West Bengal Elections 2016As the stormy and eventful tenure of Mamata Banerjee, Chief Minister of West Bengal, comes to an end in May 2016, the state is bracing for an action-packed election season in the summer of 2016.
Sitaram Yechury, the recently-elected general secretary of CPI(M), has a huge responsibility on his shoulders to revive the party's fortunes in Bengal. There were some suggestions within the party to make electoral adjustments with the Congress. However, it is doubtful whether this step will guarantee the party any success in taking on TMC or not.
With heavyweight national parties Congress and BJP also in the fray, citizens must be prepared to see a fierce political battle. The BJP is braving from its recent defeat in Bihar Assembly elections and eager to make corrections. The Congress is equally determined to gain some lost ground. All the major parties in fray are eying possible alliances. TMC's pre-emptive attempts at forging alliance with the Congress were visible when the party chief greeted the Congress chief Sonia Gandhi on her birthday.
The elections to West Bengal Assembly are most likely to be held between May and June. The dates will be announced by the Election Commission a month before. Chief Election Commissioner, Dr. Nasim Zaidi, has declared that paramilitary forces will be deployed in the state at the time of voting in order to ensure free, fair, and peaceful elections.
West Bengal Assembly Elections: What Do the Opinion Polls Say?With the Mamata Banerjee-led TMC government completing its term in May 2016, the state of West Bengal is headed for another phase of assembly elections this year. Elections will be held to select representatives of 294 constituencies of West Bengal legislative assembly. After dethroning the Left Front government in the historic elections of 2011, Banerjee now faces the tough task of highlighting the work done by her government in order to come back to power.
It is no secret that the Trinamool Congress leader had a difficult tenure as chief minister of West Bengal. The opposition spared no opportunity to attack her government for the Saradha scam besides rising crime and violence in the state. While some opinion polls say that Trinamool Congress is most likely to win in the forthcoming assembly elections, some others predict that the BJP could emerge as the surprise winner. The possibility of a Congress-CPIM alliance is also influencing the outcome of opinion polls.
West Bengal Elections HistoryWest Bengal, one of the India's most populous states, has held regular elections since the constitution of its first Legislative Assembly in 1952. The state has a unicameral legislature. The Vidhan Sabha or the Legislative Assembly has 295 members out of which 294 are directly elected and one member is nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. The state assembly had 240 members in the first Vidhan Sabha and 251 in the second Vidhan Sabha. The number gradually increased to 295 in the eighth assembly in 1977. The tenure of the state assembly is of five years unless it is dissolved.
West Bengal is represented in the Indian parliament by 42 directly elected members in the Lok Sabha or the lower house and 16 members in the Rajya Sabha or the upper house. The state also holds elections for the local bodies such as the Municipalities, Zila Parishads and Gram Panchayats.
The main political parties in the state are the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM), and the Indian National Congress (INC). The All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) was formed in 1998, and is now a major regional party of the state.
Though, the INC was in power in the state in the sixties, the CPM came into power in the seventies. Jyoti Basu of the CPM was the chief minister of the state from 1977 to 2000, and also became the longest serving chief minister of any state in India. Mamata Banerjee of the TMC won the Assembly Elections in 2011 and is also the current Chief Minister of the state. She also became the first non-CPM Chief Minister of the state after 34 years of CPM’s rule.
In the Lok Sabha elections in 2014, the TMS won 34 seats and the CPM won only two seats. The INC won four seats.
