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Assam General (Lok Sabha) Election Results

Elections in Assam

In 2009 Election Results the UPA won around 261 out of 543 seats, and in the second position was NDA with 158 seats, while 23 seats were won by Left parties.

In 2014 Election Results the BJP won 282 seats out of 543 seats. This took the NDA tally to 336 seats out of 543 seats in the Lok Sabha. INC could only manage to win 44 seats and stayed in the second position while AIADMK party from Tamil Nadu came third with 37 seats in the 2014 Lok Sabha Elections.

In 2019, the BJP is set to return to power at the Centre after a sweeping win in the 2019 Lok Sabha election , armed with a bigger mandate than in the 2014 General Election. The party - led by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP President Amit Shah duo has secured 303 seats in the 17th Lok Sabha. Meanwhile, the Congress, the main Opposition party, managed to increase its vote share from 2014 only by a handful of votes, with a final tally of 52 seats. There will be no Leader of Opposition in the upcoming Lower House for a second consecutive term.

Quick facts for Assam Elections

Parliamentary Constituencies14
Assembly Constituencies 126
Ruling PartyBharatiya Janata Party
Opposition PartyIndian National Congress
Chief MinisterSarbananda Sonowal
GovernorJagdish Mukhi
Chief Electoral OfficerShri Vijayendra
AddressC Block, 4th Floor, New Secretariat Building, Dispur, Assam, India

Assam Lok Sabha Elections 2019 - Party Wise Election Results

StatePartyNumber of Seats
AssamBharatiya Janata Party9
AssamIndian National Congress3
AssamAll India United Democratic Front1

Lok Sabha Elections 2019 - Constituency Wise Election Results (Winner/Runner Up)

Name of State/ UT Parliamentary Constituency Winner Party Total Votes % of Votes Runner-Up Party Total Votes % of Votes
Assam Autonomous District Horen Sing Bey Bharatiya Janata Party 381316 61.73 Biren Singh Engti Indian National Congress 141690 22.94
Assam Barpeta Abdul Khaleque Indian National Congress 645173 44.23 Kumar Deepak Das Asom Gana Parishad 504866 34.61
Assam Dhubri Badruddin Ajmal All India United Democratic Front 718764 42.66 Abu Taher Bepari Indian National Congress 492506 29.23
Assam Dibrugarh Rameswar Teli Bharatiya Janata Party 659583 64.94 Paban Singh Ghatowar Indian National Congress 295017 29.04
Assam Gauhati Queen Oja Bharatiya Janata Party 1008936 57.2 Bobbeeta Sharma Indian National Congress 663330 37.61
Assam Jorhat Topon Kumar Gogoi Bharatiya Janata Party 543288 51.35 Sushanta Borgohain Indian National Congress 460635 43.54
Assam Kaliabor Gaurav Gogoi Indian National Congress 786092 55.18 Moni Madhab Mahanta Asom Gana Parishad 576098 40.44
Assam Karimganj Kripanath Mallah Bharatiya Janata Party 473046 44.62 Radheshyam Biswas All India United Democratic Front 434657 41
Assam Kokrajhar Naba Kumar Sarania Independent 484560 32.75 Pramila Rani Brahma Bodoland Peoples Front 446774 30.2
Assam Lakhimpur Pradan Baruah Bharatiya Janata Party 776406 60.49 Anil Borgohain Indian National Congress 425855 33.18
Assam Mangaldoi Dilip Saikia Bharatiya Janata Party 735469 48.83 Bhubaneswar Kalita Indian National Congress 596924 39.63
Assam Nowgong Pradyut Bordoloi Indian National Congress 739724 49.53 Sri Rupak Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party 722972 48.41
Assam Silchar Rajdeep Roy Bharatiya Janata Party 499414 52.59 Sushmita Dev Indian National Congress 417818 43.99
Assam Tezpur Pallab Lochan Das Bharatiya Janata Party 684166 57.48 M.G.V.K. Bhanu Indian National Congress 441325 37.08

