The Election Commission which was supposed to visit the state on 15th October, will now be visiting J&K on the weekend on 18th-19th October to examine the possibility of keeping the assembly election in December or January. However political parties have mixed opinions on when elections should be held. INC's Rashid Alvi has voiced his opinion stating that "Elections must not be held until things return to normalcy, the election commission must go there do surveillance to access the right time". The J&K Chief Minister had early stated warned of a "zero turnout" of voters if elections were held anytime soon in flood hit Kashmir region. The term of the J&K Assembly ends on January 19, 2015.
About Jammu & Kashmir Elections
Quick facts for Jammu and Kashmir Elections 2014
|Parliamentary Constituencies|| |
|Ruling Party||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Opposition Party||Peoples Democratic Party|
|Chief Minister||Omar Abdullah|
|Governor||Narinder Nath Vohra|
|Chief Electoral Officer||Umang Narula|
|Address||Office of the Chief Electoral Officer, Old Secretariat, Srinagar (May to Oct)|
The blissful paradise of Jammu and Kashmir, snuggled on the circuit of the Himalayas has always been the point of discontentment between India and her neighbor Pakistan. The Kashmir issue and political hatred between two countries have never stopped the Jammu & Kashmir Political Parties, to play a mammoth role in holding together the political sentiments clear & crisp and within the constitutional rights of Indian dominion. There are several state parties also that desire for the purpose of establishing strong political position in the state. Like in other states in India, this state also has multi-party democratic system of governance.
Currently, Indian National Congress and National Conference are in majority in the state legislature with 17 seats and 28 seats respectively. Under article 370, Jammu and Kashmir are granted a special autonomous status.
The last Assembly elections were contested in the year 2002. The National Conference lost in the 2002 polls after holding the office for 25 years. The 2008 Assembly polls of Jammu and Kashmir had National Conference win 28 seats, People's Democratic Alliance won 21 seats, congress party won 17 seats, BJP registered the win of 11 seats, while others win 10 seats.
The Assembly Elections of 2002 in the Jammu and Kashmir played a crucial role and seemed to be turning point in the political history. The elections helped in restoring the faith of people of Jammu and Kashmir. It was the time when PDP came into the power and soon there was a new chapter which was ready to be written in the political history of Jammu and Kashmir.
About Jammu and Kashmir Assembly Election 2014
The first assembly elections were held in 1965 in Jammu and Kashmir. The assembly elections for 2014 are scheduled to be held by the end of the year. The elections will be held somewhere between October and December, as the new Government has to be formed by January 4, 2015. The Legislative Assembly comprises of 87 members whose fate will be decided by 6,933,118 voters. Major political parties in the state are National Conference (NC), the Indian National Congress (Congress), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party (PDP). At present, the NC and INC make up the majority in the state legislature, with 28 and 17 seats respectively.
According to the sources, the ruling coalition partners, the National Conference (NC) and Congress will not get into any pre-poll alliance for the upcoming assembly elections in the state and will contest against each other.
Lok Janshakti Party has announced to launch a movement to set up a new delimitation commission in the state. The victory of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in all the three LS seats in the Kashmir valley is a big boost to the party as it prepares for the assembly elections. PDP stood first in 41 of the 87 assembly seats. On the other hand, BJP will launch its Mission 44+ seats in the assembly elections to its own Government in the state. But according to the statistics, the highest number of seats the BJP could win was 11 in the last assembly elections that took place in 2008.
National Conference need to change its policies if it wants to win the assembly elections. Looking at the political scenario in the Kashmir Valley after 1996, it would not be possible for INC to get simple majority on its own in the J&K Legislature.
The state has a special status within the union government of India. Unlike the rest of the states, Jammu and Kashmir enjoys special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India. The union government has direct legislative powers in matters of defense, foreign policy, and communications within the state and has indirect influence in matters of citizenship, Supreme Court jurisdiction, and emergency powers.
