Navigation
Track Your Constituency
Type

Chief Ministers of India


About Chief Ministers of Indian states

Roles and Responsibilities of the Chief Minister


According to the Indian Constitution, the elected head of the council of ministers in a state is the Chief Minister (CM).
Although, the Governor is the official 'head of the state', yet it is the Chief Minister who is vested with the 'de facto' executive powers.

Chief Minister is the real head of a state, unlike the Governor, who is the ceremonial head. Since India has adopted the Westminster Model of constitutional democracy, it is the CM who oversees the day-to-day functioning of the state government.

According to the Indian Constitution, in the everyday administration, the CM is assisted by the council of ministers, which consists of cabinet ministers, deputy ministers and others. The CM is appointed by and sworn in by the Governor.

Power and Authority of Chief Minister


The powers and functions enjoyed by the Chief Minister are similar to those of the Prime Minister of India, within a restricted jurisdiction of a state. Some of these are mentioned below:
  • The CM holds the executive powers of state government. He/she has the power to form his council of ministers, choosing members of his party for particular ministries within the working of the state. The core council of ministers is called the Cabinet, members of which are decided by the Chief Minister. The various departments are allotted to various ministers by the CM. Ministers are removed from their portfolios if the CM does not like his/her performance.
  • The CM is the link between the Governor and the council of ministers. He is required to communicate to the Governor the workings of the various wings of the government. Similarly, the advice and suggestions of the Governor are communicated to the council of ministers by the CM.
  • The CM has a pivotal role in the financial matters of a state, including the budget, basic infrastructural and developmental priorities of the state, financial planning and economic growth of the state and others.
  • The Chief Minister is the chief spokesperson of the government of a state. With the help of media, the CM communicates all policies and decisions to the people of the state. The CM holds regular or periodic press conferences wherein he/she makes the citizens of a state aware of the functioning of the government.

All major decisions in the state are taken by the CM with the support of the council of ministers. Since the CM is the 'executive' head of the state, the technological, infrastructural and socio-economic development rests solely within his/her duty and jurisdiction. The state government is financially aided by the Centre, in terms of resources and materials.

Inside the page
Power and Authority of Chief Minister Salary of Chief Minister Facilities of Chief Minister
Eligibility for Chief Minister Selection Process of Chief Minister Term of Office and Retirement Age
Pension of Chief Minister List of Chief Ministers for all states of India Congress Ruling States in India
BJP Ruling States in India Women Chief Ministers in India Non BJP and Congress Chief Ministers in India

Salary of Chief Minister


The salary of Chief Minister of a state in India, like that of the prime minister of the country, is accompanied by a number of other allowances, besides the basic pay, such as constituency allowances, sumptuary allowances ( tax free) and daily allowances.

The salary of the CM is decided by the respective state legislatures in the country, as per Article 164 of the Indian Constitution. Thus it varies from one state to another.


Facilities of Chief Minister


The facilities given to the Chief Minister of a state can include medical facilities, residential facilities, reimbursement of electricity and phone charges, traveling facilities and many more. The amount allotted for each of these facilities to the Chief Minister varies from one state to another, as these are specifically detailed in the respective state legislatures of the country.
  • Medical facilities: In accordance with the Medical Attendance Rules, the Chief Minister is entitled to avail free medical treatment, reimbursement and free accommodation in all hospitals run by the Government and other referral hospitals declared by the government.
  • Residence facilities:The Chief Minister is entitled to a rent-free and well furnished residence. The amount, however, can vary in different states. In case, the Chief Minister decides to stay in his or her own house, the value of the house rental is paid to the Chief Minister.
  • Reimbursement of electricity and phone charges:The Chief Minister is entitled to a fixed amount of money as reimbursement against phone call charges made in a month. A fixed quantity of electricity units are allotted free of cost to the Chief Minister, for the monthly consumption of electricity.
  • Travelling facilities: The Chief Minister is allotted a fixed amount of money for his or her traveling expenses within the jurisdiction of the country, in a year. This amount also varies, as outlined in Article 164 of the Indian Constitution. The Chief Minister’s family members are also entitled to a certain amount for free traveling in a year.

Selection Process of Chief Minister


The appointing authority is the governor, who suggests a vote of confidence procedurally in the state legislature, to establish the selection of the Chief Minister.

According to the Westminster model of parliamentary system that India follows, the Chief Minister is not elected directly by the people of a state. The people only elect particular representatives from various constituencies in a state, as members of the state legislature or the Vidhan Sabha (MLAs). These representatives, especially from the majority party which forms the government, then choose the Chief Minister from among them. The tenure of the Chief Minister is for a period of five years, when the state legislative assembly is dissolved and fresh elections are held. However, the tenure of the Chief Minister can be terminated by the governor before the period of five years, when the majority party loses the confidence vote in the state legislative assembly.

