About Jammu & Kashmir Elections
The Election Commission of India (ECI) sent a team to Jammu and Kashmir to review the situation in the state and decide on when the assembly elections should be held. The team, headed by Vinod Zutshi (Deputy Election Commissioner), was in Jammu on a three-day visit beginning 7 October 2014. It held a meeting with J&K CEO Umang Narula. On his visit, the Deputy Election Commissioner met representatives of various political parties from the state to review the situation. Finally, it was decided that assembly elections in the state will be held in five phases from 25 November to 23 December. As per the official data of the Election Commission of India, the state had a total of 69,33,118 eligible voters before the 2014 assembly elections.
Major political parties that contested the elections for the 87-member state assembly were- People's Democratic Party (PDP), Jammu & Kashmir National Conference (JKNC), the Indian National Congress (INC) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Before December 2014, the JKNC and INC made up the majority in the state legislature, with 28 and 17 seats respectively.
The victory of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in all the three Lok Sabha seats in the Kashmir valley was seen as a positive sign for the party as it prepared for the assembly elections. The elections to the state legislative assembly took place in five installments on 25 November, 2 December, 9 December, 14 December and 20 December, 2014. Over 76% voter turnout was recorded during the polls. The results of the elections were announced on 23 December 2014, according to which, the PDP won most number of seats with its tally reaching 28. The BJP emerged as the second largest party with 25 seats. The ruling JKNC settled for 15 seats, while the Congress had to be content with just 12 of the 87 assembly seats. Seven seats went to others.
Jammu and Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections Summary 2014
In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections in Jammu & Kashmir, both Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) bagged three seats each. J&K has only six Lok Sabha seats, for which elections took place in five different phases. A low voter turnout was reported in all phases.
J&K is a very sensitive state considering the number of issues plaguing it. The question of the civilian rights, Kashmiri Pandits, Kashmiri migrants, and separatist movement are some of the issues that have lingered on for long. Presently, the state is ruled by a PDP-BJP alliance and PDP's chief patron Mufti Mohammad Sayeed is the Chief Minister.
Click for detailed 2014 Assembly Results
J and K Administrative structureThe state has a special status within the union government of India. Unlike the rest of the states, Jammu and Kashmir enjoys special autonomy under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. The Union government has direct legislative powers only in matters of defence, foreign policy, and communications within the state and has indirect influence in matters of citizenship, Supreme Court jurisdiction, and emergency powers. Under the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, the governor is the head of state, and is appointed by the President of India. He is assisted by the Chief Minister and a council of ministers. The legislature consists of two houses: the Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) and the Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad). The members of Vidhan Parishad are elected by various groups of politicians, local administrators and educators. A few of them are elected by the Governor. The state sends six members to the Lok Sabha (Lower House of the Parliament) and six members, elected jointly by the Legislative Assembly and Council, to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of the Parliament). The High Court consists of a chief justice and 11 other judges, who are appointed by the President of India.
Issues of Jammu and KashmirSome of the major issues that have dominated the electoral process in the state include the self-rule or autonomy for J&K, separatism, militancy, presence of security forces, AFSPA (Armed Forces Special Powers Act) and other issues including unemployment, poor infrastructure and lack of electricity and water.
For many years, militancy has been a major hindrance to the development of the state. Economic development comes as a result of investment and a region that is marred by political instability and armed conflict cannot expect to attract investments.
The issue of unemployment among the youth poses a big challenge for the political parties. Due to lack of employment opportunities, the young population is taking to drugs and insurgency.
Political Parties in Jammu and Kashmir
|Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (JKNC)||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party (JKPDP)|
The state political parties in Jammu and Kashmir include:
|All Jammu and Kashmir Patriotic Peoples Front||Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir)|
|Jamaat-e-Islami Kashmir||Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party|
|Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party||Mallah Insaf Party|
|Praja Parishad Jammu and Kashmir|
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative AssemblyJammu and Kashmir has a bicameral legislature and the Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha is the lower house of the legislature. The first legislature of Jammu and Kashmir was that of the Maharaja Hari Singh in 1934. However, it was not considered democratic as there were restrictions on the participation of any political party. Later, when first free democratic elections were held in the state in 1951, the National Conference got a majority in the new constituent assembly with Sheikh Abdullah as the head of government. There are a total of 87 members in the Legislative Assembly and they serve the assembly for a six-year term (The term of the legislative assembly is five years in all other Indian states). While the assembly is administered by the Speaker, the leader of the house is the Chief Minister.
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative CouncilThe Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council or the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Parishad constitutes the upper house of the legislature of the state. The members of this house serve a fixed six-year term with one-third of the members retiring every two years. There are 36 seats in the council.
