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Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM)

Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Symbol

About Jharkhand Mukti Morcha

Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, roughly translated as the Jharkhand Liberation Front, is a regional political party, as approved by the Election Commission of India. Its mass base is primarily in the state of Jharkhand, though it has an influential presence in the
neighbouring states such as West Bengal and Odisha. The party has a Centre-Right political position and operates on the political ideology of Regionalism. In other words, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha or the JMM, demands the rights and privileges of the Jharkhandis. Its political struggles and revolutionary ideals are geared towards the development of the state of Jharkhand and the oppressed citizens of the state. Though Jharkhand is a rich source of wealth in natural resources, the people are in perpetual agony as improved techniques and facilities have not permeated the state. The JMM gears towards the questions of social and economic justice for the people of the state.

The party draws its political and social inspiration from the revolutionary ideals and ethics of 19th century tribal warrior and revolutionary, Birsa Munda, who through his constant opposition to the British rule in the country, achieved a great number of successes. The “do or die” spirit of Munda is inculcated in every member of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. The party’s fights towards the creation of an anti-capitalistic, anti-imperialistic political system, has earned it accolades in the state of Jharkhand and across the country.

Though in alliance with the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance for a brief span, the JMM has proved its allegiance to the United Progressive Alliance and continues to support it even to this day. The JMM has been increasingly performing better in the assembly elections. Whereas in the 2005 Jharkhand polls, the party got 17 out of the 81 assembly constituencies, coming second in the state, in the immediate next elections, the JMM witnessed a sweeping victory, thereby forming the current government in the state in coalition with the Congress.

The Leader of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha is Shibu Soren and the current Chief Minister of the state is Hemant Soren.

Election Symbol of JMM

The Election Symbol of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, as approved by the Election Commission of India, is “Bow and Arrow”. This is usually drawn on a green-coloured rectangular party flag. The colour green is significant as it symbolizes the JMM’s intricate connection with the land of the state, of the natural beauty that Jharkhand inherits. Green is the colour of hope, of prosperity and of good fortune. The “Bow and Arrow” symbolism of the party is representative of the fighting spirit of the members of the Jharkhandis, in order to protect the deplorable state of the population. Pictorially, the party symbol is representative of its ideologies of regional, ethnic and linguistic exclusiveness, and its intolerance of those who are the chief enemies of the majority of the population, namely the feudal landlords, who oppress the peasants and farmers with heavy burdens of taxes. It strives to create a society of equality, fraternity, and an anti-capitalist economic and political system. 

National Executive of the JMM

The leaders of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, who are also the national executives of the party, are listed below:
  • Shibu Soren, President of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha: He is a member of parliament in the 15th Lok Sabha, representing the Dumka constituency in Jharkhand. He is a former Union Minister of Coal, and held an important place in Union Cabinet in the Congress-led UPA regime in November 2006. He also remained the 3rd Chief Minister of the state of Jharkhand.
  • Kameshwar Baitha, Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha: Baitha represents the SC-reserved Palamau constituency of Jharkhand in the 15th Lok Sabha.
  • Hemant Soren, Chief Minister of Jharkhand: He represents the Dumka Assembly constituency in the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly.

Achievements of the JMM

As a regional political party, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha has a number of significant achievements. Some of these are listed below:
  • The JMM has a number of principal organizations under its banner, such as the student’s wing, the youth wing, the women’s wing, the different trade unions of the workers, and the peasants' organization, called the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Kisan Sabha.
  • The JMM government has accelerated revenue growth in the state from what the previous governments attained. This has come about through managing to gather funds from the Centre.
  • The party observes that reservations for the minority communities should be enhanced as this would lead to social justice movement, which is a primary aspect of the JMM. To this effect, the building up of educational facilities for the minorities such as the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and OBCs, along with interests of the Muslims, are being taken care of by the JMM government. Further, economic stability and political recognition are some of the greatest aspects of the JMM rule. The JMM specifically champions tribal causes.

Address and Contact details

  • Head-Office Address of JMM: Bariatu Road, Ranchi, Jharkhand 834008
  • Contact Number: 09430180915
  • Email: [email protected]

JMM Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha Election Results Year Wise

Lok SabhaVidhan Sabha
StateLatest YearSeats WonLatest YearSeats Won
Jharkhand 2019120194

Last Updated on March 10, 2015