Term of Office and Retirement Age


The tenure of CM is for five years, when the state legislative assembly is dissolved and fresh elections are held in the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly). However, the tenure of the Chief Minister can be terminated by the governor before the period of five years, when the majority party/alliance loses the confidence vote in the state legislative assembly. The Chief Minister can also resign from his or her post before the completion of the term.

There is no age for the retirement of the Chief Minister. Although, the minimum age for becoming the Chief Minister is 25 years, there is no upper age limit till when he or she can serve the post of a Chief Minister.

Pension of Chief Minister


According to the Constitution of India, the Chief Minister of a state is entitled to a certain amount of pension after his or her retirement. However, the amount varies in the respective state legislatures. In the case of death of the Chief Minister, his or her spouse is entitled to pension too.

Interesting Facts about Chief Minister

  • The first woman Chief Minister in the history of independent India was Sucheta Kriplani of the Indian National Congress (INC). She served the post of the CM of Uttar Pradesh from 1963 to 1967. Closely following her was Nandini Satpathy who governed Odisha as the CM from 1972 to 1976.
  • The first Dali Chief Minister of any Indian state was Mayawati of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). Mayawati also had a significant record of being one of the longest-serving Chief Ministers of UP, being in office for a total of 2554 days.
  • Jyoti Basu of the CPI (M) is the longest-serving Chief Minister of any state in India. He remained the CM of West Bengal from 1977 to 2000, being in power for 8539 days. It was under his regime that the historic land reform movement 'Operation Barga' was carried out throughout rural West Bengal, a model soon replicated in other parts of the country.
  • Nadendla Bhaskara Rao has served the shortest-term as a Chief Minister. He remained the CM of Andhra Pradesh for a very brief period of only 31 days in 1984.
  • In a more recent instance, Arvind Kejriwal of Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) functioned as CM of Delhi only for 49 days, after which he resigned over the non-passage of anti-graft legislation, the Jan Lokpal Bill.
  • The only female Chief Minister to lead her government for three consecutive terms in any state of independent India is Sheila Dikshit of the INC. Dikshit remained the CM of Delhi for a continuous term from 1998 to 2013.
  • The only Chief Minister of a state in India to have been blamed for not taking decisive action against communal riots in the country is Narendra Modi, the former Chief Minister of Gujarat and the incumbent Prime Minister of India. Though, he was given a clean chit by the Special Investigative Team (SIT) in 2007.


  • The first Chief Minister who died in office was C N Annadurai from Tamil Nadu.
  • Janaki Ramachandran of AIADMK is the only woman Chief Minister to have remained in office for a mere term of 23 days.
  • J Jayalalitha of the AIADMK, the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, was a popular actress in the film industry, before she joined politics.
  • Mamata Banerjee, the present CM of West Bengal and the TMC supremo, is the only leader who could oust the 34 years of Left Front rule in the state. She remains, to this day, one of the consistent critics of the Left Front.
  • The first Muslim woman to become the Chief Minister of any state in India is Syeda Anwara Taimur. A Congress leader, she remained CM of the north-eastern state of Assam, from December 1980 to June 1981.

List of Chief Ministers for all states of India

Congress Ruling States in India

S no.Name of StateName of Chief Minister
1Arunachal PradeshNabam Tuki
2AssamShri Tarun Gogoi
3Himachal PradeshShri Virbhadra Singh
4KeralaShri Oommen Chandy
5ManipurShri Okram Ibobi Singh
6MeghalayaMukul Sangma
7Mizoram Pu Lalthanhawla

BJP-ruled States in India

S no.Name of StateName of Chief Minister
1ChhattisgarhDr. Raman Singh
2GoaShri Laxmikant Parsekar
3HaryanaShri Manohar Lal Khattar
4GujaratSmt. Anandiben Patel
5JharkhandShri Raghubar Das
6Madhya PradeshShri Shivraj Singh Chauhan
7MaharashtraShri Devendra Gangadhar Fadnavis
8RajasthanSmt. Vasundhara Scindia Raje


Women Chief Ministers in India

S no.Name of StateName of Chief Minister
1GujaratSmt. Anandiben Patel
2RajasthanSmt. Vasundhara Scindia Raje
3West BengalKm. Mamata Banerjee

