List of Chief Ministers for all states of india
|State||Chief Minister Name||Party||State||Chief Minister Name||Party|
|Andhra Pradesh||Chandrababu Naidu||TDP||Manipur||Okram Ibobi Singh||INC|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Nabam Tuki||INC||Meghalaya||Mukul Sangma||INC|
|Assam||Tarun Gogoi||INC||Mizoram||Pu Lalthanhawla||INC|
|Bihar||Nitish Kumar||JD(U)||Nagaland||TR Zeliang||NPF|
|Chhattisgarh||Dr. Raman Singh||BJP||Orissa||Naveen Patnaik||BJD|
|Delhi||Arvind Kejriwal||AAP||Puducherry||N. Rangasamy||AINRC|
|Goa||Laxmikant Parsekar||BJP||Punjab||Parkash Singh Badal||BJD|
|Gujarat||Smt. Anandiben Patel||BJP||Rajasthan||Smt. Vasundhara Scindia Raje||BJP|
|Haryana||Manohar Lal Khattar||BJP||Sikkim||Pawan Kumar Chamling||SDF|
|Himachal Pradesh||Virbhadra Singh||INC||Tamilnadu||O. Panneerselvam||AIADMK|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed||JKNC||Telangana||K. Chandrasekhar Rao||TRS|
|Jharkhand||Raghubar Das||BJP||Tripura||Manik Sarkar||CPI|
|Karnataka||K. Siddaramaiah||INC||Uttar Pradesh||Akhilesh Yadav||SP|
|Kerala||Oommen Chandy||INC||Uttarakhand||Harish Rawat||INC|
|Madhya Pradesh||Shivraj Singh Chauhan||BJP||West Bengal||Km. Mamata Banerjee||AITMC|
|Maharashtra||Devendra Gangadhar Fadnavis||BJP|
About Chief Ministers of Indian states
Roles and Responsibilities of the Chief Minister
According to the Indian Constitution, the elected head of the council of ministers in a state is the Chief Minister (CM). Although, the Governor is the official 'head of the state', yet it is the Chief Minister who is vested with the 'de facto' executive powers.
Chief Minister is the real head of a state, unlike the Governor, who is the ceremonial head. Since India has adopted the Westminster Model of constitutional democracy, it is the CM who oversees the day-to-day functioning of the state government.
According to the Indian Constitution, in the everyday administration, the CM is assisted by the council of ministers, which consists of cabinet ministers, deputy ministers and others. The CM is appointed by and sworn in by the Governor.
Power and Authority of Chief Minister
The powers and functions enjoyed by the Chief Minister are similar to those of the Prime Minister of India, within a restricted jurisdiction of a state. Some of these are mentioned below:
- The Chief Minister is the chief spokesperson of the government of a state. With the help of media, the CM communicates all policies and decisions to the people of the state. The CM holds regular or periodic press conferences wherein he/she makes the citizens of a state aware of the functioning of the government.
All major decisions in the state are taken by the CM with the support of the council of ministers. Since the CM is the 'executive' head of the state, the technological, infrastructural and socio-economic development rests solely within his/her duty and jurisdiction. The state government is financially aided by the Centre, in terms of resources and materials.
Salary of Chief Minister
The salary of Chief Minister of a state in India, like that of the prime minister of the country, is accompanied by a number of other allowances, besides the basic pay, such as constituency allowances, sumptuary allowances ( tax free) and daily allowances.
The salary of the CM is decided by the respective state legislatures in the country, as per Article 164 of the Indian Constitution. Thus it varies from one state to another.
Facilities availed by the Chief Minister
The facilities given to the Chief Minister of a state can include medical facilities, residential facilities, reimbursement of electricity and phone charges, traveling facilities and many more. The amount allotted for each of these facilities to the Chief Minister varies from one state to another, as these are specifically detailed in the respective state legislatures of the country.
- Medical facilities: In accordance with the Medical Attendance Rules, the Chief Minister is entitled to avail free medical treatment, reimbursement and free accommodation in all hospitals run by the Government and other referral hospitals declared by the government.
- Residence facilities:The Chief Minister is entitled to a rent-free and well furnished residence. The amount, however, can vary in different states. In case, the Chief Minister decides to stay in his or her own house, the value of the house rental is paid to the Chief Minister.
- Reimbursement of electricity and phone charges:The Chief Minister is entitled to a fixed amount of money as reimbursement against phone call charges made in a month. A fixed quantity of electricity units are allotted free of cost to the Chief Minister, for the monthly consumption of electricity.
- Travelling facilities: The Chief Minister is allotted a fixed amount of money for his or her traveling expenses within the jurisdiction of the country, in a year. This amount also varies, as outlined in Article 164 of the Indian Constitution. The Chief Minister’s family members are also entitled to a certain amount for free traveling in a year.