Assembly Constituencies in West Bengal
Some of the parliamentary constituencies are Cooch Behar, Alipurduars, Jalpaiguri, Darjeeling, Raiganj, Balurghat, Maldaha Uttar, Maldaha Dakshin, Jangipur, Baharampur, Murshidabad, Krishnanagar, Ranaghat, Bangaon, Barrackpore, Dum Dum, Barasat, Basirhat, Joynagar, Jadavpur, Birbhum, Purulia, Kolkata Dakshin, and Kolkata Uttar. The state has 294 Legislative Assembly constituencies, out of which 68 are reserved for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 16 are reserved for candidates belonging to Scheduled Tribes (ST). Some of the Legislative Assembly constituencies are Gosaba (SC), Basirhat Dakshin, Pandabeswar, Nagrakata (ST), Bangaon Dakshin (SC), Canning Purba, Falta, Madhyamgram, Itahar, Sujapur, Bhatpara, Noapara, Raidighi, Ballygunge, Balarampur, Balurghat, Tollyganj, Labhpur, Asansol Uttar, Asnsol Dakshin, Chanchal, Kalimpong, Lalgola, Murshidabad, Karimpur, Jadavpur
Major Political Parties in West BengalThe main national parties of the state are:
- The Communist Party of India (CPI)
- The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)
- The Indian National Congress
- The Bharatiya Janata Party
- All India Trinamool Congress (TMC)
- All India Forward Bloc
- Revolutionary Socialist Party
- Gorakha National Liberation Front (registered but unrecognised)
- Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (registered but unrecognised)
- Democratic Socialist Party (Prabodh Chandra)
- Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist)
The State Legislative AssemblyThe last Legislative Assembly elections in the state were held in 2011. The total number of candidates in fray was 1792. The total number of electors was 5,62,83,457, out of which 4,74,64,338 or 84.33% had cast their votes.
The All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) with 184 seats formed the government. The CPI won two seats and the CPI (M) took 40 seats. The INC got 42 seats. Mamata Banerjee of the TMC formed the first non CPI (M) government in 34 years.
The Speaker of the current Legislative Assembly is Biman Banerjee. The Deputy Speaker is Sonali Guha Bose. The Leader of the Opposition is Surjya Kanta Mishra.
The Supreme Court passed a law in the year 2013 by which all ballot papers and EVMs will now include a "None of the Above" (NOTA) option so that the public has the freedom to not vote for any of the candidates without compromising their anonymity. However, NOTAs will not affect the outcome of the elections and will be considered invalid.
West Bengal Assembly Election Results:
List of Chief Ministers of West BengalSince the Independence of India, West Bengal has been governed by a total of eight Chief Ministers, of whom Jyoti Basu of the CPM governed for 23 years, making him the country's longest serving Chief Minister. Of all previous Chief Ministers, five belonged to the INC and two to the CPM.
|S. No.||Chief Minister||From||To||Party Name|
|4||Siddhartha Shankar Ray||03/19/72||06/21/77||INC|
|6||Prafulla Chandra Ghosh||04/02/71||06/28/71||INC|
|8||Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee||02/25/69||03/19/70||BAC|
|10||Prafulla Chandra Ghosh||11/02/67||02/20/68||Independent Progressive Democratic Alliance Front|
|11||Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee||03/15/67||11/02/67||BAC|
|12||Prafulla Chandra Sen||07/08/62||03/15/67||INC|
|14||Bidhan Chandra Roy||01/14/48||07/01/62||INC|
|15||Prafulla Chandra Ghosh||08/15/47||01/14/48||INC|
List of Governor of West BengalGovernors are the nominal heads of a state, appointed by the President of India. Since Independence, West Bengal has had 27 governors. The current governor is Keshari Nath Tripathi, who assumed office in 2014. Each governor serves a term of five years, unless circumstances require otherwise. The governor of West Bengal also acts as the Chairman of various organisations like the Victoria Memorial Hall, the Eastern Zonal Culture Centre, the West Bengal's Indian Red Cross Society and the Indian Museum. As an ex officio, the governor also assumes the post of the Chancellor of all the 14 universities of the state.
