Assam (AS) Bye Elections 2014
The by-polls to the three assembly constituencies of Assam are scheduled to be held on September 13. The three constituencies where polling will take place are Silchar, Jamunamukh and Lakhipur.
The by-polls were necessitated after Sushmita Dev of Congress and Sirajuddin Ajmal of All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) were elected to the Lok Sabha.
Sushmita Dev won the assembly elections from Silchar. But after winning 2014 Lok Sabha elections from Silchar parliamentary constituency, she resigned as MLA. Similarly, Sirajuddin Ajmal also resigned from Jamunamukh constituency after being elected to Lok Sabha from Barpeta. On the other hand, the seat of Lakhipur assembly constituency was left vacant due to the death of Dinesh Prasad Goala.
Assam Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014
BJP was hoping for a victory in the state of Assam and got 50 % of the seats from the total seats i.e., seven seats from the 14 seats. INC won three seats and All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) won three seats. The state of Assam is also an important state in terms of Indian
In the last General election, held in 2009, 7 seats were won by the Indian National Congress (by securing 34.89% or 42,35,681 votes), 4 seats by the Bharatiya Janata Party (by securing 16.21% or 19,67,813 votes), 1 seat by the Assam United Democratic Front (by securing 16.10% or 19,54,901 votes), 1 seat by the Asom Gana Parishad (by securing 14.60% or 17,73,103 votes), and 1 seat by the Bodaland Peoples Front (by securing 5.41% or 6,56,430 votes).
Quick facts for Assam General Elections 2014
|Parliamentary Constituencies|| |
|Ruling Party||Indian National Congress|
|Opposition Party||All India UnitedDemocraticFron|
|Chief Minister||Tarun Gogoi|
|Governor||Janaki Ballabh Patnaik|
|Chief Electoral Officer||Shri Vijayendra|
|Address||C Block, 4th Floor, New Secretariat Building, Dispur, Assam, India.|
Asom Gana Parishad: The Asom Gana Parishad is all set to contest the election all alone. They don't want to ally themselves with BJP anymore because in the party many believe that during the 2009 Lok Sabha election the AGP's votes were transferred to the BJP but not the other way round. Interestingly, the AGP has formed a united political front in the northeastern states, which they call North East Political Front (NEPF), for contesting the 2014 General election. N. Rio, Chief Minister of Nagaland, is the chief convener of this front.
AIUDF The All India United Democratic Front's main poll plank will be to target the ruling Congress's anti-people stands. One of the main strategies of the AIUDF is to highlight the government's failure to check price rise of essential commodities in Assam. The party has also written to the Prime Minister about this. They have highlighted that illegal tax-collection at various check gates and black marketing as the main reasons of soaring prices of essential commodities. The party is also highlighting escalating tensions between different communities in Assam during the INC rule. Law and order in the state is in shambles and the cases of murders, extortions, and kidnappings are rising regularly. The AIUDF is also highlighting the issue as one of their main Lok Sabha 2014 poll strategies.
About Assam Elections
The state of Assam is a very important state of India when it comes to the politics, and governance of the country. From the very first day of being a state, Assam had an impact on the politics of the country, and it has always been in the news for that. The state has a government of its own, which is, under the government of India, runs the state, and is responsible for every development actions of Assam. This is one reason why the state has to organize an election periodically and select a new government or keep the one that ran the state for last 5 years.
The election of Assam is conducted under the rules of Indian constitution, and so the arrangements require proper actions from the central government of the country. The state has a total of 126 constituencies. The political parties of Assam put their candidates on the seats in the election. Congress is the most powerful political party in Assam in terms of results, and it has won the election back to back in last 3 years. Assam has other political parties putting their candidates in the election too, in different constituencies of the state. However, Congress won convincingly in the last election. Assam sends 14 Member of Parliament(s) to the Lok Sabha.
The state of Assam has one elected legislature which meets in Dispur. The Chief Minister (CM) is the elected head of the government and reports to the Governor of Assam. The Governor is appointed by the Central government and has the power to remove the CM. The state is divided into three regions. Every region is headed by a commissioner. Under each commissioner, there are several administrative units called Districts.
Issues of the state
The prominent issues that dominated the Lok Sabha elections in the state were the problems of flood and erosion, homes for the poor, welfare schemes for tea garden workers, Adivasis and backward classes. During the campaign, the Congress focussed on the economic reforms and measures for the social justice undertaken by the UPA government. It promised to work for the poor and the underprivileged section of the society. The focus of the BJP, on the other hand, was on development and fight against corruption. The party promised to improve the state of Digboi Refinery.
