Tami Nadu Elections 2016The 234 assembly constituencies in Tamil Nadu will go to polls in 2016 as the tenure of the current government ends on 22 May. The announcement of the dates for elections is likely to be made in April. The DMK (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) and the AIADMK (All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) – the current ruling party in the state – are old rivals who have monopolised the contest for gaining majority in the assembly after every five years.
During the last assembly elections in 2011, the state had witnessed 78 % voting. While the AIADMK won 150 seats, its rival, DMK was reduced to a non-issue with just 23 seats. The CPI and INC won 10 and five seats respectively. According to political experts, Jayalalitha might find herself on back foot following the complete failure of the state machinery to tackle the crisis that emerged because of Chennai floods. The chief minister's brand image, as media suggest, could “take a severe beating”.
Some optimism has been displayed by the members of PMK (Pattali Makkal Katchi) who expect the party to throw surprise as a third alternative for the people of Tamil Nadu who don't want to align either with the DMK or the AIADMK.
Tamil Nadu Assembly Elections Opinion Polls 2016Elections to the 234 constituencies of Tamil Nadu legislative assembly will be conducted in May, 2016. If history is anything to go by, the assembly elections will be a battle between the two local heavyweights, AIADMK and DMK. Other smaller parties like DMDK and PMK may grow in importance in the final stages of the elections as both the DMK and AIADMK fight it out to cross the majority mark. However, much seems to depend on the undecided voter this time. It is this two or three per cent of votes that will be key to the final outcome of the 2016 assembly elections.
The AIADMK had an unarguable upper hand until November and December 2015 when the heavy rains and floods exposed its government's inefficiency. But the opposition DMK, which was busy resolving conflict within its own party, could hardly benefit from this situation. According to few opinion polls, the AIADMK has still got a slight edge over the DMK with BJP emerging as a strong third contender.
Tamil Nadu Elections HistoryThe state was renamed Tamil Nadu in August 1968 and the strength of its Legislative Assembly became 234.
The Indian National Congress (INC) was the prominent party in the early years of independence. Justice Party headed by Periyar E V Ramasamy was one of the earliest regional parties in the state. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), founded in 1949 by C N Annadurai , himself a former Justice Party member, came to power for the first time in 1967. The other main political party of the state, the AIADMK, was founded in 1972 by Dr M G Ramachandran, on leaving the DMK. The All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIDMK) led by M G Ramachandran formed the first state government in 1977. M G R remained in power as the CM for ten years till his death in 1987. DMK, currently headed by M Karunanidhi came to power in 1989. Since then each party has formed the government alternately. Currently Jayaram Jayalalitha of the AIADMK is the Chief Minister. M Karrunanidhi of the DMK has been the Chief Minister of the state five times.
Some of the prominent politicians of the state have been Shri G K Moopanar, former AICC General Secretary, Shri K Kamaraj and J Jayalalithaa former Chief Minister of the state.
Political Parties in Tamil NaduThe main state and regional parties are:
- All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
- Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK)
- Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
- Dravidar Kazhagam or Dravida Kazhagam (DK)
- Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK)
- Manithaneya Makkal Katchi
- Puthiya Tamilagam
- Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi
- Indian National congress (INC)
- Bharatiya Janata party (BJP)
- Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M))
- Communist Party of India (CPI)
Constituencies in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu has 39 parliamentary constituencies out of which 7 are reserved for candidates belonging to the scheduled castes.
Some of the parliamentary constituencies are Thiruvallur, Chennai North, Chennai South, Chennai Central, Sriperumbudur, Kancheepuram, Arakkonam, Vellore, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri, Tiruvannamalai, Arani, Kallakurichi, Salem, Namakkhal, Erode, Tiruppur, Coimbatore, Pollachi, Dindigul.
There are 234 state assembly constituencies out of which 44 are reserved for candidates belonging to scheduled castes and 2 are reserved for candidates belonging to scheduled tribes.
Some of the state assembly constituencies are Hosur, Aravakurichi, Maduravoyal, Athoor, Ambattur, Kurinjipadi, Anna Nagar, Thiruvarur, Cumbum, Mannargudi, Sankari, Poompuhar, Veerapandi, Nagapattinam, Singanallur, Edappadi, Jolarpet, Villivakkam, Papanasam, Tiruchengodu, Kovilpatti, Bhuvanagiri, Kanniyakumari, Villupuram, Manachanallur, Madurai central, Nagercoil, Palani, Melur, Thanjavur.
