Meghalaya Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014
The Indian National Congress(INC) and National's Peoples Party (NPP) won one seat each in the Meghalaya Lok Sabha polls. Established in 1972, Meghalaya has only two parliamentary constituencies in the Lok Sabha.
Meghalaya is a small state in the North Eastern region of India. It was earlier a part of Assam and was established as a seperate state in Jan 1972. Meghalaya has two parliamentary constituencies: Shillong and Tura. The Indian National Congress (INC), the National Peoples’ Party (NPP), the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), the Hill State People’s Democratic Party (HSPDP), and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) are the major parties here. The total number of voters, as per latest available data, is 15,53,028, among which 7,83,270 are male and 7,83,270 are female.
Quick facts for Meghalaya General Elections 2014
|Parliamentary Constituencies|| |
|Ruling Party||Indian National Congress|
|Opposition Party||Nationalist Congress Party|
|Chief Minister||Mukul Sangma|
|Governor||Krishan Kant Paul(Additional Charge of Nagaland)|
|Chief Electoral Officer||Prashant Naik|
|Address||Office of the Chief Electoral Officer, Meghalaya Additional Secretariat, Room No 412 Meghalaya, Shillong|
About 55,423 voters are newly enrolled, among which 29,519 are male and 25,904 are female. This is the first time when the VVPAT or Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail will be used in Meghalaya (only Tura constituency), Mizoram, and Nagaland. Three tribes that play an important role in Meghalaya's politics are Garo, Jaintia, and Khasi.
Purno A. Sangma, the former Lok Sabha speaker, has not only formed his own party, the NPP, but has also announced to contest the Tura parliamentary constituency. He is meeting many non-Congress parties to garner support in his favor. The BJP is trying tooth and nail to improve its tally not only in Meghalaya but in the entire Northeast. In fact, to this end the party has forged an alliance with P.A. Sangma’s NPP. The BJP will support him from the Tura constituency, from where Sangma’s daughter Agatha Sangma is the sitting MP. The INC is heading an alliance with another important partner, the United Democratic Party (UDP).
According to India TV survey 2014, both the INC and the NPP will win one parliamentary constituency each from Meghalaya. The Lok Sabha election in Meghalaya will be held on 9 April 2014.
About Meghalaya Elections
Meghalaya, a landlocked hilly state in the north east was originally a part of the state of Assam, consisting of the Garo Hills district and the United Jaintia and Khasi Hill district in the state of Assam. In 1970, it became a state consisting of these districts within Assam after the Assam Reorganization act was passed in 1969. From the year 1957 to 1971, Meghalaya was represented in the Lok Sabha as an autonomous district of Assam. Meghalaya became a full-fledged state of the Indian union on 21st January 1972. The state has two divisions and seven districts.
Meghalaya has a unicameral legislature as it has only one house of the state legislative assembly also called the Vidhan Sabha. The members to the 60 seat Legislative Assembly are elected through direct elections every five years. In the Indian parliament, the state has two Lok Sabha seats and one Rajya Sabha seat. There is reservation for the ethnic tribal communities in the Parliamentary and State Assembly constituencies.
In addition to the state assembly and the Lok Sabha, elections are also held for the three autonomous district councils in the state. These are the Garo hills autonomous District council, the Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council, and the Khasi hills Autonomous District Council.
The state has held regular elections since the date of its formation. The first elected Chief Minister of the state was Shri W A Sangma. He was elected uncontested from Siju constituency in 1972. Other prominent politicians of the state are Shri P A Sangma, the former speaker of the Lok Sabha. Agatha Sangma, his daughter, is the member of the 15th Lok Sabha and a Union Minister of State for Rural Development.
The Main Political Parties
The main political parties in the state are
Administration of Meghalaya
The legislature of Meghalaya is unicameral in nature, having 60 assembly seats. The state sends two elected representative to the Lok Sabha and one to the Rajya Sabha. The apex court of the state is the Meghalaya High Court. Prior to March 2013, Meghalaya was under the jurisdiction of the Gauhati High Court. As per the sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India, there are three ADCs or Autonomous District Councils in the state: Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council, Garo Hills Autonomous District Council, and Khasi Hills Autonomous District Council. A strong Panchayati Raj exists in the state for administering the local areas.
