Political SCENARIO in India
The victory of BJP in the 2014 general elections of India has given a new dimension to the politics of India and the party has swept many elections since then. The re-election of Narendra Modi
as the Prime Minister
in 2019 has made him stronger than ever.
The current scenario of politics suggests that people are more educated in terms of making a decision to choose a government. The elections following 2017 have shown that the voters of India are clearly able to distinguish between the politics of the state and the national politics. It is evident from the winning spree of the Bharatiya Janata Party
since 2014 for many state elections of India, largely because of the Modi wave. The opposition parties were reduced to their all-time low in Indian politics. Nevertheless, the opposition made a rebound since 2017 especially INC
, while BJP
lost many state elections. But the voters once again have surprised the parties by re-electing the Narendra Modi
led government in the center. By winning more seats than the previous Lok Sabha
election, PM Narendra Modi
has emerged as the most powerful leader on the national front.
Elections in India
India is the largest democracy of the world and the elections of India are the largest election exercise. The people of India directly elect the Prime Minister
by participating in the General/ Lok Sabha elections every five years.
Since India has adopted the bicameral system of legislature, the parliament is composed of a lower house (Lok Sabha
) and Upper House (Rajya Sabha
). The Federal government of India clearly distinguishes power between the central and the state governments.
The Parliament of India has 2 houses: Lok Sabha
and Rajya Sabha
. Lok Sabha
: The members of Lok Sabha
elect the Prime Minister
of the country. It is also known as the lower house and comprises a total of 552 members. From states, 530 members are selected, while 20 members in the Lok Sabha
represent the union territories. The members of the Lok Sabha
(MPs) are elected every 5 years.
: Rajya Sabha
is the upper house of the parliament. The total strength of the Rajya Sabha
is 245 members and the term of each member is 6 years. Rajya Sabha
is meant for the representation of states in the parliament and Rajya Sabha
MPs are elected by the members of respective state assemblies/ Electoral college of UTs. ⅓ members of Rajya Sabha
retire every 2 years.
The election commission of India is the apex and powerful body that administers elections. It employs Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs)
for the election process. The elections for 17th Lok Sabha
were scheduled between 11 April to 19 May 2019. BJP
emerged as a single largest party winning 303 seats and Narendra Modi
once again became the Prime Minister