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Karnataka Elections 2018 - Results and Updates


karnataka By-Poll 2018

Karnataka Assembly & Parliamentary Constituency By-Poll Elections 2018 - Poll Events, Schedule Date and Date of Counting

SI. No.StateName of Parliamentary ConstituencyParliamentary Constituency No.Winner NameWinning Party
1KarnatakaShimoga PC14BY RaghavendraBJP
2KarnatakaBellary (ST) PC9VS UgruppaCongress
3KarnatakaMandya PC20LR ShivaramegowdaJD(S) 
SI. No.StateName of Assembly ConstituencyAssembly Constituency No.Winner NameWinning Party
1KarnatakaRamanagaram183Anitha Kumaraswamy JD(S) 
2KarnatakaJamkhandi21A S NyamagoudaCongress
Karnataka By-Poll AssemblyConstituency Elecions 2018-Schedule   
Poll EventsSchedule DateSchedule Day
Date of Issue of Gazette Notification9.10.2018 (TUE)Tuesday
Last Date of Nominations16.10.2018 (TUE)Tuesday
Date for Scrutiny of Nominations17.10.2018 (WED)Wednesday
Last Date for Withdrawal of candidatures20.10.2018 (SAT)Saturday
Date of Poll03.11.2018 (SAT)Saturday
Date of Counting06.11.2018 (TUE)Tuesday
Date before which election shall be completed08.11.2018 (THU)Thursday
Karnataka By-Poll Parliamentary Constituency Elections 2018-Schedule  
Poll EventsSchedule DateSchedule Day
Date of Issue of Gazette Notification9.10.2018 (TUE)Tuesday
Last Date of Nominations16.10.2018 (TUE)Tuesday
Date for Scrutiny of Nominations17.10.2018 (WED)Wednesday
Last Date for Withdrawal of candidatures20.10.2018 (SAT)Saturday
Date of Poll03.11.2018 (SAT)Saturday
Date of Counting06.11.2018 (TUE)Tuesday
Date before which election shall be completed08.11.2018 (THU)Thursday
KARNATAKA Bombay Karnataka Hyderabad Karnataka Coastal Karnataka Central Karnataka Southern Karnataka Bengaluru Karnataka

Karnataka Assembly Election Results ( Total Seats- 222)*

2013 Results

Karnataka Results 2018 - Partywise Seats

Party Won Leading Trailing
BJP10400
INC8000
JD(S)3700
OTHERS300

Bombay Karnataka Assembly Election Results ( Total Seats- 50)*

2013 Results

Bombay Karnataka Results 2018 - Partywise Seats

Party Won Leading Trailing
BJP3000
INC1700
JD(S)200
OTHERS100

Hyderabad Karnataka Assembly Election Results ( Total Seats- 31)*

2013 Results

Hyderabad Karnataka Results 2018 - Partywise Seats

Party Won Leading Trailing
BJP1200
INC1500
JD(S)400
OTHERS000

Coastal Karnataka Assembly Election Results ( Total Seats- 21)*

2013 Results

Coastal Karnataka Results 2018 - Partywise Seats

Party Won Leading Trailing
BJP1800
INC300
JD(S)000
OTHERS000

Central Karnataka Assembly Election Results ( Total Seats- 36)*

2013 Results

Central Karnataka Results 2018 - Partywise Seats

Party Won Leading Trailing
BJP2400
INC1200
JD(S)000
OTHERS000

Southern Karnataka Assembly Election Results ( Total Seats- 50)*

2013 Results

Southern Karnataka Results 2018 - Partywise Seats

Party Won Leading Trailing
BJP900
INC1500
JD(S)2400
OTHERS200

Bengaluru Karnataka Assembly Election Results ( Total Seats- 34)*

2013 Results

Bengaluru Karnataka Results 2018 - Partywise Seats

Party Won Leading Trailing
BJP1100
INC1800
JD(S)700
OTHERS000
*The elections were held in 222 Assembly constituencies. Elections in RR Nagar constituency has been deferred to May 28, while the elections in Jayanagar constituency have been postponed due to death of BJP MLA and contestant B N Vijaykumar. The dates for Jayanagar polls will be updated as EC notification.

