Elections in India
Prime Minister Narendra Modi's appeal to vote in large numbers seems to have had an effect on the electorate of Jammu & Kashmir and Jharkhand.
The electorate of J& K braved the chilly weather on Saturday and came out in big numbers to cast their ballot in the fifth and final phase. J&K recorded over 65 percent of balloting in 20 constituencies of three districts.
An electorate turnout of over 65 percent seemed not possible until 1 pm, when even one-thirds of the eligible electorate had not cast their ballot, the voting picked up as the day progressed.
On the other hand the state of Jharkhand not only maintained its consistency of turning out in big numbers but did better this time. Jharkhand saw over 70 percent of the voters exercise their franchise in the last phase of the assembly elections. The assembly segment of Pakur registered the highest voter turnout of 75.5%, while Mahagama with 66.2 percent witnessed the minimum balloting.
The official results will be announced on December 23 in both states.
|Date of Poll:||Phase-I||Nov 25, 2014|
|Phase-II||Dec 2, 2014|
|Phase-III||Dec 9, 2014|
|Phase-IV||Dec 14, 2014|
|Phase-V||Dec 20, 2014|
|Counting Date:||Dec 23, 2014|
|Date of Poll:||Phase-I||Nov 25, 2014|
|Phase-II||Dec 2, 2014|
|Phase-III||Dec 9, 2014|
|Phase-IV||Dec 14, 2014|
|Phase-V||Dec 20, 2014|
|Counting Date:||Dec 23, 2014|
The fifth and final phase of assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir ended peacefully on Saturday, with over 65 percent of the voters casting their ballot in 20 constituencies, officials said. "Polling ended peacefully in all the 20 constituencies of Jammu, Rajouri and Kathua districts at 4 p.m. today (on Saturday)," an Election Commission official said. Initial figures indicated that 65 percent voters turned up to exercise their franchise till the voting process ended. "However, these figures are subject to variation as final reports about poll percentages are still coming in. The day's poll process was peaceful," the official said. A total of 213 candidates were in fray. Eleven constituencies voted in Jammu, four in Rajouri and five in Kathua district. Counting for all the 87 assembly seats will be held on Dec 23. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Over 25 lakh people - more than 70 percent of the electorate - on Saturday exercised their franchise in the fifth and last round of the assembly election in Jharkhand, officials said. Sixteen constituencies voted on Saturday in the final phase. Of the 16 seats, seven were reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST). "In the fifth and final phase on Saturday, the state witnessed a record 70.42 percent polling. The highest polling was recorded in Pakur with 75.5 percent, followed by Littipara with 75 percent," an Election Commission official said. The lowest turnout was recorded in Mahagama at 66.32 percent, the official said, adding that polling was by and large peaceful. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The Rajya Sabha is scheduled to consider some crucial bills including the coal mines bill in the remaining two sittings of parliament next week. The Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Bill, 2014 seeks to facilitate auction of coal blocks further after the Supreme Court struck down allocation of over 200 coal blocks, holding the allocation process arbitrary and illegal. The upper house is also to take up the National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) Amendment Bill, 2014, which seeks to extend the validity of an act that gives protection to unauthorized constructions and which is to expire by the end of this month, an official release said in New Delhi on Saturday. Both the bills have been passed by the Lok Sabha. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Expressing solidarity with the families of those killed in the Pakistan school attack, Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Saturday said that issues related to children's welfare have to be taken up on a priority, ignoring political differences. "The issues related to children's rights cut across considerations of political systems and geography. The entire world is grief stricken over the recent horrific incident at a Peshawar school," said the chief minister. "The people of India are strongly behind the bereaved souls in Pakistan," Patnaik said at a sensitisation programme for lawmakers on child rights in Bhuvaneshwar. He said, "Children belong to none, but humanity. We have to take issues related to children's welfare most zealously, ignoring our political differences and other partisan considerations." Source: IANSclick here for more news..
A day after the government tabled the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Bill in the Lok Sabha, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Saturday urged industries to build public opinion in states for passing the law on reforming India's indirect tax system. "Any state that does not fall in line (with GST), my advice to all stakeholders is go to states to raise the issue, to convince, to pressurise public opinion in all the states," Jaitley said, addressing an event of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry. Hinting that complete consensus is awaited on a bill that needs to be passed by a two-third majority in both the houses of parliament and by the legislatures of half of the states to become a law, the finance minister called for "a shared national vision on basic issues". Source: IANSclick here for more news..