State Legislative Assembly Elections
The last state assembly elections were held in 2011. The number of elector who voted was 36756813. The number was 78 % of the total number of electors. The AIADMK won 150 seats. Its alliance partners DDMK won 29 seats and the CPI won 10 seats. The DMK, the incumbent government, won 23. The INC won 5 seats. The AIADMK formed the government and the current Chief Minister is Jayaram Jayalalitha of the AIADMK. The Speaker of the Tamil Nadu Legislative assembly is Shri D Jayakumar and the Deputy speaker is Shri P Dhanapal. The Leader of the House is O Panneerselvam and the Leader of the Opposition is Shri Vijaykant.
Tamil Nadu has a unicameral legislature with one house of the State Legislative Assembly. The Tamil Nadu State Legislative Assembly is also known as the Vidhan Sabha. The strength of the state assembly is 234 directly elected members and one member nominated from the Anglo Indian community. The tenure of the house is five year unless it is dissolved.The state has 39 directly elected members in the Lok Sabha and 18 indirectly elected members in the Rajya Sabha in the Indian Parliament.
Regular elections are held for the state assembly and Lok Sabha seats. Apart from these, the state conducts elections for the local bodies including 10 urban municipal corporations, municipalities and town Panchayats.
List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu
|S. No.||Chief Minister||From||To||Party Name|
|1||J. Jayalalithaa||May 23, 2015||Present||AIADMK|
|2||O. Panneerselvam||Sept 29, 2014||May 22, 2015||AIADMK|
|3||J. Jayalalithaa||May 16, 2011||September 27, 2014||AIADMK|
|4||M. Karunanidhi||May 13, 2006||May 15, 2011||DMK|
|4||J. Jayalalithaa||Mar 2, 2002||May 12, 2006||AIADMK|
|5||O. Panneerselvam||Sep 21, 2001||Mar 1, 2002||AIADMK|
|7||J. Jayalalithaa||May 14, 2001||Sep 21, 2001||AIADMK|
|8||M. Karunanidhi||May 13, 1996||May 13, 2001||DMK|
|9||J. Jayalalithaa||Jun 24, 1991||May 12, 1996||AIADMK|
|10||President's rule||Jan 30, 1991||Jun 24, 1991|
|11||M. Karunanidhi||Jan 27, 1989||Jan 30, 1991||DMK|
|12||President's rule||Jan 30, 1988||Jan 27, 1989|
|13||Janaki Ramachandran||Jan 7, 1988||Jan 30, 1988||AIADMK|
|14||V.R. Nedunchezhiyan (acting)||Dec 24, 1987||Jan 7, 1988||AIADMK|
|15||M. G. Ramachandran||Feb 10, 1985||Dec 24, 1987||AIADMK|
|16||M. G. Ramachandran||Jun 9, 1980||Nov 15, 1984||AIADMK|
|17||President's rule||Feb 17, 1980||Jun 9, 1980|
|18||M. G. Ramachandran||Jun 30, 1977||Feb 17, 1980||AIADMK|
|19||President's rule||Jan 31, 1976||Jun 30, 1977|
|20||M. Karunanidhi||Mar 15, 1971||Jan 31, 1976||DMK|
|21||M. Karunanidhi||Feb 10, 1969||Jan 4, 1971||DMK|
|22||V.R. Nedunchezhiyan (acting)||Feb 3, 1969||Feb 10, 1969||DMK|
|23||C. N. Annadurai||Jan 14, 1969||Feb 3, 1969||DMK|
|24||C. N. Annadurai||Mar 6, 1967||Jan 14, 1969||DMK|
|25||M. Bakthavatsalam||Oct 2, 1963||Mar 6, 1967||INC|
|26||K. Kamaraj||Mar 15, 1962||Oct 2, 1963||INC|
|27||K. Kamaraj||Apr 13, 1957||Mar 1, 1962||INC|
|28||K. Kamaraj||Apr 13, 1954||Mar 31, 1957||INC|
|29||C. Rajagopalachari||Apr 10, 1952||Apr 13, 1954||INC|
|30||P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja||Jan 26, 1950||Apr 9, 1952||INC|
List of Governors of Tamil Nadu
|S.No.||Name of Governor||From||To|
|1||Konijeti Rosaiah||Aug 31, 2011||Present|
|2||Sardar Surjit Singh Barnala||Nov 3, 2004||Aug 31, 2011|
|3||P. S. Ramamohan Rao||Jan 18, 2002||Nov 3, 2004|
|4||Dr. C. Rangarajan (additional charge)||Jul 3, 2001||Jan 18, 2002|
|5||Justice M. Fathima Beevi||Jan 25, 1997||Jul 3, 2001|
|6||Krishan Kant (additional charge)||Dec 2, 1996||Jan 25, 1997|
|7||Marri Chenna Reddy||May 31, 1993||Dec 2, 1996|
|8||Bhishma Narain Singh||Feb 15, 1991||May 31, 1993|
|9||Sardar Surjit Singh Barnala||May 24, 1990||Feb 15, 1991|
|10||P. C. Alexander||Feb 17, 1988||May 24, 1990|
|11||Sundar Lal Khurana||Sep 3, 1982||Feb 17, 1988|
|12||Sadiq Ali||Nov 4, 1980||Sep 3, 1982|
