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Was PM Modi's speech in Patna aimed at damaging the prospects of Nitish-Lalu alliance in Bihar?

Election Commission of India


S. Nasim Zaidi is the current Chief Election Commissioner of India.

Contact Details of Election Commissioners of India are:

NameDesignationEmailOffice No.Office Fax
S. Nasim ZaidiChief Election Commissionernasimzaidi@eci.gov.in23052323,2305242423052525
Mr. Achal Kumar JotiElection Commissionerakjoti@eci.gov.in23052132,2305213423052249
Mr. Vinod ZutshiDeputy Election Commissionervinodzutshi@eci.gov.in23052023,2305202423052025
Mr. Sudhir TripathiDeputy Election Commissioners.tripathi@eci.gov.in23052013,2305222823318497
Mr. Umesh SinhaDeputy Election Commissionerdecus@eci.gov.in23052081,2305222623052227
Mr. P.K. DashDirector Generalprasana.dash@eci.gov.in23356025, 2371502823318506

About Election Commission of India

The Election Commission of India (ECI) is a constitutional body responsible for administering elections in India according to the rules and regulations mentioned in the Constitution. It was established on January 25, 1950 with the aim to define and control the process for elections conducted at various levels: parliament, state legislatures, and the offices of the president and vice president of India. In other words, the ECI ensures smooth and successful functioning of the democracy.

Role of Election Commission of India
In its assigned role, the most crucial challenge before the Election Commission of India is to implement norms and the Model Code of Conduct to ensure free and fair elections in the country. Its existence and independence are necessitated by history, which has shown that democratic elections are not free from sabotage. Towards this end, it has been empowered to oversee political parties and candidates and take appropriate action in case of violations.

Structure

The secretariat of the commission has 300 officials, and is located in New Delhi. The deputy election commissioners and director generals are the senior-most officers in the secretariat. The President of India appoints the chief election commissioner, who serves for six years and must retire at the age of 65. The commissioner is generally a member of the Civil Services, and more often, of the Indian Administrative Services (IAS) or the Indian Revenue Services (IRS). He can be removed from his office through the process of impeachment, which needs to be carried out in the parliament. The President of India can remove the other officers on the chief commissioner's recommendation.


Functions and Powers

The main functions of the ECI are as follows:
  • The Election Commission of India is considered the custodian of free and fair elections.
  • It issues the Model Code of Conduct in every election for political parties and candidates so that the dignity of democracy is maintained.
  • It regulates political parties and registers them for being eligible to contest elections.
  • It publishes the limits of campaign expenditure per candidate allowed to the political parties, and also monitors the same.
  • The political parties must submit their annual reports to the ECI for getting tax benefit on contributions.
  • It ensures that all the political parties regularly submit their audited financial reports.
Some of the powers wielded by the ECI are as follows:
  • The commission can suppress the results of opinion polls if it deems such an action fit for the cause of democracy.
  • The commission can advise for disqualification of members after the elections if it thinks they have violated certain guidelines.
  • In case a candidate is found guilty of corrupt practices in elections, the Supreme Court and high courts consult the commission.
  • The commission can suspend candidates who fail to submit their election expense accounts timely.

New Initiatives taken by Election Commission

In order to bring improvements in the election procedure, the ECI has taken numerous steps. Some of them are as follows:
  • Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) were introduced to improve reliability and efficiency.
  • The website of the ECI was launched on February 28, 1998 to provide accurate information and instant results of the elections.
  • Electoral Photo Identity Cards (EPICs) were issued in 1993 to prevent electoral fraud. From the 2004 elections, these were made mandatory.
A few more initiatives taken recently by the ECI are:
  • New guidelines for broadcasting on state-owned electronic media.
  • Inspection of instances of criminalization in politics.
  • Computerized electoral rolls.
  • Issuing identity cards to electors.
  • Simplification of account maintenance and filing.
  • Measures for better enforcement of the Model Code of Conduct.

Address and Contact details

Election Commission of India
Nirvachan Sadan
Ashoka Road, New Delhi 110001
Tel: 011-23717391
Fax: 011-23713412
Email: feedbackeci@gmail.com

List of Chief Election Commissioners of India

S.No.NameTenure
1Nasim ZaidiApr 19, 2015 to Jul 12, 2017
2H. S. BrahmaJan 15, 2015 to Apr 18, 2015
3V. S. SampathJun 10, 2012 to Jan 15, 2015
4S. Y. QuraishiJul 30, 2010 to Jun 10, 2012
5Navin ChawlaApr 21, 2009 to Jul 29, 2010
6N. GopalaswamiJun 30, 2006 to Apr 20, 2009
7B. B. TandonMay 16, 2005 to Jun 29, 2006
8T. S. KrishnamurthyFeb 8, 2004 to May 15, 2005
9J. M. LyngdohJun 14, 2001 to Feb 7, 2004
10M. S. GillDec 12, 1996 to Jun 13, 2001
11T. N. SeshanDec 12, 1990 to Dec 11, 1996
12V. S. RamadeviNov 26, 1990 to Dec 11, 1990
13R. V. S. Peri SastriJan 1, 1986 to Nov 25, 1990
14R. K. TrivediJun 18, 1982 to Dec 31, 1985
15S. L. ShakdharJun 18, 1977 to Jun 17, 1982
16T. SwaminathanFeb 7, 1973 to Jun 17, 1977
17Nagendra SinghOct 1, 1972 to Feb 6, 1973
18S. P. Sen VermaOct 1, 1967 to Sep 30, 1972
19Kalyan SundaramDec 20, 1958 to Sep 30, 1967
20Sukumar SenMar 21, 1950 to Dec 19, 1958

State Election Commissions of India
Andhra Pradesh ECMaharashtra ECHaryana ECSikkim EC
Arunachal Pradesh ECMeghalaya ECJammu and Kashmir ECTelangana EC
Bihar ECMizoram ECJharkhand ECTripura EC
Chhattisgarh ECNagaland ECKarnataka ECUttarakhand EC
Delhi ECOdisha ECKerala ECUttar Pradesh EC
Goa ECPunjab ECMadhya Pradesh ECWest Bengal EC

State-wise Elections in India
Andhra PradeshHaryanaManipurRajasthan
Arunachal PradeshHimacahal PradeshMeghalayaSikkim
AssamJammu and KashmirMizoramTamil Nadu
BiharJharkhandNagalandTripura
ChhattisgarhKarnatakaOrissaUttarakhand
DelhiKeralaPunjabUttar Pradesh
GoaMadhya PradeshPondicherryWest Bengal


Last Updated on July 24, 2015


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