAN BAIG|
|14||Women and Child Development, Empowerment of Differently Abled and Senior Citizens, Kannada and Culture from Kannada and Culture, Information and Public Relation Department.||SMT UMASHREE|
|15||Agriculture Department.||SHRI KRISHNA BYRE GOWDA|
|16||Medical Education from Health and Family Welfare Department.||DR. SHARANAPRAKASH RUDRAPPA PATIL|
|17||Primary and Secondary Education from Education Department, Minority Welfare and Wakf Department excluding Haj||SHRI TANVEER SAIT|
|18||Horticulture Department excluding Sericulture Department & Agricultural Marketing from Co-operation Department.||SHRI S.S. MALLIKARJUNA|
|19||Health and Family Welfare Department excluding Medical Education||SHRI K.R. RAMESH KUMAR|
|20||Revenue Department excluding Muzrai||SHRI KAGODU THIMMAPPA|
|21||Co-operation exluding Agriculture Marketing from Co-operation Department.||SHRI JARKIHOLI RAMESH LAXMANARAO|
|22||Planning and Statistics Department, Science & Technology from IT & BT, Science and Technology Department.||SHRI M.R. SEETHARAM|
|23||Labour from Labour Department & Skill Development Department.||SHRI SANTOSH S. LAD|
|24||Higher Education from Education Department.||SHRI BASAVRAJ RAYREDDI|
|25||Housing Department.||SHRI M KRISHNAPPA|
|26||All subjects pertaining to Bangalore City, including BBMP, BDA, BWSSB, BMRDA, BMRCL, Directorate of Town Planning from Urban Development Department.||SHRI K J GEORGE|
|27||Information Technology and Bio-Technology from IT & BT, Science and Technology Department & Tourism Department.||SHRI PRIYANK KHARGE|
|28||Textiles from Commerce and Industries Department & Muzrai from Revenue Department.||SHRI RUDRAPPA MANAPPA LAMANI|
|29||Municipalities and Local Bodies (CMCs, TMC & TPs) from Urban Depvelopment Department & Department of Public Enterprises.||SHRI ESHWARA B. KHANDRE|
|30||Youth Services Department, & Fisheries from Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Department.||SHRI PRAMOD MADHWARAJ|
|31||Excise from Finance Department.||SHRI R.B. THIMMAPUR|
|32||Mines and Geology from Commerce and Industries Department.||SHRI VINAY R KULKARNI|
|33||Animal Husbandry, & Sericulture from Horticulture Department.||SHRI A. MANJU|
Previous Ministers of State (Independent Charge)
|S.No||Ministeries||Name of Minister|
|1||Small Scale Industries from Commerce and Industries Department & Sugar from Commerce and Industries Department.||SMT M.C. MOHAN KUMARI URUF GEETHA|
Rajya Sabha Members from Karnataka
|1||Chandrasekhar, Shri Rajeev||IND.|
|2||Fernandes, Shri Oscar||INC|
|3||Gowda, Prof. M.V. Rajeev||INC|
|4||Hariprasad, Shri B.K.||INC|
|5||Khan, Shri K. Rahman||INC|
|6||Kore, Dr. Prabhakar||BJP|
|7||Nirmala Sitharaman, Smt.||BJP|
|8||Patil, Shri Basawaraj||BJP|
|9||Ramamurthy, Shri K.C.||INC|
|10||Ramesh, Shri Jairam||INC|
|11||Rangasayee Ramakrishna, Shri||BJP|
|12||Reddy, Shri D. Kupendra||JD(S)|
Karnataka Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014
The results of Karnataka election for Lok Sabha ended the speculations about the results in the Karnataka state and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was declared the winner who bagged 17 seats. Nine seats were gone to Indian National Congress (INC) and two to Janata Dal(Secular). Established in the year 1956, Karnataka has been a politically active state since its inception. It has 28 parliamentary constituencies and there are several political parties which lead in the state. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress (INC) and Janata Dal (Secular) are few of them. Karnataka is headed by Chief Minister Siddaramaiah of INC. The state attended the 2014 Lok Sabha polls which decided the fate of prominent leaders like former Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda, former Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa and co founder of Infosys, Nandan Nilekani. During the past elections in 2009 too, BJP won the maximum seats in the Lok Sabha elections. The exit polls showed mixed opinions regarding the number of seats for BJP and Congress but BJP ruled it by grabbing maximum seats.
Karnataka is a state in the southern part of India. Karnataka was established in the year 1956 on 1st of November. Since then every year on this day, the people of this state celebrate Rajyotsava throughout the state with pomp and splendor. There are 28 parliamentary constituencies in the state which went to polls on 17 April 2014. Some of the main political parties in the fray were the Janata Dal (Secular), the Indian National Congress (INC), and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Karnataka Lok Sabha Election Results
|Year||Lok Sabha Election||Total Seats||Party-Wise Result Details|
|1951||First Lok Sabha||11||Congress: 10, KMPP: 1 |
|1957||Second Lok Sabha||26||Congress: 23, PSP: 1, SCF: 1, Independent:1|
|1962||Third Lok Sabha||26||Congress: 25, LSS: 1|
|1967||Fourth Lok Sabha||27||Congress: 18, Swatantra Party: 5, PSP: 2, SSP: 1, Independent:1|
|1971||Fifth Lok Sabha||27||Congress: 27|
|1977||Sixth Lok Sabha||28||Congress: 26, Janata Party/BLD: 2.|
|1980||Seventh Lok Sabha||28||Congress(Indira): 27, Janata Party: 1|
|1984||Eighth Lok Sabha||28||Congress: 24, Janata Party: 4|
|1989||Ninth Lok Sabha||28||Congress: 26, Janata Dal: 2|
|1991||Tenth Lok Sabha||28||Congress: 23, BJP: 4, Janata: 1|
|1996||Eleventh Lok Sabha||28||Janata Dal: 16/28, BJP: 6,Congress: 5, KCP: 1|
|1998||Twelfth Lok Sabha||28||NDA: 16 (BJP: 13 and Lok Shakti: 3),Congress: 9, Janata Dal: 3|
|1999||Thirteenth Lok Sabha||28||Congress: 18, BJP: 7, JD(U): 3|
|2004||Fourteenth Lok Sabha||28||BJP: 18,Congress: 8, JD(S): 2|
|2009||Fifteenth Lok Sabha||28||BJP: 19,Congress: 6, JD(S): 3|
|2014||Sixteenth Lok Sabha||28||BJP: 17,Congress: 9, JD(S): 2|
Summary of last five Karnataka Elections
The Legislative Assembly Elections in India which are simply known as the Assembly Elections are held every five years in which members of the Vidhan Sabha or Legislative Assembly are chosen by the Indian electorate. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the elections are held in all twenty-nine states and two of the seven Union Territories. These Legislative Assembly elections are never carried out in the same year for all the states in India.