|S.No.||Name of Governor||From||To|
|1||Keshari Nath Tripathi||Jul 14, 2014||Incumbent|
|2||D. Y. Patil||Jul 5, 2014||Jul 14, 2014|
|3||M.K. Narayanan||Jan 24, 2010||Jun 30, 2014|
|4||Devanand Konwar (additional charge)||Dec 14, 2009||Jan 24, 2010|
|5||Gopalkrishna Gandhi||Dec 14, 2004||Dec 14, 2009|
|6||Viren J. Shah||Dec 4, 1999||Dec 14, 2004|
|7||Shyamal Kumar Sen (acting)||May 18, 1999||Dec 4, 1999|
|8||Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai (additional charge)||Apr 27, 1998||May 18, 1999|
|9||K.V. Raghunatha Reddy||Aug 14, 1993||Apr 27, 1998|
|10||B. Satyanarayan Reddy (additional charge)||Jul 13, 1993||Aug 14, 1993|
|11||Saiyid Nurul Hasan||Feb 7, 1990||Jul 12, 1993|
|12||T. V. Rajeswar||Mar 20, 1989||Feb 7, 1990|
|13||Saiyid Nurul Hasan||Aug 12, 1986||Mar 20, 1989|
|14||Uma Shankar Dikshit||Oct 1, 1984||Aug 12, 1986|
|15||Satish Chandra (acting)||Aug 16, 1984||Oct 1, 1984|
|16||Anant Prasad Sharma||Oct 10, 1983||Aug 16, 1984|
|17||Bhairab Dutt Pande||Sep 12, 1981||Oct 10, 1983|
|18||Tribhuvana Narayana Singh||Nov 6, 1979||Sep 12, 1981|
|19||Anthony Lancelot Dias||Aug 21, 1971||Nov 6, 1979|
|20||Shanti Swaroop Dhavan||Sep 19, 1969||Aug 21, 1971|
|21||Deep Narayan Sinha (acting)||Apr 1, 1969||Sep 19, 1969|
|22||Dharma Vira||Jun 1, 1967||Apr 1, 1969|
|23||Padmaja Naidu||Nov 3, 1956||Jun 1, 1967|
|24||Phani Bhusan Chakraborty (acting)||Aug 8, 1956||Nov 3, 1956|
|25||Harendra Coomar Mookerjee||Nov 1, 1951||Aug 8, 1956|
|26||Kailash Nath Katju||Jun 21, 1948||Nov 1, 1951|
|27||Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari||Aug 15, 1998||Jun 21, 1948|
Cabinet Ministers of West Bengal
|Ministries||Name of Minister|
|Chief Minister and Minister in Charge (MIC), Home, Personnel & Administrative Reforms, Information & Cultural, Affairs, Power, Land & Land, Reforms, Health & Family, Affairs, Hill Affairs, Minority, Affairs & Madrasha, Micro , and Small Scale Enterprises, and Textiles||Mamata Banerjee|
|Parliamentary Affairs, Education (Primary, School and Higher Education)||Partha Chatterjee|
|Finance and Excise, Commerce & Industries, Public Enterprises and Industrial Reconstruction , Information Technology, Electronics||Amit Mitra|
|Power & Non Conventional Energy Sources||Manish Gupta|
|Public Health & Engineering , Panchayat & Rural Development||Subrata Mukherjee|
|Mass Education Extension and Library Services||Abdul Karim Chowdhury|
|Consumer Affairs||Sadhan Pande|
|Backward Classes Welfare||Upen Biswas|
|Disaster Management, Fire & Emergency Services and Civil Defence||Javed Khan|
|Public Works Department (PWD)||Shri Shankar Chakraborty|
|Refugee, Relief and Rehabilitation||Sabitri Mitra|
|Food & Supplies||Jyotipriya Mallick|
|Self Help Group and Self Employment||Santiram Mahato|
|Co operation||Shri Jyotirmoy Kar|
|Labour||Shri Moloy Ghatak|
|Tourism||Shri Bratya Basu|
|Statistics||Janab Noore Alam Chowdhury|
|Statistics, Planning & Programme Implementation||Shri Rachhpal Singh|
|Food Processing and Horticulture||Shri Krishnendu Narayan Choudhury|
|Forests||Shri Binay Krishna Burman|
|North Bengal Development||Shri Gautam Deb|
|Correctional Administration||Shri Janab Haider Aziz Safw|
|Environmental Affairs||Sudarshan Ghosh Dastidar|
|Science & Technology and Bio -Technology||Shri Rabiranjan Chattopadhyay|
|Technical Education and Training||Shri Ujjal Biswas|
|Textile||Shri Shyamapada Mukherjee|
|Municipal Affairs and Urban Development||Shri Janab Firhad Hakim|
|Paschimanchal Unnayan Affairs||Dr. Sukumar Hansda|
|Water Resources||Shri Soumen Kumar Mahapatra|
|Agriculture Marketing||Shri Arup Roy|
|Agriculture||Shri Purnendu Basu|
|Programme Implementation||Shri Rabindra Nath Bhattacharya|
|Irrigation & Waterways||Shri Rajib Banerjee|
