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Elections in India

Election News
J&K Panchayat Polls to be Conducted in 9 Phases
The election commission in Jammu and Kashmir has announced the schedule for the panchayat elections and has stated that the polls would take place i..Read More
Union Minister Compares Rahul to Pirated Laptop
Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, the Union minister, has termed Congress president Rahul Gandhi a 'pirated laptop' with only fake and fraud words. He ad..Read More
Modi Announces Rs 550 Cr Worth Projects in Varanasi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi is on a two-day visit to Varanasi which is being seen as an early party campaigning for the Lok Sabha 2019 polls. Varan..Read More
Congress Demands Floor Test for BJP in Goa
A group of Congress legislators met the Goa Governor Mridula Sinha yesterday to make BJP give a floor test which will prove the party's majority..Read More
ABVP Suffers Major Defeat in JNUSU Elections
  The ABVP (Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad) has performed badly in the JNUSU (Jawaharlal Nehru University Students Union) elections. ABVP..Read More
Congress Stakes Claim to Form Govt in Goa after CM Hospitalisation
As the current CM of Goa, Manohar Parrikar, is hospitalized, Congress is aspiring to form a government there. As many as 16 Congress MLAs have stake..Read More
Chidambaram Criticizes BJP on Petrol Price Remark
Former finance minister P Chidambaram has taken a dig at BJP after its party chief Amit Shah claimed that the central government would try to bring ..Read More
Rahul Gandhi to Kick Off Party Campaign in MP
Congress president Rahul Gandhi will launch his party's campaign in Madhya Pradesh, the state which will go to polls later this year. The state ..Read More
Congress Resurrects Mallya Feeing Case of 2016
The Congress is keeping up with its attack on the BJP government in the light of allowing liquid baron Vijay Mallya to run away from the country in ..Read More
Goa CM Manohar Parrikar to Leave His Post Temporarily
For further treatment, Manohar Parrikar, the Goa chief minister, is getting moved from Candolim's hospital to Delhi's AIIMS (All India Insti..Read More
Rahul Gandhi Demands Arun Jaitley's Resignation
Congress president Rahul Gandhi has come out with a proof that could show that Vijay Mallya colluded with finance minister Arun Jaitley. Rahul's..Read More
AISA Demands Enquiry into Poll Results
All India Students Association (AISA) has demanded a high-level judicial inquiry into the Delhi University student poll results. There have been all..Read More
Major Political Parties in Kashmir Boycotts Upcoming Polls
As per the speculations, the situation in Kashmir has aggravated following the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and National Conference (NC), the 2 le..Read More
Congress Corporator Gets Over 100 People Booked under SC/ST Act
Gwalior, which is already witnessing caste tension, has seen a new turn on the issue. A Congress corporator on the grounds of life threats from the ..Read More
Telangana Assembly Dissolved by the State Governor
After considering the recommendations from Telangana CM K Chandrasekhara Rao, the state governor ESL Narasimhan dissolved the Assembly yesterday. Th..Read More
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Elections in India are the largest democratic electoral exercise in the world. Results of these elections are followed closely as they have a direct bearing on the lives of the country's over 1.3 billion population.

The government of India is based on Federalism. There are 3 levels where elected officials can be appointed: state, federal and local levels. Election Commission of India is the apex body which oversees all the matters related to elections.

The Parliament of India has 2 houses: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The members of Lok Sabha elect the Prime Minister of the country. It is also known as lower house. And comprises a total of 552 members. From states, 530 members are selected, while 20 members in the Lok Sabha represent the union territories. Two of the members are chosen from the Anglo Indian community by the President. The members of the Lok Sabha are elected every 5 years.

Earlier, in 1952, there were a total of 1874 candidates contesting for seats in the Lok Sabha. The number of candidates vying for the seat rose to 13952 in 1996 and in 2009, there were 8070 candidates.

For the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, the expenditure was about Rs 37.5 crore. The election was conducted in a total of 9 stages. The cost per voter was estimated to be Rs 17. Votes were cast using EVMs (Electronic Voting Machines). In the 2014 general elections, BJP-led NDA (National Democratic Alliance) secured 282 seats and rose to power. Narendra Modi then became the Prime Minister of India.

While Lok Sabha is called the lower house, the upper house of Parliament is called Rajya Sabha. It consists of 250 members which are elected from states' legislative assemblies and the Electoral College of Union Territories. The tenure for the Rajya Sabha is 6 years and comprises 238 members. After two years, one-third of the members retire. Twelve members from different fields, like scientists, artists, sports personality, journalists, businessmen, jurists and more, are also nominated.