Karnataka has 224 constituencies and is divided into six regions which are Hyderabad Karnataka, Mumbai Karnataka, Coastal Karnataka, Central Karnataka, Southern Karnataka and Bengaluru Karnataka. Legislative Assembly Elections in Karnataka were first held in the year 1952 (when it was Mysore Legislative Assembly Election). Since then, Assembly Elections are conducted after every five years in the state. The Assembly of Karnataka is responsible for creating laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally. The main political parties in Karnataka include Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress (INC) and Janata Dal (Secular). This year, the Assembly Elections are going to take place on May 12, 2018 and results are going to be declared on May 15, 2018.
The last five Assembly Elections that took place in Karnataka are-
Karnataka Assembly Election-1994
The Karnataka Legislative Assembly Election which was held in the year 1994 took place in two phases( on November 26th and December 1st) in all the 224 constituencies. The Janata Dal(JD) contested for 221 seats and claimed the majority in the house by winning 115 seats. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came second by securing 40 seats even though the party contested for 223 seats while the Indian National Congress (INC) won 34 seats out of 221 seats from which they contested. Remaining seats were won by regional parties and some were won by independent candidates. During the state Legislative Assembly Elections, Janata Dal was led by H.D Deve Gowda while B.S. Yeddyurappa took charge of the BJP.
Karnataka Assembly Election- 1999
In the Assembly Elections of 1999, the Indian National Congress emerged victorious by winning 132 seats out of 222 contested seats. Bharatiya Janata Party formed the National Democratic Alliance with Janata Dal (United) and won merely 63 seats. Janata Dal (United) which contested for 112 seats won 18 seats while BJP won 40 seats out of 149 contested seats. The Janata Dal (Secular) party led by former Prime Minister Deve Gowda won only 10 seats. Remaining 20 seats were won by regional parties.
Karnataka Assembly Election- 2004
The Karnataka Assembly Elections of 2004 were contested in two parts - on 20th April and 26th April for all 224 constituencies. The first-ever coalition was formed in the year 2004 as no party was able to get 113 seats, which was required to form a government. Bharatiya Janata Party led by B.S. Yeddyurappa emerged as the largest with 79 seats out of 198 contested seats. A coalition government was formed between the Indian National Congress led by S.M. Krishna and Janata Dal (Secular), led by Siddaramaiah, with Dharam Singh as the Chief Minister of the state. The Indian National Congress contested for 225 seats and won 65 seats while Janata Dal(secular) contested for 228 seats and won 58 seats. Janata Dal (United) contested for 26 seats and won only 5 seats.
Karnataka Assembly Election- 2008
In the year 2008, the Karnataka Legislative Assembly Elections took place in three phases for all 224 constituencies. Electronic Voting Machines (EVM) were used in this election. The Bharatiya Janata Party emerged as the victorious party by winning 110 seats, but was unable to gain majority on its own, so it formed a government with the support of 6 independent candidates. BJP came to power for the first time ever in a southern Indian state.
Even in the Legislative Assembly Elections of 2004, BJP was able to win a maximum number of seats (79 seats out of 198 contested seats) but was unable to form the government because it did not secure the majority. Indian National Congress and Janata Dal (Secular) entered into an alliance to form the government. But later, JD(S) withdrew its support and formed an alliance with the BJP. They also made a mutual agreement which stated that H.D. Kumaraswamy of JD(S) would be the Chief Minister for 20 months while B.S. Yeddyurappa of BJP would be the Chief Minister for next 20 months. However, the agreement was not followed and the state came under President's rule due to the disagreement of the parties over power sharing. So, the elections were preponed to the year 2008 instead of 2009.
Karnataka Assembly Election- 2013
The Assembly Election of 2013 was the Fourteenth legislative assembly election which was held in a single phase for 223 seats out of total 224 seats. Election in Periyapatna Constituency was adjourned due to the death of the BJP candidate Sannamogegowda, a day before the polling took place. Janata Dal (Secular) contested for 222 seats and won 40 seats in the Elections. Bharatiya Janata Party also contested for 222 seats and obtained the same result. The Indian National Congress won the majority of seats under the leadership of former Janata Parivar leader Siddaramaiah. The party won 122 seats out of 223 contested seats, which was 9 seats more than the majority mark of 113 seats which helped the Indian National Congress to form government in Karnataka State Legislative Assembly and return to power after nine years with Siddaramaiah as the Chief Minister.