Under the constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, the governor is the head of state, and is appointed by the President of India. He is assisted by the Chief Minister and a council of ministers. The legislature consists of two houses: the Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) and the smaller Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad). The members of Vidhan Parishad are elected by various groups of politicians, local administrators, and educators and a few by the governor. The state sends six members to the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and six members, elected by the combined Legislative Assembly and Council, to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House). The High Court consists of a chief justice and 11 other judges, who are appointed by the President of India.
Issues of the state
Some of the major issues that dominated the electoral process in the state includes the self rule or autonomy for J&K, separatism, militancy, presence of security forces and other issues including development, unemployment, education, electricity and water.
For many years militancy has been a major hindrance to the development of the state. The ongoing bloodshed and loss of innumerable human lives has brought forth the true face of the politicians who encourage regionalism just to increase their vote bank. Kashmir dispute is basically related to national identity and future of people of the state. People want to live a peaceful life. Economic development comes as a result of investment and there wont be any investment in an area where there is political instability, armed conflict or a civil war.
The issue of unemployment among the youth poses a big challenge for the political parties. The lack of employment opportunities is taking the youth to drugs and anti-social activities.
Political Parties in Jammu and Kashmir
The main national level political parties in Jammu and Kashmir include the
|Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (JKNC),||The Indian National Congress (INC),|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||The Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party (JKPDP)|
State Level Political parties in Jammu And Kashmir
|All Jammu and Kashmir Patriotic Peoples Front||Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir)|
|Jamaat-e-Islami Kashmir||Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party|
|Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party||Mallah Insaf Party|
|Praja Parishad Jammu and Kashmir|
Jammu and Kashmir Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014
In the Lok Sabha elections in Jammu & Kashmir, no single party has won with clear majority as both Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) bagged three seats each. The Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) is a very sensitive state in terms of politics. There are several major issues in the state which includes the question of the civilian rights, Kashmiri Hindus, Kashmir migrants, separatist movements etc. There are many leading political parties in J&K such as Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (JKNC), Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party (JKPDP). Presently, the state is ruled by an INC alliance and Omar Abdullah is the Chief Minister of J&K. J&K has only six Lok Sabha seats for which elections took place in five different phases. The slow voter turnout was reported in J&K in all phases.
Jammu and Kashmir has been a sensitive state right from its formation.Whether it is the question of civilian rights,excesses of the Army, the issue of Article 370, Kashmiri migrants,Kashmiri Hindus, question of peace in the valley, or separatist movements,the The Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party has launched a massive signature campaign for change, along with a booth-level contact campaign. In fact, the party has come closer to others such as the CPIM, the Samajwadi Party, the Lok Jana Shakti Party, independent MLAs, civil society groups, and intellectuals, to form the People's United Front (PUF), which they are calling the 'third front' of J&K.
Some of the issues raised by the CPI(M) and the CPI include power crisis, huge increase in power tariff, administrative apathy of the state government, immediate need to increase ration allocation, failure to curb corruption, haunting unemployment situation, unacceptable remarks by Narendra Modi on Article 370, etc.
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
Jammu and Kashmir State Legislature is the bicameral legislature and The Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir or the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha is the lower house of the legislature. The first legislature of kingdom of now the state of Jammu and Kashmir was of the Maharaja of Kashmir Hari Singh in 1934. However, it was considered undemocratic as there was restricted on the participation of any political party. Later when first free democratic elections were held in the state, the National Conference got a majority in the new constituent assembly with Sheikh Abdullah as the head of government. The members of the Legislative Assembly are presently 87 and serve the assembly for a six-year term. While the assembly is administered by Speaker, the leader of the house is the chief minister.
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council
The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council or the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Parishad constitute the upper house of the legislature on state of Jammu and Kashmir. The members of this house serve a fixed six year term with one-third of the members retiring every two years. There are 36 seats in the council.