Quick facts for Karnataka Election

Parliamentary Constituencies28
Assembly Constituencies 225
Ruling PartyJanata Dal (Secular)
Opposition PartyBharatiya Janata Party
Chief MinisterH D Kumaraswamy
GovernorVajubhai Vala
Chief Electoral OfficerSanjiv Kumar
CEO's AddressNirvachana Nilaya, Maharani's College Circle, Sheshadri Road, Bangalore - 560 001

Karnataka Assembly Election Results

Election Year Assembly ElectionWinnig Party
Karnataka Election Result 2018Fourteenth AssemblyBharatiya Janata Party
Karnataka Election Result 2013Thirteenth AssemblyIndian National Congress
Karnataka Election Result 2008Twelveth AssemblyBharatiya Janata Party
Karnataka Election Result 2004Eleventh AssemblyBharatiya Janata Party
Karnataka Election Result 1999Tenth AssemblyIndian National Congress
Karnataka Election Result 1994Ninth AssemblyJanata Dal
Karnataka Election Result 1989Eighth AssemblyIndian National Congress
Karnataka Election Result 1985Seventh AssemblyJanata Party
Karnataka Election Result 1983Sixth AssemblyJanata Party
Karnataka Election Result 1978Fifth AssemblyIndian National Congress
Karnataka Election Result 1972Fourth AssemblyIndian National Congress
Karnataka Election Result 1967Third AssemblyIndian National Congress
Karnataka Election Result 1962Second AssemblyIndian National Congress
Karnataka Election Result 1957First AssemblyIndian National Congress

Karnataka Election 2018 Campaign

Both the leading parties- BJP and Congress have campaigned aggressively for the high staked elections in the state. The campaigning started officially on November 2, 2017. And it culminated in Bengaluru in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 4, 2018. In these 85 days, the party covered all the constituencies. Towards the beginning of March, the saffron party also launched 'Protect Bengaluru' March for 14 days. The aim of the march in the city according to the party was to rebuild and revive it from Congress's neglect of crime. Also, Amit Shah and other political dignitaries of the party has visited the state for the campaigning.

Congress started the campaigning in December 2017. KPCC (Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee) began to set up booth-level committees with a target of reaching 54,261 locations. These committees have a responsibility to spread awareness about various programmes launched by the INC. In addition, Congress president Rahul Gandhi has visited a number of religious places during his 3 visits to the state.

Karnataka Election Opinion Polls and Preferred Chief Minister

Several opinion polls have been conducted, which asked the masses their preferred Chief Minister. The various chief ministerial candidates from different parties are Siddaramaiah ( Indian National Congress ), H. D. Kumaraswamy ( Janata Dal (Secular)) and B. S. Yeddyurappa (Bharatiya Janata Party).

A survey conducted by Lokniti-CSDS from 10-15 January, interviewed 878 people. 34% of the people expressed they want Siddaramaiah to stay CM. 19% wanted Kumaraswamy to lead the state and 14% chose Yeddyurappa. Another survey conducted by CHS in January, revealed that Kumaraswamy is the most preferred choice as a chief minister and then Yeddyurappa and Siddaramaiah. C-Fore's survey conducted between March 1 and 25 had a sample size of 22,357 voters and was conducted across 154 constituencies. About 45% of the people preferred Siddaramaiah as the CM, while 26% chose Yeddyurappa and 13% wanted Kumaraswamy to lead the next government. 16% chose 'others'.

Polling firmDate PublishBJPINCJD(S)Others
Public TVJan 2, 201885-9590-10040-450-6
TV9-CVoterJan 5, 201896102151
CHSJan 13, 201873-7677-8164-66 
Creative Center for PoliticsFeb 2, 201811385251
C-ForeMarch 26, 201870126271

Karnataka Assembly Polls

Karnataka is a state that belongs to the southern part of India. This was established in the year 1956 on 1st of November. Since then every year on this day, the people of this state have marked this day as Rajyotsava and celebrate throughout the state with pomp and splendor. There are 30 districts within this state. The capital city of Karnataka is Bangalore and is also the largest city of this state. Bangalore is also known as Silicon City. The official language of this state is Kannada and the literacy level is 75.6%. The population of Karnataka is more than 64.06 million. Elections in Karnataka are conducted as per the Constitution of India. The assembly of the state makes the laws regarding the matters of conducting of the local body Karnataka election in a unilateral way. But if there are any changes to be made by the state legislature with respect to the conducting of state level elections in Karnataka it needs to be approved by the Parliament of India. The state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament of India with respect to the provisions as per the provisions of the Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and the rule of the President may be imposed. Politics in the state are mainly dominated by the three main parties The Indian National Congress, the Janta Dal (Secular) and the Bhartiya Janata Party. Till 1983, leaders of Indian National Congress became Chief Ministers of the state. Mysore was home to first three chief ministers of the state. The politics of Karnataka have created news all over India and is often known as Karnataka's natak! During the recent times it has seen many ups and downs in the political system of this state.

