Meghalaya General Elections 2014 - Dates and Schedule
Meghalaya General Elections 2014 Important Dates
The table below represents the important dates associated with the Meghalaya General Elections 2014 and when are elections going to be held in Meghalaya, the date of issue of notification, nominations and much, more.
|No of PCs going to poll 2||(PC no. 1 to 2) Click to see Pcs|
|Issue of Notification||15 Mar 14 (Sat)|
|Last Date for filing Nominations||22 Mar 14 (Sat)|
|Scrutiny of Nominations||24 Mar 14 (Mon)|
|Last date for withdrawal of Candidature||26 Mar 14 (Wed)|
|Date of Poll||09 Apr 14 (Wed)|
|Counting of Votes||16 May 14 (Fri)|
|Date before which the election shall be completed||28 May 14 (Wed)|
|No. of Electors||Male electors||Female electors||No. of Electors as %age of Total Electorate of India||No. of electors having EPIC (Electoral Photo Identity Card)|
Meghalaya 2014 Opinion Poll
India TV survey 2014: The congress party and the Nationalist People's Party will secure a seat each.
About Meghalaya Elections
Meghalaya, a landlocked hilly state in the north east was originally a part of the state of Assam, consisting of the Garo Hills district and the United Jaintia and Khasi Hill district in the state of Assam. In 1970, it became a state consisting of these districts within Assam after the Assam Reorganization act was passed in 1969. From the year 1957 to 1971, Meghalaya was represented in the Lok Sabha as an autonomous district of Assam. Meghalaya became a full-fledged state of the Indian union on 21st January 1972. The state has two divisions and seven districts.
Meghalaya has a unicameral legislature as it has only one house of the state legislative assembly also called the Vidhan Sabha. The members to the 60 seat Legislative Assembly are elected through direct elections every five years. In the Indian parliament, the state has two Lok Sabha seats and one Rajya Sabha seat. There is reservation for the ethnic tribal communities in the Parliamentary and State Assembly constituencies.
In addition to the state assembly and the Lok Sabha, elections are also held for the three autonomous district councils in the state. These are the Garo hills autonomous District council, the Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council, and the Khasi hills Autonomous District Council.
The state has held regular elections since the date of its formation. The first elected Chief Minister of the state was Shri W A Sangma. He was elected uncontested from Siju constituency in 1972. Other prominent politicians of the state are Shri P A Sangma, the former speaker of the Lok Sabha. Agatha Sangma, his daughter, is the member of the 15th Lok Sabha and a Union Minister of State for Rural Development.
The Main Political Parties
The main political parties in the state are
- The Indian National Congress (INC)
- The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)
- Communist Party of India
- Garo National Council
- Hill States People's Democratic Party (HSPDP)
- Meghalaya Democratic Party (MDP)
- Meghalaya Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
- United Democratic Party (Meghalaya) UDP
- Khun Hynniewtrep National awakening Movement (KHNAM)
List of Parliamentary Constituency in Meghalaya
|P.C. No.||P.C. Name||P.C. No.||P.C. Name|
Constituencies In Meghalaya
Meghalaya has 60 State assembly constituencies out of which 55 are reserved for the scheduled tribes. The Jaintia and Khasi hill division has 36 constituencies and the Garo hill division has 24 constituencies. Each division has one parliamentary constituency. Shillong (Jaintia and Khasi hill division) and Tura (Garo hill division) are the parliamentary constituencies.
Some of the State Assembly constituencies in the Shillong Parliamentary constituencies are Nartiang, Jowai, Raliang, Mowkaiaw, Amlare, Umroi, East Shillong, North Shillong, Mylliem, Nongkrem, Shella,Pynursla, Sohra, Ranikor, and Mawphlang.
Some of the State Assembly constituencies in the Tura Parliamentary constituency are Kharkutta, Mendipathar, Ampati, Songsak, Rongara-Siju, Dalu, Baghmara, Phulbari, Dalu, Salmanpara, Rajabala, Selsella, Rangsakona, and Chokpot.
State Legislative Assembly Elections
The last State Assembly elections in the state were held in a single phase on 3 March, 2008. Electronic Voting machines were used in the elections and the results were declared within a day of counting of the votes. The voter turnout for the last assembly election was 88%.
