About Jitan Ram Manjhi
Veteran politician and a prominent leader of maha-Dalit community, Jitan Ram Manjhi served as the 23rd Chief Minister of Bihar. Earlier, he was elected as an MLA from the Makhdoompur Assembly constituency of the Jehanabad district of the state in 2010 and was minister for SC and ST in the Nitish Kumar government, before being sworn in as the Chief Minister of the tate on 20 May 2014. Manjhi left office on 22 February 2015 and was replaced by his predecessor Nitish Kumar.
Early Life of Jitan Ram Manjhi
Born on 6 October 1944 to Ramjit Ram Manjhi and Sukri Devi in Mahakar Village of Gaya district in Bihar, Manjhi graduated from the Gaya College affiliated to the Magadh University, Bodhgaya in 1967. His parents were farmers. Manjhi worked with the telephone exchange in Gaya, before venturing into politics. He is married to Shanti Devi and has two sons and five daughters. Considered as a prominent leader of the Dalit community in the state, Manjhi himself belongs to most backward Musahar caste.
Political Career of Jitan Ram Manjhi
Jitan Ram Manjhi is the founder and chief of the newly formed political party called Hindustani Awam Morcha (HAM). Manjhi used to be a Janata Dal- (United) member before he was expelled and stripped off the primary membership by the party high-command following his feud with Nitish Kumar. Though, Kumar himself picked up Manjhi to replace him as the Chief Minister of the state when the former decided to resign, accepting moral responsibility for his party’s humiliating defeat in the state in the 2014 general elections, as JD (U) ended-up winning only two seats. However, Kumar’s resignation and Manjhi’s selection for the Chief Minister’s post was seen as an effort of garnering more Dalit votes in the state, keeping an eye on the upcoming Assembly elections in the state in 2015.
As the 23rd Chief Minister of Bihar, Manjhi was the third Dalit who reached up to this post in the state after Bhola Paswan Shashtri and Ram Sundar Das. Earlier till the year 1990, Manjhi was a member of Congress Party, and later he joined the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD). On the Congress party ticket, he has been anMLA from 1980 to 1990 and on RJD ticket he was anMLA from 1996 to 2005. In 2005, he joined JD (U) and remained with the party for the next ten years.
During his political journey, he has been minister in various governments and apart from working in the Cabinet of Nitish Kumar, he has worked with several other Chief Ministers including Bindeshwari Dubey, Chandrashekhar Singh, Jagannath Mishra, Satyendra Narayan Singh, Laloo Prasad Yadav and Rabri Devi.
He has also been an MLA from various constituencies of the state. In 2005, he was elected as an MLA from Barachatti and in 2010 from the Makhdumpur constituency.
However, his elevation as Chief Minister was criticised by several political heavyweights in the state. For example, Sushil Kumar Modi, who is a leader of opposition in the Bihar State Assembly, termed Manjhi as a puppet Chief Minister, controlled by Nitish Kumar.
Jitan Ram Manjhi's Controversial Remarks
Apart from being a leader of maha-Dalit community, Manjhi is also known for his several statements that have stirred controversies as most of them made headlines in the media.
For example, in 2008, when Bihar was struggling with food crisis, Manjhi had advocated eating rats, saying that rats cause damage to food grains and that there was no harm in eating them, since rats and chickens have equal nutritional value. Manjhi himself belongs to Musahar caste in which rat-catching for food is common.
He delivered another controversial statement, when he said, speaking to people in the Bettiah district located 300 km north-west of Patna, “Upper caste people are foreigners and only tribals and Dalits are indigenous people”, a statement which even his party men had criticised.
At the Mahakar village in Gaya, while making an attempt to gear up Dalits for 2015 Assembly elections in Bihar, he said that if all the Dalits and tribals who constitute 22 per cent of the population in Gaya District come together and make a single bloc then no one can stop a Dalit from continuing as the Chief Minister of the state.
During another speech, he had commented that his government was ready to pardon those small-scale traders who indulge in black marketing and hoarding of food grains as their actions were a means to provide food and education to their children that can be considered a 'noble cause'.
In another incident, he questioned the morality of women whose husbands had to leave Bihar to work.
Founding of Hindustani Awam Morcha (HAM)
Following a number of controversies sparked off by Manjhi during his reign as Chief Minister, his predecessor Nitish Kumar asked him to step down from the post and make way for him. Manjhi refused to pay any heed to Kumar. Manjhi and his seven loyal ministers advocated the move to dissolve the Bihar state legislative assembly and hold fresh elections. On the other hand, 21 other ministers who supported Nitish chose him the leader of the House and thus the Chief Minister of the state. This was followed by the sacking of Jitan Manjhi as the Chief of government and also as a JD (U) member.