The Karnataka Assembly election 2018 were held on May 12 in 222 constituencies out of 224 as the elections in Jayanagar and Rajarajeshwarinagar assembly constituency was deferred. The counting of votes took place on May 15. The new government has taken over the reigns from the previous Congress government. The BJP emerged as the single largest party with 104 seats while Congress came in second with 78 seats followed by JD(S) in third place with 37 seats.

JD(S) with an unconditional support from the Congress has formed the new government in Karnataka after B S Yeddyurappa resigned two days into the Chief Minister's office before the float test on May 19, as BJP lacked the sufficient numbers to prove their majority on the floor of the assembly.

Karnataka Legislative Assembly


The State legislature of Karnataka is bicameral in nature. The upper house is known as Karnataka Legislative Council, where members are elected through electoral college formed by the elected MLAs of the Lower House known as, Karnataka Legislative Assembly. Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected through a universal adult franchise. The current Governor of this state is Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala and the Chief Minister is H D Kumaraswamy, who is an elected MLA from JD(S). The speaker of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly and the Leader of Opposition are yet to be decided.
Looking back at the political scenario of the southern state, Karnataka has been predominantly ruled by the Indian national Congress(INC). From late of 1947 to the early of 1983, Congress has ruled the state for decades, except for a brief period of time when the state came under the President's rule. From 1983 to April 1989, Janata party ruled the state. Then again Congress took the rulership of the state and had a government there for about 3 years. Then for the tenth Assembly election, Janata party dethroned the Congress to rule the state for about 5 years. For the next two Assemblies, it was again the repeat of INC and Janata party. And from 2008-13, BJP ruled the state for the 13th Assembly. And finally INC took over and has been ruling the state since 2013. The tenure for the Assembly expires on May 28, 2018 and the polls to elect the next government would take place on May 12.


Karnataka Administrative structure

The administrative structure of every state in India is pre-defined in the Constitution of India that was adopted by Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of B R Ambedkar. The Governor is the de juré head of the state and functions on the advice of the Chief Minister and his Coucil of Ministers. The Chief Minister is the de facto head of the state leading the council of ministers. The judiciary system of Karnataka consists of a High Court, District Courts, and subordinate courts. The state is divided into districts, which are grouped into four divisions. Each district is headed by a deputy commissioner.

Issues in Karnataka

Regional Imbalance: Karnataka is faced with a problem of lopsided economic development. Development takes place only in cities like Bangalore and Mysore as half the state revenue is being generated from these two cities. As a result, the development of other cities is being neglected.

Corruption, power crisis, water scarcity and unemployment are other issues that affect the life of people in Karnataka.

Political Parties in Karnataka

The National level Parties who take part in Karnataka Elections
BharatiyaJanata Party Indian National Congress, Janata Party,
Janata Dal, Janata Dal (Secular)

Main State level Parties in Karnataka
Coorg National Council Kannad Chalavali Vatal Paksha Karnataka Congress Party
Karnataka Kranti Ranga Karnataka Vikas Party

Karnataka Legislative Council Election

The upper house of the legislature is the Karnataka Legislative Council. Karnataka is one of the few states in the country which has a Legislative Council. The Legislative Council resembles Rajya Sabha and members of it are not directly elected. The members are elected through the process of single transferable vote (STV) system. The strength of the council is always less than 1/3 that of the state Assembly. The composition of the council is defined by the Constitution's Article 171. One-third of the members are elected by the representatives of Municipalities, Block Parishads, Zilla Parishads and other Local Authorities. Another one-third are elected by the Legislative Assembly's members. Teachers and graduates in the state each elect the 1/12th of the members. The remaining members of the Council are elected by the Governor.