No party had a clear majority in the elections .The ruling INC won 25 seats. The NCP won 14 seats and the UDP won 11. The INC was initially asked to form the government as it had won the largest number of seats. The incumbent CM D D Lapang was invited to form a government. However, this government did not last. The NCP and the UDP along with some other parties such as BJP and HSPDP formed an alliance called the Meghalaya Progressive Alliance (MPA) and this coalition came to power for a year with Dr Donkupar Roy as the CM. The alliance broke up in 2009 and the INC led Meghalaya United Alliance formed the government; D D Lapang became the CM but resigned in 2010.
Currently Dr Mukul Sangma of the INC is the Chief Minister. The Speaker of the 8th Meghalaya Legislative assembly is Mr. Charles Pyngrope, the Deputy Speaker is Mr. Sanbhor Sullai, and the Leader of the Opposition is Mr. Conrad Sangma of the NCP.
List of Chief Ministers of Meghalaya
|Sr. No||Name of Chief Ministers||From||To||Party|
|1||Williamson A. Sangma (state becomes autonomous)||Apr 2, 1970||Jul 21, 1972||APHLC|
|2||W.A. Sangma||Jul 21, 1972||Mar 18, 1973||APHLC|
|3||W.A. Sangma||Mar 18, 1973||Nov 21, 1976||APHLC|
|4||W.A. Sangma||Nov 22, 1976||Mar 3, 1978||INC|
|5||Darwin Diengdoh Pugh||Mar 10, 1978||Feb 21, 1979||APHLC|
|6||Darwin Diengdoh Pugh||Feb 21, 1979||May 6, 1979||APHLC|
|7||B.B. Lyngdoh||May 7, 1979||May 7, 1981||APHLC|
|8||W.A. Sangma||May 7, 1981||Feb 24, 1983||INC|
|9||B.B. Lyngdoh||Mar 2, 1983||Mar 31, 1983||APHLC|
|10||W.A. Sangma||Apr 2, 1983||Feb 5, 1988||INC|
|11||P.A. Sangma||Feb 6, 1988||Mar 25, 1990||INC|
|12||B.B. Lyngdoh||Mar 26, 1990||Oct 10, 1991||HPU|
|President's rule||Oct 11, 1991||Feb 5, 1992|
|13||D.D. Lapang||Feb 5, 1992||Feb 19, 1993||INC|
|14||S.C. Marak||Feb 19, 1993||Feb 27, 1998||INC|
|15||S.C. Marak||Feb 27, 1998||Mar 10, 1998||INC|
|16||B.B. Lyngdoh||Mar 10, 1998||Mar 8, 2000||UDP|
|17||E.K. Mawlong||Mar 8, 2000||Dec 8, 2001||UDP|
|18||Flinder Anderson Khonglam||Dec 8, 2001||Mar 4, 2003||IND|
|19||D.D. Lapang||Mar 4, 2003||Jun 15, 2006||INC|
|20||J. D. Rymbai||Jun 15, 2006||Mar 10, 2007||INC|
|21||D.D. Lapang||Mar 10, 2007||Mar 4, 2008||INC|
|22||D.D. Lapang||Mar 4, 2008||Mar 19, 2008||INC|
|23||Donkupar Roy||Mar 19, 2008||Mar 18, 2009||UDP|
|President's rule||Mar 18, 2009||May 12, 2009|
|24||D.D. Lapang||May 13, 2009||Apr 19, 2010||INC|
|25||Mukul Sangma||Apr 20, 2010||Present||INC|
List of Governors of Meghalaya
|Sr. No||Name of Governors||From||To|
|1||Braj Kumar Nehru||1 April, 1970||September. 1973|
|2||Lallan Prasad Singh||September 1973||Aug 10, 1981|
|3||Prakash Chandra Mehrotra||Aug 11, 1981||28 March, 1984|
|4||Triveni Sahai Misra||29 March, 1984||15 April, 1984|
|5||Bhishma Narain Singh||16 April, 1984||10 May, 1989|
|6||Harideo Joshi||11 May, 1989||26 July, 1989|
|7||Abubakar Abdul Rahim||Jul 27, 1989||8 May, 1990|
|8||Madhukar Dighe||9 May, 1990||18 June, 1995|
|9||M. M. Jacob||19 June, 1995||11 April, 2007|
|10||Banwari Lal Joshi||Apr 12, 2007||28 October, 2007|
|11||Shivinder Singh Sidhu||29 October, 2007||30 June, 2008|
|12||Ranjit Shekhar Mooshahary||Jul 1, 2008||Jun 30, 2013|
|13||K. K. Paul||Jul 1, 2013||Present|
Last Updated on February 6, 2014