Assam Bye Election 2017 Result

AC NameWinnerPartyVotesRunner-upPartyVotes

Assam Assembly Elections 2016 Summary

The 2016 Assam Assembly election was held in two phases on 4 and 11 April in 126 constituencies of the state legislature. The overall voter turnout was 84.72%. Polling statistics indicated that there was a high degree of anti-incumbency working against Tarun Gogoi and Congress which had been in power in the state for three consecutive terms since 2001. The BJP capitalised on anti-incumbency and forged crucial alliances with regional heavyweights BPF and AGP. Results were declared on 19 May and the BJP emerged victorious in the frontier state. The BJP toppled Gogoi's Congress government by winning 86 of the total 126 Assembly seats. The election outcome confirmed that the Assamese electorate had voted for change. BJP leader Sarbananda Sonowal was sworn-in as the chief ministe on 24 May 2016.

Cabinet Ministers of Assam 2016

Sarbananda Sonowal, who was formally appointed as the Assam CM on 24 May, is heading the first BJP-led government in the state. His cabinet has 10 veteran politicians, including two state ministers.

BJP members in Assam Cabinet

Himanta Biswa Sarma, a former Congress leader, was given the portfolio of Finance & Forest. He is considered the most successful health and education minister that Assam ever had. Now, that portfolio will be handled by Hiten Goswami. Ronjit Dutta, former State unit president of the BJP, has been given the responsibility to take care of the Public Works Department. Aminul Islam Laskar, perhaps the only Muslim candidate who has won from BJP, will handle the Minority Development & Haj.

AGP Members in Assam Cabinet

The two AGP members who have found place in Sonowal’s cabinet are Atul Bora and Keshab Mahanta. Although they are veteran politicians, but they had never been ministers. Atul Bora (Senior) will handle the Public Health Engineering department and Atul Bora (Junior), who is the president of the AGP, will take care of the Irrigation department. Chandra Mohan Patowary, who had served as health minister and agriculture minister during AGP governments, was also inducted in the cabinet.

Other Members in Cabinet

Promila Rani Brahma, a senior Bodoland People’s Front (BPF) leader, has been chosen as the Minister of Welfare of Plain Tribes and Backward Classes.

Assam Parties & Alliances

The Congress has not engaged in any pre-poll electoral alliance though it seems open to that option once the results are out. The BJP already has the Bodoland People’s Front (BPF) on its side. It has also forged a crucial tie-up with the AGP. The All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) has struck an alliance with JD(U) and RJD to fight the ‘communal’ BJP together in Assam.

Voter Turnout - Phase - I & II

Total Voters in the Assembly ConstituencyVoter TurnoutPercentage Of Votes
Phase MaleFemaleTotalMaleFemaleTotalMaleFemaleTotal
Overall ( Phase-I & II )10310623963706719947690872695981735281690048784.6484.8184.72

