Jammu And Kashmir Latest News And Update
Jammu and Kashmir (J & K) Exit Polls 2014
ABP Exit Poll
About Jammu & Kashmir Elections
Quick facts for Jammu and Kashmir Elections 2014
|Parliamentary Constituencies|| |
|Ruling Party||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Opposition Party||Peoples Democratic Party|
|Chief Minister||Omar Abdullah|
|Governor||Narinder Nath Vohra|
|Chief Electoral Officer||Umang Narula|
|Address||Office of the Chief Electoral Officer, Old Secretariat, Srinagar (May to Oct)|
The Assembly Elections of 2002 in the Jammu and Kashmir seemed to be turning point in the political history. The elections helped in restoring the faith of people of Jammu and Kashmir. It was the time when PDP came into the power and soon there was a new chapter which was ready to be written in the political history of the state. In the last Assembly polls of Jammu and Kashmir, the National Conference won 28 seats, People's Democratic Alliance 21 seats, Congress party 17 seats, BJP registered their win in 11 seats, while others won 10 seats.
About Jammu and Kashmir Assembly Election 2014
The Election Commission of India (ECI) team visited Jammu and Kashmir to review the situation in the state to decide on when the Assembly elections should be held. The team Headed by Vinod Zutshi (Deputy Election Commissioner) was in Jammu on a three-day visit beginning 7th October and held a meeting with CEO Umang Narula. Also on his visit, the deputy election commissioner met representatives of different political parties from the state to review the situation. Finally, a decision was held to hold Assembly elections in the state from November 25. The Legislative Assembly of J&K comprises 87 members whose fate will be decided by 6,933,118 voters. Major political parties in the state are National Conference (NC), the Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party (PDP). At present, the NC and INC make up the majority in the state legislature, with 28 and 17 seats respectively.
But the ruling coalition partners, the NC and the INC will not get into any pre-poll alliance for the upcoming assembly elections in the state and will contest against each other.
The victory of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in all the three LS seats in the Kashmir valley is a big boost to the party as it prepares for the Assembly elections. PDP stood first in 41 of the 87 assembly seats in 2014 LS polls. On the other hand, the BJP will launch its Mission 44+ seats in the Assembly elections to have its own Government in the state. But according to the statistics, the highest number of seats the BJP could win was 11 in the last assembly elections that took place in 2008.
Looking at the political scenario in the Kashmir Valley after 1996, it would not be possible for INC to get simple majority on its own in the J&K Legislature. The National Conference too needs to change its policies if it wants to taste victory.
The state has a special status within the union government of India. Unlike the rest of the states, Jammu and Kashmir enjoys special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India. The Union government has direct legislative powers only in matters of defense, foreign policy, and communications within the state and has indirect influence in matters of citizenship, Supreme Court jurisdiction, and emergency powers.
Under the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, the governor is the head of state, and is appointed by the President of India. He is assisted by the Chief Minister and a council of ministers. The legislature consists of two houses: the Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) and the smaller Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad). The members of Vidhan Parishad are elected by various groups of politicians, local administrators, and educators and a few by the governor. The state sends six members to the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and six members, elected by the combined Legislative Assembly and Council, to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House). The High Court consists of a chief justice and 11 other judges, who are appointed by the President of India.
Issues of the state
Some of the major issues that have dominated the electoral process in the state include the self rule or autonomy for J&K, separatism, militancy, presence of security forces and other issues including development, unemployment, education, electricity and water.
For many years militancy has been a major hindrance to the development of the state. Economic development comes as a result of investment and there won’t be any investment in an area where there is political instability and armed conflict.
The issue of unemployment among the youth poses a big challenge for the political parties. The lack of employment opportunities is taking the youth to drugs and insurgency.
