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Indian States' Elections

Information on all State in India

An elector is rightfully entitled to access basic information as carried on this State Election page. All the essential information about the various governments and their tenures in all the states of India, their Chief Ministers and the number of seats allotted to Legislative Assembly, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha for each state is available here. Just click on to see the relevant information.

Current Chef Ministers of all States in India

 S.No.House/StateCurrent CMTenurePC SeatsAC SeatsRS Seats
1Andhra PradeshChandrababu Naidu(TDP) Jun 8, 2014 - Present2517511
2Arunachal PradeshPema Khandu(BJP) July 17, 2016 - Present2601
3AssamSarbananda Sonowal(BJP)May 24, 2016 - Present141267
4BiharNitish Kumar(JD(U)) Feb 22, 2015 - Present4024316
5ChhattisgarhDr. Raman Singh(BJP) Dec 07, 2003 - Present11905
6DelhiArvind Kejriwal(AAP) Feb 14, 2015 - Present7703
7Goa Manohar Parrikar (BJP) Mar 14, 2017 - Present2401
8GujaratVijay Rupani(BJP) Aug 07, 2013 - Present2618211
9HaryanaManohar Lal Khattar(BJP) Oct 26, 2014 - Present10905
10Himachal PradeshJai Ram Thakur (BJP) Dec 27, 2017 - Present4683
11Jammu and KashmirMufti Mohammad Sayeed(JKNC) April 04, 2016 - Present6874
12JharkhandRaghubar Das(BJP) Dec 28, 2014 - Present14816
13KarnatakaB S Yeddyurappa(BJP)May 17, 2018 - May 19, 20182822412
14KeralaPinarayi Vijayan(CPM)May 25, 2016 - Present201409
15Madhya PradeshShivraj Singh Chauhan(BJP) Nov 29, 2005 - Present2923011
16MaharashtraDevendra Gangadhar Fadnavis(BJP) Oct 31, 2014 - Present4828819
17ManipurNongthombam Biren Singh (BJP) Mar 15, 2017 - Present2601
18MeghalayaConrad Sangma(NPP) March 06, 2018 - Present2601
19MizoramPu Lalthanhawla(INC) Dec 7, 2008 - Present1401
20NagalandNeiphiu Rio(NDP) March 08, 2017 - Present1601
21OdissaNaveen Patnaik(BJD) March 05, 2000 - Present2114710
22PondicherryShri V. Narayanasamy(INC)June 06, 2016 - Present1301
23PunjabCaptain Amarinder Singh (INC)Mar 16, 2017 - Present131177
24RajasthanSmt. Vasundhara Scindia Raje(BJP) Dec 13, 2013 - Present2520010
25SikkimPawan Kumar Chamling(SDF) Dec 12, 1994 - Present1321
26Tamil NaduEdappadi K. Palaniswami(AIADMK) Feb 16, 2017 - Present3923418
27TelanganaK. Chandrasekhar Rao(TRS) June 02, 2014 - Present171197
28TripuraBiplab Kumar Deb(BJP) Mar 09, 2018 - Present2601
29Uttar PradeshYogi Adityanath (BJP) Mar 19, 2017 - Present8040331
30UttarakhandTrivendra Singh Rawat Doiwala (BJP) Mar 18, 2017 - Present5703
31West BengalKm. Mamata Banerjee(AITMC) May 27, 2016 - Present4229416

*PC=Parliamentary Constituency, AC=Assembly Constituency, RS=Rajya Sabha
*The PC, AC and RS seats show the total number of seats of that state.

State Election Commission

The State Election Commission was organised after the declaration of 73rd and 74th amendment to the Constitution of India. The objective was to create a democratic administration via the local bodies within the reach of common people for social and economic justice.

The State Election Commission of each state is vested with the powers of 'superintendence, direction and control' for the preparation of electoral rolls. The Commission is also responsible for conducting elections to the urban and rural local bodies namely City Corporations, City Municipal Corporations, Town Municipal Corporations, Town Panchayats, Zilla Panchayats, Taluk Panchayats and Gram Panchayats. Each state conducts the elections to the local bodies regularly in accordance with the provision of the Sate Acts and Rules.

According to the election rules of local, self-government bodies, district election officers for panchayat elections, district municipal election, officers for elections of municipality, and city election officers for the elections of municipal corporations are appointed for carrying out various activities related to the elections. But the delimitation and allocation of seats for all reserved categories, voter's list, election programmes are carried out by the State Election Commission only.

As per the directives of the Supreme Court of India where the ordained laws are silent or make inadequate provision to deal with a given situation in the conduct of elections, the Election Commission has the residual powers under the Constitution to act in a suitable manner. The same holds for the State Election Commissions also.

Municipal Corporations

The Municipal Corporations are also known as Mahanagar Palikas or Mahanagar Nigams. Each corporation has a committee which consists of a Mayor and Councilors. Mayor is the head. The members of the Municipal Corporations are elected directly by the people for a term of five years. The seats are reserved for women, SC and ST. Nevertheless, the procedure for elections to various municipal bodies is not uniform as the municipalities are under the jurisdiction of the State.

Panchayati Raj in India

The Panchayati Raj in India is a three-tier system consisting of Gram (village), Block (Janpad) and Zila (District).

Gram (Village) Panchayats

The Panchayat is the basic unit of the three-tier structure. It is an executive body of the village. People of the village directly elect the representatives of the village. People who are registered as voters and do not hold any office of profit under the government are eligible for the election to the Panchayat. The individuals who have any criminal record are not qualified to contest the elections. The Panchayat has an elected chairman, popularly known as Sarpanch. As a local body, the Panchayat is accountable to the general body of the village called Gram Sabha.

Functions of the Village Panchayat:
The main functions of the village panchayat include maintenance of roads, wells, schools, public health, street lighting, libraries, reading rooms etc. The Panchayat also keeps records of births and deaths in the village. It also resolves the minor disputes among the people. It takes necessary measures for the promotion of agriculture and animal husbandry, cottage industries and so on.

Block (Janpad) Level

It is the intermediate structure within the three-tier structure. It normally consists of 20 to 60 villages. At this level there is a Panchayat Samiti. It consists of:
  • About 20 members (nominated from the Panchs of all the Panchayats).
  • Two female members, one SC and one ST.
  • Two people having experience of public life and administration.
  • Representatives of the cooperatives.
  • The chairman of the Panchayat Samiti, known as Pradhan, is elected by the Samiti members. The tenure of the Panchayat Samiti is five years.

The main function of the Samiti is to coordinate the work of all the Panchayats that fall within its jurisdiction. It looks after all the development work. After getting the plans approved by State government, the role of the Samiti is to ensure that these plans are implemented.

Zila (District) Parishad

The Zila Parishad stands at the peak of the three-tier system. The constitution of Zila Parishad is different in different states. The members of the Parishad are elected by universal adult Electoral College for a period of five years. It has minimum of 50 members and can have a maximum of 75 members. The Collector or Deputy Commissioner is also the member. There are reserved seats for women, SC and ST. The head of the Zila Parishad is the CEO.

It looks after all the work related to development in the district. All the welfare programmes are executed by the Parishad only. It also undertakes construction of roads, schools for children and other public buildings. It also encourages local industries.

Last Updated on April 25, 2020
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