|13||Justice M. M. Ismail (acting)||Oct 27, 1980||Nov 4, 1980|
|14||Prabhudas B. Patwari||Apr 27, 1977||Oct 27, 1980|
|15||Justice P. Govindan Nair (acting)||Apr 9, 1977||Apr 27, 1977|
|16||Mohan Lal Sukhadia||Jun 16, 1976||Apr 8, 1977|
|17||Kodardas Kalidas Shah||May 27, 1971||Jun 16, 1976|
|18||Sardar Ujjal Singh||Jan 14, 1969||May 27, 1971|
|19||Sardar Ujjal Singh (acting till 16 June 1967)||Jun 28, 1966||Jan 14, 1969|
|20||Maharaja Sir Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur||Dec 7, 1965||Jun 28, 1966|
|21||P. Chandra Reddy||Nov 24, 1964||Dec 7, 1965|
|22||Maharaja Sir Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur||May 4, 1964||Nov 24, 1964|
|23||Bhishnuram Medhi||Jan 24, 1958||May 4, 1964|
|24||Pakala Venkata Rajamannar (acting)||Oct 1, 1957||Jan 24, 1958|
|25||A. J. John, Anaparambil||Dec 10, 1956||Sep 30, 1957|
|26||Sri Prakasa||Mar 12, 1952||Dec 10, 1956|
|27||Maharaja Sir Krishna Kumarasinhji Bhavsinhji||Sep 7, 1948||Mar 12, 1952|
|28||Lieutenant-General Sir Archibald Edward Nye||May 6, 1946||Sep 7, 1948|
Cabinet Ministers of Tamil Nadu
|Name of Minister||Ministries|
|J. Jayalalithaa||Public, Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Forest Service, General Administration, District Revenue Officers, Police and Home|
|O.Panneerselvam||Finance , Planning ,Legislative Assembly ,Elections and Passports ,Public Works , Irrigation including Minor Irrigation and Programme Works|
|Natham R.Viswanathan||Electricity,Non-Conventional Energy Development, Prohibition and Excise, Molasses.|
|R.Vaithilingam||Housing, Rural Housing and Housing Development, Slum Clearance Board and Accommodation Control, Town Planning, Urban Development and Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority, Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering, Agro Service Cooperatives, Horticulture, Sugarcane Cess, Sugarcane Development and Waste Land Development.|
|Edappadi K. Palaniswami||Highways and Minor Ports|
|P.Mohan||Rural Industries including cottage Industries and Small Industries, Labour, Population, Employment and Training, Newsprint Control, Census and Urban and Rural Employment.|
|B. Valarmathi||Social Welfare including Women's and Children's Welfare, Orphanages and Correctional Administration, Integrated Child Development and Beggar Homes, Welfare of the Differently abled, Social Reforms and Nutritious Noon Meal Programme|
|P.Palaniappan||Higher Education including Technical Education, Electronics, Science and Technology.|
|Sellur K. Raju||Co-operation, Statistics and Ex-Servicemen Welfare|
|R. Kamaraj||Food, Civil Supplies, Consumer Protection and Price Control, Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments (HR & CE)|
|P.Thangamani||Industries, Steel Control, Mines and Minerals, and Special Initiatives, Transport, Nationalised Transport , Motor Vechicles Act|
|Thiru B.V. Ramanaa||Milk and Dairy Development.|
|M.C. Sampath||Commercial Taxes and Registration and Stamp Act|
|S.P. Velumani||Municipal Administration, Rural Development, Panchayats and Panchayat Unions, Poverty Alleviation Programmes, Rural Indebtedness, Urban and Rural Water Supply. Law, Courts and Prisons, Personnel and Administrative Reforms and Prevention of Corruption|
|T.K.M. Chinnayya||Animal Husbandry|
|S.Gokula Indira||Handlooms and Textiles|
|S. Sundararaj||Youth Welfare and Sports Development Department|
|S.P. Shunmuganathan||Tourism, Tourism Development Corporation|
|N.Subramanian||Adi Dravidar Welfare and Welfare of Hill Tribes and Bonded Labour.|
|K.A. Jayapal||Fisheries and Fisheries Development Corporation|
|Mukkur N.Subramanian||Information Technology|
|R.B. Udhaya Kumar||Revenue, District Revenue Establishment,. Deputy Collectors, Weights and Measures, Debt Relief including Legislation on Money lending, Chits, Registration of Companies.|
|K. T. Rajenthra Bhalaji||Information and Publicity, Film Technology and Cinematograph Act, Stationery and Printing and Government Press, Implementation of Special Programme including Implemenation of the Election Manifesto.|