Political Parties in Jammu and Kashmir
The main national level political parties in Jammu and Kashmir include the
|Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (JKNC),||The Indian National Congress (INC),|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||The Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party (JKPDP)|
State Level Political parties in Jammu And Kashmir
|All Jammu and Kashmir Patriotic Peoples Front||Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir)|
|Jamaat-e-Islami Kashmir||Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party|
|Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party||Mallah Insaf Party|
|Praja Parishad Jammu and Kashmir|
Jammu and Kashmir Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014
In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections in Jammu & Kashmir, both Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) bagged three seats each. J&K has only six Lok Sabha seats for which elections took place in five different phases. A low voter turnout was reported in J&K in all phases.
The Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) is a very sensitive state in terms of politics. There are several major issues in the state which includes the question of the civilian rights, Kashmiri Hindus, Kashmir migrants, separatist movements etc. Presently, the state is ruled by an INC alliance and Omar Abdullah is the Chief Minister of J&K.
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
Jammu and Kashmir has a bicameral legislature and the Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir or the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha is the lower house of the legislature. The first legislature of kingdom of now the state of Jammu and Kashmir was of the Maharaja of Kashmir Hari Singh in 1934. However, it was considered undemocratic as there were restrictions on the participation of any political party. Later when first free democratic elections were held in the state in 1957, the National Conference got a majority in the new constituent assembly with Sheikh Abdullah as the head of government. The members of the Legislative Assembly are presently 87 and serve the assembly for a six-year term. While the assembly is administered by Speaker, the leader of the house is the chief minister.
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council
The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council or the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Parishad constitutes the upper house of the legislature of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The members of this house serve a fixed six year term with one-third of the members retiring every two years. There are 36 seats in the council.
List of Chief Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir
|Sl. No.||Chief Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir||From||To||Party|
|1||Omar Abdullah||Jan 5, 2009||Present||JKNC|
|2||President's Rule||Jul 11, 2008||Jan 5, 2009|
|3||Ghulam Nabi Azad||Nov 2, 2005||Jul 11, 2008||INC|
|4||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed||Nov 2, 2002||Nov 2, 2005||PDP|
|5||President's Rule||Oct 18, 2002||Nov 2, 2002|
|6||Farooq Abdullah||Oct 9, 1996||Oct 18, 2002||JKN|
|7||President's Rule||Jan 19, 1990||Oct 9, 1996|
|8||Farooq Abdullah||Nov 7, 1986||Jan 19, 1990||JKN|
|9||President's Rule||Mar 6, 1986||Nov 7, 1986|
|10||Ghulam Mohammad Shah||Jul 2, 1984||Mar 6, 1986||JKANC|
|11||Farooq Abdullah||Sep 8, 1982||Jul 2, 1984||JKN|
|12||Sheikh Abdullah||Jul 9, 1977||Sep 8, 1982||JKN|
|13||President's Rule||Mar 26, 1977||Jul 9, 1977|
|14||Sheikh Abdullah||Feb 25, 1975||Mar 26, 1977||JKN|
|15||Syed Mir Qasim||Dec 12, 1971||Feb 25, 1975||INC|
|16||Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq||Mar 30, 1965||Dec 12, 1971||INC|
List of Governors of Jammu and Kashmir
|Sl. No.||Governors of Jammu and Kashmir||From||To|
|1||Narinder Nath Vohra||Jun 25, 2008||Present|