Assam Major Political Parties
Indian National Congress The state unit of the INC is called the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee or APCC. It was formed in the year 1921 and is headquartered at Rajiv Bhavan, Guwahati. At the time of its formation in the state, Kuladhar Chaliha was the president. Currently, the Chairperson of the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee is Bhubaneshwar Kalita. It has many ancillary wings, such as the National Students' Union of India, the Assam Pradesh Youth Congress, the Assam Pradesh Mahila Congress, and the Indian National Trade Union Congress. On the political spectrum, the INC is believed to be centre-left.
BJP Assam's State President of BJP is Sarbananda Sonwal, who is also an ex-MP. The BJP office address is Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bhawan, Near Hengrabari L.P. School, Hengrabari-36, Guwahati (Assam). The phone numbers are 0361-2355522 and 09435531147. Assam's State Prabhari is S.S. Ahluwalia, whose office address is 10, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi - 110 001, and phone numbers are 011-23722826 and 09868181816. Mass organizations of the party in different fronts are Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (student wing), Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (youth wing), BJP Mahila Morcha (women's wing), and BJP Kisan Morcha (Peasant's wing). In a latest development, Rituparna Baruah, the All Assam Students' Union's general secretary has joined the BJP recently, boosting the BJP camp.
AIUDF The All India United Democratic Front or AIUDF is an Assam-based political party and is also spreading its reach in other states such as Odhisa, Mizoram, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Delhi, and many others. It came up as a significant political party when in the 2011 legislative assembly election it won 18 seats and became the main opposition party in the state.
The AIUDF, formerly known as the UDF, contested 14 Lok Sabha seats from West Bengal in 2009. The President of the party is Maulana Badruddin Ajmal, who stresses on good governance, and swears to unveil the 'real picture' of Assam government's development. The party wants to showcase how funds from different government schemes and projects are being misused.
Currently, the AIUDF is reorganising the party right from the grassroots. Dr. Baharul Islam, General Secretary (Organisation) of the party, has been entrusted with the responsibility of preparing the next-generation leadership, especially from the youths of Assam.
The main political parties in Assam
Indian National Congress always has a monopoly in the state since independence. Howvere, the year 1978 saw exception when the Janta Party emerged as a winner in the general Assembly elections but enjoyed power only for two years as they got defeated again by INC. Between 1985 and 2006, Indian National Congress and the Assom Gana Parishad took to political power alternatively. However, INC is in power since 2006.
The main national level political parties in Assam
|Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)||Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||Communist Party of India (CPI)|
State Level Political parties in Assam
|Asom Gana Parishad (AGP)||Asom Gana Parishad (Progressive) (AGPP)||Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)|
|Autonomous State Demand Committee (ASDC)||Bodo People's Progressive Front (BPPF)||Purbanchaliya Loka Parishad (PLP)|
|Trinamul Gana Parishad (TGP)||United Minority Front (UMF)|
Assam Legislative Assembly
Assam holds a unicameral legislative structure that is comprised of 126-member Assam Assembly. These members are elected for a period of 5 years and the assembly is led by the Speaker who is the often the member of ruling party.
The Assom Gana Parishad had a stronghold in the state until Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, the then chief minister of the state, left the party to create a new party known as the Assom Gana Parishad (Progressive). Since then the political stronghold is in the hands of INC and Mr. Tarun Gogoi is the Chief Minister of the state.
