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Chief Minister of India

List of Chief Ministers of Indian States

S.No.StateChief MinistersTook OfficeParty
1Andhra Pradesh N.Chandrababu Naidu8 Jun 2014Telugu Desam Party
2Arunachal PradeshNabam Tuki1 Nov 2011Indian National Congress
3AssamTarun Kumar Gogoi17 May 2001Indian National Congress
4BiharNitish Kumar22 Feb 2015Janata Dal (United)
5Chhattisgarh Raman Singh7 Dec 2003Bharatiya Janata Party
6Delhi Arvind Kejriwal14 Feb 2015Aam Aadmi Party
7Goa Laxmikant Parsekar8 Nov 2014Bharatiya Janata Party
8GujaratAnandiben Patel22 May 2014Bharatiya Janata Party
9Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar26 Oct 2014Bharatiya Janata Party
10Himachal Pradesh Virbhadra Singh25 Dec 2012Indian National Congress
11Jammu and Kashmir Mufti Mohammad Sayeed1 Mar 2015PDP, BJP
12Jharkhand Raghubar Das28 Dec 2014Bharatiya Janata Party
13Karnataka Siddaramaiah13 May 2013Indian National Congress
14Kerala Oommen Chandy18 May 2011Indian National Congress
15Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chauhan29 Nov 2005Bharatiya Janata Party
16Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis31 Oct 2014Bharatiya Janata Party
17Manipur Okram Ibobi Singh2 Mar 2002Indian National Congress
18Meghalaya Mukul Sangma20 Apr 2010Indian National Congress
19Mizoram Pu Lalthanhawla7 Dec 2008Indian National Congress
20Nagaland T R Zeliang24 May 2014Nagaland People's Front
21Odisha Naveen Patnaik5 Mar 2000Biju Janata Dal
22Puducherry N. Rangaswamy16 May 2011All India NR Congress
23Punjab Parkash Singh Badal1 Mar 2007Shiromani Akali Dal
24Rajasthan Vasundhara Raje13 Dec 2013Bharatiya Janata Party
25Sikkim Pawan Kumar Chamling12 Dec 1994Sikkim Democratic Front
26Tamil Nadu J. Jayalalithaa23 May 2015All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
27Telangana K Chandrasekhar Rao2 Jun 2014Telangana Rashtriya Samiti (TRS)
28Tripura Manik Sarkar11 Mar 1998Communist Party of India (Marxist)
29Uttar Pradesh Akhilesh Yadav15 Mar 2012Samajwadi Party
30Uttarakhand Harish Rawat1 Feb 2014Indian National Congress
31West Bengal Mamata Banerjee20 May 2011All India Trinamool Congress

Inside the page
Power and Authority of Chief Minister Salary of Chief Minister Facilities availed by the Chief Minister
Selection Process of Chief Minister Term of Office and Retirement Age Pension of Chief Minister
List of Chief Ministers for all states of India Interesting Facts about Chief Ministers Women Chief Ministers in India
Non BJP and Congress Chief Ministers in India

About Chief Minister of Indian

Roles and Responsibilities of the Chief Minister

According to the Indian Constitution, the elected head of the council of ministers in a state is the Chief Minister (CM). Although, the Governor is the official 'head of the state', yet it is the Chief Minister who is vested with the 'de facto' executive powers.

Chief Minister is the real head of a state, unlike the Governor, who is the ceremonial head. Since India has adopted the Westminster Model of constitutional democracy, it is the CM who oversees the day-to-day functioning of the state government.

According to the Indian Constitution, in the everyday administration, the CM is assisted by the council of ministers, which consists of cabinet ministers, deputy ministers and others. The CM is appointed by and sworn in by the Governor.

Power and Authority of Chief Minister

The powers and functions enjoyed by the Chief Minister are similar to those of the Prime Minister of India, within a restricted jurisdiction of a state. Some of these are mentioned below:
  • The CM holds the executive powers of state government. He/she has the power to form his council of ministers, choosing members of his party for particular ministries within the working of the state. The core council of ministers is called the Cabinet, members of which are decided by the Chief Minister. The various departments are allotted to various ministers by the CM. Ministers are removed from their portfolios if the CM does not like his/her performance.
  • The CM is the link between the Governor and the council of ministers. He is required to communicate to the Governor the workings of the various wings of the government. Similarly, the advice and suggestions of the Governor are communicated to the council of ministers by the CM.
  • The CM has a pivotal role in the financial matters of a state, including the budget, basic infrastructural and developmental priorities of the state, financial planning and economic growth of the state and others.
  • The Chief Minister is the chief spokesperson of the government of a state. With the help of media, the CM communicates all policies and decisions to the people of the state. The CM holds regular or periodic press conferences wherein he/she makes the citizens of a state aware of the functioning of the government.
All major decisions in the state are taken by the CM with the support of the council of ministers. Since the CM is the 'executive' head of the state, the technological, infrastructural and socio-economic development rests solely within his/her duty and jurisdiction. The state government is financially aided by the Centre, in terms of resources and materials.

Salary of Chief Minister

The salary of Chief Minister of a state in India, like that of the prime minister of the country, is accompanied by a number of other allowances, besides the basic pay, such as constituency allowances, sumptuary allowances ( tax free) and daily allowances.

The salary of the CM is decided by the respective state legislatures in the country, as per Article 164 of the Indian Constitution. Thus it varies from one state to another.