The present political scenario in the Jammu and Kashmir seems to appear stable in Jammu & Kashmir National Conference and the Indian National Congress combined government addressing the needs of the state.
List of Chief Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir
|Sl. No.||Chief Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir||From||To||Party|
|1||Omar Abdullah||Jan 5, 2009||Present||JKNC|
|2||President's Rule||Jul 11, 2008||Jan 5, 2009|
|3||Ghulam Nabi Azad||Nov 2, 2005||Jul 11, 2008||INC|
|4||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed||Nov 2, 2002||Nov 2, 2005||PDP|
|5||President's Rule||Oct 18, 2002||Nov 2, 2002|
|6||Farooq Abdullah||Oct 9, 1996||Oct 18, 2002||JKN|
|7||President's Rule||Jan 19, 1990||Oct 9, 1996|
|8||Farooq Abdullah||Nov 7, 1986||Jan 19, 1990||JKN|
|9||President's Rule||Mar 6, 1986||Nov 7, 1986|
|10||Ghulam Mohammad Shah||Jul 2, 1984||Mar 6, 1986||JKANC|
|11||Farooq Abdullah||Sep 8, 1982||Jul 2, 1984||JKN|
|12||Sheikh Abdullah||Jul 9, 1977||Sep 8, 1982||JKN|
|13||President's Rule||Mar 26, 1977||Jul 9, 1977|
|14||Sheikh Abdullah||Feb 25, 1975||Mar 26, 1977||JKN|
|15||Syed Mir Qasim||Dec 12, 1971||Feb 25, 1975||INC|
|16||Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq||Mar 30, 1965||Dec 12, 1971||INC|
List of Governors of Jammu and Kashmir
|Sl. No.||Governors of Jammu and Kashmir||From||To|
|1||Narinder Nath Vohra||Jun 25, 2008||Present|
|2||S.K. Sinha||Jun 4, 2003||Jun 25, 2008|
|3||Girish Chandra Saxena||May 2, 1998||Jun 4, 2003|
|4||K. V. Krishna Rao||Mar 12, 1993||May 2, 1998|
|5||Girish Chandra Saxena||May 26, 1990||Mar 12, 1993|
|6||Jagmohan||Jan 19, 1990||May 26, 1990|
|7||K. V. Krishna Rao||Jul 1989||Jan 19, 1990|
|8||Jagmohan||Apr 26, 1984||Jul 1989|
|9||Braj Kumar Nehru||Feb 22, 1981||Apr 26, 1984|
|10||Lakshmi Kant Jha||Jul 3, 1973||Feb 22, 1981|
|11||Bhagwan Sahay||May 15, 1967||Jul 3, 1973|
|12||Yuvraj (Crown Prince) Dr. Karan Singh||Mar 30, 1965||May 15, 1967|
Cabinet Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir
|Name of Ministers||Ministeries|
|Mr. Omar Abdullah||Hon'ble Chief Minister, Jammu & Kashmir|
|Mr. Tara Chand||Hon'ble Deputy Chief Minister, Minister for School Education|
|Mr. Abdul Rahim Rather||Hon'ble Minister for Finance & Ladakh Affairs|
|Peerzada Mohd. Sayeed||Hon'ble Minister for Public Enterprises, Haj, Auqaf and Floriculture|
|Mr. Ali Mohammad Sagar||Hon'ble Minister for Rural Development and Panchayats|
|Mr. Mian Altaf Ahmad||Hon'ble Minister for Forest, Environment and Ecology|
|Mr. Taj Mohi-ud-din||Hon'ble Minister for Health and Medical Education|
|Mr. Nawang Rigzin Jora||Hon'ble Minister for Urban Development and Urban Local Bodies|
|Mr. Sham Lal Sharma||Hon'ble Minister for PHE, Irrigation and Flood Control|
|Mr. Ghulam Hassan Mir||Hon'ble Minister for Agriculture Production|
|Ms. Sakina Itoo||Hon'ble Minister for Social Welfare, ARI & Trainings and Public Grievances|
|Mr. Raman Bhalla||Hon'ble Minister for Housing, Horticulture and Culture and additional charge of Sports and Youth Services|
|Mr. Mohammad Akbar Lone||Hon'ble Minister for Higher Education|
|Choudhary Mohammad Ramzan||Hon'ble Minister for Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution and Transport|