District-wise Polling Summary of Assam Assembly Election 2016

Total Voters in the Assembly ConstituencyVoter TurnoutPercentage Of Votes
District NameMaleFemaleTotalMaleFemaleTotalMaleFemaleTotal
Cachar 8123927348041547196649832576215122604779.9978.4279.24
Dima Hasao 6401962111126130531314987710300882.9980.381.67
Karbi Anglong 30735129135059870124888023928648816680.9882.1381.54
Udalguri 20538119339239877316829516087032916581.9483.1882.55
Karimganj 40736636652177388731707128789860496977.8378.5578.17
Golaghat 33114331337664451927783926511454295383.984.684.24
Jorhat 39990638557878548432637231965464602681.6182.982.25
Sivasagar 38195135831674026732201730475562677284.3185.0584.67
Lakhimpur 33429031527564956528151927212755364684.2186.3185.23
Demaji 23845622420146265718944818663337608179.4583.2481.29
Dibrugarh 45362243732789094938050136622174672283.8883.7483.81
Tinsukia 36233034005970238929410227797857208081.1781.7481.45
Dhubri 6200605810781201138569094526654109574891.7890.6391.23
Kokrajhar 25069423988149057521543620496942040585.9485.4585.7
Chirang 16470615935532406114060213528227588485.3784.8985.13
Bongaigaon 25116723307448424122276720986643263388.6990.0489.34
Barpeta 6516955972891248984572824518685109150987.986.8487.39
Kamrup 50682147114297796344552941039885592787.9187.1187.52
Kamrup Metro 509745495709100545441710439843581553981.8380.3881.11
Nalbari 25303822295847599621887419541241428686.587.6587.04
Baksa 23971022036846007819647918372338020281.9783.3782.64
Mangaldoi 36707534243870951332627829983062610888.8987.5688.24
Morigaon 27115925659852775723346921916345263286.185.4185.77
Nagaon 9723858938091866194839984779572161955686.3887.2286.78
Data Source:

About Assam Assembly Elections

The state of Assam is a very important state of India when it comes to the politics, and governance of the country. From the very first day of being a state, Assam had an impact on the politics of the country, and it has always been in the news for that. The state has a government of its own, which is, under the government of India, runs the state, and is responsible for every development actions of Assam. This is one reason why the state has to organize an election periodically and select a new government or keep the one that ran the state for last 5 years.

The election of Assam is conducted under the rules of Indian constitution, and so the arrangements require proper actions from the central government of the country. The state has a total of 126 constituencies. The political parties of Assam put their candidates on the seats in the election. Congress is the most powerful political party in Assam in terms of results, and it has won the election back to back in last 3 years. Assam has other political parties putting their candidates in the election too, in different constituencies of the state. However, Congress won convincingly in the last election. Assam sends 14 Member of Parliament(s) to the Lok Sabha.

Assam Legislative Assembly

Assam holds a unicameral legislative structure that is comprised of 126-member Assam Assembly. These members are elected for a period of 5 years and the assembly is led by the Speaker who is the often the member of ruling party. Sarbananda Sonowal is the Chief Minister of the state. Check the members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs) of Assam...

Administrative structure

The state of Assam has one elected legislature which meets in Dispur. The Chief Minister (CM) is the elected head of the government and reports to the Governor of Assam. The Governor is appointed by the Central government and has the power to remove the CM. The state is divided into three regions. Every region is headed by a commissioner. Under each commissioner, there are several administrative units called Districts.

Issues in the State

Assam has been mired in a number of problems for several years. The issue of illegal immigrants and ensuing violence is still fresh in the memory of not just the Assamese but every Indian citizen. However, as detailed analysis of the issue revealed, the problem is just a symptom of a larger malaise.

The main issues burdening the Assamese people are inflation, unemployment and rampant corruption. Though unemployment is a problem everywhere, it has become a major issue in lower and central Assam. Other issues affecting the locals are lack of basic infrastructure like electricity, motorable roads, drinking water and surge in militancy. No wonder, the influx of illegal immigrants from across the border puts bigger pressure on limited resources. This has seriously affected the law and order situation in Assam and become a major roadblock to the state's development. The people of Assam are losing patience with the rising corruption and Congress' token efforts to rectify the situation.

Political Parties in Assam

Indian National Congress : The state unit of the INC is called the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee or APCC. It was formed in the year 1921 and is headquartered at Rajiv Bhavan, Guwahati. At the time of its formation in the state, Kuladhar Chaliha was the president. Currently, the Chairperson of the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee is Bhubaneshwar Kalita. It has many ancillary wings, such as the National Students' Union of India, the Assam Pradesh Youth Congress, the Assam Pradesh Mahila Congress, and the Indian National Trade Union Congress. On the political spectrum, the INC is believed to be centre-left.