Facilities availed by the Chief Minister

The facilities given to the Chief Minister of a state can include medical facilities, residential facilities, reimbursement of electricity and phone charges, traveling facilities and many more. The amount allotted for each of these facilities to the Chief Minister varies from one state to another, as these are specifically detailed in the respective state legislatures of the country.
  • Medical facilities: In accordance with the Medical Attendance Rules, the Chief Minister is entitled to avail free medical treatment, reimbursement and free accommodation in all hospitals run by the Government and other referral hospitals declared by the government.
  • Residence facilities:The Chief Minister is entitled to a rent-free and well furnished residence. The amount, however, can vary in different states. In case, the Chief Minister decides to stay in his or her own house, the value of the house rental is paid to the Chief Minister.
  • Reimbursement of electricity and phone charges:The Chief Minister is entitled to a fixed amount of money as reimbursement against phone call charges made in a month. A fixed quantity of electricity units are allotted free of cost to the Chief Minister, for the monthly consumption of electricity.
  • Travelling facilities: The Chief Minister is allotted a fixed amount of money for his or her traveling expenses within the jurisdiction of the country, in a year. This amount also varies, as outlined in Article 164 of the Indian Constitution. The Chief Minister’s family members are also entitled to a certain amount for free traveling in a year.

Selection Process of Chief Minister

The appointing authority is the governor, who suggests a vote of confidence procedurally in the state legislature, to establish the selection of the Chief Minister.

According to the Westminster model of parliamentary system that India follows, the Chief Minister is not elected directly by the people of a state. The people only elect particular representatives from various constituencies in a state, as members of the state legislature or the Vidhan Sabha (MLAs). These representatives, especially from the majority party which forms the government, then choose the Chief Minister from among them. The tenure of the Chief Minister is for a period of five years, when the state legislative assembly is dissolved and fresh elections are held. However, the tenure of the Chief Minister can be terminated by the governor before the period of five years, when the majority party loses the confidence vote in the state legislative assembly.

Term of Office and Retirement Age

The tenure of CM is for five years, when the state legislative assembly is dissolved and fresh elections are held in the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly). However, the tenure of the Chief Minister can be terminated by the governor before the period of five years, when the majority party/alliance loses the confidence vote in the state legislative assembly. The Chief Minister can also resign from his or her post before the completion of the term.

There is no age for the retirement of the Chief Minister. Although, the minimum age for becoming the Chief Minister is 25 years, there is no upper age limit till when he or she can serve the post of a Chief Minister.

Pension of Chief Minister

According to the Constitution of India, the Chief Minister of a state is entitled to a certain amount of pension after his or her retirement. However, the amount varies in the respective state legislatures. In the case of death of the Chief Minister, his or her spouse is entitled to pension too.

Interesting Facts about Chief Ministers

  • The first woman Chief Minister in the history of independent India was Sucheta Kriplani of the Indian National Congress (INC). She served the post of the CM of Uttar Pradesh from 1963 to 1967. Closely following her was Nandini Satpathy who governed Odisha as the CM from 1972 to 1976.
  • The first Dalit Chief Minister of any Indian state was Mayawati of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). Mayawati also had a significant record of being one of the longest-serving Chief Ministers of UP, being in office for a total of 2554 days.
  • Jyoti Basu of the CPI (M) is the longest-serving Chief Minister of any state in India. He remained the CM of West Bengal from 1977 to 2000, being in power for 8539 days. It was under his regime that the historic land reform movement 'Operation Barga' was carried out throughout rural West Bengal, a model soon replicated in other parts of the country.
  • Nadendla Bhaskara Rao has served the shortest-term as a Chief Minister. He remained the CM of Andhra Pradesh for a very brief period of only 31 days in 1984.
  • In a more recent instance, Arvind Kejriwal of Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) functioned as CM of Delhi only for 49 days, after which he resigned over the non-passage of anti-graft legislation, the Jan Lokpal Bill.
  • The only female Chief Minister to lead her government for three consecutive terms in any state of independent India is Sheila Dikshit of the INC. Dikshit remained the CM of Delhi for a continuous term from 1998 to 2013.
  • The only Chief Minister of a state in India to have been blamed for not taking decisive action against communal riots in the country is Narendra Modi, the former Chief Minister of Gujarat and the incumbent Prime Minister of India. Though, he was given a clean chit by the Special Investigative Team (SIT) in 2007.

  • The first Chief Minister who died in office was C N Annadurai from Tamil Nadu.
  • Janaki Ramachandran of AIADMK is the only woman Chief Minister to have remained in office for a mere term of 23 days.
  • J Jayalalitha of the AIADMK, the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, was a popular actress in the film industry, before she joined politics.
  • Mamata Banerjee, the present CM of West Bengal and the TMC supremo, is the only leader who could oust the 34 years of Left Front rule in the state. She remains, to this day, one of the consistent critics of the Left Front.
  • The first Muslim woman to become the Chief Minister of any state in India is Syeda Anwara Taimur. A Congress leader, she remained CM of the north-eastern state of Assam, from December 1980 to June 1981.
Women Chief Ministers in India
S no.Name of StateName of Chief Minister
1GujaratSmt. Anandiben Patel
2RajasthanSmt. Vasundhara Scindia Raje
3West BengalKm. Mamata Banerjee

Non BJP and Congress Chief Ministers in India
S no.Name of StateName of Chief Minister
1Andhra PradeshChandrababu Naidu
2BiharNitish Kumar
3DelhiArvind Kejriwal
4Jammu and KashmirMufti Mohammad Sayeed
5KarnatakaK. Siddaramaiah
6NagalandTR Zeliang
7OrissaNaveen Patnaik
8PuducherryN. Rangasamy
9PunjabParkash Singh Badal
10SikkimPawan Kumar Chamling
11TamilnaduJayaram Jayalalitha
12TelanganaK. Chandrasekhar Rao
13TripuraManik Sarkar
14Uttar PradeshAkhilesh Yadav
15UttarakhandHarish Rawat

Government Latest News And Updates

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October 18, 2014 09:06 AM
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Last Updated on August 24, 2015

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