Constituencies In Meghalaya
Meghalaya has 60 State assembly constituencies out of which 55 are reserved for the scheduled tribes. The Jaintia and Khasi hill division has 36 constituencies and the Garo hill division has 24 constituencies. Each division has one parliamentary constituency. Shillong (Jaintia and Khasi hill division) and Tura (Garo hill division) are the parliamentary constituencies.
Some of the State Assembly constituencies in the Tura Parliamentary constituency are Kharkutta, Mendipathar, Ampati, Songsak, Rongara-Siju, Dalu, Baghmara, Phulbari, Dalu, Salmanpara, Rajabala, Selsella, Rangsakona, and Chokpot.
State Legislative Assembly Elections
The last State Assembly elections in the state were held in a single phase on 3 March, 2008. Electronic Voting machines were used in the elections and the results were declared within a day of counting of the votes. The voter turnout for the last assembly election was 88%.
No party had a clear majority in the elections .The ruling INC won 25 seats. The NCP won 14 seats and the UDP won 11. The INC was initially asked to form the government as it had won the largest number of seats. The incumbent CM D D Lapang was invited to form a government. However, this government did not last. The NCP and the UDP along with some other parties such as BJP and HSPDP formed an alliance called the Meghalaya Progressive Alliance (MPA) and this coalition came to power for a year with Dr Donkupar Roy as the CM. The alliance broke up in 2009 and the INC led Meghalaya United Alliance formed the government; D D Lapang became the CM but resigned in 2010.
Currently Dr Mukul Sangma of the INC is the Chief Minister. The Speaker of the 8th Meghalaya Legislative assembly is Mr. Charles Pyngrope, the Deputy Speaker is Mr. Sanbhor Sullai, and the Leader of the Opposition is Mr. Conrad Sangma of the NCP.
List of Chief Ministers of Meghalaya
|Sr. No||Name of Chief Ministers||From||To||Party|
|1||Mukul Sangma||Apr 20, 2010||Present||INC|
|2||D.D. Lapang||May 13, 2009||Apr 19, 2010||INC|
|3||President's rule||Mar 18, 2009||May 12, 2009|
|4||Donkupar Roy||Mar 19, 2008||Mar 18, 2009||UDP|
|5||D.D. Lapang||Mar 4, 2008||Mar 19, 2008||INC|
|6||D.D. Lapang||Mar 10, 2007||Mar 4, 2008||INC|
|7||J. D. Rymbai||Jun 15, 2006||Mar 10, 2007||INC|
|8||D.D. Lapang||Mar 4, 2003||Jun 15, 2006||INC|
|9||Flinder Anderson Khonglam||Dec 8, 2001||Mar 4, 2003||IND|
|10||E.K. Mawlong||Mar 8, 2000||Dec 8, 2001||UDP|
|11||B.B. Lyngdoh||Mar 10, 1998||Mar 8, 2000||UDP|
|12||S.C. Marak||Feb 27, 1998||Mar 10, 1998||INC|
|13||S.C. Marak||Feb 19, 1993||Feb 27, 1998||INC|
|14||D.D. Lapang||Feb 5, 1992||Feb 19, 1993||INC|
|15||President's rule||Oct 11, 1991||Feb 5, 1992|
|16||B.B. Lyngdoh||Mar 26, 1990||Oct 10, 1991||HPU|
|17||P.A. Sangma||Feb 6, 1988||Mar 25, 1990||INC|
|18||W.A. Sangma||Apr 2, 1983||Feb 5, 1988||INC|
|19||B.B. Lyngdoh||Mar 2, 1983||Mar 31, 1983||APHLC|
|20||W.A. Sangma||May 7, 1981||Feb 24, 1983||INC|
|21||B.B. Lyngdoh||May 7, 1979||May 7, 1981||APHLC|
|22||Darwin Diengdoh Pugh||Feb 21, 1979||May 6, 1979||APHLC|
|23||Darwin Diengdoh Pugh||Mar 10, 1978||Feb 21, 1979||APHLC|
|24||W.A. Sangma||Nov 22, 1976||Mar 3, 1978||INC|
|25||W.A. Sangma||Mar 18, 1973||Nov 21, 1976||APHLC|
|26||W.A. Sangma||Jul 21, 1972||Mar 18, 1973||APHLC|
|27||Williamson A. Sangma (state becomes autonomous)||Apr 2, 1970||Jul 21, 1972||APHLC|
List of Governors of Meghalaya
|Sr. No||Name of Governors||From||To|
