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Arunachal Pradesh General (Lok Sabha) Election Results

Quick facts for Arunachal Pradesh Elections

Parliamentary Constituencies2
Assembly Constituencies60
Ruling PartyBhartiya Janta Party
Opposition PartyIndian National Congress
Chief MinisterPema Khandu
Opposition LeaderTakam Pario
GovernorB. D. Mishra
Chief Electoral OfficerSmt. Juhi Mukherjee
AddressNirvachan Sadan Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh - 791111

About Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is one of the northeastern states of India. The state shares borders with Assam and Nagaland. The state has an international border with Bhutan, Myanmar, and a disputed border with China. This region has been a cause of war. Most parts of the Arunachal Pradesh were temporarily captured by China 1962 Sino-Indian War. Arunachal Pradesh was a union territory before and it became a state on 20 February 1987.

As per the 2011 census, a 30% population of Arunachal Pradesh is Christian. There are various indigenous tribes in Arunachal Pradesh. The population of Arunachal Pradesh is approximately 14 Lakh. Pema Khandu is the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh coming from the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Lok Sabha Election 2019 Summary

Two MPs of Lok Sabha come from Arunachal Pradesh. The Lok Sabha elections in Arunachal Pradesh took place on 11 April 2019. Bharatiya Janata Party has won both the seats. The voter turnout for this election was 82 percent. The key candidates for the election were Kiren Rijiju and Tapir Gao from BJP while Nabam Tuki and James Lowangcha Wanglet from INC. The two BJP candidates emerged victoriously.

Lok Sabha Elections 2019 - Party Wise Election Results

StatePartyNumber of Seats
Arunachal PradeshBharatiya Janata Party2

Lok Sabha Elections 2019 - Constituency Wise Election Results (Winner/Runner Up)

Name of State/ UT Parliamentary Constituency Winner Party Total Votes % of Votes Runner-Up Party Total Votes % of Votes
Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal East Tapir Gao Bharatiya Janata Party 153883 52.38 Lowangcha Wanglat Indian National Congress 83935 28.57
Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal West Kiren Rijiju Bharatiya Janata Party 200499 63.66 Nabam Tuki Indian National Congress 45938 14.59

Assembly Elections 2019 Summary

Arunachal Pradesh Vidhan Sabha has 60 seats and 31 are needed to obtain a majority. The elections for the state assembly were held parallel with the Lok Sabha elections on 11 April 2019. Bharatiya Janata Party won the election by scoring 41 seats in the assembly. The breakup of remaining seats was as; INC- 4 seats, JDU- 7 seats, NPP- 5 seats, PPA- 1 seat, and 2 independent winners.

History of Arunachal Pradesh

When India was ruled by the British empire, The representatives of British India, Tibet, and China met to define the boundaries of the region (presently Arunachal Pradesh). McMohan line was drawn as a border between India and Tibet. The Chinese representatives did not agree with the accord and later became a cause of the Sino-Indian war. India lost some portion of Arunachal Pradesh to China during that war. The region was known as North-East Frontier Agency during that time.

On 20 January 1972, NEFA was renamed as Arunachal Pradesh and became a union territory. It was later granted full statehood on 20 February 1987.

Administrative Structure

Arunachal Pradesh has a unicameral system of legislature. Meaning it has one house of legislature- the State Legislative Assembly. The assembly is elected for a period of five years. A party winning the majority in the house forms a government and chooses a leader who then becomes the Chief Minister. The government can also be formed in a coalition upon satisfying the majority criterion. The Chief Minister is the executive head of the state while the Governor is the ceremonial head.

Arunachal Pradesh has two divisions, East and the West. Each division is headed by a divisional commissioner. Each division contains some districts. Arunachal Pradesh in total has 25 districts. There are two Municipal Councils in the state, Itanagar and Pasighar. The Municipal corporation elections are held every five years and the elected members of the Municipal council are known as corporators. Just as the legislative assembly has constituencies, a municipal council has the area divided into certain ‘wards’. The number of wards depends on the population of the locality. The head of a municipal council is known as ‘Mayor’.

Below the level of Municipal Corporations, the administrative structure has ‘Panchayats’. The ‘Gram Panchayats’ consists of the administration of a village. The head of a Village is known as ‘Sarpanch’.

Prominent Political parties of Arunachal Pradesh

The significant political parties in the Arunachal Pradesh are the Bharatiya Janaya Party, Indian National Congress, Janata Dal (United), and the People’s Party of Arunachal. Since 1978, INC has won the legislative assembly elections for 8 consecutive terms.

In the year 2016, President’s rule was imposed in the state during a political crisis. It lasted for 26 days.

Indian National Congress: The Arunachal Pradesh Congress Committee is the state unit of the Indian National Congress. Mukut Mithi is the President of the APCC, and also a member of the Rajya Sabha. Some of the other frontal heads of the party in Arunachal Pradesh are Yari Dulom, Taki Taba, Tadar Niglar, Padi Richo,  Jalley Sonam, and Kirbe Dulom. There are many frontal organisations of the party in the state, such as the Arunachal Pradesh Mahila Congress Committee, the Arunachal Pradesh Congress Seva Dal, the Arunachal Pradesh Youth Congress, the INTUC (Arunachal Pradesh Unit), the NSUI State Unit (Arunachal Pradesh), the Arunachal Pradesh Rajiv Gandhi Panchayati Raj Sangathan, and the All India Rajeev Gandhi Vichar Manch International Arunachal Pradesh State Unit.

Bharatiya Janata Party: The Bharatiya Janata Party in Arunachal Pradesh is going great guns as some of the top state leaders of the Indian National Congress are joining the BJP. For instance, the former Chief Minister of the state, Geogang Apang, has resigned from the Congress and joined the BJP.

Arunachal Pradesh By-Election 2017 Result

AC NameWinnerPartyRunner-upPartyVotes Margin
LikabaliKARDO NYIGYORBharatiya Janata PartyGUMKE RIBAPeople's Party of Arunachal296
Pakke KessangBIYURAM WAHGEBharatiya Janata PartyKAMENG DOLOIndian National Congress479

Arunachal Pradesh By-Election 2016 Result

AC NameWinnerPartyRunner-upPartyVotes Margin

Arunachal Pradesh Lok Sabha Election 2014 Summary

Arunachal Pradesh Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014

Arunachal Pradesh has only constituencies which were won by Indian National Congress (INC) and Bharatiya Janata party (BJP) each. Arunachal Pradesh was initially a Union Territory since 1975 and was made a complete state in 1987. Arunachal has 60 assembly and two parliamentary seats. The politics in Arunachal has the national parties as major participants in the elections. Political parties like Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), nationalist Congress Party (NCP) etc. are few of the active parties in Arunachal. Presently, Pema Khandu from INC is the Chief Minister of the state. Arunachal which contributes only two seats in the Lok Sabha has been an important state for the political parties. BJP with its mission 272+ focused on Arunachal as even two seats matter to achieve its mission. Congress also hoped for winning the in the state again. The elections for the two states took place on a single phase.

Last Updated on April 28, 2020