|Mr. Ajay Sadhotr||Hon'ble Minister for Planning & Development and Labour & Employment|
|Mr. Ghulam Ahmad Mir||Hon'ble Minister for Tourism|
|Mr. Abdul Majid Wani||Hon'ble Minister for R&B and Mechanical Engineering|
|Mir Saifullah||Hon'ble Minister for Law, Justice & Parliamentary Affairs|
|Mr. Ajaz Ahmed Khan||Hon'ble Minister of State Revenue, Relief & Rehabilitation (Independent Charge)|
|Dr. Manohar Lal Sharma||Hon'ble Minister of State Fisheries, Cooperative, Printing & Stationery and Elections(Independent Charge), Hon'ble Minister of State Finance and Planning, Higher Education, Forests, Environment and Ecology, Labour and Transport|
|Mr. Sajjad Ahmad Kitchloo||Hon'ble Minister of State Industries & Commerce (Independent Charge) Minister of State for Home, R&B and Mechanical Engineering, Housing & Urban Development, Tourism & Culture|
|Mr. Feroz Ahmad Khan||Hon'ble Minister of State Science & Technology and Information Technology(Independent Charge), Minister of State for Medical Education, School Education, Youth Services & Sports|
|Mr. Nazir Ahmad Khan (Gurezi)||Hon'ble Minister of State Animal & Sheep Husbandry (Independent Charge), Minister of State for PHE, Irrigation & Flood Control, Horticulture, Agriculture & Floriculture|
|Mr. Viqar Rasool Wani||Hon'ble Minister of State Technical Education (Independent Charge), Minister of State for Law, Justice, Parliamentary Affairs, Rural Development and Panchayats, Social Welfare, Power, Hospitality & Protocol, Information and Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution|
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Jammu and Kashmir
Umang Narula (IAS) is the Chief Electoral Officer of Jammu and Kashmir. He is also the Commissioner and Secretary to Government of the Election Department. From the months of May to October, the official address is Block-A, Old Secretariat, Srinagar. However, from November to April, the official address is 2nd Floor, Vikas Bhawan, Rail Head Complex, Jammu.
Contact details are: Office Phone: 0194-2473609 (Srinagar)/0191-2477519 (Jammu)
Residence Phone: 0194-2501769 (Srinagar)/0191-2437869 (Jammu)
Fax: 0194-2452654 (Srinagar)/0191-2477389 (Jammu)
Jammu And Kashmir Latest News And Update
Jammu and kashmir Lok Sabha Election Results 2014 - Party wise
Shown below are the number of seats won by BJP, INC, AAP and others in Jammu and kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 2014.
Jammu and kashmir 2014 Party Wise ResultsBelow shown is the result for all important candidates for Jammu and kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 2014.
Votes so far: 115643
Ghulam Nabi Azad
Votes so far: 426393
Votes so far: 200429
Shown below is the list of winner/runnerup candidates of all parliamentary constituencies ofJammu and kashmir with their party name and symbol along with the votes secured by each candidate.
|Udhampur||Winner||Dr. Jitendra Singh|
|Runner up||Ghulam Nabi Azad|
|Runner up||Ghulam Raza|
|Runner up||Syed Abid Ahmad Shah|
|Srinagar||Winner||Tariq Hameed Karra||*|
|Runner up||Farooq Abdullah||*|
|Baramulla||Winner||Muzaffar Hussain Baig||*|
|Runner up||Sharief Ud-Din Shariq||*|
|Jammu||Winner||Jugal Kishore Sharma|
Last Updated on October 17, 2014