|1||K. K. Paul||Jul 1, 2013||Present|
|2||Ranjit Shekhar Mooshahary||Jul 1, 2008||Jun 30, 2013|
|3||Shivinder Singh Sidhu||29 October, 2007||30 June, 2008|
|4||Banwari Lal Joshi||Apr 12, 2007||28 October, 2007|
|5||M. M. Jacob||19 June, 1995||11 April, 2007|
|6||Madhukar Dighe||9 May, 1990||18 June, 1995|
|7||Abubakar Abdul Rahim||Jul 27, 1989||8 May, 1990|
|8||Harideo Joshi||11 May, 1989||26 July, 1989|
|9||Bhishma Narain Singh||16 April, 1984||10 May, 1989|
|10||Triveni Sahai Misra||29 March, 1984||15 April, 1984|
|11||Prakash Chandra Mehrotra||Aug 11, 1981||28 March, 1984|
|12||Lallan Prasad Singh||September 1973||Aug 10, 1981|
|13||Braj Kumar Nehru||1 April, 1970||September. 1973|
Cabinet Ministers of Meghalaya
|Ministries||Name of Minsiter|
|Chief Minister, Commerce & Industries Department - Finance Department - Mining & Geology Department - Personnel & A.R. Department - Planning Department - Tourism Department||Mukul M. Sangma|
|Deputy Chief Minister, Elections Department - Home (Passport) Department - Law Department - Soil & Water Conservation Department - Water Resources Department||Rowell Lyngdoh|
|Deputy Chief Minister, School Education and Literacy, Higher and Technical Education, Re-organization, Public Health Engineering Department - Revenue & Disaster Management Department||Roytre Christopher Laloo|
|Cooperation Department - District Council Affairs Department - General Administration Department - Transport Department||H. Donkupar R. Lyngdoh|
|Border Areas Development Department - Community & Rural Development Department - Forests & Environment Department - Parliamentary Affairs Department||Prestone Tynsong|
|Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Department - Printing & Stationery Department - Secretariat Administration Department - Social Welfare Department||Deborah C Marak|
|Health & Family Welfare Department - Information & Public Relations Department - Information Technology Department||Alexander Laloo Hek|
|Home (Jails) Department - Home (Police) Department||Roshan Warjri|
|Housing Department - Sericulture & Weaving Department - Sports & Youth Affairs Department||Zenith M. Sangma|
|Labour Department - Urban Affairs Department||Mazel Ampareen Lyngdoh|
|Arts & Culture Department - Food Civil Supplies & Consumer Affairs Department - Power Department||Clement Marak|
|Home (Civil Defence and Home Guards) Department - Legal Metrology Department||Sniawbhalang Dhar|
Rajya Sabha Members from Meghalaya
|Smt. Wansuk Syiem||Indian National Congress||13/04/2014 to 12/04/2020|
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Meghalaya
Prashant Naik is the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Meghalaya and also the Principal Secretary to the Government, Elections Department.
Office address: Additional Secretariat, Room No 412 Meghalaya, Shillong
Phone No: 0364-2225935
Meghalaya Latest News And Update
Meghalaya Lok Sabha Election Results 2014 - Party wise
Shown below are the number of seats won by BJP, INC, AAP and others in Meghalaya Lok Sabha Elections 2014.
Meghalaya 2014 Party Wise Results
Shown below is the list of winner/runnerup candidates of all parliamentary constituencies ofMeghalaya with their party name and symbol along with the votes secured by each candidate.
|Shillong||Winner||Vincent H Pala|
|Runner up||Prechard B. M. Basaiawmoit|
|Tura||Winner||Purno Agitok Sangma||*|
|Runner up||Daryl William Cheran Momin|
Last Updated on August 16, 2014