Process: For a candidate to get selected, he/she needs to acquire maximum preference. Each voters casts their preference as 1,2 and 3 etc in front of the aspirant candidate's name. 1 is given to that candidate which is most preferred, 2 to one that is preferred second to the first candidate and so on. At the end, the ballot paper consists of all the candidates marked against a preference number. The candidates who gets the most preference get elected.

The leader of the upper House is G. Parameshwara who is an INC candidate and the leader of the opposition is ‎K. S. Eshwarappa who is a candidate of BJP. The council is a permanent body with one-third of its members retiring every two years.

List of Chief Ministers of Karnataka

S. No.Chief MinisterFromToParty Name
1H D Kumaraswamy23 May 2018PresentJD(S)
2B S YeddyurappaMay 17, 2018May 19, 2018BJP
3SiddaramaiahMay 13, 2013May 17, 2018INC
4Jagadish ShettarJul 12, 2012May 12, 2013BJP
5D. V. Sadananda GowdaAug 4, 2011Jul 12, 2012BJP
6B. S. YeddyurappaMay 30, 2008Jul 31, 2011BJP
7President's ruleNov 20, 2007May 27, 2008 
8B. S. YeddyurappaNov 12, 2007Nov 19, 2007BJP
9President's ruleOct 9, 2007Nov 11, 2007 
10H. D. KumaraswamyFeb 3, 2006Oct 8, 2007JD(S)
11Dharam SinghMay 28, 2004Jan 28, 2006INC
12S. M. KrishnaOct 11, 1999May 28, 2004INC
13J. H. PatelMay 31, 1996Oct 7, 1999JD
14H. D. Deve GowdaDec 11, 1994May 31, 1996JD
15M. Veerappa MoilyNov 19, 1992Dec 11, 1994INC
16S. BangarappaOct 17, 1990Nov 19, 1992INC
17President's ruleOct 10, 1990Oct 17, 1990 
18Veerendra PatilNov 30, 1989Oct 10, 1990INC
19President's ruleApr 21, 1989Nov 30, 1989 
20S. R. BommaiAug 13, 1988Apr 21, 1989JNP
21Ramakrishna HegdeFeb 16, 1986Aug 10, 1988JNP
22Ramakrishna HegdeMar 8, 1985Feb 13, 1986JNP
23Ramakrishna HegdeJan 10, 1983Dec 29, 1984JNP
24R. Gundu RaoJan 12, 1980Jan 6, 1983INC
25D. Devaraj UrsFeb 28, 1978Jan 7, 1980INC
26President's ruleDec 31, 1977Feb 28, 1978 
27D. Devaraj UrsMar 20, 1972Dec 31, 1977INC
28President's ruleMar 19, 1971Mar 20, 1972 
29Veerendra PatilMay 29, 1968Mar 18, 1971INC
30S. NijalingappaJun 21, 1962May 28, 1968INC
31S. R. KanthiMar 14, 1962Jun 20, 1962INC
32B. D. JattiMay 16, 1958Mar 9, 1962INC
33S. NijalingappaNov 1, 1956May 16, 1958INC
34Kadidal ManjappaAug 19, 1956Oct 31, 1956INC
35K. HanumanthaiahMarch 03, 1952Aug 19, 1956INC
36K. Chengalaraya Reddy*Oct 25, 1947March 30, 1952INC

List of Governors of Karnataka

1Vajubhai Rudabhai ValaSept 01, 2014Incumbent
2Konijeti RosaiahJune 30, 2014August 31, 2014
3H. R. BhardwajJune 24, 2009June 29, 2014
4Rameshwar ThakurAugust 21, 2007June 24, 2009
5T. N. ChaturvediAugust 21, 2002August 20, 2007
6V. S. RamadeviDecember 2, 1999August 20, 2002
7Khurshed Alam KhanJanuary 6, 1992December 2, 1999
8Bhanu Pratap SinghMay 8, 1990January 6, 1992
9Pendekanti VenkatasubbaiahFebruary 26, 1987February 5, 1990
10Ashoknath BanerjiApril 16, 1982February 25, 1987
11Govind NarainAugust 2, 1977April 15, 1982
12Uma Shankar DikshitJanuary 10, 1975August 2, 1977
13Mohanlal SukhadiaFebruary 1, 1972January 10, 1975
14Dharma ViraOctober 23, 1970February 1, 1972
15Gopal Swarup PathakMay 13, 1967August 30, 1969
16V. V. GiriApril 2, 1965May 13, 1967
17S M SrinageshMay 4, 1963April 2, 1965
18Jayachamaraja Wadiyar*November 1, 1957May 4, 1963
*Was the first Governor before the reorganisation of the state

