Elections in India
The results of the October 15 Assembly polls in Maharashtra and Haryana have made the Lotus bloom in the states that have been Congress bastions for long. Clearly, the Modi factor is intact in India politics long after the 2014 General Elections. In Maharashtra, the BJP has come a long way from becoming Shiv Sena’s junior partner to a Big Brother to all other parties after winning 123 out of 288 Assembly seats, while in Haryana, it has secured the mandate to form the government with 47 of 90 Assembly seats.
The BJP’s spectacular performance in both the states has proved that its strategy to go solo was highly effective. It is the first time in almost 25 years that any one party has won more than 100 seats, while the Shiv Sena could bag just 63 seats in Maharashtra. In Haryana’s caste-ridden political landscape, the BJP has won a clear majority while other hitherto strong political forces had to bite the dust. The results dashed the hopes of Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) to encash the sympathy factor surrounding the 10-year jail sentence handed to former chief minister Om Pralash Chautala in a teacher’s recruitment scandal. The party managed to win only 20 seats in its stronghold of Haryana.
Following the announcement of the dates for the Jharkhand assembly polls, political parties here are gearing up for the election. The Election Commission on Saturday announced that polls in the state will be conducted in five phases -- Nov 25, Dec 2, 9, 14 and 20. The stakes are high for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) which won 12 of the 14 Lok Sabha seats earlier this year. In the 2009 state election, Jharkhand had witnessed a hung assembly with both the BJP and the JMM winning 18 seats each while the Congress, Jharkhand Vikas Morcha-Prajatantrik (JVM-P) and RJD won 14, 11 and five seats respectively. (IANS)
Senior BJP leader Manohar Lal Khattar will be sworn as chief minister of Haryana at Panchkula, about 20 km from Chandigarh, on Sunday. Elaborate arrangements have been made for the function which will be attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi , BJP chief Amit Shah, some Union Cabinet Ministers, CMs of the BJP ruled states and senior leaders among others. Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal would also attend the oath taking ceremony. The venue of the oath-taking ceremony is Panchkula’s HUDA ground in Sector 5. According to Haryana BJP leaders, nearly 1 lakh people are expected to attend the function. (Media reports)
Five-phased assembly elections would be held in Jammu and Kashmir and Jharkhand, beginning on Nov 25 and ending on Dec 20. By-elections to three Delhi assembly constituencies would be held on Nov 25. Counting for all the seats would be held on Dec 23, the Election Commission announced on Saturday. The five-phases will be on Nov 25, Dec 2, Dec 9, Dec 14 and Dec 20. The three Delhi constituencies where by-elections will be held on Nov 25 are Krishna Nagar, Mehrauli and Tughlakabad. Counting for all the seats would be held on Dec 23, the poll panel announced. Elections will be held in 87 constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir and 81 of Jharkhand. Source:IANS
Fuelling fresh speculation in political circles, Union Minister for Shipping and Transport Nitin Gadkari called on Rashtriya Swayam Sevak (RSS) chief Mohan Bhagwat here on Saturday. Late Friday night, the Bharatiya Janata Party state president and prime contender for the post of the next Maharashtra chief minister Devendra Fadnavis had met Bhagwat. In a related development, a large number of BJP activists in Jalgaon raised slogans in support of former Leader of Opposition and senior BJP leader Eknath Khadse saying that since northern Maharashtra region has never given a chief minister, he (Khadse) should be considered. With the Shiv Sena appearing keen to join a BJP-led coalition in the state, competition among various contenders within the BJP for the coveted post has intensified after a lull during Diwali. The BJP and the Sena are likely to initiate formal negotiations on the intricacies of forming the new government next week onwards and a decision is likely to be taken before the month-end. (IANS)
Senior Congress leader Shashi Tharoor Saturday launched a cleanliness drive, asking "why cede Gandhiji's sanitation drive to any party" even after losing the post of party spokesman for tagging along with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Clean Indian Campaign. The Thiruvananthapuram Lok Sabha member launched the drive at the Kovalam beach. Tharoor and a few other Congress workers and representatives of local bodies held brooms and took to the job of cleaning streets. Tharoor said it was Mahatma Gandhi who said sanitation is more important than independence. "Cleanliness is a national programme... not the programme of any particular party," he added. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had nominated Tharoor to spread the message of a clean India.
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Election System in India
Types of Elections in India
Following are the major types of elections in the country:
- Elections to Lok Sabha
- Elections to Rajya Sabha
- Elections to State Assemblies
- Elections to Legislative Council
- Elections to the posts of President, Vice-President, Prime Minister and Chief Minister
- Elections to Local Bodies
- Municipal Corporation
- Gram Panchayat Elections
- Zila Panchayat Elections
- Block Panchayat Elections
The Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise as the main method of democratic representation in the Lok Sabha and in the State Legislative Assemblies. The original Article 325, providing for adult suffrage fixed the age of eligibility to vote for elections to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabhas, at 21 years, but by the 62nd Amendment to this clause passed in 1989, it has been reduced to 18 years.
Election Process in India
In an election, various candidates of different parties contest against each other, out of which the people elect their representative. The stages of the election process of India include delimitation of constituencies wherein the entire area (the whole country in the case of Lok Sabha elections and that particular state in the case of Legislative Assembly elections) is divided into constituencies. After the demarcation of constituency, the voters' list of each constituency is prepared and published and nomination papers are filed by the candidates. Thereafter, nomination papers are scrutinised. The next stage is the campaign by all the candidates and the parties. The election campaign ends 48 hours before the polling. The last step is the counting of votes and declaration of result.
Political Parties in India
A political party is a group of people who want to achieve common goals by contesting elections and exercising political power upon winning. India has a multi-party system. Some of the major political parties in India are: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj party (BSP), Samajwadi Party, Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), National Congress Party (NCP), Janata Dal United (JDU) and Shiv Sena. There are also various regional parties in India.
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