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Elections in India


The largest electoral exercise in the world by far is elections in India as it makes close to one billion people exercise their franchise. The results of the elections in India have a bearing on the lives of 1.25 billion people. The whole world takes a keen interest when the elections are underway in the world’s largest democracy. Therefore, there has to be a platform where the electors of this country could find ample information and fodder for considering both attenuating and extenuating factors contributing to the formation of the government in India. Elections.in is committed to help people, right from a layman to the most erudite member of any community, to get all the past, present and intended information related to politics and elections at a single platform.
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Election System in India

Types of Elections in India


Following are the major types of elections in the country:
  1. Elections to Lok Sabha
  2. Elections to Rajya Sabha
  3. Elections to State Assemblies
  4. Elections to Legislative Council
  5. Elections to the posts of President, Vice-President.
  6. Elections to Local Bodies

Right to Vote
The Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise as the main method of democratic representation in the Lok Sabha and in the State Legislative Assemblies. The original Article 325, providing for adult suffrage fixed the age of eligibility to vote for elections to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabhas, at 21 years, but by the 62nd Amendment to this clause passed in 1989, it has been reduced to 18 years.

Election Process in India
In an election, various candidates of different parties contest against each other, out of which the people elect their representative. The stages of the election process of India include delimitation of constituencies wherein the entire area (the whole country in the case of Lok Sabha elections and that particular state in the case of Legislative Assembly elections) is divided into constituencies. After the demarcation of constituency, the voters' list of each constituency is prepared and published and nomination papers are filed by the candidates. Thereafter, nomination papers are scrutinised. The next stage is the campaign by all the candidates and the parties. The election campaign ends 48 hours before the polling. The last step is the counting of votes and declaration of result.

Political Parties in India
A political party is a group of people who want to achieve common goals by contesting elections and exercising political power upon winning. India has a multi-party system. Some of the major political parties in India are: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj party (BSP), Samajwadi Party, Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), National Congress Party (NCP), Janata Dal United (JDU) and Shiv Sena. There are also various regional parties in India.
Election Results

Election Results History

Having commenced in the year 1951, elections in India are held after every five years. The PM is elected by the LS members after each election. More...

Assembly Election Results

Held every five years, MLAs are chosen by the people in Assembly Elections in different states. The Chief Minister is selected by the MLAs thereupon.More...

Lok Sabha Election Results

The 16th Lok Sabha elections will take place in 543 constituencies in April-May. Major political parties like INC, BJP, and AAP will contest the elections. More...
  • Delhi
  • PartyWon
  • AAP67
  • BJP3
  • INC0
  • Others0
  • Haryana
  • PartyWon
  • BJP47
  • INLD19
  • INC15
  • Others9
  • NDAWon
  • BJP282
  • TDP16
  • SHS18
  • SAD4
  • PMK1
  • Others18
  • Total336
  • UPAWon
  • INC44
  • RJD4
  • NCP6
  • RLD0
  • JMM2
  • Others3
  • Total59
  • Third FrontWon
  • CPM9
  • CPI1
  • RSP(A)0
  • AIFB0
  • SP5
  • Others72
  • Total87
  • All OthersWon
  • AIADMK37
  • AITC34
  • TRS11
  • YSRCP9
  • AAP4
  • Others3
  • Total98
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