List of Cabinet Ministers of India with Photo and PortfolioPrime Minister Narendra Modi's cabinet is slightly smaller in size than that of his predecessor Manmohan Singh's 77. It has 66 ministers, including 28 cabinet ministers, the Prime Minister, 38 Ministers of State and Minister of State (Independent charge) combined. The top ministers in his cabinet are Rajnath Singh who has got Home Ministry, Sushma Swaraj who has been handed External Affairs Ministry and Arun Jaitley who is going to oversee Finance and Corporate Affairs.
The Narendra Modi government effected its first cabinet reshuffle since taking office on 5 July, 2016. HRD Minister Smriti Irani has been shifted to Textiles. Babul Supriyo, the Union Minister of State for Urban Planning has been shifted to Heavy Industries. Minorities' Affairs Minister Najma Heptullah put in her papers to pave way for her deputy Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi. Venkaiah Naidu has been handed over the Information & Broadcasting Ministry portfolio by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. Heavy Industries minister G.M. Siddheshawara has been removed.
State Ministers of India with Independent Charge
|1||Ministry of Planning in the Ministry of Urban Development and in the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation||Rao Inderjit Singh|
|2||Ministry of Labour and Employment||Bandaru Dattatreya|
|3||Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship||Rajiv Pratap Rudy|
|4||Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and in the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation||Vijay Goel|
|5||Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH)||Shripad Yesso Naik|
|6||Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas||Dharmendra Pradhan|
|7||Ministry of Power, Ministry of Coal, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and Ministry of Mines||Piyush Goyal|
|8||Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy and Minister of State in the Department of Space||Dr. Jitendra Singh|
|9||Minister of State Ministry of Commerce and Industry||Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman|
|10||Minister of State Ministry of Culture, Minister of State and Ministry of Tourism||Dr. Mahesh Sharma|
|11||Minister of State Ministry of Communications and Railways||Manoj Sinha|
|12||Minister of State Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change||Anil Madhav Dave|
Ministers of State
|1||External Affairs||General (Retd.) V.K. Singh|
|2||Finance||Santosh Kumar Gangwar|
|3||Health and Family Welfare||Faggan Singh Kulaste|
|4||Minority Affairs and Parliamentary Affairs||Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi|
|5||Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and Parliamentary Affairs||S.S. Ahluwalia|
|6||Social Justice and Empowerment||Ramdas Athawale|
|7||Rural Development||Ram Kripal Yadav|
|8||Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises||Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary|
|9||Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises||Giriraj Singh|
|10||Home Affairs||Hansraj Gangaram Ahir|
|11||Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises||G.M. Siddeshwara|
|12||Drinking Water and Sanitation||Ramesh Chandappa Jigajinagi|
|14||Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and Panchayati Raj||Parshottam Rupala|
|15||External Affairs||M. J. Akbar|
|16||Human Resource Development||Upendra Kushwaha|
|17||Road Transport and Highways and Shipping||Radhakrishnan|
|18||Home Affairs||Kiren Rijiju|
|19||Social Justice and Empowerment||Krishan Pal|
|20||Tribal Affairs||Jaswantsinh Sumanbhai Bhabhor|
|21||Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation||Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Balyan|
|23||Agriculture and Farmers Welfare||Sudarshan|
|24||Science and Technology and Earth Sciences||Y.S. Chowdary|
|25||Civil Aviation||Jayant Sinha|
|26||Information and Broadcasting||Col. Rajyavardhan Rathore|
|27||Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises||Babul Supriyo|
|28||Food Processing Industries||Sadhvi Niranjan|
|29||Social Justice and Empowerment||Vijay Sampla|
|30||Finance and Corporate Affairs||Arjun Ram Meghwal|
|31||Human Resource Development||Dr. Mahendra Nath Pandey|
|33||Women and Child Development||Smt. Krishna Raj|
|34||Road Transport and Highways Shipping and Chemicals and Fertilizers||Mansukh L. Mandaviya|
|35||Health and Family Welfare||Smt. Anupriya|
|36||Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution||C. R. Chaudhary|
|37||Law and Justice and Electronics and Information Technology||P.P. Chaudhary|
|38||Defence||Dr. Subhash Ramrao Bhamre|
What is Union Cabinet of India and How it Works?According to the Constitution of India, in the everyday administration the Prime Minister is assisted by the Council of Ministers, which consists of the Cabinet Ministers, Deputy Ministers, Ministers of State with independent charge, Ministers of State working with the Cabinet Ministers and others. The Prime Minister is the Chairperson of the Cabinet. The core Council of Ministers is called the Cabinet, ministers of which are decided by the PM. The various departments are allotted to various ministers by the PM. The PM presides over Cabinet meetings and oversees the important functions of the Cabinet. Ministers are removed from departments if the PM does not approve of the performance of the minister.
Cabinet Ministers and Prime MinisterThe Prime Minister of India is the Head of the Union Government. Unlike the President who is the Head of the State, the PM is the Chief of government at the Centre In other words, he is the real head of the executive branch of the Union Government. He is the Leader of the House of Parliament to which he belongs.
The PM also oversees defence-related issues of the country. He makes all important policies and schemes of the government. He has to devote attention to all judicial appointments, appointments to State Administrative Tribunals, Central Administrative Tribunal, UPSC, Election Commission. The PM is solely in-charge of certain departments or ministries like Ministry of Planning, Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Space and Ministry of Personal, Public Grievances and Pensions.
Categories of Ministers in GovernmentThere are three categories of ministers within the Council of Ministers - Cabinet, Ministers of State with independent charges and Ministers of State working with the Cabinet Ministers.
Roles and Responsibilities of Cabinet Ministers of India The Cabinet of India is the core of the Council of Ministers of the Union Government, and the collective decision-making body. All the important portfolios of the Central Government together comprise the Cabinet. Some of the most important ministries are Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Commerce and Industry and others.
The role of the Cabinet ranges from advising the Council of Ministers and provide assistance to them, attend Cabinet meetings called by either the Prime Minister or any one of the Cabinet ministers to discuss issues related to his ministry. More importantly, it is the role of the Cabinet primarily to keep the confidence of the Houses of Parliament during the party's tenure in the Union government. It is the collective responsibility of the Cabinet to be accountable to the two Houses of Parliament, for its policies and schemes.
Roles and Responsibilities of Ministers of State with independent charges The Ministers of State with independent charges are the second category of ministers in the Council of Ministers. They are not as important in their role as the Cabinet. There is no overseeing Cabinet Minister for the portfolio of the Minister of state with independent charges.
Roles and Responsibilities of Ministers of State Ministers of State working with the Cabinet Ministers are the third rank of ministers. These are junior ministers who assist the Cabinet Minister in the particular portfolio. These junior ministers look after one or two aspects of the Cabinet portfolio, and not the whole ministry as such.