Tamil Nadu General Elections 2014 - Dates and Schedule
Tamil Nadu General Elections 2014 Important Dates
The table below represents the important dates associated with the Tamil Nadu General Elections 2014 and when are elections going to be held in Tamil Nadu, the date of issue of notification, nominations and much, more.
|No of PCs going to poll 39||(PC no. 1 to 39) Click to see Pcs|
|Issue of Notification||29 Mar 14 (Sat)|
|Last Date for filing Nominations||05 Apr 14 (Sat)|
|Scrutiny of Nominations||07 Apr 14 (Mon)|
|Last date for withdrawal of Candidature||09 Apr 14 (Wed)|
|Date of Poll||24 Apr 14 (Thu)|
|Counting of Votes||16 May 14 (Fri)|
|Date before which the election shall be Completed||28 May 14 (Wed)|
|No. of Electors||Male electors||Female electors||No. of Electors as %age of Total Electorate of India||No. of electors having EPIC (Electoral Photo Identity Card)|
Tamil Nadu 2014 Opinion Poll
CNN IBN 7 survey 2014: The AIADMK will probably secure 15-23 seats while DMK may bag 7-13 seats. INC may win 1-5 LS seats AND 4-10 seats may be won by Others.
India TV survey 2014: 28 seats may be bagged by AIADMK, 5 by DMK, 1 by Congress, 1 by CPI, 1 by MDMK, 2 by DMDK, and 1 by Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi.
Headlines Today-CVoter opinion poll: The AIADMK is expected to win 29 seats. The DMK may succeed in winning 5 seats while one seat will be won by DMDK. A single seat may be won by the INC, CPM, VCK and MDMK.
About TamilNadu Elections
Tamil Nadu in south India is one of the larger states of the country. The state is the seventh most populous, though it is the eleventh in size. The state was known as Madras at Independence. Elections have been held in the state since the constitution of its first legislative assembly with 206 members in 1952.
The state was renamed Tamil Nadu in August 1968 and the strength of its Legislative Assembly became 234.
The Indian National Congress (INC) was the prominent party in the early years of independence. Justice Party headed by Periyar E V Ramasamy was one of the earliest regional parties in the state. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), founded in 1949 by C N Annadurai , himself a former Justice Party member, came to power for the first time in 1967. The other main political party of the state, the AIADMK, was founded in 1972 by Dr M G Ramachandran, on leaving the DMK. The All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIDMK) led by M G Ramachandran formed the first state government in 1977. M G R remained in power as the CM for ten years till his death in 1987. DMK, currently headed by M Karunanidhi came to power in 1989. Since then each party has formed the government alternately. Currently Ms J Jayalalitha of the AIADMK is the Chief Minister. M Karrunanidhi of the DMK has been the Chief Minister of the state five times.
In General Election to the Lok Sabha in 2009 DMK in alliance with INC and VKC won 27 out of 39 seats. DMK is part of the United Progressive Alliance with INC. AIADMK contested the 2009 elections as part of a Third Front with CPI and CPI (M).
Some of the prominent politicians of the state have been Shri G K Moopanar, former AICC General Secretary and Shri K Kamaraj, former Chief Minister of the state.
Main Political Parties
The main national parties in the state are
- The Indian National congress
- The Bharatiya Janata party
- The Communist party of India (Marxist)
- The Communist Party of India
The main state and regional parties are
- All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
- Desia Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK)
- Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
- Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK)
- Manithaneya Makkal Katchi
- Puthiya Tamizagam
- All India Forward Bloc
- Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi
Constituencies in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu has 39 parliamentary constituencies out of which 7 are reserved for candidates belonging to the scheduled castes. Some of the parliamentary constituencies are Thiruvallur, Chennai North, Chennai South, Chennai Central, Sriperumbudur, Kancheepuram, Arakkonam, Vellore, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri, Tiruvannamalai, Arani, Kallakurichi, Salem, Namakkhal, Erode, Tiruppur, Coimbatore, Pollachi, Dindigul. There are 234 state assembly constituencies out of which 44 are reserved for candidates belonging to scheduled castes and 2 are reserved for candidates belonging to scheduled tribes. Some of the state assembly constituencies are Hosur, Aravakurichi, Maduravoyal, Athoor, Ambattur, Kurinjipadi, Anna Nagar, Thiruvarur, Cumbum, Mannargudi, Sankari, Poompuhar, Veerapandi, Nagapattinam, Singanallur, Edappadi, Jolarpet, Villivakkam, Papanasam, Tiruchengodu, Kovilpatti, Bhuvanagiri, Kanniyakumari, Villupuram, Manachanallur, Madurai central, Nagercoil, Palani, Melur, Thanjavur.