With BJP president Amit Shah on his second visit to Kerala - where the party is yet to open its account in the state assembly - it has been decided that the party will woo film personalities to get support in the state. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) might seek help from Guru Nair, a former office bearer of the Congress in Maharashtra, who has joined the BJP. Nair said that he met a few film personalities, including actor-turned politician and former state minister K.B. Ganesh Kumar and actor Lalu Alex. "I have spoken to Alex and am trying to reach a leading actress. I have also informed the state BJP leaders about this and they have given the green signal," said Nair. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The Narendra Modi government should clear its stand on religious conversions in the country, Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) chief Arvind Kejriwal said in New Delhi on Saturday. "First of all, the government should clear its stand. The prime minister should clear his stand on it," Kejriwal said in response to his party's stand on the issue. He was speaking to reporters on the sideline of a programme at St. Stephen's college. "This party came to power on the promise of development but there has been none in the past six months," he said. "They talk about love jihad, religious conversion, and in Delhi, where there have been no riots in the past 35 years, they initiate one," Kejriwal said. "Had they told people that they would indulge in all this, people would have voted accordingly," he said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Promising to improve the condition of government schools and making them as "attractive as private ones", Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) chief Arvind Kejriwal on Saturday said good education was the basic right of every child. Addressing a function organised by NGO Teach For India at St. Stephen's college in New Delhi, the former Delhi chief minister said government schools in Delhi were in a bad shape "because of vested interests". "We are not against schools being run by private organisations but some of them are run by big businessmen and politicians who have destroyed the government schools so that they can have a large number of students in order to earn more and more," Kejriwal said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Jharkhand recorded over one-third voting in the four hours till 11 a.m. in 16 assembly constituencies in the last round of the five-phased election in the state, an official said. "The highest polling percentage was recorded in Pakur with 41 percent and the lowest was in Godda with 27 percent till 11 a.m.," said an election official. "The voters turned up in large numbers in many polling booths and we hope the voting percentage will be around 70 percent in the final phase of the election," he said. The fate of 208 candidates, including 16 women will be decided by 36,90,069 voters, including 19,04,011 men and 17,84,846 women. Polling is taking place at 3,773 polling booths. The voting started at 7 a.m. and will end at 3 p.m. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Militants on Saturday killed a village headman in north Kashmir's Baramulla district, police said. "Gulam Ahman Bhat, headman of Bomai village in Sopore district, was shot dead from close range by militants today morning. While being shifted to hospital, he succumbed to his bullet injuries," a senior police officer said in Srinagar. The officer said that police have registered an FIR on the incident and an investigation has been initiated to identify the culprit. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday urged voters to turn out in record numbers as balloting took place in the fifth and final phase of assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir and Jharkhand. "I urge all those voting in the fifth and final phase of Jammu and Kashmir and Jharkhand assembly polls to turn out in record numbers and vote," Modi tweeted. In this phase, voting will be for 20 constituencies of Jammu and Khashmir where over 18 lakh voters are eligible to decide the political fate of 213 candidates. A total of 2,366 polling stations have been set up. In Jharkhand, 3,690,069 voters in this phase will decide the political fate of 208 candidates including 16 females. Polling is taking place at 3,773 polling booths. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Despite the fog and the chill, enthusiastic voters queued up at polling stations on Saturday in Jammu in the fifth and final phase of assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir. Ballotting began on a slow note early in the morning but as the day progressed, more and more men and women turned up at the polling booths. Polling is being held in 20 assembly constituencies that are spread over Jammu, Kathua and Rajouri districts. Three polling stations were set up at the Kendriya Vidyalaya in Gandhinagar constituency of Jammu district. In the first half an hour, around 50 votes had been cast in Jammu as voters came in large numbers to elect representatives for the 12th state assembly. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