Previous Cabinet Ministers of Karnataka

S.NoMinisteriesName of Minister
1Department of Cabinet Affairs, Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms, Department of Finance including Institutional Finance and Small Savings & Lotteries, Intelligence Wing from Home Department, Information & Public Reltions from Kannada and Culture, Information and Public Relation Department, Any other Department not specifically allocated.SHRI SIDDARAMAIAH  (Chief Minister)
2Home Department excluding Intelligence Wing.SHRI RAMALINGA REDDY
3Large and Medium Scale Industries from Commerce and Industries Department & Infrastructure Development DepartmentSHRI R.V.DESHPANDE
4Transport from Transport Department.SHRI H.M. REVANNA
5Law, Justice and Human Rights, Parliamentary Affairs and Legislation & Minor Irrigation from Water Resources Department.SHRI T.B.JAYACHANDRA
6Forest, Ecology and Environment Department.SHRI B. RAMANATHA RAI
7Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Development.SHRI H.K. PATIL
8Public Works, Ports and Inland Transport Department.DR. H.C. MAHADEVAPPA
9Food and Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs Department.SHRI U.T. KHADER
10Major and Medium Irrigation from Water Resources Department.SHRI M.B. PATIL
11Social Welfare Department & Backward Classes Welfare Department.SHRI H. ANJANEYA
12Energy Department.SHRI D.K. SHIVAKUMAR
13City Corporations excluding BBMP and subjects pertaining to Bangalore City, Urban Development Authorities excluding subjects pertaining to Bangalore Directorate of Urban Land Transport, KUWS & DB and KUIDFC from Urban Development Department & Haj from Minority Welfare and Wakf Department.SHRI R. ROSHAN BAIG
14Women and Child Development, Empowerment of Differently Abled and Senior Citizens, Kannada and Culture from Kannada and Culture, Information and Public Relation Department.SMT UMASHREE
15Agriculture Department.SHRI KRISHNA BYRE GOWDA
16Medical Education from Health and Family Welfare Department.DR. SHARANAPRAKASH RUDRAPPA PATIL
17Primary and Secondary Education from Education Department, Minority Welfare and Wakf Department excluding HajSHRI TANVEER SAIT
18Horticulture Department excluding Sericulture Department & Agricultural Marketing from Co-operation Department.SHRI S.S. MALLIKARJUNA
19Health and Family Welfare Department excluding Medical EducationSHRI K.R. RAMESH KUMAR
20Revenue Department excluding MuzraiSHRI KAGODU THIMMAPPA
21Co-operation exluding Agriculture Marketing from Co-operation Department.SHRI JARKIHOLI RAMESH LAXMANARAO
22Planning and Statistics Department, Science & Technology from IT & BT, Science and Technology Department.SHRI M.R. SEETHARAM
23Labour from Labour Department & Skill Development Department.SHRI SANTOSH S. LAD
24Higher Education from Education Department.SHRI BASAVRAJ RAYREDDI
25Housing Department.SHRI M KRISHNAPPA
26All subjects pertaining to Bangalore City, including BBMP, BDA, BWSSB, BMRDA, BMRCL, Directorate of Town Planning from Urban Development Department.SHRI K J GEORGE
27Information Technology and Bio-Technology from IT & BT, Science and Technology Department & Tourism Department.SHRI PRIYANK KHARGE
28Textiles from Commerce and Industries Department & Muzrai from Revenue Department.SHRI RUDRAPPA MANAPPA LAMANI
29Municipalities and Local Bodies (CMCs, TMC & TPs) from Urban Depvelopment Department & Department of Public Enterprises.SHRI ESHWARA B. KHANDRE
30Youth Services Department, & Fisheries from Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Department.SHRI PRAMOD MADHWARAJ
31Excise from Finance Department.SHRI R.B. THIMMAPUR
32Mines and Geology from Commerce and Industries Department.SHRI VINAY R KULKARNI
33Animal Husbandry, & Sericulture from Horticulture Department.SHRI A. MANJU

