Elections in India
The electorate of Jammu & Kashmir hardly paid any heed to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's call to vote in large numbers in the fourth and penultimate phase of the state assembly elections on Sunday. The voter turnout on Sunday could not even reach the halfway mark, registering only 49% of balloting.
Seven of the 18 assembly constituencies could not even record one third of the electorate turnout. The Vijaypur assembly constituency saw the highest voter turnout of around 81.17 percent, while Habbaakadal assembly segment witnessed a mere 21.01 percent of balloting.
The state of Jharkhand maintained its consistency of over 60 percent of voter turnout. 61.08 percent of electorate came out and cast their votes in the 15 constituencies that went for polling in the fourth phase.
Voting in Jharkhand began at 7 am in all the constituencies and ended at 3 pm in 13 of the 15 seats. Polling went on till 5 pm in Dhanbad and Bokaro assembly segments.
The fifth and the final phase is to be underway on December 20 in both the states.
|Date of Poll:||Phase-I||Nov 25, 2014|
|Phase-II||Dec 2, 2014|
|Phase-III||Dec 9, 2014|
|Phase-IV||Dec 14, 2014|
|Phase-V||Dec 20, 2014|
|Counting Date:||Dec 23, 2014|
|Date of Poll:||Phase-I||Nov 25, 2014|
|Phase-II||Dec 2, 2014|
|Phase-III||Dec 9, 2014|
|Phase-IV||Dec 14, 2014|
|Phase-V||Dec 20, 2014|
|Counting Date:||Dec 23, 2014|
The Rajya Sabha was on Thursday stalled for the fourth consecutive day over the conversion row, as the opposition insisted that Prime Minister Narendra Modi should reply to a debate on the attack on the country's secular fabric, while the government blamed them for shying away from a discussion. The upper house, where the government is in a minority, earlier lost nearly five days of government business over a row on minister Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti's comments, and is lagging far behind the Lok Sabha in transacting government business. Thursday being the fourth consecutive day of disruptions, the upper house now has just three more working days left. Of these, Friday has private members business post lunch, ruling out any significant government work. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Congress president Sonia Gandhi was on Thursday admitted to the Sir Ganga Ram Hospital in New Delhi for an infection in the lower respiratory tract. Her condition was stable, a hospital official said. "Sonia Gandhi was today (on Thursday) admitted to Sir Ganga Ram Hospital around 5 p.m. She has an infection in the lower respiratory tract. Her condition is stable and she is under observation," hospital spokesperson Ajoy Sehgal said. The Congress president was admitted under the care of Arup Kumar Basu, senior consultant in the chest medicine department. Basu is leading a team of doctors who are closely monitoring Gandhi. According to doctors, the problem was quite common in the winter season. There has been intense speculation about Gandhi's health after her 2011 surgery in the US. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Politicians, cutting across party lines, on Thursday condemned a Pakistani court's decision to grant bail to Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, the man accused of masterminding the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks that left 166 people dead. They also expressed doubts whether Pakistan was "serious enough" in its fight against terrorism. "The fight against terror cannot be duplicitous, seeking to differentiate between the ones who operate in India and others who attack in Pakistan," BJP spokesman Nalin Kohli said. "The case of (Lashkar-e-Taiba founder) Hafiz Saeed and Lakhvi confirms complete non-serious approach by which Pakistan seeks to deny justice to the victims of Mumbai terror attacks," he said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Bangladesh President M. Abdul Hamid arrived in New Delhi on Thursday on a six-day official visit - the first visit by a ceremonial head of state of Bangladesh since 1972. Hamid is in Delhi on the invite of President Pranab Mulherjee, and will be a guest in Rashtrapati Bhawan. He was received at the airport by Minister of State for External Affairs, Gen V.K Singh (retd.). The external affairs spokesperson tweeted: "A friendly neighbour comes. President Md.Abdul Hamid of Bangladesh in Delhi." While in India, the visiting president will meet his Indian counterpart as well as Vice President Hamid Ansari, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and other senior leaders. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Security forces on Thursday killed two cadres of a Meghalaya-based militant outfit in a gun battle in Assam's Goalpara district, close to the inter-state border, police said. The joint operation by police and Red Horns division of the army against the United A'chik Liberation Army (UALA) was launched early on Thursday morning. "We cordoned Kongkhal village in Golapara following information that militants were hiding there. When we asked them to surrender, they fired at us and we retaliated. In the gun battle, two militants were killed," said a police official in Goalpara. Two 7.65 mm pistols, two hand grenades and a large cache of ammunition were recovered from the slain militants. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The Lok Sabha on Thursday passed a bill to legalize e-rickshaws by bringing them under the ambit of the Motor Vehicles Act. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2014 also provides for the central government to make rules on the specifications for e-carts and e-rickshaws and the manner and conditions for issuing driving licenses. Replying to the debate on the bill, Road Transport, Highways and Shipping Minister Nitin Gadkari said the passage of the bill will ensure protection of the environment as well as provide employment to the poor people. "There are nearly one crore people in the country who pull rickshaws and carts. We should free them from manual labour and help them convert to e-rickshaws and carts," he said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
As the uproar over the alleged forcible conversion of around 300 Muslims in Agra continued to disrupt parliament, the VHP on Thursday justified the act as "ghar wapsi" (home-coming) and pressed for an anti-conversion law. Citing Swami Vivekananda, Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) international joint general secretary Y. Raghavulu and national vice president Jagannath Sahi stressed the urgent need to prevent Hindus from getting converted after being lured by money, employment and other material benefits. "Once asked, Swami Vivekananda had said it was a loss to the religion when a Hindu is converted and it was the duty of the rest of the Hindus to bring him back. In that context, what happened in Agra is home-coming and not conversion," Sahi told media persons. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Thursday pledged her commitment to realise the rights of the state's minorities. The Trinamool Congress chief said the Bengal government is "steadfast in its efforts to realise the rights reserved for minorities section under the Indian constitution". "Not only in the fields of education and culture, minorities have a right to equality in the social, economic and language areas. We are fully committed towards establishing this right. "This Minority Rights Day let us pledge for their right to development," she said in a message via her party's official site. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The logjam over the issue of religious conversions continued in the Rajya Sabha on Thursday, with the government and the opposition locked in a blame game. This forced the chair to adjourn the house twice -- once until noon and then till 2 p.m. Prime Minister Narendra Modi was present during question hour, and the opposition insisted that he must listen to them and give a reply. "There is resistance on an issue. Now the prime minister is here, we have no intention to disrespect him... He must respond," Congress leader Anand Sharma said. The government, however, slammed the opposition, saying it appeared to be only interested in creating roadblocks in the functioning the house. "The notice for this discussion under Rule 267 (adjournment of question hour) came on Monday. We agreed for a debate," Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Navjot Singh Sidhu let his wooden blade do the talking when the opposition bowlers used to bowl fiery bouncers at him during his playing days, but little did he imagine then that the people of Jammu would catch him off-gaurd years later. Sidhu was in Jammu on Thursday campaigning for BJP when the people hurled stones at his convoy. He is reported to be unhurt in the attack though. The final phase of the state assembly elections is scheduled to go underway Saturday, December 20 and results to be announced on Tuesday, 23 December. Source: News Reportsclick here for more news..
Delhi's Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) Vijay Dev has been transferred to Chandigarh. Dev will be the advisor to the Union Territory Administrator of Chandigarh from now on. Delhi will see former CEO of Arunachal Pradesh Chandra Bhushan Kumar as its new CEO. The Union Mnistry of Home Affairs passed the transfer orders of the 1987-batch AGMUT cadre IAS officer Vijay Dev on December 15. Dev will be in place of the 1983- batch AGMUT cadre IAS officer KK Sharma who took charge of the office on April 15, 2011.click here for more news..
Karnali group panchayat villages in Vadodara district of Gujrat are going to be adopted as a part of the central government's 'Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojna' a government official said on Thursday. According to the reoprts, Union Minister of Finance Arun Jaitley has taken the decision. The Karnali group panchayat covers four villages of Karnali, Pipaliya, Vadiya and Baglipura. Having received an official letter with respect to the decision from Arun Jaitley on Wednesday, District Collector of Vadodara Vinod Rao said, "The district administration will develop various facilities in the villages and make Karnali a tourist spot as lakhs of devotees of Lord Shiva visit the Kuber Bhandari temple located in this village every year." Source: News Reportsclick here for more news..