President Pranab Mukherjee on Friday said India attached "highest importance" to bilateral relations with Bangladesh, an official statement by the Rashtrapati Bhavan said. Receiving his Bangladesh counterpart Abdul Hamid in the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi, Mukherjee welcomed him and complimented him for his role in the consolidation of bilateral relations. "India attaches the highest importance to bilateral relations with Bangladesh, a close friend and neighbour. India has always believed that a strong, stable and prosperous Bangladesh is in its interest," Mukherjee said. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday wished the Jewish community on the occasion of Hanukkah. "Wishing my Jewish friends a Happy Hanukkah! May this Festival of Lights and the festive season ring in peace, hope and well-being for all," Modi said in a tweet. The prime minister also tweeted the wishes in Hebrew in another tweet. An impressed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu not only retweeted Modi's tweets but also thanked him in English and Hindi as well. Using his official Twitter account "Pm of Israel", Netanyahu said in a tweet: "@narendramodi On behalf of all the people of the nation of Israel, thank you very much for your good wishes of Hanukka." Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The central government would soon hold a meeting with all chief ministers of the eight northeastern states to discuss the security threat by jihadi groups, union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijju said in Shillong on Friday. "The issue (security threat) is serious and a meeting with chief ministers of the states from the (northeast) region will be convened soon to discuss and take strategic decisions," Rijiju said. He was speaking to journalists after inspecting the India-Bangladesh border in the Dawki sector in Meghalaya. "In that meeting, strategic decision will be taken on the law and order front as well as security aspect of the whole region," he said while refusing to divulge details about the spread of terror modules in the region. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Balloting began on Saturday in 20 assembly constituencies in the fifth and final phase of elections in Jammu and Kashmir, officials said. The constituencies are spread over Jammu, Kathua and Rajouri districts. Over 18 lakh voters are eligible to decide the political fate of 213 candidates. Prominent candidates include Sham Lal Sharma (Akhnoor), Raman Bhalla (Gandhinagar), Deputy Chief Minister Tara Chand (Chhamb) and Manohar Lal Sharma (Billawar). A total of 2,366 polling stations have been set up. The constituencies going to polls are Bani, Basohli, Billawar, Kathua and Hiranagar in Kathua district, Nagrota, Gandhinagar, Jammu East, Jammu West, Bishnah, R.S. Pura, Suchetgarh, Akhnoor, Chhamb, Marh and Raipur Domana in Jammu district, and Rajouri, Darhal, Kalakote and Nowshera in Rajouri district. Polling started at 8 a.m. and will end at 4 p.m. Votes will be counted on Dec 23. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Balloting began today in 16 of the 81 assembly constituencies in the last round of the five-phase elections in Jharkhand. Over 36 lakh voters, including more than 17 lakh women, will decide the fate of 208 candidates -- 16 of them women -- in the fray. Balloting will take place at 3,773 polling booths out of which 833 booths have been declared as very sensitive, while another 1,496 have been declared sensitive. Voting began at 7 a.m. and will go on till 3 p.m. The fate of Chief Minister Hemant Soren, of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM), will be decided in this phase. Soren, who is the sitting legislator from Dumka, is contesting from both Dumka and Barhait. Other prominent candidates are assembly Speaker Shashank Shekhar Bhokta, minister Lobin Hembrom, Sita Soren, who is the daughter-in-law of Shibu Soren and sister-in-law of the state chief minister, Bharatiya Janata Party national secretary Louise Marandi, and former minister Simon Marandi. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The BJP has suspended its Rajasthan legislator Prahalad Gunjal for allegedly threatening a chief medical and health officer (CMHO) for transfer of a male nurse, a party leader said on Friday. "Taking cognizance of the matter, the central leadership has suspended him from the primary membership of the party and also informed the state unit about it. These kind of matters are decided by our parliamentary board and they have taken this decision," state Bharatiya Janata Party spokesman Kailash Nath Bhatt said. Gunjal, who represents Kota North assembly constituency, had threatened Kota district CMHO Dr R.N. Yadav and used abusive language while asking him to transfer a male nurse to a posting of his choice. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
West Bengal Transport and Sports Minister Madan Mitra - arrested in the Saradha scam - was on Friday yet again denied bail and sent to judicial custody till Jan 2 by a court in Kolkata. After hearing both the defence and the prosecution, Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate Haradhan Mukherjee sent Mitra to judicial custody. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The state of Jammu & Kashmir is all set to go for polling for one last time in the 2014 state assembly elections. The fifth and final phase will be underway on Saturday, 20 December. Twenty assembly constituencies in three districts of Jammu, Kathua and Rajouri will go for balloting in this phase where the fate of 225 candidates will be decided. A total of 18,28,904 voters are enlisted to cast their ballot on 2400 polling stations. Deputy Chief Minister of the state Tara Chand and three cabinet ministers are amongst those who will have their lucks locked into to ballots in the final round of elections. Source: News Reportsclick here for more news..
