Delhi Election History
Delhi, also called the National Capital Territory of India, is situated on the west bank of the river Yamuna. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh on the east and south, Haryana on the west and Uttarakhand on the north. It is a metropolitan region and is spread over 1,484 square kilometres of area. Though constitutionally Delhi is a union territory, it is regarded as a state in India. It has its own judiciary (Delhi High Court), legislature (the Legislative Assembly) and executive council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as the head.
Delhi has a rich political tradition. From the ancient times, Delhi has been the seat of power and the capital of various dynasties and empires such as the mythical capital Indraprastha in the Mahabharata, the capital of the Delhi Sultanate, Lodhi Dynasty, Mughals, the British as well as independent India. New Delhi, the capital city of India as well as part of the Union Territory of Delhi, houses the major administrative and political buildings and institutions namely Lok Sabha or 'The House of People', Rajya Sabha or 'The Council of States', Rashtrapati Bhavan or 'the Official Residence of the President of India' and the Supreme Court of India. Delhi has seven Lok Sabha constituencies and seventy Legislative Assembly constituencies. There are national as well as regional political parties in Delhi.
Over the recent decades, a number of parties have formed coalitions in order to rule in Delhi. The BJP governed Delhi from 1993, with Madan Lal Khurana as the Chief Minister. See Delhi Assembly Election 2013 Results
List of Parliamentary Constituencies in Delhi
According to the number of voters living in various regions, the National Capital Territory of Delhi is divided into seven constituencies. Out of these, one constituency (North West Delhi) is reserved for SC candidates. In order to arrive at better administration, these constituencies are divided into various segments.
|P.C. No.||P.C. Name||P.C. No.||P.C. Name||P.C. No.||P.C. Name|
|1||New Delhi||3||Outer Delhi||5||Chandni Chowk|
|2||South Delhi||4||East Delhi||6||Delhi Sadar|
|7||Karol Bagh (SC)|
Delhi Elections News
With Delhi Assembly polls resulting in a hung assembly, Delhi’s Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung has called over Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Chief Ministerial candidate of the BJP, today, to discuss all possibilities of government formation, be...
Kejriwal maintains his stand, no alliance with BJP... - 11-Dec-2013
On Tuesday, AAP Chief Arvind Kejriwal confirmed his party’s stand against any sort of post-poll alliance with the BJP in Delhi. A day after his colleague Prashant Bhushan made statements which went against the ideologies and political...
Kejriwal’s confidante and colleague Prashant Bhushan has claimed that AAP may give ‘issue-based’ support to BJP in Delhi, as part of the party’s future course of action. His statements have stirred the political worl...
More than anything or anybody else, it is Arvind Kejriwal who has stunned everyone with his presence in the Delhi Assembly elections of this year. Debutant Kejriwal, who heads his nascent political party AAP, not only managed to win the pre...
Counting of votes has begun in Delhi, with the early leads predicting a comfortable position for the BJP, while debutant AAP’s President Arvind Kejriwal is leading in the prestigious New Delhi constituency, which witnessed a triangula...
Delhi Assembly Elections 2013
Results for the 2013 Delhi Assembly polls were announced on Sunday, December 8. The Congress which was in power in the capital for the last fifteen years faced a major defeat winning only 8 out of the 70 Assembly constituencies in Delhi. BJP won 32 seats, falling short by 3 seats to reach the half-way mark. A significant entry into the political game was made by nascent Aam Aadmi Party, which debuted in the Delhi elections winning as many as 28 seats. Other political parties bagged 2 seats. AAP President Arvind Kejriwal defeated Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit in the New Delhi constituency with a huge margin of over 25,000 votes. AAP’s success has taken most political rivals by surprise. Harsh Vardhan, BJP’s Chief Ministerial candidate won in the Krishna Nagar constituency. Since no single political party managed to gain the magic number of winning 36 constituencies in order to form the Delhi government, it has resulted in a hung assembly. According to AAP press statements, it will not provide alliance to the BJP in Delhi, thereby declining possibilities of a coalition government in the capital.
Polling statistics of Delhi Assembly Elections 2013
|Delhi Political Parties Candidate List|
|BJP Candidate List||Congress Candidate List||Aam Aadmy Party Candidates|
Political Parties of Delhi
Because of its importance as a political nucleus of India, Delhi has both national as well as regional political parties.