Non BJP and Congress-ruled States in India

S no.Name of StateName of Chief Minister
1Andhra PradeshChandrababu Naidu
2BiharShri Jitan Ram Manjhi
3DelhiPresident's rule
4Jammu and KashmirOmar Abdullah
5KarnatakaShri K. Siddaramaiah
6NagalandShri TR Zeliang
7OrissaShri Naveen Patnaik
8PuducherryShri N. Rangasamy
9PunjabShri Parkash Singh Badal
10SikkimShri Pawan Kumar Chamling
11TamilnaduO. Panneerselvam
12TelanganaK. Chandrasekhar Rao
13TripuraShri Manik Sarkar
14Uttar PradeshAkhilesh Yadav
15UttarakhandShri Harish Rawat

Government Latest News And Update

Maharashtra, Haryana Polls: Counting of votes tomorrow
October 18, 2014 05:08 PM
  Maharashra and Haryana went to polls on 15 October. Now all eyes are on 19 October when the process of vote counting will start at 8 AM. The elections for the 288-member Maharashtra Assembly and 90-member Haryana Assembly being considered as the test of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's pan-India appeal, post-general elections. Significantly, Haryana recorded a record turnout of 76.54 percent and Maharashtra witnessed 63.13 percent polling. According to a majority of exit polls, the BJP will emerge as the largest party in both Maharashtra and Haryana. 
Jayalalithaa released from Bangalore prison
October 18, 2014 04:27 PM
 Former Tamil Nadu chief minister J. Jayalalithaa was released from the central jail here after a Bangalore special court ordered her release today, a day after the Supreme Court granted her bail. "Jayalalithaa has left the jail... after completing the formalities," Karnataka Inspector General of Prisons (IGP) K.V. Gagandeep said. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister O. Pannerselvam, a few cabinet ministers and the ruling AIADMK's lawmakers were at the prison to receive her. Hundreds of fans and party cadres gathered near the jail to greet her. She will drive down to the old airport in the city's eastern suburb to fly back to Chennai, about 350 km from here. Earlier, Jayalalithaa's lawyers submitted to the judge a certified copy of the apex court order suspending her four-year jail term and granting interim bail till Dec 18. The special court on Saturday ordered her release. (IANS)  
All arrangements made for Haryana vote count Sunday
October 18, 2014 09:15 AM
All arrangements have been made for counting of votes Sunday (Oct 19) for the 90 assembly seats in Haryana, a senior officer said. The state's chief electoral officer Shrikant Walgad said that the counting of votes would be carried out at 90 counting centres at 57 places in the state. Majority of the results are expected to be out by Sunday afternoon. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was poised to take power in Haryana for the first time with exit polls earlier giving it a clear mandate at the end of keenly fought elections to the 90-member Haryana assembly. "We will get a clear mandate in the election results. The BJP will form the next government on its own. We will not need the support from anyone," a confident-looking Haryana BJP president Ram Bilas Sharma told media before a party meeting held in Rohtak, 75 km from New Delhi. The meeting was held to review its performance even before the election result. A number of BJP candidates in the assembly polls attended the meeting.  
Modi wave in Maharashtra, Haryana; will do a Dhoom II: Javadekar
October 18, 2014 09:06 AM
With exit polls predicting a BJP victory in Maharashtra and Haryana, Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar  said the polls predicted "clearly a Modi wave" and that the ruling party was going to do a "Dhoom II" success story in the two states. Speaking to media persons at the Foreign Correspondents Club of South Asia, Javadekar said "the overall prediction of exit polls has shown clearly a Modi wave", and added that "if the Lok Saba elections was a "Dhoom" then this is "Dhoom II".  "It (victory streak) is being continued in the same vein," he said referring to the hugely popular Bollywood film "Dhoom" and its equally super-hit sequel. He said in these assembly elections people are not looking to vote according to "caste and other smaller things they used to earlier".  The minister said that the public participation campaign launched by the Narendra Modi government "is changing mindsets and transforming India". (IANS)  
Anxious wait for the results of Haryana Assembly Elections
October 17, 2014 02:52 PM
Haryana Assembly Elections saw a record voter turnout on October 15, and the nation is awaiting  the results that would be out on Sunday, 19 October.    The election recorded a record 76 percent voter turnout. During the Lok Sabha Elections conducted four months ago, the voting percentage was 71.41 percent, whereas it stood at 72.29 percent during the Haryana Assembly Elections held in 2009. According to the exit polls by Times Now-C Voter, ABP-Nielsen and Today’s Chanakya,  the BJP will win the largest number of seats in Haryana, the Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) will be placed at the second position while Congress will be relegated to the third place. But while Times Now-C Voter poll survey says that the BJP would need the support of other parties to form the government, as per the ABP-Nielsen and Today’s Chanakya survey, the BJP would form by itself.  

Last Updated on January 6, 2015


Compare Infobase Limited
(ISO 9001:2000 Certified Company)
Copyright elections.in All right reserved
feedback@elections.in