BJP : Assam's State President of BJP is Sarbananda Sonwal, who is also an ex-MP. The BJP office address is Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bhawan, Near Hengrabari L.P. School, Hengrabari-36, Guwahati (Assam). The phone numbers are 0361-2355522 and 09435531147. Assam's State Prabhari is S.S. Ahluwalia, whose office address is 10, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi - 110 001, and phone numbers are 011-23722826 and 09868181816. Mass organizations of the party in different fronts are Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (student wing), Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (youth wing), BJP Mahila Morcha (women's wing), and BJP Kisan Morcha (Peasant's wing). In a latest development, Rituparna Baruah, the All Assam Students' Union's general secretary has joined the BJP recently, boosting the BJP camp.

AIUDF : The All India United Democratic Front or AIUDF is an Assam-based political party and is also spreading its reach in other states such as Odhisa, Mizoram, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Delhi, and many others. It came up as a significant political party when in the 2011 legislative assembly election it won 18 seats and became the main opposition party in the state.

The AIUDF, formerly known as the UDF, contested 14 Lok Sabha seats from West Bengal in 2009. The President of the party is Maulana Badruddin Ajmal, who stresses on good governance, and swears to unveil the 'real picture' of Assam government's development. The party wants to showcase how funds from different government schemes and projects are being misused.

Currently, the AIUDF is reorganising the party right from the grassroots. Dr. Baharul Islam, General Secretary (Organisation) of the party, has been entrusted with the responsibility of preparing the next-generation leadership, especially from the youths of Assam.

Bodoland People's Front : It is a state-level political party and is considerably strong in and around Kokrajhar and Autonomous District. During the 2009 general election. Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary became its first MP, elected from Kokrajhar. In 2008, Biswajit Daimary was the first person to be elected from the Rajya Sabha. In the 12th Assam Legislative Assembly, the Bodoland People's Front won 10 assembly seats. Currently, it is a constituent of the ruling coalition government of Assam. It won 12 seats in 2011 Assam Assembly election.

The main political parties in Assam
Indian National Congress always has a monopoly in the state since independence. Howvere, the year 1978 saw exception when the Janta Party emerged as a winner in the general Assembly elections but enjoyed power only for two years as they got defeated again by INC. Between 1985 and 2006, Indian National Congress and the Assom Gana Parishad took to political power alternatively. However, INC is in power since 2006.

National level Political Parties
Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)Communist Party of India (CPI)

State Level Political parties in Assam
Asom Gana Parishad (AGP)Asom Gana Parishad (Progressive) (AGPP)Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)
Autonomous State Demand Committee (ASDC)Bodo People's Progressive Front (BPPF)Purbanchaliya Loka Parishad (PLP)
Trinamul Gana Parishad (TGP)United Minority Front (UMF)

Asom Gana Parishad: The Asom Gana Parishad is all set to contest the election all alone. They don't want to ally themselves with BJP anymore because in the party many believe that during the 2009 Lok Sabha election the AGP's votes were transferred to the BJP but not the other way round. Interestingly, the AGP has formed a united political front in the northeastern states, which they call North East Political Front (NEPF), for contesting the 2014 General election. N. Rio, Chief Minister of Nagaland, is the chief convener of this front.

AIUDF The All India United Democratic Front's main poll plank will be to target the ruling Congress's anti-people stands. One of the main strategies of the AIUDF is to highlight the government's failure to check price rise of essential commodities in Assam. The party has also written to the Prime Minister about this. They have highlighted that illegal tax-collection at various check gates and black marketing as the main reasons of soaring prices of essential commodities. The party is also highlighting escalating tensions between different communities in Assam during the INC rule. Law and order in the state is in shambles and the cases of murders, extortions, and kidnappings are rising regularly. The AIUDF is also highlighting the issue as one of their main Lok Sabha 2014 poll strategies.

