Jharkhand Latest News And Updates
About Jharkhand Assembly Election 2014Jharkhand is rich in resources and is the 28th state in India. The state was formed in the year 2000 after its separation from Bihar. It is a politically active state and has many national and regional parties.
The Vidhan Sabha of Jharkhand consists of 81 seats to which the members are directly elected by the general eligible electorate. The fate of the candidates was decided by about two crore voters. The major parties in the state include Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) and Jharkhand Vikas Morcha Prajatantrik (JVM).
In the General Elections 2014, Congress had been rejected by the Jharkhand electorate. As a part of the strategy for the assembly elections, Jharkhand Pradesh Congress Committee (JPCC) organised 'chintan shivir' in different parts of the state to find means to earn back the faith of the people. JPCC leaders were urged to be aware of the problems of the people of their districts and find out the demands of the people. But this did not work out for the INC.
The BJP contested Jharkhand assembly elections all alone. Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) led by Babulal Marandi had been among the regional parties which had to face defeat in the general elections 2014.
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Elections Summary 2014
The Jharkhand State Legislative Assembly elections for 2014 were held in five phases between November 25 and December 20, while the results were announced on 23 December. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged as the single largest party winning 37 of the 81 assembly seats, falling just five short of the clear majority mark of 42. The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) won 19 seats to come second after BJP.
The then incumbent chief minister Hemant Soren of JMM had contested the elections from Dumka and Barhait assembly constituencies. Soren won in Barhait with 62,515 votes against BJP's Hemlal Murmu who was the runner-up with 38,428 votes. Though, Soren had to taste defeat in Dumka at the hands of BJP's Lois Marandi who won 70,367 votes to the former's 65,105.
Former Chief Minister of Jharkhand Babulal Marandi of JVM (P) came third in his native assembly constituency of Girdih, winning 26,665 votes lagging far behind the eventual winner Nirbhay Kumar Shahabadi of BJP who bagged 57, 450 votes. Marandi lost in the Dhanwar assembly segment as well with 39,922 votes in his kitty falling close to eleven thousand short of the number of votes won by Rajkumar Yadaw of CPI (M).
Although contesting under the favourite BJP's flag, ex-chief minister Arjun Munda could not win from Kharasawan assembly seat. Munda was the runner-up in the seat with just over sixty thousand votes, losing out to JMM's Dashrath Gagrai who won 70,002 votes. But BJPs tried and tested man in the state, Raghbar Das came out victorious in his native Jamshedpur East with a thumping margin. Das won 1,03,427 votes as compared to the runner-up Anand Bihari Dubey of INC who could win just 33,270 votes. Although, the BJP did win most number of seats in the state yet did not have the sufficient number of seats required to form a government on its own.
However, the BJP got the required support to form the government in the state from outside. Subsequently, BJP's experienced leader in the state and Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP national President Amit Shah's close associate Raghbar Das was chosen by the party high command to be the next Chief Minister of Jharkhand. It was an unprecedented decision by BJP to have elected a non-tribal chief minister for the state. Raghbar Das was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Jharkhand on 28 December 2014.
Jharkhand Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014
|Click for detailed 2014 Assembly Results|
Earlier in the 2014 Parliamentary Elections, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged victorious in Jharkhand by bagging 12 seats out of 14 seats. The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha party secured two seats in the state.
Quick facts for Jharkhand Elections
|Parliamentary Constituencies|| |
|Ruling Party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Opposition Party||Jharkhand Mukti Morcha|
|Chief Minister||Raghubar Das|
|Governor||Dr. Syed Ahmed|
|Chief Electoral Officer||P. K. Jajoria|
|Address||Chief Electoral Officer,Old OPD,HEC, Sec-2, Dhurwa, Ranchi.|
Jharkhand Election HistoryJharkhand is the state where active politics has always been under way right from the heydays, when the state came into existence as the breakaway faction from the erstwhile Bihar, in the year 2000. The electoral system of Jharkhand is divided between the assembly and parliamentary constituencies and in each of these many national and regional political parties vie for the power. It is also significant to note that Jharkhand has quite a huge number of political parties, compared to UP and Bihar.
Like most of the Indian states, the administrative structure of the state is determined by the Constitution of 1950. The Governor is the nominal head of the state and functions on the advice of the Chief Minister. CM is the executive head of the government. The state is divided into many districts. Each district is governed by a deputy commissioner. The judiciary consists of a High Court in Ranchi and other district courts, subdivisional courts, munsifs’ (subordinate judicial officers’) courts, and village councils.
Issues of the state
Naxalism:It is one of the 13 states in India where Naxalites have a major influence. The Leftist rebels are active in 18 out of 24 districts of the state. Jharkhand has witnessed the loss of countless lives in Maoist violence. People live in miserable poverty, thus providing wide recruits for the Left insurgents who argue that they are fighting on behalf of the landless poor.
Development & stability:The region was earlier known for its educational infrastructure but after achieving the status of a full-fledged state, it failed to open even a single state-of-the-art institute.
Political Parties in Jharkhand
Jharkhand elections have seen the active participation of several national, state and registered political parties like:
|Indian National Congress (INC)||Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP)||Communist Party of India (CPI)|
|Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM)||Janata Dal (United) JD(U)||RashtriyaJanata Dal (RJD)|
|All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)||Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)||Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha|
|Janata Dal (Secular)JD(S)||All India Forward Bloc (Subhasist) AIFB(S)||Indian Justice Party (IJP)|
|SadanVikas Party (SVKP)||RashtriyaSamanta Dal (RSMD)||Jharkhand Vikas Dal (JVD)|
JMM is in fact the biggest political party in the state. The political system in the state of Jharkhand has changed significantly over the years.