|2||S.K. Sinha||Jun 4, 2003||Jun 25, 2008|
|3||Girish Chandra Saxena||May 2, 1998||Jun 4, 2003|
|4||K. V. Krishna Rao||Mar 12, 1993||May 2, 1998|
|5||Girish Chandra Saxena||May 26, 1990||Mar 12, 1993|
|6||Jagmohan||Jan 19, 1990||May 26, 1990|
|7||K. V. Krishna Rao||Jul 1989||Jan 19, 1990|
|8||Jagmohan||Apr 26, 1984||Jul 1989|
|9||Braj Kumar Nehru||Feb 22, 1981||Apr 26, 1984|
|10||Lakshmi Kant Jha||Jul 3, 1973||Feb 22, 1981|
|11||Bhagwan Sahay||May 15, 1967||Jul 3, 1973|
|12||Yuvraj (Crown Prince) Dr. Karan Singh||Mar 30, 1965||May 15, 1967|
Cabinet Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir
|Name of Ministers||Ministeries|
|Mr. Omar Abdullah||Hon'ble Chief Minister, Jammu & Kashmir|
|Mr. Tara Chand||Hon'ble Deputy Chief Minister, Minister for School Education|
|Mr. Abdul Rahim Rather||Hon'ble Minister for Finance & Ladakh Affairs|
|Peerzada Mohd. Sayeed||Hon'ble Minister for Public Enterprises, Haj, Auqaf and Floriculture|
|Mr. Ali Mohammad Sagar||Hon'ble Minister for Rural Development and Panchayats|
|Mr. Mian Altaf Ahmad||Hon'ble Minister for Forest, Environment and Ecology|
|Mr. Taj Mohi-ud-din||Hon'ble Minister for Health and Medical Education|
|Mr. Nawang Rigzin Jora||Hon'ble Minister for Urban Development and Urban Local Bodies|
|Mr. Sham Lal Sharma||Hon'ble Minister for PHE, Irrigation and Flood Control|
|Mr. Ghulam Hassan Mir||Hon'ble Minister for Agriculture Production|
|Ms. Sakina Itoo||Hon'ble Minister for Social Welfare, ARI & Trainings and Public Grievances|
|Mr. Raman Bhalla||Hon'ble Minister for Housing, Horticulture and Culture and additional charge of Sports and Youth Services|
|Mr. Mohammad Akbar Lone||Hon'ble Minister for Higher Education|
|Choudhary Mohammad Ramzan||Hon'ble Minister for Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution and Transport|
|Mr. Ajay Sadhotr||Hon'ble Minister for Planning & Development and Labour & Employment|
|Mr. Ghulam Ahmad Mir||Hon'ble Minister for Tourism|
|Mr. Abdul Majid Wani||Hon'ble Minister for R&B and Mechanical Engineering|
|Mir Saifullah||Hon'ble Minister for Law, Justice & Parliamentary Affairs|
|Mr. Ajaz Ahmed Khan||Hon'ble Minister of State Revenue, Relief & Rehabilitation (Independent Charge)|
|Dr. Manohar Lal Sharma||Hon'ble Minister of State Fisheries, Cooperative, Printing & Stationery and Elections(Independent Charge), Hon'ble Minister of State Finance and Planning, Higher Education, Forests, Environment and Ecology, Labour and Transport|
|Mr. Sajjad Ahmad Kitchloo||Hon'ble Minister of State Industries & Commerce (Independent Charge) Minister of State for Home, R&B and Mechanical Engineering, Housing & Urban Development, Tourism & Culture|
|Mr. Feroz Ahmad Khan||Hon'ble Minister of State Science & Technology and Information Technology(Independent Charge), Minister of State for Medical Education, School Education, Youth Services & Sports|
|Mr. Nazir Ahmad Khan (Gurezi)||Hon'ble Minister of State Animal & Sheep Husbandry (Independent Charge), Minister of State for PHE, Irrigation & Flood Control, Horticulture, Agriculture & Floriculture|
|Mr. Viqar Rasool Wani||Hon'ble Minister of State Technical Education (Independent Charge), Minister of State for Law, Justice, Parliamentary Affairs, Rural Development and Panchayats, Social Welfare, Power, Hospitality & Protocol, Information and Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution|
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Jammu and Kashmir
Umang Narula (IAS) is the Chief Electoral Officer of Jammu and Kashmir. He is also the Commissioner and Secretary to Government of the Election Department. During the months of May-October, the official address is Block-A, Old Secretariat, Srinagar. However, from November to April, the official address is 2nd Floor, Vikas Bhawan, Rail Head Complex, Jammu.
Office Phone: 0194-2473609 (Srinagar)/0191-2477519 (Jammu)
Residence Phone: 0194-2501769 (Srinagar)/0191-2437869 (Jammu)
Fax: 0194-2452654 (Srinagar)/0191-2477389 (Jammu)
Last Updated on December 20, 2014