Selection Process of Chief Minister
The appointing authority is the governor, who suggests a vote of confidence procedurally in the state legislature, to establish the selection of the Chief Minister.
According to the Westminster model of parliamentary system that India follows, the Chief Minister is not elected directly by the people of a state. The people only elect particular representatives from various constituencies in a state, as members of the state legislature or the Vidhan Sabha (MLAs). These representatives, especially from the majority party which forms the government, then choose the Chief Minister from among them. The tenure of the Chief Minister is for a period of five years, when the state legislative assembly is dissolved and fresh elections are held. However, the tenure of the Chief Minister can be terminated by the governor before the period of five years, when the majority party loses the confidence vote in the state legislative assembly.
Term of Office and Retirement Age
The tenure of CM is for five years, when the state legislative assembly is dissolved and fresh elections are held in the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly). However, the tenure of the Chief Minister can be terminated by the governor before the period of five years, when the majority party/alliance loses the confidence vote in the state legislative assembly. The Chief Minister can also resign from his or her post before the completion of the term.
There is no age for the retirement of the Chief Minister. Although, the minimum age for becoming the Chief Minister is 25 years, there is no upper age limit till when he or she can serve the post of a Chief Minister.
Pension of Chief Minister
According to the Constitution of India, the Chief Minister of a state is entitled to a certain amount of pension after his or her retirement. However, the amount varies in the respective state legislatures. In the case of death of the Chief Minister, his or her spouse is entitled to pension too.
Interesting Facts about Chief Ministers
- The first woman Chief Minister in the history of independent India was Sucheta Kriplani of the Indian National Congress (INC). She served the post of the CM of Uttar Pradesh from 1963 to 1967. Closely following her was Nandini Satpathy who governed Odisha as the CM from 1972 to 1976.
- The first Dalit Chief Minister of any Indian state was Mayawati of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). Mayawati also had a significant record of being one of the longest-serving Chief Ministers of UP, being in office for a total of 2554 days.
- Jyoti Basu of the CPI (M) is the longest-serving Chief Minister of any state in India. He remained the CM of West Bengal from 1977 to 2000, being in power for 8539 days. It was under his regime that the historic land reform movement 'Operation Barga' was carried out throughout rural West Bengal, a model soon replicated in other parts of the country.
- Nadendla Bhaskara Rao has served the shortest-term as a Chief Minister. He remained the CM of Andhra Pradesh for a very brief period of only 31 days in 1984.
- In a more recent instance, Arvind Kejriwal of Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) functioned as CM of Delhi only for 49 days, after which he resigned over the non-passage of anti-graft legislation, the Jan Lokpal Bill.
- The only female Chief Minister to lead her government for three consecutive terms in any state of independent India is Sheila Dikshit of the INC. Dikshit remained the CM of Delhi for a continuous term from 1998 to 2013.
- The only Chief Minister of a state in India to have been blamed for not taking decisive action against communal riots in the country is Narendra Modi, the former Chief Minister of Gujarat and the incumbent Prime Minister of India. Though, he was given a clean chit by the Special Investigative Team (SIT) in 2007.
- The first Chief Minister who died in office was C N Annadurai from Tamil Nadu.
- Janaki Ramachandran of AIADMK is the only woman Chief Minister to have remained in office for a mere term of 23 days.
- J Jayalalitha of the AIADMK, the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, was a popular actress in the film industry, before she joined politics.
- Mamata Banerjee, the present CM of West Bengal and the TMC supremo, is the only leader who could oust the 34 years of Left Front rule in the state. She remains, to this day, one of the consistent critics of the Left Front.
- The first Muslim woman to become the Chief Minister of any state in India is Syeda Anwara Taimur. A Congress leader, she remained CM of the north-eastern state of Assam, from December 1980 to June 1981.
Women Chief Ministers in India
|S no.||Name of State||Name of Chief Minister|
|1||Gujarat||Smt. Anandiben Patel|
|2||Rajasthan||Smt. Vasundhara Scindia Raje|
|3||West Bengal||Km. Mamata Banerjee|
Non BJP and Congress Chief Ministers in India
|S no.||Name of State||Name of Chief Minister|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Chandrababu Naidu|
|2||Bihar||Jitan Ram Manjhi|
|4||Jammu and Kashmir||President's rule|
|9||Punjab||Parkash Singh Badal|
|10||Sikkim||Pawan Kumar Chamling|
|12||Telangana||K. Chandrasekhar Rao|
|14||Uttar Pradesh||Akhilesh Yadav|
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Last Updated on March 2, 2015