List of Chief Ministers of Assam
|Sr.No.||Name of Chief Minister||From||To||Party|
|1||Tarun Gogoi||May 17, 2001||Present||INC|
|2||Prafulla Kumar Mahanta||May 15, 1996||May 17, 2001||AGP|
|3||Bhumidhar Barman||Apr 22, 1996||May 14, 1996||INC|
|4||Hiteswar Saikia||Jun 30, 1991||Apr 22, 1996||INC|
|5||President's rule||Nov 28, 1990||Jun 30, 1991|
|6||Prafulla Kumar Mahanta||Dec 24, 1985||Nov 28, 1990||AGP|
|7||Hiteswar Saikia||Feb 27, 1983||Dec 23, 1985||INC|
|8||President's rule||Mar 19, 1982||Feb 27, 1983|
|9||Kesab Chandra Gogoi||Jan 13, 1982||Mar 19, 1982||INC|
|10||President's rule||Jun 30, 1981||Jan 13, 1982|
|11||Anowara Taimur||Dec 6, 1980||Jun 30, 1981||INC|
|12||President's rule||Dec 12, 1979||Dec 5, 1980|
|13||Jogendra Nath Hazarika||Sep 9, 1979||Dec 11, 1979||JNP|
|14||Golap Borbora||Mar 12, 1978||Sep 4, 1979||JNP|
|15||Sarat Chandra Sinha||Jan 31, 1972||Mar 12, 1978||INC|
|16||Mahendra Mohan Choudhry||Nov 11, 1970||Jan 30, 1972||INC|
|17||Bimala Prasad Chaliha||Dec 28, 1957||Nov 6, 1970||INC|
|18||Bishnu Ram Medhi||Aug 9, 1950||Dec 27, 1957||INC|
|19||Gopinath Bordoloi||Feb 11, 1946||Aug 6, 1950||INC|
List of Governors of Assam
|Sr.No.||Name of Governors||From||To|
|1||Janaki Ballabh Patnaik||Nov 27, 2009||Present|
|2||Syed Sibtey Razi||Jul 27, 2009||Nov 27, 2009|
|3||K Sankaranarayanan||Jun 26, 2009||Jul 27, 2009|
|4||Shiv Charan Mathur||Jul 4, 2008||Jun 25, 2009|
|5||Ajai Singh||Jun 5, 2003||Jul 4, 2008|
|6||Arvind Dave IPS||Apr 21, 2003||Jun 5, 2003|
|7||Srinivas Kumar Sinha||Sep 1, 1997||Apr 21, 2003|
|8||Loknath Mishra||Mar 17, 1991||Sep 1, 1997|
|9||Justice Devi Das Thakur||May 2, 1990||Mar 17, 1991|
|10||Justice Anisetti Raghuvir||Jul 21, 1989||May 2, 1990|
|11||Harideo Joshi||May 10, 1989||Jul 21, 1989|
|12||Bhishma Narain Singh||Apr 15, 1984||May 10, 1989|
|13||Justice T. S. Mishra||Mar 28, 1984||Apr 15, 1984|
|14||Prakash Chandra Mehrotra||Aug 10, 1981||Mar 28, 1984|
|15||Lallan Prasad Singh||Sep 19, 1973||Aug 10, 1981|
|16||Justice P. K. Goswami||Dec 8, 1970||Jan 4, 1971|
|17||Braj Kumar Nehru||Apr 17, 1968||Sep 19, 1973|
|18||Vishnu Sahay||Sep 7, 1962||Apr 17, 1968|
|19||Mallannah Shrinagesh||Jan 13, 1961||Sep 7, 1962|
|20||Vishnu Sahay||Nov 12, 1960||Jan 13, 1961|
|21||Satyavant Mallannah Shrinagesh||Oct 14, 1959||Nov 12, 1960|
|22||Chandreswar Prasad Sinha||Aug 23, 1959||Oct 14, 1959|
|23||Saiyid Fazal Ali||May 15, 1956||Aug 22, 1959|
|24||Jairam Das Daulatram||May 27, 1950||May 15, 1956|
|25||Sri Prakasa||Feb 16, 1949||May 27, 1950|
|26||Ronald Francis Lodge||Dec 30, 1948||Feb 16, 1949|
|27||Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari||Aug 15, 1947||Dec 28, 1948|
Cabinet Ministers of Assam
|Name of Minsiter||Ministries|
|Shri Tarun Gogoi||Chief Minister, Home, Political, Finance, Personnel, GDD, GAD, SAD, AR&T, Election, Passport, Information Technology,Science & Technology, and any other department which is not alloted.|
|Shri Prithibi Majhi||Revenue & DM, Labour & Employment, Tea Tribes Welfare|
|Shri Tanka Bahadur Rai||Planning & Development, Judicial, Legislative, Pension & Public Grievances|
|Shri Gautam Roy||Public Health Engineering|
|Smti. Ajanta Neog||PWD (Roads & buildings, NH), Urban Development|
|Dr. Ardhendu Dey||Irrigation & Soil Conservation|
|Shri Akon Bora||Social Welfare & Jails|
|Shri Chandan Brahma||Transport, Tourism, WPT & BC (Only BTAD areas)|
|Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma||Education,(Elementary, Secondary and Higher) Health & Family Welfare, Implementation of Assam Accord|
|Shri Kharsingh Engti||Animal Husbandary & Veterinary, Mines & Minerals, Hill Areas|
|Dr. Nazrul Islam||Food & Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs, Welfare of Minorities and Development|
|Shri Nilomoni Sen Deka||Agriculture, Horticulture & Food Processing, Parliamentary Affairs|
|Shri Pradyut Bordoloi||Industries & Commerce, Power (Electricity) and Public Enterprises|
|Smti. Pranati Phukan||Handloom & Textile, Sericulture, Cultural Affairs|
|Shri Rockybul Hussain||Panchayat & Rural Development, Environment & Forest|
|Shri Ajit Singh||Excise, Sports & Youth Welfare|
|Shri Basanta Das||Fisheries, Information & Public Relations, Printing and Stationery|
|Shri Rajib Lochan Pegu||Water Resources, WPT & BC (excluding BTAD areas)|
|Siddeque Ahmod||Cooperation, Border Areas Development|
Location and Strategic Importance
Assam has strategic significance when it comes to its location. It is one of the seven states of Northeast India. This state is connected to mainland India through the Siliguri Corridor, a narrow strip of land in West Bengal. Assam shares international borders with foreign countries such as Bangladesh and Bhutan.