Strategy for 2015 Bihar Assembly Elections
Nitish Kumar assumed the Chief Minister’s office again on 22 February 2015. Six days later Manjhi announced that he would form a new political party and contest the upcoming Bihar assembly elections. Manjhi officially formed the Hindustani Awam Morcha (HAM) on 8 May 2015, which was recognised as a political party by the Election Commission of India in July 2015. Manjhi has already made it clear that his party would contest the Bihar legislative assembly elections in alliance with the BJP and against the grand alliance of JD (U), RJD, SP, NCP and the INC.
Blogs about Jitan Ram Manjhi
Zakir Naik, the most famous preacher of Islam has once again come in the limelight. He is famous amongst Muslims particularly because of his modern Islam lectures. While most Indians know him as an absconder who has fled from India and has found a haven in Malaysia. Although Naik promotes himself as a modern Islamist, his views resemble a rotten egg. Recently, he has answered some questions from his followers in a YouTube video. He has mentioned Ravish Kumar in ...Read More
Although there is uncertainty over the schedule of the upcoming Bihar election, the parties have started preparing themselves for the exercise. Mainly the Mahagathbandhan in the opposition is pointing out the adversities of the NDA coalition. On the other hand, the current crisis of pandemic is forcing many migrants to return home. There is a high possibility that these worn-out migrant laborers could be a potential vote bank. The people who are returning to Bihar have already faced a caravan ...Read More
Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has been releasing the details of the ₹20 lakh crore economic package in tranches. The main aim of releasing the mega economic package is to make India self-reliant. Yesterday, Sitharaman announced 15 relief measures for the real estate sector, NBFCs, MSMEs, etc. Today, she made announcements for the welfare of urban poor, farmers, and laborers. Important announcements in Sitharaman's press conference Sitharaman announced that 300 Shramik special trains are allowed to run daily. The 'Kisan ...Read More
Even before the prime minister emphasized the need for labour law reforms in India. BJP states already hinted at this strategy such as Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh. As soon as the governments announced the reforms, the left front and opposition got furiously activated and started criticizing. It is evident that their opposition is simply out of dislike of the government, as there isn’t any merit in their accusation. The ongoing migrant worker crisis is providing proof of how ...Read More
Going ahead with the Prime Minister’s Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, the finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman today announced the first installment of the package. Today’s announced prominently focused on the MSME sector. Let us count the key takeaways of the MSME relief package. Change in definition of MSME According to the new definition; Micro units will have investments up to 1Cr and turnover up to 5 Crores. Small units can have investments up till 10 Cr and Turnover till 50 Cr. Medium ...Read More
Today, the Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman shared the details of the latest economic package of the government. This economic package focuses on SMEs, farmers, laborers, industries, and the middle-class. In the press conference, Sitharaman said that the banks aren't stepping down from disbursing loans. A lot of customers are talking about availing loans after the lockdown ends. Thus, sanctioned loans aren't released yet. Beneficiaries of the latest Economic Package Regarding the new change in the definition of MSMEs, Sitharaman ...Read More
On 12 May, PM Narendra Modi declared a ₹20 Lakh Crore package named 'Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan package'. This stimulus package is equal to approx. 10% GDP of India. With this economic package, PM Modi aims to revive the stagnant economy and make the nation self-reliant. He said that the new supply chain reforms will give rise to a rational tax system, capable human resources, agriculture, strong financial system as well as simple and clear laws. These reforms will strengthen the ...Read More
The Prime Minister in his televised address to the nation on Tuesday has spoken about the roadmap ahead. The economic activities can not be halted for a long time. Therefore in order to assist the concerns of the industries and stakeholders, he has announced a massive package of 20 Lakh Crore rupees. Let us understand what is Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan and how it focuses on self-reliance. The Swadeshi Focus The Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan particularly focuses on strengthening the economy of ...Read More
On 12 May, Maharashtra CM Uddhav Thackeray filed his nomination for the upcoming polls in the state. These polls will be filling up the Maharashtra MLC seats. Moreover, Mr Thackeray will now win a seat of the legislative council with ease. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay said that the polls for the 9 seats of MLC will be unopposed. Shiv Sena held a discussion with Congress regarding the polls. The former explained about how it's time to fight against the COVID-19 ...Read More
On 10 May, NCP (Nationalist Congress Party) declared 2 candidates for the upcoming Maharashtra MLC election. BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) has announced four candidates. Shiva Sena and Congress declared two candidates each for the polls. This takes the total number of candidates for the Maharashtra MLC election to 10. But the total number of seats are 9 and so, it will be a dreadful defeat for the one who doesn't win a seat. The Maharashtra Vikas Aghadi (tie-up of Congress, ...Read More
No query found
Last Updated on June 24, 2020