Previous Ministers of State (Independent Charge)

S.NoMinisteriesName of Minister
1Small Scale Industries from Commerce and Industries Department & Sugar from Commerce and Industries Department.SMT M.C. MOHAN KUMARI URUF GEETHA

Rajya Sabha Members from Karnataka

S.NONameParty
1Chandrasekhar, Shri RajeevIND.
2Fernandes, Shri OscarINC
3Gowda, Prof. M.V. RajeevINC
4Hariprasad, Shri B.K.INC
5Khan, Shri K. RahmanINC
6Kore, Dr. PrabhakarBJP
7Nirmala Sitharaman, Smt.BJP
8Patil, Shri BasawarajBJP
9Ramamurthy, Shri K.C.INC
10Ramesh, Shri JairamINC
11Rangasayee Ramakrishna, ShriBJP
12Reddy, Shri D. KupendraJD(S)

Karnataka Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014

The results of Karnataka election for Lok Sabha ended the speculations about the results in the Karnataka state and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was declared the winner who bagged 17 seats. Nine seats were gone to Indian National Congress (INC) and two to Janata Dal(Secular). Established in the year 1956, Karnataka has been a politically active state since its inception. It has 28 parliamentary constituencies and there are several political parties which lead in the state. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress (INC) and Janata Dal (Secular) are few of them. Karnataka is headed by Chief Minister Siddaramaiah of INC. The state attended the 2014 Lok Sabha polls which decided the fate of prominent leaders like former Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda, former Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa and co founder of Infosys, Nandan Nilekani. During the past elections in 2009 too, BJP won the maximum seats in the Lok Sabha elections. The exit polls showed mixed opinions regarding the number of seats for BJP and Congress but BJP ruled it by grabbing maximum seats. 

Karnataka is a state in the southern part of India. Karnataka was established in the year 1956 on 1st of November. Since then every year on this day, the people of this state celebrate Rajyotsava throughout the state with pomp and splendor. There are 28 parliamentary constituencies in the state which went to polls on 17 April 2014. Some of the main political parties in the fray were the Janata Dal (Secular), the Indian National Congress (INC), and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Karnataka Lok Sabha Election Results

YearLok Sabha ElectionTotal SeatsParty-Wise Result Details
1951First Lok Sabha11Congress: 10, KMPP: 1 [1]
1957Second Lok Sabha26Congress: 23, PSP: 1, SCF: 1, Independent:1
1962Third Lok Sabha26Congress: 25, LSS: 1
1967Fourth Lok Sabha27Congress: 18, Swatantra Party: 5, PSP: 2, SSP: 1, Independent:1
1971Fifth Lok Sabha27Congress: 27
1977Sixth Lok Sabha28Congress: 26, Janata Party/BLD: 2.
1980Seventh Lok Sabha28Congress(Indira): 27, Janata Party: 1
1984Eighth Lok Sabha28Congress: 24, Janata Party: 4
1989Ninth Lok Sabha28Congress: 26, Janata Dal: 2
1991Tenth Lok Sabha28Congress: 23, BJP: 4, Janata: 1
1996Eleventh Lok Sabha28Janata Dal: 16/28, BJP: 6,Congress: 5, KCP: 1
1998Twelfth Lok Sabha28NDA: 16 (BJP: 13 and Lok Shakti: 3),Congress: 9, Janata Dal: 3
1999Thirteenth Lok Sabha28Congress: 18, BJP: 7, JD(U): 3
2004Fourteenth Lok Sabha28BJP: 18,Congress: 8, JD(S): 2
2009Fifteenth Lok Sabha28BJP: 19,Congress: 6, JD(S): 3
2014Sixteenth Lok Sabha28BJP: 17,Congress: 9, JD(S): 2

Summary of last five Karnataka Elections

The Legislative Assembly Elections in India which are simply known as the Assembly Elections are held every five years in which members of the Vidhan Sabha or Legislative Assembly are chosen by the Indian electorate. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the elections are held in all twenty-nine states and two of the seven Union Territories. These Legislative Assembly elections are never carried out in the same year for all the states in India.