|K.C.Veeramani||School Education and Archaeology, Tamil Official Language and Tamil Culture|
|N. D. Venkatachalam||Environment and Pollution Control|
|T.P Poonachi||Khadi and Village Industries Board, Bhoodhan and Gramadhan.|
|S.Abdul Rahim||Backward Classes, Most Backward Classes and Denotified Communities, Overseas Indians, Refugees & Evacuees and Minorities Welfare including Wakf.|
|Dr.C.Vijaya Baskar||Health, Medical Education and Family Welfare|
Rajya Sabha Members from Tamil Nadu
|A. Navaneethakrishnan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|June 26, 2014 - June 29, 2016||P. H. Paul Manoj Pandian||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|June 30, 2010 - June 29, 2016|
|A. William Rabi Bernard||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 15, 2011 - June 29, 2016||S. Muthukaruppan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
|D. Raja||Communist Party of India (CPI)||July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019||S. Thangavelu||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)||June 30, 2010 - June 29, 2016|
|Dr. R. Lakshmanan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019||Sasikala Pushpa||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
|E. M. Sudarsana Natchiappan||Indian National Congress (INC)||June 30, 2010 - June 29, 2016||T. K. Rangarajan||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
|K. P. Ramalingam||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)||June 30, 2010 - June 29, 2016||T. Rathinavel||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019|
|K. R. Arjunan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019||Tiruchi Siva||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)||April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
|K. Selvaraj||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020||V. Maitreyan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019|
|Kanimozhi||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)||July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019||Vijila Sathyananth||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
Tamil Nadu Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) mark another victorious win in the state by winning 37 seats out of 39 seats in the 2014 Lok Sabha polls. One of the largest state in India, Tamil Nadu is a political hub for many political parties in the country. Besides the major political parties like Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the state is majorly run by many regional parties like All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), Desia Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK) and Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). Presently, the state is governed by the AIADMK and headed by the Chief Minister Jayaram Jayalalitha. The 2009 Lok Sabha was won by DMK with an alliance with INC. Tamil Nadu has 39 parliamentary constituencies, out of which seven are reserved for the Scheduled Castes. Elections for the 39 constituencies in 2014 were held on a single day. All the major political parties were hitting at Tamil Nadu as an important state, as the 39 seats could have changed the political scene in the state. The predictions in the exit and the opinion polls by various sources stated that AIADMK would grab maximum number of seats followed by DMK and Congress.
Tamil Nadu in south India is one of the larger states of the country. The state is the seventh most populous, though it is the eleventh in size. The state was known as Madras at Independence. Elections have been held in the state since the constitution of its first legislative assembly with 206 members in 1952.
Tamil nadu Lok Sabha Election Results 2014 - Party wise
Shown below are the number of seats won by BJP, INC, AAP and others in Tamil nadu Lok Sabha Elections 2014.