Assam Assembly Election Results

assam election 2016 resultassam election 2011 resultassam election 2006 result

List of Chief Ministers of Assam

S. No. Name of Governors From To
1Sarbananda SonowalMay 24, 2016PresentBJP
2Tarun GogoiMay 17, 2001May 24, 2016INC
3Prafulla Kumar MahantaMay 15, 1996May 17, 2001AGP
4Bhumidhar BarmanApr 22, 1996May 14, 1996INC
5Hiteswar SaikiaJun 30, 1991Apr 22, 1996INC
6President's ruleNov 28, 1990Jun 30, 1991
7Prafulla Kumar MahantaDec 24, 1985Nov 28, 1990AGP
8Hiteswar SaikiaFeb 27, 1983Dec 23, 1985INC
9President's ruleMar 19, 1982Feb 27, 1983
10Kesab Chandra GogoiJan 13, 1982Mar 19, 1982INC
11President's ruleJun 30, 1981Jan 13, 1982
12Anowara TaimurDec 6, 1980Jun 30, 1981INC
13President's ruleDec 12, 1979Dec 5, 1980
14Jogendra Nath HazarikaSep 9, 1979Dec 11, 1979JNP
15Golap BorboraMar 12, 1978Sep 4, 1979JNP
16Sarat Chandra SinhaJan 31, 1972Mar 12, 1978INC
17Mahendra Mohan ChoudhryNov 11, 1970Jan 30, 1972INC
18Bimala Prasad ChalihaDec 28, 1957Nov 6, 1970INC
19Bishnu Ram MedhiAug 9, 1950Dec 27, 1957INC
20Gopinath BordoloiFeb 11, 1946Aug 6, 1950INC

List of Governors of Assam

S. No. Name of Governors From To
1Jagdish Mukhi10 October 2017 Incumbent
2Shri Banwarilal Purohit22 August 201610 October 2017
3Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya12 Dec 201417 Aug 2016
4Janaki Ballabh Patnaik 27 Nov 200911 Dec 2014
5Syed Sibtey Razi 27 Jul 200927 Nov 2009
6K Sankaranarayanan 26 Jun 200927 Jul 2009
7Shiv Charan Mathur 4 Jul 200825 Jun 2009
8Ajai Singh 5 Jun 20034 Jul 2008
9Arvind Dave IPS21 Apr 20035 Jun 2003
11Srinivas Kumar Sinha 1 Sep 199721 Apr 2003
22Loknath Mishra 17 Mar 19911 Sep 1997
13Justice Devi Das Thakur 2 May 199017 Mar 1991
14Justice Anisetti Raghuvir 21 Jul 19892 May 1990
15Harideo Joshi 10 May 198921 Jul 1989
16Bhishma Narain Singh 15 Apr 198410 May 1989
17Justice T. S. Mishra 28 Mar 198415 Apr 1984
18Prakash Chandra Mehrotra 10 Aug 198128 Mar 1984
19Lallan Prasad Singh19 Sep 197310 Aug 1981
20Justice P. K. Goswami 8 Dec 19704 Jan 1971
21Braj Kumar Nehru17 Apr 196819 Sep 1973
22Vishnu Sahay7 Sep 196217 Apr 1968
23Mallannah Shrinagesh13 Jan 19617 Sep 1962
24Vishnu Sahay12 Nov 196013 Jan 1961
25Satyavant Mallannah Shrinagesh14 Oct 195912 Nov 1960
26Chandreswar Prasad Sinha 23 Aug 195914 Oct 1959
27Saiyid Fazal Ali 15 May 195622 Aug 1959
28Jairam Das Daulatram 27 May 195015 May 1956
29Sri Prakasa 16 Feb 194927 May 1950
30Ronald Francis Lodge 30 Dec 194816 Feb 1949
31Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari15 Aug 194728 Dec 1948