Political distribution of Jharkhand
Jharkhand has a unicameral state legislature that means there is only one house which is the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly or The Jharkhand Vidhan Sabha. Ranchi is the state capital. There are 81 members in the assembly who are directly elected from their respective constituencies.
The North Chhotanagpur region has seven districts viz Chatra, Koderma, Giridih, Hazaribagh, Ramgarh, Bokaro and Dhanbad and comprises 5 LS seats namely Chatra, Koderma, Giridih, Dhanbad and Hazaribagh respectively. South Chhotanagpur region has 5 districts namely Ranchi, Khunti, Lohardagga, Gumla and Simdega and 3 LS seats namely Ranchi, Khunti and Loherdagga. These regions are also predominantly Adivasi regions. Palamu region has 3 districts namely Palamu, Latehar and Garhwa and 1 LS seat namely Palamu, having a meagre Adivasi population and high scheduled caste population. Santhal Pargana region has 6 districts namely Deoghar, Godda, Sahebganj, Pakur, Dumka and Jamtara and 3 LS seats namely Rajmahal, Dumka and Godda.
Legislative Assembly of Jharkhand
Jharkhand has a unicameral state legislature that means there is only one house which is the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly or The Jharkhand Vidhan Sabha. Ranchi is the state capital. There are 81 members in the assembly who are directly elected from their respective constituencies, and one nominated.
List of Chief Ministers of Jharkhand
Babulal Marandi was the first elected Chief Minister of the state, who assumed office on 15 November 2000. The incumbent CM is Raghubar Das, who assumed office on December 28, 2014. The complete list of Chief Ministers of Jharkhand is given below:
|Sl. No.||Chief Ministers of Jharkhand||From||To||Party|
|1||Raghubar Das||Dec 28, 2014||Incumbent||BJP|
|2||Hemant Soren Dumka||Jul 13, 2013||Dec 26, 2014||JMM|
|3||President's rule||Jan 18, 2013||Jul 12, 2013|
|4||Arjun Munda Kharsawan||Sep 11, 2010||Jan 18, 2013||BJP|
|5||President's rule||Jun 1, 2010||Sep 11, 2010|
|6||Shibu Soren||Dec 30, 2009||May 31, 2010||JMM|
|7||President's rule||Jan 19, 2009||Dec 29, 2009|
|8||Shibu Soren||Aug 27, 2008||Jan 18, 2009||JMM|
|9||Madhu Koda Jaganathpur||Sep 14, 2006||Aug 23, 2008||IND|
|10||Arjun Munda Kharsawan||Mar 12, 2005||Sep 14, 2006||BJP|
|11||Shibu Soren||Mar 2, 2005||Mar 12, 2005||JMM|
|12||Arjun Munda Kharsawan||Mar 18, 2003||Mar 2, 2005||BJP|
|13||Babulal Marandi Ramgarh||Nov 15, 2000||Mar 17, 2003||BJP|
List of Governors of Jharkhand
|Sl. No.||Governors of Jharkhand||From||To|
|1||Syed Ahmed||Sep 4, 2011||Incumbent|
|2||M.O. Hasan Farook Maricar||Jan 22, 2010||Sep 3, 2011|
|3||Kateekal Sankaranarayanan||Jul 26, 2009||Jan 21, 2010|
|4||Syed Sibtey Razi||Dec 10, 2004||Jul 25, 2009|
|5||Ved Marwah||Jun 12, 2003||Dec 9, 2004|
|6||M. Rama Jois||Jul 15, 2002||Jun 11, 2003|
|7||V. C. Pande (Additional Charge)||Feb 4, 2002||Jul 14, 2002|
|8||Prabhat Kumar||Nov 15, 2000||Feb 3, 2002|
Cabinet Ministers of Jharkhand
|Name of Minister||Ministeries|
|Shri Raghubar Das||Chief Minister|
|Shri. Chandreshwar Prasad Singh||Parliamentary Affairs, Urban Development and Housing.|
|Shri Nilkanth Singh Munda||Rural Development and Rural Works.|
|Shri. Lois Marandi||Welfare (including minority welfare), Social Welfare, Women and Child Development.|
|Shri. Chandraprakash Choudhary||Drinking Water & Sanitation and Disaster Management.|
Rajya Sabha Members from Jharkhand
|Dr. Pradeep Kumar Balmuchu||Indian National Congress||04/05/2012 to 03/05/2018||Shri Prem Chand Gupta||Rashtriya Janata Dal||10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020|
|Shri Parimal Nathwani||Independent & Others||10/04/2014 to 09/04/2020||Shri Dhiraj Prasad Sahu||Indian National Congress||08/07/2010 to 07/07/2016|
|Shri Sanjiv Kumar||Jharkhand Mukti Morcha||04/05/2012 to 03/05/2018|
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Jharkhand
P. K. Jajoria is the Chief Electoral Officer of Jharkhand.
Contact details of CEO's office: Cabinet (Election) Department (Near Gaytri Mandir) Old OPD, HEC Colony, Sector-2 Dhurwa, Ranchi - 834 004
Last Updated on February 14, 2015