Population and related info
As per 2011 Census, the total population of Assam is 3,11,69,272, where 1,59,54,927 are males and 1,52,14,345 females. Decade on decade, the population has grown by 16.93%. The total population living in rural areas is 2,68,07,034 (85.90% of the total population), among which 1,36,78,989 are males and 1,31,28,045 are females. The urban population is just 43,98,542 or 14.10% of the total population.
The male-female ratio of the state is 954 females to every 1,000 males. The literacy rate is 73.18% (1,95,07,017 persons), among which male literacy is 78.81% (1,07,56,937 persons) and female literacy is 67.27% (87,50,080 persons).
The population of Assam is concentrated in seven districts: Cachar, Kamrup, Darang, Nagaon, Dhubri, Barpeta, and Sonitpur. As per estimates there are 115 ethnic groups in Assam. Interestingly, there are 23 STs in the state, of which 40.9% are Bodos. As per the 2001 census, the religion-wise breakup of population is: 1,72,96,455 Hindus, 82,40,611 Muslims, 9,86,589 Christians, 22,519 Sikhs, 31,029 Buddhists, and 20,957 Jains. Other religious communities make up 29,999 people.
The languages predominantly spoken here are Assamese, Bodo, and Bengali (especially Sylheti).
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Assam
Shri Vijayendra is the Chief Electoral Officer of Assam. His official address is: C Block, 4th Floor, New Secretariat Building, Dispur, Assam, India. Phone number is +91-361-2262703 and email id is firstname.lastname@example.org. More...
Bye Elections for Assembly Constituencies
|1||Issue of Notification||20th August, 2014 (Wednesday)|
|2||Last Date of Making Nominations||27th August, 2014 (Wednesday)|
|3||Scrutiny of Nominations||28th August, 2014 (Thursday)|
|4||Last Date of Withdrawal of Candidatures||30th August, 2014 (Saturday)|
|5||Date of Poll||13th September, 2014 (Saturday)|
|6||Counting of Votes||16th September, 2014 (Tuesday)|
|7||Date before which election shall be completed||19th September, 2014 (Friday)|
Assam Latest News And Update
Assam Lok Sabha Election Results 2014 - Party wise
Shown below are the number of seats won by BJP, INC, AAP and others in Assam Lok Sabha Elections 2014.
Assam 2014 Party Wise Results
Shown below is the list of winner/runnerup candidates of all parliamentary constituencies ofAssam with their party name and symbol along with the votes secured by each candidate.
|Runner up||Paban Singh Ghatowar|
|Kokrajhar||Winner||Naba Kumar Sarania (Hira)|
|Runner up||Urkhao Gwra Brahma|
|Tezpur||Winner||Ram Prasad Sharma|
|Runner up||Bhupen Kumar Bora|
|Runner up||Manash Borah|
|Runner up||Mrinal Kumar Saikia|
|Runner up||Wajid Ali Choudhary|
|Autonomous District||Winner||Biren Singh Engti|
|Runner up||Joyram Engleng|
|Jorhat||Winner||Kamakhya Prasad Tasa|
|Runner up||B.K . Handique|
|Runner up||Jon Jonali Baruah|
|Runner up||Kirip Chaliha|
|Barpeta||Winner||Siraj Uddin Ajmal|
|Runner up||Chandra Mohan Patowary|
|Runner up||Krishna Das|
|Runner up||Kabindra Purkayastha|
Last Updated on August 19, 2014