A militant was killed on Thursday in a gunfight between the security forces and separatist guerrillas in Jammu and Kashmir's Kupwara district, police said. "One guerrilla was killed on Thursday in an encounter between the security forces and the guerrillas in Salkoot village of Kupwara district," a senior police officer said in Srinagar. "The Rashtriya Rifles personnel and state police surrounded Salkoot on Thursday morning following information about the presence of a group of guerrillas," he said. "When the security forces closed on the militants, they started firing which triggered an encounter," he said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Tulsi Gabbard, the first Hindu American in the US Congress, on Thursday called on Home Minister Rajnath Singh, with whom she discussed various issues including terrorism and cyber security. "Met US Congress member @TulsiGabbard today. We discussed a range of issues including terrorism and cyber security," the minister tweeted. According to a home ministry statement, "The sole Hindu member of the US Congress and a Democrat from Hawaii discussed broad range of issues with the union home minister, including terrorism and cyber security." "The two leaders jointly condemned the brutal killing of school children in Peshawar," the statement said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Congress leader Pramod Tiwari on Thursday compared the forces driving religious conversion in India to Mumbai terrorist attack mastermind Hafiz Saeed. "What Hafiz Saeed is doing, there are some people here who are doing a similar task by forcing conversions," Tiwari said in the Rajya Sabha. "They are Hafiz's twins." The remark was strongly objected to not only by the government but by the chair as well. "Comparing anyone here to Hafiz Saeed is not acceptable," Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said. Deputy Chairman P.J. Kurien agreed with Prasad and said such a comparison cannot be done. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
President Pranab Mukherjee and Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday congratulated ISRO on the successful launch of its heaviest rocket, GSLV-Mark III. In a message to K. Radhakrishnan, chairman, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Mukherjee said: "Please accept my heartiest congratulations to your team and you at the Indian Space Research Organization for the successful launch of India's latest generation rocket-Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-Mark III), carrying the 'Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment (CARE)'." PM Modi in a statement said: "Successful launch of GSLV Mk-III is yet another triumph of brilliance and hardwork of our scientists. Congrats to them for the efforts." Source: IANSclick here for more news..
India was "well prepared" to guard its national interests, and has raised with China the issue of Beijing's nuclear deal with Islamabad, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said on Wednesday. "India is well prepared (to deal with threats). We are fully alert. We will not allow any harm to (happen to) India," she said in the Lok Sabha. The minister said the government was committed to taking all necessary steps to safeguard India's national security interests. "The government remains concerned about the impact of the deal on global non-proliferation norms. The government believes that countries should abide by the commitments that they have undertaken in the field of nuclear non-proliferation," she said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The defence ministry on Wednesday cleared procurement proposals worth around Rs.4,500 crore, ministry sources said. The proposals were cleared by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar-headed Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), the apex decision-making body in the ministry. The proposals include one for acquiring four survey vessels for the navy worth Rs.2,324 crore. The DAC also cleared an upgradation along with annual maintenance contract of the Samyukta electronic warfare system for the army at an estimated cost of Rs.1,682 crore. The sources also said a proposal for heavy drop system P-7, which is a platform for dropping heavy vehicles with a parachute, was also cleared. The amount sanctioned for the project was Rs.400 crore. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Highly classified information about the disappearance of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose has been made available to the public, the central government informed parliament on Wednesday. Files relating to the Justice Khosla and the Justice M.K. Mukherjee commissions have been sent by the ministry of home affairs to the National Archives Oct 1, 2012 for permanent retention, union Minister of State for Home Affairs Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary informed the Rajya Sabha in a written reply. The two commissions were appointed by the central government to enquire into the disappearance of Bose. The National Archives has prepared the detailed list of the Justice Mukherjee Commission papers and they were made available to scholars from Nov 17, 2014. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
A bill that proposes the death penalty for hijackers and gives security forces the right to shoot down an aircraft which may be used as a missile was on Wednesday introduced in the Rajya Sabha. The bill was introduced in the house amid din, as opposition members continued to protest over the religion conversion issue, and pressed for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to assure the house over the issue. Civil Aviation Minister Ashok Gajapathi Raju withdrew the older version of the bill, and introduced the Anti-Hijacking (Amendment) Bill, 2014. The new legislation to amend the anti-hijack law has been brought to incorporate latest global treaties like the Beijing Protocol, 2010, of the UN body International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), which have been signed and ratified by India. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh on Wednesday described the attack on a school in Pakistan as a "brutal cold-blooded massacre". The Pakistani Taliban on Tuesday slaughtered 141 people, 132 of them children, in a brazen terror attack on an army-run school in Peshawar city. "Spraying bullets at innocent children is the most savage act of terrorists which shows their depravity and fear," he said in a statement. "This was the most brutal cold-blooded massacre of adolescent school children and the terror should be dealt with heavy hand and total unforgiving crackdown on terrorists groups," Singh said. The chief minister said: "We mourn the loss of young lives and pray for the peace of departed souls." He hoped that Pakistan would take a tough stand to root out terrorists from its soil. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