|Fisheries||Shri Chandra Nath Sinha|
|Transport, In -land Water Transport, Sports||Shri Madan Mitra|
|Housing and Youth Affairs||Shri Aroop Biswas|
|Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation||Shri Manjul Krishna Thakur|
|Law & Judicial Department (Independent Charge), Health & Family Welfare (MoS)||Smt. Chandrima Bhattacharya|
|Sunderban Unnayan Affairs (Independent) Irrigation & Waterways (MoS), Fishries (MoS)||Shri Manturam Pakhira|
|Minister of State, Minister with Independent Charge, Animal Husbandry, MoS, Micro and Small Scale Enterprises||Shri Swapan Debnath|
|Minister of State, Public Health Engineering||Shri Pundarikakshya Saha|
|Minister of State, Land and Land Reforms, Agriculture and Child Development||Shri Bacharam Manna|
|Minister of State, Minorities Affairs & Madrasah Education||Shri Giyas Uddin Molla|
|Minister of State (Independent Charge), Women & Child Welfare, Additional Charge of Social Welfare Department||Dr. (Smt.) Sashi Panja|
|Minister of State (Independent Charge) AYUSH Branch of Department of Health and Family Welfare, Minister of State, School Education, Higher Education||Shri Asish Banerjee|
Rajya Sabha Members From West Bengal
|Ritabrata Banerjee||CPI(M)||Apr 3, 2014 - Apr 2, 2020||Mithun Chakraborty||AITC||Apr 3, 2014 - Apr 2, 2020|
|Md. Nadimul Haque||AITC||Apr 3, 2012 - Apr 2, 2018||Prof. Jogen Chowdhury||AITC||Apr 3, 2014 - Apr 2, 2020|
|Ahmed Hassan Imran||AITC||Apr 3, 2014 - Apr 2, 2020||Sitaram Yechury||CPI(M)||Aug 19, 2011 - Aug 18, 2017|
|Dr. Kanwar Deep Singh||AITC||Apr 3, 2014 - Apr 2, 2020||Derek O'Brien||AITC||Aug 19, 2011 - Aug 18, 2017|
|Vivek Gupta||AITC||Apr 3, 2012 - Apr 2, 2018||Debabrata Bandyopadhyay||AITC||Aug 19, 2011 - Aug 18, 2017|
|Mukul Roy||AITC||Apr 3, 2012 - Apr 2, 2018||Pradip Bhattacharya||INC||Aug 19, 2011 - Aug 18, 2017|
|Sukhendu Shekhar Roy||AITC||Aug 19, 2011 - Aug 18, 2017||Kunal Kumar Ghosh||AITC||Apr 3, 2014 - Apr 2, 2020|
|Tapan Kumar Sen||CPI(M)||Apr 3, 2012 - Apr 2, 2018||Dola Sen||AITC||Mar 14, 2015 - Aug 18, 2017|
West Bengal Municipal Corporation Election Results 2015
|Municipal Corporations, Party and Seats Won|
|Asansol Municipal Corporation (AMC) (Total 106 Wards) : TMC - 75, CPM (Left) - 16, BJP - 5, INC - 1, Others - 4|
|Bidhan Nagar Municipal Corporation (Total 41 Wards) : TMC - 37, CPM (Left) - 2, BJP - 0, INC - 2, Others - 0|
|Howrah Municipal Corporation (HMC) (Total 16 Wards) : TMC - 16, CPM (Left) - 0, BJP - 0, INC - 0|
West Bengal By-election Results 2015
|Bangaon||Mamata Thakur||TMC||539999||Debesh Das||CPI||328214|
|Krishnaganj||Satyajit Biswas||AITC||95469||Dr. Manabendra Ray||BJP||58436|
West Bengal Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014The 16th Lok Sabha elections saw a political change in West Bengal. The state has 42 parliamentary constituencies and in the 2014 elections, 34 seats were won by the All India Trinamool Congress (TMC), while the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) won only two seats. The General Elections 2014 took place in West Bengal in five different phases. After TMC won the elections, Mamata Banerjee became the Chief Minister of the state. In the 2009 General Elections too, the TMC came out as the victorious party after winning 19 seats. The opinion and exit polls had also predicted that TMC would continue to win the 2014 elections as well. During the 2009 General Elections, the TMC party won 19 seats in the state, followed by CPM which won nine seats.
West bengal Lok Sabha Election Results 2014 - Party wise
Shown below are the number of seats won by BJP, INC, AAP and others in West bengal Lok Sabha Elections 2014.
West bengal 2014 Party Wise Results
Last Updated on Feb 04, 2016