The Lok Sabha on Friday unanimously condemned the release on bail of 26/11 mastermind Zaki-ur Rahman Lakhvi by a Pakistan court. During a discussion on the matter in zero hour, Congress' Mallikarjun Kharge said: "After 132 children were killed in Pakistan, Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif had said that all steps would be taken now to contain terror." "But just two days later, we saw another face of Pakistan. A court has granted bail to Lakhvi," he said. "I want to ask the government, how this can be condemned. We want to know what is the stand of the government," Kharge said. Lakhvi was again detained on Friday. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
The fate of Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren will be decided in the fifth and final phase of the assembly elections on Saturday. The incumbent Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) legislator from Dumka is fighting both from Dumka and Barhait. In Dumka, he will fight it out against Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) nominee Louise Marandi, while in Barhait he is up against BJP candidate Hemlal Murmu who was with the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) till the Lok Sabha polls earlier this year. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has addressed two rallies for the fifth phase and, referring to the father-son duo of Shibu Soren and Hemant Soren, appealed to the electorate to end dynastic politics in the state. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Pakistan has made a mockery of its pledge to fight terrorism by allowing bail to 26/11 mastermind Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said on Friday. Speaking in the Lok Sabha, she said: "Pakistan had given an assurance to fight terror in all forms. But by this, it has made a mockery of it. "We reject the argument that the evidence against Lakhvi, who is the mastermind of 26/11, was not sufficient. "Pakistan had six years time to collect evidence. It was their duty. We demand from Pakistan that this decision should be overturned." India has said that Lakhvi, as the former operational commander of the Lashkar-e-Taiba, was among those who masterminded the Mumbai terror attack that left 166 people dead in 2008. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
Congress president Sonia Gandhi was "stable and recovering well", a hospital statement said on Friday. The Congress president was admitted to the Sir Ganga Ram Hospital in New Delhi on Thursday for an infection in the lower respiratory tract. "Sonia Gandhi was admitted to Sir Ganga Ram Hospital yesterday (on Thursday) evening with lower respiratory tract infection and some breathing difficulty for further treatment and observation," Ajay Swaroop, chairman (offg.), board of management, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, said in a statement. "Her condition is stable and she is recovering well," he added. She was was admitted under the care of Arup Kumar Basu, senior consultant and chairman of respiratory medicine and his team. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
India has strongly conveyed to Pakistan its sentiments on the release of Mumbai terrorist attack mastermind Zaki-ur Rehman Lakhvi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Friday. The prime minister said in the Lok Sabha that the release on bail of the Lashkar-e-Taiba commander had come as a "shock" to "all those who believe in humanity". India's approach towards Pakistan on the issue would be in tune with the sentiments expressed by Indian MPs, he added. Source: IANSclick here for more news..
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Election System in India
Types of Elections in India
Following are the major types of elections in the country:
- Elections to Lok Sabha
- Elections to Rajya Sabha
- Elections to State Assemblies
- Elections to Legislative Council
- Elections to the posts of President, Vice-President.
- Elections to Local Bodies
- Municipal Corporation
- Gram Panchayat Elections
- Zila Panchayat Elections
- Block Panchayat Elections
The Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise as the main method of democratic representation in the Lok Sabha and in the State Legislative Assemblies. The original Article 325, providing for adult suffrage fixed the age of eligibility to vote for elections to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabhas, at 21 years, but by the 62nd Amendment to this clause passed in 1989, it has been reduced to 18 years.
Election Process in India
In an election, various candidates of different parties contest against each other, out of which the people elect their representative. The stages of the election process of India include delimitation of constituencies wherein the entire area (the whole country in the case of Lok Sabha elections and that particular state in the case of Legislative Assembly elections) is divided into constituencies. After the demarcation of constituency, the voters' list of each constituency is prepared and published and nomination papers are filed by the candidates. Thereafter, nomination papers are scrutinised. The next stage is the campaign by all the candidates and the parties. The election campaign ends 48 hours before the polling. The last step is the counting of votes and declaration of result.
Political Parties in India
A political party is a group of people who want to achieve common goals by contesting elections and exercising political power upon winning. India has a multi-party system. Some of the major political parties in India are: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj party (BSP), Samajwadi Party, Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), National Congress Party (NCP), Janata Dal United (JDU) and Shiv Sena. There are also various regional parties in India.
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