As the Rajya Sabha proceedings were disrupted by the opposition for the third consecutive day on Wednesday, Congress member V. Hanumantha Rao was suspended from the house for the day by Chairman Hamid Ansari for unruly behaviour. Rao went up to the chairman's podium, shouting slogans against the government when an angry Ansari asked him to leave the house under Rule 255 of the general rules of proceedings. The rule says: "The chairman may direct any member whose conduct is in his opinion grossly disorderly to withdraw immediately from the Council and any member so ordered to withdraw shall do so forthwith and shall absent himself during the remainder of the day's meeting." Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Kerala Chief Minister Oommen Chandy, a few of his cabinet colleagues and two party MPs figure in the list of witnesses in the ongoing Solar scam judicial probe. The list was made public on Wednesday. The scam is being probed by the one-man commission of Justice (Retd.) G. Sivarajan appointed by the Kerala government. The list of witnesses includes 48 people and knowledgeable sources say the list could be even longer. Chandy's office was at the centre of the solar scam in which three of his staffers were linked to Saritha Nair, one of the key accused in the scandal. Nair, along with her live-in partner Biju Radhakrishnan, is accused of cheating many investors promising to supply them solar panels worth millions of rupees. While Nair is out on bail, Radhakrishnan is yet to get bail. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
In tune with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 100 smart cities programme, a centre to audit energy consumption of existing comercial buildings in the country was made operational on Wednesday. The centre will gauge the buildings' potential to reduce the energy consumption while turning the buildings energy efficient while conforming to one of the key components of smart urbanisation. The Centre of Excellence for Energy Efficient Buildings was launched by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in association with United Technologies Corporation (UTC) to make commercial and non-government buildings more energy efficient and eco-friendly. "This initiative is timely. The centre would feed into the union government's ambitious programme of smart cities, TERI director Mili Majumdar said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The central government has asked states to beef up security, especially in educational institutions, following the terror attack at an army-run school in Pakistan, union Home Minister Rajnath Singh said on Wednesday. "I just want to say that all state governments have been issued an advisory by the home ministry," he told reporters outside parliament on being asked whether steps have been taken by the government to secure educational institutions. The advisory, issued late on Tuesday night, said in view of terror attack on the Pakistani school, a terror incident in Sydney and "heightened possibility of terrorist attack" in India in the light of upcoming visit of the US president, all states and other authorities concerned have been asked to remain alert. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
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Election System in India
Types of Elections in India
Following are the major types of elections in the country:
- Elections to Lok Sabha
- Elections to Rajya Sabha
- Elections to State Assemblies
- Elections to Legislative Council
- Elections to the posts of President, Vice-President.
- Elections to Local Bodies
- Municipal Corporation
- Gram Panchayat Elections
- Zila Panchayat Elections
- Block Panchayat Elections
The Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise as the main method of democratic representation in the Lok Sabha and in the State Legislative Assemblies. The original Article 325, providing for adult suffrage fixed the age of eligibility to vote for elections to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabhas, at 21 years, but by the 62nd Amendment to this clause passed in 1989, it has been reduced to 18 years.
Election Process in India
In an election, various candidates of different parties contest against each other, out of which the people elect their representative. The stages of the election process of India include delimitation of constituencies wherein the entire area (the whole country in the case of Lok Sabha elections and that particular state in the case of Legislative Assembly elections) is divided into constituencies. After the demarcation of constituency, the voters' list of each constituency is prepared and published and nomination papers are filed by the candidates. Thereafter, nomination papers are scrutinised. The next stage is the campaign by all the candidates and the parties. The election campaign ends 48 hours before the polling. The last step is the counting of votes and declaration of result.
Political Parties in India
A political party is a group of people who want to achieve common goals by contesting elections and exercising political power upon winning. India has a multi-party system. Some of the major political parties in India are: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj party (BSP), Samajwadi Party, Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), National Congress Party (NCP), Janata Dal United (JDU) and Shiv Sena. There are also various regional parties in India.
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