YearElectionTotal seatsPartySeats % votesPartySeats % votesPartySeats % votes
201416th Lok Sabha545BJP28231.34%INC4419.52%AIADMK373.31%
200915th Lok Sabha545INC20628.55%BJP11618.80%SP233.23%
200414th Lok Sabha543INC14526.53%BJP13822.16%CPM435.66%
199913th Lok Sabha545BJP18223.75%INC11428.30%CPM335.40%
199812th Lok Sabha545BJP18225.59%INC14125.82%CPM325.16%
199611th Lok Sabha543BJP16120.29%INC14028.80%JD4623.45%
199110th Lok Sabha521INC23236.26%BJP12020.11%JD5911.84%
19899th Lok Sabha529INC19739.53%JD14317.79%BJP8511.36%
19848th Lok Sabha514INC40449.01%TDP304.31%CPM225.87%
19807th Lok Sabha529 ( 542* )INC(I)35142.69%JNP(S)419.39%CPM376.24%
19776th Lok Sabha542JP33041.32%INC15434.52%CPM224.29%
19715th Lok Sabha518INC35243.68%CPM255.12%CPI234.73%
19674th Lok Sabha520INC28340.78%SWA448.67%BJS359.31%
19623rd Lok Sabha494INC36144.72%CPI299.94%SWA187.89%
19572nd Lok Sabha494INC37147.78%CPI278.92%PSP1910.41%
1951-521st Lok Sabha489INC36444.99%CPI163.29%SOC1210.59%

*Twelve seats in Assam and one in Meghalaya did not vote

Current Political Scenario

The year 2017 witnessed the BJP spreading its influence over a major part of the country. However, there are prominent elections coming up in 2018 which can prove game-changing situations for leading parties.

The first assembly election of 2018 were held in Tripura on February 18. The polls for both Nagaland and Meghalaya were held on February 27. The results were declared on March 3. Next in the line is Karnataka election, which is expected to take place in April-May. Mizoram's election will take place towards the end of the year - October-November. Rajasthan's assembly election will start in December 2018 and will carry into 2019.

The Lok Sabha polls will be held in 2019 and it remains to be seen whether the BJP will be able to emerge victorious for the second time as well.

This website is committed to providing all the necessary information and updates related to politics, elections in India and all the factors that contribute to government formation in India.

Election System in India

Types of Elections in India

Following are the major types of elections in the country:
  • Elections to Lok Sabha
  • Elections to Rajya Sabha
  • Elections to State Assemblies
  • Elections to Legislative Council
  • Elections to the posts of President, Vice-President.
  • Elections to Local Bodies
    • Municipal Corporation
    • Gram Panchayat Elections
    • Zila Panchayat Elections
    • Block Panchayat Elections

Right to Vote
The Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise as the main method of democratic representation in the Lok Sabha and in the State Legislative Assemblies. The original Article 326, providing for adult suffrage fixed the age of eligibility to vote for elections to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabhas, at 21 years, but by the 61st Amendment to this clause passed in 1989, it has been reduced to 18 years.

Election Process in India
In an election, various candidates of different parties contest against each other, out of which the people elect their representative. The stages of the election process of India include delimitation of constituencies wherein the entire area (the whole country in the case of Lok
Sabha elections and that particular state in the case of Legislative Assembly elections) is divided into constituencies. After the demarcation of constituency, the voters' list of each constituency is prepared and published and nomination papers are filed by the candidates. Thereafter, nomination papers are scrutinised. The next stage is the campaign by all the candidates and the parties. The election campaign ends 48 hours before the polling. The last step is the counting of votes and declaration of result.

Political Parties in India
A political party is a group of people who want to achieve common goals by contesting elections and exercising political power upon winning. India has a multi-party system. Some of the major political parties in India are: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Samajwadi Party, Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M), Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Janata Dal United (JDU), Shiv Sena. There are also various regional parties in India.
Election Results History

Having commenced in the year 1951, elections in India are held after every five years. The PM is elected by the LS members after each election.

Assembly Election Results

Held every five years, MLAs are chosen by the people in Assembly Elections in different states. The Chief Minister is selected by the MLAs thereupon.

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Track the polling booth you are enlisted to cast your vote. Click on the state name to know the name and number of the polling booth.

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