Elections in India
The results of the October 15 Assembly polls in Maharashtra and Haryana have made the Lotus bloom in the states that have been Congress bastions for long. Clearly, the Modi factor is intact in India politics long after the 2014 General Elections. In Maharashtra, the BJP has come a long way from becoming Shiv Sena’s junior partner to a Big Brother to all other parties after winning 123 out of 288 Assembly seats, while in Haryana, it has secured the mandate to form the government with 47 of 90 Assembly seats.
The BJP’s spectacular performance in both the states has proved that its strategy to go solo was highly effective. It is the first time in almost 25 years that any one party has won more than 100 seats, while the Shiv Sena could bag just 63 seats in Maharashtra. In Haryana’s caste-ridden political landscape, the BJP has won a clear majority while other hitherto strong political forces had to bite the dust. The results dashed the hopes of Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) to encash the sympathy factor surrounding the 10-year jail sentence handed to former chief minister Om Pralash Chautala in a teacher’s recruitment scandal. The party managed to win only 20 seats in its stronghold of Haryana.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Wednesday took to Twitter to share the link of a special page for exchanging Diwali wishes with people. "Many friends are sending Diwali wishes. My thanks to them. Do visit this specially created page," he tweeted. In another tweet, the prime minister said people could send their special e-greetings on Diwali online. "Diwali is here! Send these special e-greetings and share the happiness and brightness of this festive season," he tweeted.
TRS and TDP workers clashed in Nalgonda district on Wednesday as the row over sharing of water and electricity between Telangana and Andhra Pradesh took a violent turn. Tension prevailed in Nalgonda district as police arrested top leaders of opposition Telugu Desam Party (TDP) during a shutdown called by them to protest the burning down of their party office by workers of ruling Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS). TRS workers attacked cars of TDP leaders at Chityal. Window panes of the vehicles were damaged in the attack. Trouble broke out when police prevented several TDP leaders including L. Ramana, E. Dayakar Rao and M. Narasimhulu as they were going around in the district along with their supporters. Condemning the police attitude, they staged a protest on the highway. The TRS supporters launched a counter sit-in, leading to a clash. Police arrested TDP leaders and shifted them to a police station. Another key leader Revant Reddy was arrested in Ranga Reddy district when he was on his way to Nalgonda. The TRS activists had Tuesday set afire the TDP office in Nalgonda to protest what they call attempts by TDP government in Andhra Pradesh to stall electricity generation by Telangana at Srisailam and Nagarjuna Sagar across Krishna river. Andhra APradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu wrote to Krishna River Management Board to stop Telangana from releasing water from Srisailam reservoir for power generation as this will hit supply to Kurnool, Kadapa and Anantapur districts for irrigation and drinking water needs. Naidu, who is the TDP president, has also sought the central government intervention to stop Telangana from using water at Nagarjuna Sagar dam for power generation. TRS has accused Naidu of playing dirty politics to harm the interests of Telangana, which is reeling under severe electricity shortage. "He is playing double game. On one hand he is depriving Telangana of electricity while on the other instigating his party leaders in Telangana to protest over electricity shortage and the problems faced by farmers," said TRS parliamentarian Vinod Kumar. TRS activists in various parts of Telangana took to streets to protest against TDP. They staged sit-in at TDP offices in districts. The protestors set afire TDP office in Nalgonda. TDP leaders in Telangana, however, launched a counter attack on TRS. M. Narasimhulu said TRS is blaming TDP to divert people's attention from its failures on all fronts.
The CPI-M on Wednesday criticised the government decision to e-auction coal blocks and demanded that state-owned Coal India must be tasked to do all coal mining in the country. After the Supreme Court quashed the allocation of 214 coal blocks, the government "seems to have decided to promulgate an ordinance empowering it to take back these blocks and reallocate them to private entities", it said. "This completely nullifies the Coal Nationalidation Act of 1973," the Communist Party of India-Marxist said. (IANS)
Indicating differences in the BJP, Transport and Shipping Minister and senior leader Nitin Gadkari has emerged as a front-runner for the post of Maharashtra chief minister. In denial mode since the past two days, the leader from Vidarbha put up an apparent show of strength with at least 40 party legislators meeting him to seek "blessings and guidance" in Nagpur on Tuesday. Since the assembly election results were announced, Gadkari (58), had said that he was "not in the race" for the chief minister's post, but the mood seems to have changed following his meetings with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Bharatiya Janata Party president Amit Shah. Interestingly, Gadkari's name was floated by former minister and state party chief Sudhir Mungantiwar, leaving a question mark on the fate of Nagpur legislator and another strong favourite Devendra Fadnavis, the current state party president. (IANS)
BJP president Amit Shah has appointed party leader O.P. Mathur as the party incharge of Uttar Pradesh and J.P. Nadda of Maharashtra and Rajasthan. In a major organisational reshuffle, Shah promoted some young secretaries giving them charge of states and sought to strike a balance between experience and youth. Mathur had contributed to the party's efforts in the Maharashtra assembly polls where the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged as the single largest party for the first time and is poised to form the government. The reshuffle indicated the steady rise of Nadda, a party general secretary, in the party ranks. Nadda is a member of the party's parliamentary board. Party general secretary Rajiv Pratap Rudy, who had coordinated the party's poll effort in Maharashtra, has been given charge of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Party MP from Punjab Avinash Rai Khanna will hold fort in poll-bound Jammu and Kashmir. T.S. Rawat, a party leader from Uttarakhand, has been assigned poll-bound Jharkhand. (IANS)
Won ByN.AGarhi Sampla-Kiloi
Lost ByN.AUchana Kalan
Won ByN.AKarad South
Won ByN.ASolapur City Central
Won ByN.ALatur City
Won ByN.ANagpur South West
Lost ByN.ANagpur South
Lost ByN.AVandre West
Lost ByN.ANagpur North
Lost ByN.ANagpur Central
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Election System in India
Types of Elections in India
Following are the major types of elections in the country:
- Elections to Lok Sabha
- Elections to Rajya Sabha
- Elections to State Assemblies
- Elections to Legislative Council
- Elections to the posts of President, Vice-President, Prime Minister and Chief Minister
- Elections to Local Bodies
- Municipal Corporation
- Gram Panchayat Elections
- Zila Panchayat Elections
- Block Panchayat Elections
The Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise as the main method of democratic representation in the Lok Sabha and in the State Legislative Assemblies. The original Article 325, providing for adult suffrage fixed the age of eligibility to vote for elections to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabhas, at 21 years, but by the 62nd Amendment to this clause passed in 1989, it has been reduced to 18 years.
Election Process in India
In an election, various candidates of different parties contest against each other, out of which the people elect their representative. The stages of the election process of India include delimitation of constituencies wherein the entire area (the whole country in the case of Lok Sabha elections and that particular state in the case of Legislative Assembly elections) is divided into constituencies. After the demarcation of constituency, the voters' list of each constituency is prepared and published and nomination papers are filed by the candidates. Thereafter, nomination papers are scrutinised. The next stage is the campaign by all the candidates and the parties. The election campaign ends 48 hours before the polling. The last step is the counting of votes and declaration of result.
Political Parties in India
A political party is a group of people who want to achieve common goals by contesting elections and exercising political power upon winning. India has a multi-party system. Some of the major political parties in India are: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj party (BSP), Samajwadi Party, Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), National Congress Party (NCP), Janata Dal United (JDU) and Shiv Sena. There are also various regional parties in India.
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