The national parties are:
- INC - Indian National Congress
- BJP - Bharatiya Janata Party
- BSP - Bahujan Samaj Party
- CPIM - Communist Party of India, Marxist
- CPI - Communist Party of India
- SP - Socialist Party
- KMPP - Kisan Majdoor Praja Party
- AISCF - All India Scheduled Caste Federation
- FBL (MG) - F.B (Marxist Group)
- RSP - Revolutionary Socialist Party
- RRP - Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad
- HMS - Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha
|India Elections 2013|
|Delhi Elections 2013||Rajasthan Elections 2013||Madhya Pradesh Elections 2013||Mizoram Elections 2013|
|Delhi Assembly elections 2013 FAQ|
Administration of Delhi
The supreme governing authority of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT) is in the hands of the Government of Delhi. The NCT consists of 11 districts, 27 tehsils, 59 census towns, more than 300 villages and 3 local municipal corporations. The local municipal corporations of Delhi are namely, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), the Delhi Cantonment Board and the New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC). The civic administration of Delhi is controlled by the MCD. The ceremonial head of the state of Delhi is the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi who is appointed by the President of India. The real head of Delhi is the Chief Minister, who is vested with the important executive functions. He/she has a council of ministers who assist him/her in various departments in the proper governance of Delhi.
State Legislative Assembly of Delhi
The Delhi Legislative Assembly popularly known as the Vidhan Sabha was first formed on 17th March 1952 under the Government of Part-C States Act of 1951. It is a unicameral legislature and has 70 MLAs or Members of the Legislative Assembly. It is situated in the Old Secretariat Building on Raisina Hills. The term of the Vidhan Sabha is 5 years, unless it is dissolved earlier. Periodic elections are held to elect members of the Vidhan Sabha. There are three sessions of the Delhi Legislative Assembly - budget, winter and monsoon. The members of the Delhi Legislative Assembly consist of many female candidates, as well as SC and ST candidates. The present speaker of the Delhi Vidhan Sabha is Dr. Yoganand Shastri. Shri Amrish Kumar Singh is the Deputy Speaker. Shiela Dikshit is the Leader of the House and Shri Vijay Kumar Malhotra is the Leader of the Opposition. November 2013 is expected to witness latest elections in Delhi State Assembly.
List of Chief Ministers of Delhi
The Chief Minister of Delhi heads the party achieving majority in the Elections in Delhi assembly. He also leads the Council of Ministers. Of the eight assembly elections held in Delhi so far, five were won by the Congress party. The years 1956-1993 saw the imposition of President’s Rule. Following is a list of Chief Ministers of Delhi.
|SI no.||Chief Minister||From||To||Party Name|
|1||Chaudhary Brahm Prakash||1952||1955||INC|
|2||G N Singh||1955||1956||INC|
|3||Madan Lal Khurana||1993||1996||BJP|
|4||Sahib Singh Verma||1996||1997||BJP|
List of Governors of Delhi
The executive body of the National Capital Territory of Delhi is headed by the Lieutenant Governor. He is elected to be the constitutional head of the Government of Delhi. Delhi has seen the election of Lt. Governors twenty times, the list of which is given below.
|Sl No.||Name of Governor||From||To|
|1||Aditya Nath Jha||Nov 1, 1966||1970|
|5||Dalip Rai Kohli||1978||1979|
|7||Sundar Lal Khurana||1981||Sep 1982|
|8||Jagmohan||Sep 1982||Mar 1984|
|9||Shri P.G. Gavai, I.A.S.||April 1984||Nov 1984|
|10||Mohan M.K. Wali||Nov 1984||Nov 1985|
|11||Harkishan Lal Kapoor||Nov 1985||Aug 1988|
|12||Romesh Bhandari||Aug 1988||Dec 1989|
|13||Arjan Singh||Dec 1989||Dec 1990|
|14||Markandey Singh||Dec 1990||1992|
|15||Prasannabhai Karunashankar Dave||May 4, 1992||Jan 4, 1997|
|16||Tejendra Khanna||Jan 4, 1997||Apr 20, 1998|
|17||Vijai Kapoor||Apr 20, 1998||Jun 9, 2004|
|18||Banwari Lal Joshi||Jun 9, 2004||Apr 9, 2007|
|19||Tejendra Khanna||Apr 9, 2007||July, 2013|
|20||Najeeb Jung||July 2013||Present|