Assam Elections 2016The 14th Assam Assembly elections are slated to be held in around April-May 2016. The Election Commission of India will declare the schedule by March. The tenure of incumbent Congress government, headed by chief minister Tarun Gogoi, is going to end in June 2016.
With over 126 assembly seats at stake, the poll pitch is set. The Congress party is keen to sustain its popularity in the state. The BJP, too, looks determined to oust the Congress. Over 3,000 hopefuls have sought BJP tickets for the forthcoming elections in the state. There are also other regional parties like AASU and AGP in the fray which the Congress and BJP cannot afford to ignore. Indeed, the state's demographic pattern is so diverse that it is a big challenge for a single party to claim support of every section of the Assamese population.
In view of these developments, the Congress is getting worried. The Tarun Gogoi government is zealously updating the National Register of Citizenship and voter's list to strengthen its chances in the elections. Understandably, the party is playing the ethnicity card to counter BJP's strategy of wooing Bengali Hindus in Assam. The gradual movement of important party MLAs to BJP has also been a cause of worry. Fighting brave, chief minister Tarun Gogoi is asking people to stay away from BJP's 'beef politics' and entreating other parties to form a grand secular alliance to counter the BJP.
No doubt, there is going to be a tough contest in Assam and the winner will be decided by nobody else but the Assamese voters.
About Assam ElectionsThe state of Assam is a very important state of India when it comes to the politics, and governance of the country. From the very first day of being a state, Assam had an impact on the politics of the country, and it has always been in the news for that. The state has a government of its own, which is, under the government of India, runs the state, and is responsible for every development actions of Assam. This is one reason why the state has to organize an election periodically and select a new government or keep the one that ran the state for last 5 years.
The election of Assam is conducted under the rules of Indian constitution, and so the arrangements require proper actions from the central government of the country. The state has a total of 126 constituencies. The political parties of Assam put their candidates on the seats in the election. Congress is the most powerful political party in Assam in terms of results, and it has won the election back to back in last 3 years. Assam has other political parties putting their candidates in the election too, in different constituencies of the state. However, Congress won convincingly in the last election. Assam sends 14 Member of Parliament(s) to the Lok Sabha.
Assam Legislative AssemblyAssam holds a unicameral legislative structure that is comprised of 126-member Assam Assembly. These members are elected for a period of 5 years and the assembly is led by the Speaker who is the often the member of ruling party.
The Assom Gana Parishad had a stronghold in the state until Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, the then chief minister of the state, left the party to create a new party known as the Assom Gana Parishad (Progressive). Since then the political stronghold is in the hands of INC and Mr. Tarun Gogoi is the Chief Minister of the state.
Administrative structureThe state of Assam has one elected legislature which meets in Dispur. The Chief Minister (CM) is the elected head of the government and reports to the Governor of Assam. The Governor is appointed by the Central government and has the power to remove the CM. The state is divided into three regions. Every region is headed by a commissioner. Under each commissioner, there are several administrative units called Districts.
Issues in the StateAssam has been mired in a number of problems for several years. The issue of illegal immigrants and ensuing violence is still fresh in the memory of not just the Assamese but every Indian citizen. However, as detailed analysis of the issue revealed, the problem is just a symptom of a larger malaise.
The main issues burdening the Assamese people are inflation, unemployment and rampant corruption. Though unemployment is a problem everywhere, it has become a major issue in lower and central Assam. Other issues affecting the locals are lack of basic infrastructure like electricity, motorable roads, drinking water and surge in militancy. No wonder, the influx of illegal immigrants from across the border puts bigger pressure on limited resources. This has seriously affected the law and order situation in Assam and become a major roadblock to the state's development. The people of Assam are losing patience with the rising corruption and Congress' token efforts to rectify the situation.
Political Parties in AssamIndian National Congress : The state unit of the INC is called the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee or APCC. It was formed in the year 1921 and is headquartered at Rajiv Bhavan, Guwahati. At the time of its formation in the state, Kuladhar Chaliha was the president. Currently, the Chairperson of the Assam Pradesh Congress Committee is Bhubaneshwar Kalita. It has many ancillary wings, such as the National Students' Union of India, the Assam Pradesh Youth Congress, the Assam Pradesh Mahila Congress, and the Indian National Trade Union Congress. On the political spectrum, the INC is believed to be centre-left.