Jammu and Kashmir Assembly Election Results:
List of Chief Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir
|S. No.||Chief Minister||From||To||Party Name|
|1||Mehbooba Mufti||APril 04, 2016||Incumbent||PDP-BJP Alliance|
|2||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed||Mar 1, 2015||Jan 07, 2016||PDP|
|3||Governor's Rule||Jan 8, 2015||Mar 1, 2015||--|
|4||Omar Abdullah||Jan 5, 2009||Dec 24, 2014||JKNC|
|5||Governor's Rule||Jul 11, 2008||Jan 5, 2009||--|
|6||Ghulam Nabi Azad||Nov 2, 2005||Jul 11, 2008||INC|
|7||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed||Nov 2, 2002||Nov 2, 2005||PDP|
|8||Governor's Rule||Oct 18, 2002||Nov 2, 2002||--|
|9||Farooq Abdullah||Oct 9, 1996||Oct 18, 2002||JKNC|
|10||Governor's Rule||Jan 19, 1990||Oct 9, 1996||--|
|11||Farooq Abdullah||Nov 7, 1986||Jan 19, 1990||JKNC|
|12||Governor's Rule||Mar 6, 1986||Nov 7, 1986||--|
|13||Ghulam Mohammad Shah||Jul 2, 1984||Mar 6, 1986||JKANC|
|14||Farooq Abdullah||Sep 8, 1982||Jul 2, 1984||JKNC|
|15||Sheikh Abdullah||Jul 9, 1977||Sep 8, 1982||JKNC|
|16||Governor's Rule||Mar 26, 1977||Jul 9, 1977||--|
|17||Sheikh Abdullah||Feb 25, 1975||Mar 26, 1977||JKNC|
|18||Syed Mir Qasim||Dec 12, 1971||Feb 25, 1975||INC|
|19||Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq||Mar 30, 1965||Dec 12, 1971||INC|
List of Governors of Jammu and Kashmir
|S.No.||Name of Governor||From||To|
|1||Narinder Nath Vohra||Jun 25, 2008||Incumbent|
|2||S.K. Sinha||Jun 4, 2003||Jun 25, 2008|
|3||Girish Chandra Saxena||May 2, 1998||Jun 4, 2003|
|4||K. V. Krishna Rao||Mar 12, 1993||May 2, 1998|
|5||Girish Chandra Saxena||May 26, 1990||Mar 12, 1993|
|6||Jagmohan||Jan 19, 1990||May 26, 1990|
|7||K. V. Krishna Rao||Jul 1989||Jan 19, 1990|
|8||Jagmohan||Apr 26, 1984||Jul 1989|
|9||Braj Kumar Nehru||Feb 22, 1981||Apr 26, 1984|
|10||Lakshmi Kant Jha||Jul 3, 1973||Feb 22, 1981|
|11||Bhagwan Sahay||May 15, 1967||Jul 3, 1973|
|12||Yuvraj (Crown Prince) Dr. Karan Singh||Mar 30, 1965||May 15, 1967|
Cabinet Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir
|S.no.||Name of Minister||Ministry||Party|
|1||Ms. Mehbooba Mufti||Chief Minister||PDP|
|2||Dr Nirmal Kumar Singh||Deputy Chief Minister, Power Development and Housing & Urban Development.||BJP|
|3||Abdul Rehman Bhat (Veeri)||Horticulture and Haj & Auqaf||PDP|
|4||Chander Parkash||Industries and Commerce||BJP|
|5||Javaid Mustafa Mir||Revenue||PDP|
|6||Lal Singh||Health & Medical Education and ARI & Trainings||BJP|
|7||Abdul Haq Khan||Rural Development||PDP|
|8||Bali Bhagat||Social Welfare, Forest, Ecology and Environment||BJP|
|9||Syed Basharat Ahmed Bukhari||Law, Justice & Parliamentary Affairs and Relief & Rehabilitation||PDP|
|10||Mr Sukhnandan Kumar||Public Health Engineering and Irrigation & Flood Control||BJP|
|11||Chowdhary Zulfkar Ali||Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution and Tribal Affairs||PDP|
|12||Sajad Gani Lone||Science & Technology and Animal Husbandry||JKPC|
|13||Haseeb A. Drabu||Finance, Labour & Employment and Culture||PDP|
|14||Ghulam Nabi Lone||Agriculture Production||PDP|
|15||Syed Mohammad Altaf Bukhari||Public Works, Floriculture and Gardens & Parks||PDP|
|16||Imran Raza Ansari||Information Technology, Technical Education and Youth Services and Sports||PDP|
|17||Naeem Akhter||Minister for Education||PDP|
|18||Chering Dorjay||Minister of State for Cooperative (Independent Charge) and MoS Ladakh Affairs||BJP|
|19||Abdul Majid Padder||Minister of State for Public Health Engineering, Irrigation & Flood Control, Animal Husbandry and Forest||PDP|
|20||Sunil Kumar Sharma||Minister of State for Public Works (R&B) and Revenue||BJP|
|21||Mohammad Ashraf Mir||Minister of State for Industries and Commerce, Power Development and Housing & Urban Development||PDP|
|22||Abdul Ghani Kohli||Minister of State for Transport (Independent Charge), MoS Rural Development and Horticulture||BJP|
|23||Priya Sethi||Minister of State for Information, Education and Culture||BJP|
|24||Pawan Kumar Gupta||Minister of State for Finance and Information Technology||BJP|
|25||Asiya Naqash||Minister of State for Health and Social Welfare||PDP|
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Jammu and KashmirShri Shantmanu, IAS is the Chief Electoral Officer of Jammu and Kashmir. He is also the Commissioner and Secretary to Government of the Election Department. During the months of May-October, the official address of the CEO is Block-A, Old Secretariat, Srinagar. However, from November to April, the official address is 2nd Floor, Vikas Bhawan, Rail Head Complex, Jammu. For more details click here.
Last Updated on June 25, 2016