Arunachal Pradesh, like any other state in India, has specific geographic regions which are represented in its Legislative Assembly. These specific regions are called Assembly constituencies. Before Arunachal Pradesh was granted complete statehood,the Vidhan Sabha had 30 Assembly constituencies. Out of these 30 constituencies, two assembly seats were reserved for Scheduled Tribe candidates. Interestingly, no seat was reserved for Scheduled Caste candidates. This arrangement continued till 1987 when according to the State Arunachal Pradesh Act of 1986, it was granted statehood. The number of assembly constituencies in the state was increased from 30 to 60 in the year 1987. Out of these 60 Assembly seats, 59 are reserved Scheduled Tribe candidates and one for General candidates. The present state of Arunachal Pradesh has the same number of constituencies. Each of these constituencies is represented by a Member of the Legislative Assembly, who voices the concerns of that particular constituency in the Vidhan Sabha. Members from each of these Assembly constituencies are elected directly by the voters in the Assembly elections according to Universal Adult Franchise. The elections are held after a period of every five years, if the Assembly is not dissolved sooner. The supervision and responsibility of the elections to these assembly constituencies is carried out by a centralized, independent statutory body called the Election Commission.
Arunachal Pradesh has strategic importance when it comes to its location. It not only shares its borders with two northeastern states of India--Nagaland and Assam--but also with countries such as China (in the North), Myanmar (in the East), and Bhutan (in the West).
As per 2011 Census, the population of the state is 1,383,727; the sex ratio is 938 females per 1000 males, and the literacy rate is 65.38% (766,005 literate persons). About 317,369 people live in urban areas (22.94% of total population), among which 167,901 are males and 149,468 are females. 1,066,358 people live in rural Arunachal Pradesh (77.06% of total population), among which 546,011 are males and 520,347 are females.
According to the 2001 Census, the religious demography of the state includes 379,935 Hindus (34.6%), 337,399 others (mainly, Donyi-Polo) (30.7%), 205,548 Christians (18.7%), 143,028 Buddhists (13%), 20,675 Muslims (1.9%), 1,865 Sikhs (0.1%), and 216 Jains (less than 0.1%). Also, 705,158 tribals live in Arunachal Pradesh. Among the 101 recognized tribes in the state, 37 have animist majority, 23 have Christian majority, 17 have Buddhist majority, 15 have Hindu majority, and 8 are multi-faith.
Arunachal Pradesh Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) Election Results Summary
The tables below represent the assembly election results for the state of Arunachal Pradesh untill now starting from the most recent year 2014.
|Bharatiya Janata Party||11|
|Indian National Congress||42|
|People's Party of Arunachal||5|
|Arunachal Congress (AC)||2|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||9|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||34|
|Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)||2|
|All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)||5|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||3|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||42|
|Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)||5|
|People's Party of Arunachal (PPA)||4|
|Arunachal Congress (AC)||1|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||53|
|Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)||4|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||43|
|Janata Dal (JD)||3|
|Janata Party (JP)||2|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||37|
|Janata Dal (JD)||11|
|Janata Party (JNP)(JP)||1|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||1|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||21|
|People's Party of Arunachal (PPA)||4|
|Indian National Congress (I) INC(I)||13|
|People's Party of Arunachal (PPA)||13|
|Janata Party (JNP)||17|
|People's Party of Arunachal (PPA)||8|
Last Updated on Feb 29, 2020