BJP : Assam's State President of BJP is Sarbananda Sonwal, who is also an ex-MP. The BJP office address is Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bhawan, Near Hengrabari L.P. School, Hengrabari-36, Guwahati (Assam). The phone numbers are 0361-2355522 and 09435531147. Assam's State Prabhari is S.S. Ahluwalia, whose office address is 10, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi - 110 001, and phone numbers are 011-23722826 and 09868181816. Mass organizations of the party in different fronts are Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (student wing), Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (youth wing), BJP Mahila Morcha (women's wing), and BJP Kisan Morcha (Peasant's wing). In a latest development, Rituparna Baruah, the All Assam Students' Union's general secretary has joined the BJP recently, boosting the BJP camp.
AIUDF : The All India United Democratic Front or AIUDF is an Assam-based political party and is also spreading its reach in other states such as Odhisa, Mizoram, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Delhi, and many others. It came up as a significant political party when in the 2011 legislative assembly election it won 18 seats and became the main opposition party in the state.
The AIUDF, formerly known as the UDF, contested 14 Lok Sabha seats from West Bengal in 2009. The President of the party is Maulana Badruddin Ajmal, who stresses on good governance, and swears to unveil the 'real picture' of Assam government's development. The party wants to showcase how funds from different government schemes and projects are being misused.
Currently, the AIUDF is reorganising the party right from the grassroots. Dr. Baharul Islam, General Secretary (Organisation) of the party, has been entrusted with the responsibility of preparing the next-generation leadership, especially from the youths of Assam.
The main political parties in AssamIndian National Congress always has a monopoly in the state since independence. Howvere, the year 1978 saw exception when the Janta Party emerged as a winner in the general Assembly elections but enjoyed power only for two years as they got defeated again by INC. Between 1985 and 2006, Indian National Congress and the Assom Gana Parishad took to political power alternatively. However, INC is in power since 2006.
National level Political Parties
|Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)||Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||Communist Party of India (CPI)|
State Level Political parties in Assam
|Asom Gana Parishad (AGP)||Asom Gana Parishad (Progressive) (AGPP)||Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)|
|Autonomous State Demand Committee (ASDC)||Bodo People's Progressive Front (BPPF)||Purbanchaliya Loka Parishad (PLP)|
|Trinamul Gana Parishad (TGP)||United Minority Front (UMF)|
Tamil Nadu Assembly Election Results
Assam Bye Assembly Election Results 2014
|Jamunamukh||Winner||Abdur Rahim Ajmal||AIUDF||62153|
|Silchar||Winner||Dilip Kumar Paul||BJP||74898|
AIUDF The All India United Democratic Front's main poll plank will be to target the ruling Congress's anti-people stands. One of the main strategies of the AIUDF is to highlight the government's failure to check price rise of essential commodities in Assam. The party has also written to the Prime Minister about this. They have highlighted that illegal tax-collection at various check gates and black marketing as the main reasons of soaring prices of essential commodities. The party is also highlighting escalating tensions between different communities in Assam during the INC rule. Law and order in the state is in shambles and the cases of murders, extortions, and kidnappings are rising regularly. The AIUDF is also highlighting the issue as one of their main Lok Sabha 2014 poll strategies.
List of Chief Ministers of Assam
|S. No.||Chief Minister||From||To||Party Name|
|1||Tarun Gogoi||May 17, 2001||Present||INC|
|2||Prafulla Kumar Mahanta||May 15, 1996||May 17, 2001||AGP|
|3||Bhumidhar Barman||Apr 22, 1996||May 14, 1996||INC|
|4||Hiteswar Saikia||Jun 30, 1991||Apr 22, 1996||INC|
|5||President's rule||Nov 28, 1990||Jun 30, 1991|
|6||Prafulla Kumar Mahanta||Dec 24, 1985||Nov 28, 1990||AGP|
|7||Hiteswar Saikia||Feb 27, 1983||Dec 23, 1985||INC|
|8||President's rule||Mar 19, 1982||Feb 27, 1983|
|9||Kesab Chandra Gogoi||Jan 13, 1982||Mar 19, 1982||INC|
