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Elections in India




Rajasthan Assembly decision results were declared on December 11. With the Congress not anticipating any CM look for the elections, supporters of both the pioneers began pushing for their particular Read More…


The Congress had waited 55 months for this “ache din” electoral score card. The recent results say the BJP no more is the “Shah” of elections. With a spring in Read More…


Telangana caretaker Chief Minister K Chandrashekar Rao is all set to form the government in the state for the second time. KCR won by over 50,000 votes from the Gajwel Read More…


Election Result 2018: The Congress party is taking a clear lead in Rajasthan with the election trends showing the party ahead in more than 101 seats while the BJP trailing Read More…



Elections in India



Elections in India are the largest democratic electoral exercise in the world. Results of these elections are followed closely as they have a direct bearing on the lives of the country's over 1.3 billion population.
The government of India is based on Federalism. There are 3 levels where elected officials can be appointed: state, federal and local levels. Election Commission of India is the apex body which oversees all the matters related to elections.
The Parliament of India has 2 houses: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The members of Lok Sabha elect the Prime Minister of the country. It is also known as lower house. And comprises a total of 552 members. From states, 530 members are selected, while 20 members in the Lok Sabha represent the union territories. Two of the members are chosen from the Anglo Indian community by the President. The members of the Lok Sabha are elected every 5 years.
Earlier, in 1952, there were a total of 1874 candidates contesting for seats in the Lok Sabha. The number of candidates vying for the seat rose to 13952 in 1996 and in 2009, there were 8070 candidates.
For the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, the expenditure was about Rs 37.5 crore. The election was conducted in a total of 9 stages. The cost per voter was estimated to be Rs 17. Votes were cast using EVMs (Electronic Voting Machines). In the 2014 general elections, BJP-led NDA (National Democratic Alliance) secured 282 seats and rose to power. Narendra Modi then became the Prime Minister of India.
While Lok Sabha is called the lower house, the upper house of Parliament is called Rajya Sabha. It consists of 250 members which are elected from states' legislative assemblies and the Electoral College of Union Territories. The tenure for the Rajya Sabha is 6 years and comprises 238 members. After two years, one-third of the members retire. Twelve members from different fields, like scientists, artists, sports personality, journalists, businessmen, jurists and more, are also nominated.

POLITICAL SCENARIO

The year 2017 witnessed the BJP spreading its influence over a major part of the country. However, there are prominent elections coming up in 2018 which can prove game-changing situations for leading parties.

The first assembly election of 2018 were held in Tripura on February 18. The polls for both Nagaland and Meghalaya were held on February 27. The results were declared on March 3. Next in the line is Karnataka election, which is expected to take place in April-May. Mizoram's election will take place towards the end of the year - October-November. Rajasthan's assembly election will start in December 2018 and will carry into 2019. The Lok Sabha polls will be held in 2019 and it remains to be seen whether the BJP will be able to emerge victorious for the second time as well. This website is committed to providing all the necessary information and updates related to politics, elections in India and all the factors that contribute to government formation in India.

LOK SABHA ELECTIONS



   FirstSecondThird
YearElectionTotal seatsPartySeats % votesPartySeats % votesPartySeats % votes
201416th Lok Sabha545BJP28231.34%INC4419.52%AIADMK373.31%
200915th Lok Sabha545INC20628.55%BJP11618.80%SP233.23%
200414th Lok Sabha543INC14526.53%BJP13822.16%CPM435.66%
199913th Lok Sabha545BJP18223.75%INC11428.30%CPM335.40%
199812th Lok Sabha545BJP18225.59%INC14125.82%CPM325.16%
199611th Lok Sabha543BJP16120.29%INC14028.80%JD4623.45%
199110th Lok Sabha521INC23236.26%BJP12020.11%JD5911.84%
19899th Lok Sabha529INC19739.53%JD14317.79%BJP8511.36%
19848th Lok Sabha514INC40449.01%TDP304.31%CPM225.87%
19807th Lok Sabha529 ( 542* )INC(I)35142.69%JNP(S)419.39%CPM376.24%
19776th Lok Sabha542JP33041.32%INC15434.52%CPM224.29%
19715th Lok Sabha518INC35243.68%CPM255.12%CPI234.73%
19674th Lok Sabha520INC28340.78%SWA448.67%BJS359.31%
19623rd Lok Sabha494INC36144.72%CPI299.94%SWA187.89%
19572nd Lok Sabha494INC37147.78%CPI278.92%PSP1910.41%
1951-521st Lok Sabha489INC36444.99%CPI163.29%SOC1210.59%

ELECTION SYSTEM IN INDIA



Types of Elections in India
Following are the major types of election in the country:
  • Elections to Lok Sabha
  • Elections to Rajya Sabha
  • Elections to State Assemblies
  • Elections to Legislative Council
  • Elections to the posts of President,Vice-President
  • Elections to Local Bodies
  • Municipal Corporation
  • Gram Panchayat Elections
  • Zila Panchayat Elections
  • Block Panchayat Elections

Right To Vote
The Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise as the main method of democratic representation in the Lok Sabha and in the State Legislative Assemblies. The original Article 326, providing for adult suffrage fixed the age of eligibility to vote for elections to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabhas, at 21 years, but by the 61st Amendment to this clause passed in 1989, it has been reduced to 18 years.

Election Process in India
In an election, various candidates of different parties contest against each other, out of which the people elect their representative. The stages of the election process of India include delimitation of constituencies wherein the entire area (the whole country in the case of Lok Sabha elections and that particular state in the case of Legislative Assembly elections) is divided into constituencies. After the demarcation of constituency, the voters' list of each constituency is prepared and published and nomination papers are filed by the candidates. Thereafter, nomination papers are scrutinised. The next stage is the campaign by all the candidates and the parties. The election campaign ends 48 hours before the polling. The last step is the counting of votes and declaration of result.
Political Parties in India
A political party is a group of people who want to achieve common goals by contesting elections and exercising political power upon winning. India has a multi-party system. Some of the major political parties in India are: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Samajwadi Party, Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M), Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Janata Dal United (JDU), Shiv Sena. There are also various regional parties in India.


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