Cabinet Ministers of Assam

Name of MinistersPortfolios of the Ministers
Sarbananda SonowalHome & Political
Tapon GogoiAssam Accord & Jail
Chandan BrahmaTransport
Atul Bora (Senior)Public Health Engineering
Prasanta PhukonWater Resource
Aminul Islam LaskarMinority Development & Haj
Sidhartha BhattacharyaGuwahati Metropolitan Development Authority and Veterinary
Ronjit DuttaPublic Works Department
Renupoma RajkhuaSocial Welfare
Suman HaripriyaCultural & Handloom & Textile
Parimal SuklabadyaExcise
Atul Bora (Junior)Irrigation, Soil Conservation
Promila Rani BrahmaWelfare of Plain Tribes and Backward Classes
Himanta B SharmaFinance & Forest
Hiten GouswamiEducation & Health
Brindabon GouswamiSpeaker

Rajya Sabha Members from Assam

Shri Pankaj BoraINC16 Dec 20112 Apr 2016
Shri Biswajit DaimaryBPF10 Apr 20149 Apr 2020
Smt. Naznin FaruqueINC3 Apr 20102 Apr 2016
Shri Bhubaneshwar KalitaINC10 Apr 20149 Apr 2020
Shri Santiuse KujurINC15 Jun 201314 Jun 2019
Dr. Manmohan SinghINC15 Jun 201314 Jun 2019
Shri Sanjay SinghINC10 Apr 20149 Apr 2020

Assam Demographics

Location and Strategic Importance
Assam has strategic significance when it comes to its location. It is one of the seven states of Northeast India. This state is connected to mainland India through the Siliguri Corridor, a narrow strip of land in West Bengal. Assam shares international borders with foreign countries such as Bangladesh and Bhutan.

Population and related info
As per 2011 Census, the total population of Assam is 3,11,69,272, where 1,59,54,927 are males and 1,52,14,345 females. Decade on decade, the population has grown by 16.93%. The total population living in rural areas is 2,68,07,034 (85.90% of the total population), among which 1,36,78,989 are males and 1,31,28,045 are females. The urban population is just 43,98,542 or 14.10% of the total population.

The male-female ratio of the state is 954 females to every 1,000 males. The literacy rate is 73.18% (1,95,07,017 persons), among which male literacy is 78.81% (1,07,56,937 persons) and female literacy is 67.27% (87,50,080 persons).

Demographical Features
The population of Assam is concentrated in seven districts: Cachar, Kamrup, Darang, Nagaon, Dhubri, Barpeta, and Sonitpur. As per estimates there are 115 ethnic groups in Assam. Interestingly, there are 23 STs in the state, of which 40.9% are Bodos. As per the 2001 census, the religion-wise breakup of population is: 1,72,96,455 Hindus, 82,40,611 Muslims, 9,86,589 Christians, 22,519 Sikhs, 31,029 Buddhists, and 20,957 Jains. Other religious communities make up 29,999 people.

The languages predominantly spoken here are Assamese, Bodo, and Bengali (especially Sylheti).

Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Assam

Assam Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014

BJP was hoping for a victory in the state of Assam and got 50 % of the seats from the total seats i.e., seven seats from the 14 seats. INC won three seats and All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) won three seats. The state of Assam is also an important state in terms of Indian politics. It gives a share of 14 Lok Sabha seats in the Indian Parliament. The national parties in the Assam includes Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI). The Congress has a stronghold in Assam with majority victories in the state in the last Lok Sabha elections. In the 2009 elections, seven seats were won by Congress, 4 by BJP and the remaining seats by other regional parties. The 2014 Lok Sabha elections were held in three phases in the state of Assam.

In the last General election, held in 2009, 7 seats were won by the Indian National Congress (by securing 34.89% or 42,35,681 votes), 4 seats by the Bharatiya Janata Party (by securing 16.21% or 19,67,813 votes), 1 seat by the Assam United Democratic Front (by securing 16.10% or 19,54,901 votes), 1 seat by the Asom Gana Parishad (by securing 14.60% or 17,73,103 votes), and 1 seat by the Bodaland Peoples Front (by securing 5.41% or 6,56,430 votes).

Last Updated on March 25, 2020

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