|10||President's rule||Jun 30, 1981||Jan 13, 1982|
|11||Anowara Taimur||Dec 6, 1980||Jun 30, 1981||INC|
|12||President's rule||Dec 12, 1979||Dec 5, 1980|
|13||Jogendra Nath Hazarika||Sep 9, 1979||Dec 11, 1979||JNP|
|14||Golap Borbora||Mar 12, 1978||Sep 4, 1979||JNP|
|15||Sarat Chandra Sinha||Jan 31, 1972||Mar 12, 1978||INC|
|16||Mahendra Mohan Choudhry||Nov 11, 1970||Jan 30, 1972||INC|
|17||Bimala Prasad Chaliha||Dec 28, 1957||Nov 6, 1970||INC|
|18||Bishnu Ram Medhi||Aug 9, 1950||Dec 27, 1957||INC|
|19||Gopinath Bordoloi||Feb 11, 1946||Aug 6, 1950||INC|
List of Governors of Assam
|S.No.||Name of Governor||From||To|
|1||Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari||15 Aug 1947||28 Dec 1948|
|2||Ronald Francis Lodge||30 Dec 1948||16 Feb 1949|
|3||Sri Prakasa||16 Feb 1949||27 May 1950|
|4||Jairam Das Daulatram||27 May 1950||15 May 1956|
|5||Saiyid Fazal Ali||15 May 1956||22 Aug 1959|
|6||Chandreswar Prasad Sinha||23 Aug 1959||14 Oct 1959|
|7||Satyavant Mallannah Shrinagesh||14 Oct 1959||12 Nov 1960|
|8||Vishnu Sahay||12 Nov 1960||13 Jan 1961|
|9||Mallannah Shrinagesh||13 Jan 1961||7 Sep 1962|
|10||Vishnu Sahay||7 Sep 1962||17 Apr 1968|
|11||Braj Kumar Nehru||17 Apr 1968||19 Sep 1973|
|12||Justice P. K. Goswami||8 Dec 1970||4 Jan 1971|
|13||Lallan Prasad Singh||19 Sep 1973||10 Aug 1981|
|14||Prakash Chandra Mehrotra||10 Aug 1981||28 Mar 1984|
|15||Justice T. S. Mishra||28 Mar 1984||15 Apr 1984|
|16||Bhishma Narain Singh||15 Apr 1984||10 May 1989|
|17||Harideo Joshi||10 May 1989||21 Jul 1989|
|18||Justice Anisetti Raghuvir||21 Jul 1989||2 May 1990|
|19||Justice Devi Das Thakur||2 May 1990||17 Mar 1991|
|20||Loknath Mishra||17 Mar 1991||1 Sep 1997|
|21||Srinivas Kumar Sinha||1 Sep 1997||21 Apr 2003|
|22||Arvind Dave IPS||21 Apr 2003||5 Jun 2003|
|23||Ajai Singh||5 Jun 2003||4 Jul 2008|
|24||Shiv Charan Mathur||4 Jul 2008||25 Jun 2009|
|25||K Sankaranarayanan||26 Jun 2009||27 Jul 2009|
|26||Syed Sibtey Razi||27 Jul 2009||27 Nov 2009|
|27||Janaki Ballabh Patnaik||27 Nov 2009||11 Dec 2014|
|28||Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya||12 Dec 2014||Present|
Cabinet Ministers of Assam
|Name of Ministers||Portfolios of the Ministers|
|Sri Tarun Gogoi||Home, Political, Finance, Personnel, GDD, GAD, SAD, AR&T, Election, Passport, Information Technology |
Science & Technology, and any other department which is not alloted.
|Dr. Bhumidhar Barman||Revenue & Disaster Management, Administrative Reforms & Training, Implementation of Assam Accord|
|Sri Sarat Borkotoky||Education, Pension & Public Grievances.|
|Smt. Ajanta Neog||Public Works(Roads, Buildings, National Highway), Planning Development, Judicial, Legislative, Law|
|Dr. Nazrul Islam||Food, Civil Supplies & Consumer Affairs, Health & Family Welfare|
|Sri Rockybul Hussain||Panchayat & Rural Development, Agriculture, Horticulture & Food Processing, Parliamentary Affairs|
|Sri Chandan Kumar Sarkar||Irrigation, Soil Conservation|
|Sri Khorsingh Engti||Animal Husbandary & Veterinary, Cooperation, Hill Areas.|
|Sri Sukur Ali Ahmed||Public Health Engineering, Welfare of Minorities & Development|
|Sri Ajit Singh||Transport, Excise, Sports & Youth Welfare.|
|Sri Basanta Das||Fisheries, Water Resources, Scheduled Castes Welfare|
|Sri Atuwa Munda||Environment & Forest, Tea Tribes Welfare|
|Sri Gautam Roy||Social Welfare|
|Sri Siddeque Ahmed||Industries & Commerce|
|Sri Sumitra Doley Patir||Tribal Welfare, Housing, Tourism|
|Sri Girindra Mallik||Mines & minerals, Jail, Border Areas|
|Sri Bismita Gogoi||Cultural Affairs, Handloom, Textiles & Sericulture, Backward Classes Welfare|
Rajya Sabha Members from Assam
|Shri Pankaj Bora||INC||16 Dec 2011||2 Apr 2016|
|Shri Biswajit Daimary||BPF||10 Apr 2014||9 Apr 2020|
|Smt. Naznin Faruque||INC||3 Apr 2010||2 Apr 2016|
|Shri Bhubaneshwar Kalita||INC||10 Apr 2014||9 Apr 2020|
|Shri Santiuse Kujur||INC||15 Jun 2013||14 Jun 2019|
|Dr. Manmohan Singh||INC||15 Jun 2013||14 Jun 2019|
|Shri Sanjay Singh||INC||10 Apr 2014||9 Apr 2020|
Assam DemographicsLocation and Strategic Importance
Assam has strategic significance when it comes to its location. It is one of the seven states of Northeast India. This state is connected to mainland India through the Siliguri Corridor, a narrow strip of land in West Bengal. Assam shares international borders with foreign countries such as Bangladesh and Bhutan.