Karnataka has 224 constituencies and is divided into six regions which are Hyderabad Karnataka, Mumbai Karnataka, Coastal Karnataka, Central Karnataka, Southern Karnataka and Bengaluru Karnataka. Legislative Assembly Elections in Karnataka were first held in the year 1952 (when it was Mysore Legislative Assembly Election). Since then, Assembly Elections are conducted after every five years in the state. The Assembly of Karnataka is responsible for creating laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally. The main political parties in Karnataka include Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress (INC) and Janata Dal (Secular). This year, the Assembly Elections are going to take place on May 12, 2018 and results are going to be declared on May 15, 2018.

The last five Assembly Elections that took place in Karnataka are-

Karnataka Assembly Election-1994


The Karnataka Legislative Assembly Election which was held in the year 1994 took place in two phases( on November 26th and December 1st) in all the 224 constituencies. The Janata Dal(JD) contested for 221 seats and claimed the majority in the house by winning 115 seats. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came second by securing 40 seats even though the party contested for 223 seats while the Indian National Congress (INC) won 34 seats out of 221 seats from which they contested. Remaining seats were won by regional parties and some were won by independent candidates. During the state Legislative Assembly Elections, Janata Dal was led by H.D Deve Gowda while B.S. Yeddyurappa took charge of the BJP.

Karnataka Assembly Election- 1999


In the Assembly Elections of 1999, the Indian National Congress emerged victorious by winning 132 seats out of 222 contested seats. Bharatiya Janata Party formed the National Democratic Alliance with Janata Dal (United) and won merely 63 seats. Janata Dal (United) which contested for 112 seats won 18 seats while BJP won 40 seats out of 149 contested seats. The Janata Dal (Secular) party led by former Prime Minister Deve Gowda won only 10 seats. Remaining 20 seats were won by regional parties.

Karnataka Assembly Election- 2004


The Karnataka Assembly Elections of 2004 were contested in two parts - on 20th April and 26th April for all 224 constituencies. The first-ever coalition was formed in the year 2004 as no party was able to get 113 seats, which was required to form a government. Bharatiya Janata Party led by B.S. Yeddyurappa emerged as the largest with 79 seats out of 198 contested seats. A coalition government was formed between the Indian National Congress led by S.M. Krishna and Janata Dal (Secular), led by Siddaramaiah, with Dharam Singh as the Chief Minister of the state. The Indian National Congress contested for 225 seats and won 65 seats while Janata Dal(secular) contested for 228 seats and won 58 seats. Janata Dal (United) contested for 26 seats and won only 5 seats.

Karnataka Assembly Election- 2008


In the year 2008, the Karnataka Legislative Assembly Elections took place in three phases for all 224 constituencies. Electronic Voting Machines (EVM) were used in this election. The Bharatiya Janata Party emerged as the victorious party by winning 110 seats, but was unable to gain majority on its own, so it formed a government with the support of 6 independent candidates. BJP came to power for the first time ever in a southern Indian state.

Even in the Legislative Assembly Elections of 2004, BJP was able to win a maximum number of seats (79 seats out of 198 contested seats) but was unable to form the government because it did not secure the majority. Indian National Congress and Janata Dal (Secular) entered into an alliance to form the government. But later, JD(S) withdrew its support and formed an alliance with the BJP. They also made a mutual agreement which stated that H.D. Kumaraswamy of JD(S) would be the Chief Minister for 20 months while B.S. Yeddyurappa of BJP would be the Chief Minister for next 20 months. However, the agreement was not followed and the state came under President's rule due to the disagreement of the parties over power sharing. So, the elections were preponed to the year 2008 instead of 2009.

Karnataka Assembly Election- 2013


The Assembly Election of 2013 was the Fourteenth legislative assembly election which was held in a single phase for 223 seats out of total 224 seats. Election in Periyapatna Constituency was adjourned due to the death of the BJP candidate Sannamogegowda, a day before the polling took place. Janata Dal (Secular) contested for 222 seats and won 40 seats in the Elections. Bharatiya Janata Party also contested for 222 seats and obtained the same result. The Indian National Congress won the majority of seats under the leadership of former Janata Parivar leader Siddaramaiah. The party won 122 seats out of 223 contested seats, which was 9 seats more than the majority mark of 113 seats which helped the Indian National Congress to form government in Karnataka State Legislative Assembly and return to power after nine years with Siddaramaiah as the Chief Minister.

Last Updated on Nov 11, 2018


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