Elections in India
Elections in India are the largest democratic electoral exercise in the world by far. Results of these elections are followed closely not just in India but even beyond as they have a direct bearing on the lives of its 1.25 billion people and more. This website is committed to provide all the necessary information and updates related to politics, elections and all the factors that contribute to government formation in India, the largest democracy in the world today.
Assembly elections were held in the five states of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Goa, Manipur and Uttarakhand between February 4 and March 8, 2017. They were held in single phase in Punjab, Goa and Uttarakhand. In Manipur, elections were held in two phases while in Uttar Pradesh, they were conducted in seven phases.
Thje political pundits termed it as a triangular fight between the SP-Congress alliance, BSP and the BJP in the politically significant state of Uttar Pradesh which has the highest number of Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha constituencies in India. But when the results came out on March 11, they gave entirely another picture. The BJP clean sweeped with 325 seats and the SP-Congress alliance mustered only 50+ seats while the BSP was able to get less than twenty seats.
After its success in Assam, it is yet another big success for the BJP which is now moving ahead towards 2019 elections with confidence.
Election System in India
Types of Elections in India
Following are the major types of elections in the country:
Right to Vote
The Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise as the main method of democratic representation in the Lok Sabha and in the State Legislative Assemblies. The original Article 325, providing for adult suffrage fixed the age of eligibility to vote for elections to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabhas, at 21 years, but by the 62nd Amendment to this clause passed in 1989, it has been reduced to 18 years.
Election Process in India
In an election, various candidates of different parties contest against each other, out of which the people elect their representative. The stages of the election process of India include delimitation of constituencies wherein the entire area (the whole country in the case of Lok Sabha elections and that particular state in the case of Legislative Assembly elections) is divided into constituencies. After the demarcation of constituency, the voters' list of each constituency is prepared and published and nomination papers are filed by the candidates. Thereafter, nomination papers are scrutinised. The next stage is the campaign by all the candidates and the parties. The election campaign ends 48 hours before the polling. The last step is the counting of votes and declaration of result.
Political Parties in India
A political party is a group of people who want to achieve common goals by contesting elections and exercising political power upon winning. India has a multi-party system. Some of the major political parties in India are: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj party (BSP), Samajwadi Party, Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), National Congress Party (NCP), Janata Dal United (JDU) and Shiv Sena. There are also various regional parties in India.