Population and related info
As per 2011 Census, the total population of Assam is 3,11,69,272, where 1,59,54,927 are males and 1,52,14,345 females. Decade on decade, the population has grown by 16.93%. The total population living in rural areas is 2,68,07,034 (85.90% of the total population), among which 1,36,78,989 are males and 1,31,28,045 are females. The urban population is just 43,98,542 or 14.10% of the total population.
The male-female ratio of the state is 954 females to every 1,000 males. The literacy rate is 73.18% (1,95,07,017 persons), among which male literacy is 78.81% (1,07,56,937 persons) and female literacy is 67.27% (87,50,080 persons).
The population of Assam is concentrated in seven districts: Cachar, Kamrup, Darang, Nagaon, Dhubri, Barpeta, and Sonitpur. As per estimates there are 115 ethnic groups in Assam. Interestingly, there are 23 STs in the state, of which 40.9% are Bodos. As per the 2001 census, the religion-wise breakup of population is: 1,72,96,455 Hindus, 82,40,611 Muslims, 9,86,589 Christians, 22,519 Sikhs, 31,029 Buddhists, and 20,957 Jains. Other religious communities make up 29,999 people.
The languages predominantly spoken here are Assamese, Bodo, and Bengali (especially Sylheti).
The Chief Electoral Officer of Assam
C Block, 4th Floor, New Secretariat Building, Dispur, Assam, India. E-mail Address
firstname.lastname@example.org Office Phone
The Chief Electoral Officer of Assam
C Block, 4th Floor, New Secretariat Building, Dispur, Assam, India. E-mail Address
email@example.com Office Phone
Assam Civic Bodies Result 2015Counting of votes have begun for the 74 urban local bodies for which the polling was held on Monday ie; 9th February 2015. The total voter turnout recorded for the Assam Municipal Elections was 72% which was better than the 2009 polling percentage (61%). Seen as a semi-final between BJP and Congress ahead of the 2016 assembly election, the results will be a crucial indicator of poll prospects for both the parties next year. But with the new entrant AAP, which way will the result swing only time will tell.
Assam Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014BJP was hoping for a victory in the state of Assam and got 50 % of the seats from the total seats i.e., seven seats from the 14 seats. INC won three seats and All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) won three seats. The state of Assam is also an important state in terms of Indian politics. It gives a share of 14 Lok Sabha seats in the Indian Parliament. The national parties in the Assam includes Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI). The Congress has a stronghold in Assam with majority victories in the state in the last Lok Sabha elections. In the 2009 elections, seven seats were won by Congress, 4 by BJP and the remaining seats by other regional parties. The 2014 Lok Sabha elections were held in three phases in the state of Assam.
In the last General election, held in 2009, 7 seats were won by the Indian National Congress (by securing 34.89% or 42,35,681 votes), 4 seats by the Bharatiya Janata Party (by securing 16.21% or 19,67,813 votes), 1 seat by the Assam United Democratic Front (by securing 16.10% or 19,54,901 votes), 1 seat by the Asom Gana Parishad (by securing 14.60% or 17,73,103 votes), and 1 seat by the Bodaland Peoples Front (by securing 5.41% or 6,56,430 votes).
Assam Lok Sabha Election Results 2014 - Party wise
Shown below are the number of seats won by BJP, INC, AAP and others in Assam Lok Sabha Elections 2014.
Assam 2014 Party Wise Results
Last Updated on January 2, 2016