State Legislative Assembly Elections
The last state assembly elections were held in 2011. The number of elector who voted was 36756813. The number was 78 % of the total number of electors.
The AIADMK won 150 seats. Its alliance partners DDMK won 29 seats and the CPI won 10 seats. The DMK, the incumbent government, won 23. The INC won 5 seats. The AIADMK formed the government and the current Chief Minister is Selvi J Jayalalitha of the AIADMK.
The Speaker of the Tamil Nadu Legislative assembly is Shri D Jayakumar and the Deputy speaker is Shri P Dhanapal. The Leader of the House is O Panneerselvam and the Leader of the Opposition is Shri Vijaykant.
Tamil Nadu has a unicameral legislature with one house of the State Legislative Assembly. The Tamil Nadu State Legislative Assembly is also known as the Vidhan Sabha. The strength of the state assembly is 234 directly elected members and one member nominated from the Anglo Indian community. The tenure of the house is five year unless it is dissolved.The state has 39 directly elected members in the Lok Sabha and 18 indirectly elected members in the Rajya Sabha in the Indian Parliament.
Regular elections are held for the state assembly and Lok Sabha seats. Apart from these, the state conducts elections for the local bodies including 10 urban municipal corporations, municipalities and town Panchayats.
Lok Sabha General Elections History
|Year of General Elections Tamil Nadu||Lok Sabha||Winning Party/Coalition|
|1951||First Lok Sabha ( as Madras state)||INC|
|1957||Second Lok Sabha||INC|
|1962||Third Lok Sabha||INC|
|1967||Fourth Lok Sabha||DMK|
|1971||Fifth Lok Sabha||DMK|
|1977||Sixth Lok Sabha||ADMK|
|1980||Seventh Lok Sabha||DMK, INC (Indira)|
|1984||Eighth Lok Sabha||INC, ADMK|
|1989||Ninth Lok Sabha||INC (won 11 seats), ADMK( won 6 seats)|
|1991||Tenth Lok Sabha||INC|
|1996||Eleventh Lok Sabha||Tamil Manila Congress TMC (M)|
|1998||Twelfth Lok Sabha||ADMK|
|1999||Thirteenth Lok Sabha||DMK (12 seats) part of NDA alliance with BJP|
|2004||Fourteenth Lok Sabha||DMK|
|2009||Fifteenth Lok Sabha||DMK (as part of United Progressive Alliance with INC)|
State Assembly Election History
|Year of Election in Tamil Nadu||Vidhan Sabha||Winning Party||Chief Minister|
|1952||First (as Madras state including Andhra Pradesh)||INC||C Rajgopalachari|
|1957||Second||INC||Shri K Kamaraj|
|1967||Fourth||DMK DMK||C N Annadurai, Dr. Kalaignar M Karunanidhi|
|1971||Fifth||DMK||Dr Kalaignar M Karunanidhi|
|1977||Sixth||AIADMK||Dr. M G Ramachandran|
|1980||Seventh||AIADMK||Dr. M G Ramachandran|
|1984||Eighth||AIADMK AIADMK||Dr. M G Ramachandran, Thirumathi Janaki Ramachandran|
|1989||Ninth||DMK||Dr. Kalaignar M Karunanidhi|
|1991||Tenth||AIADMK||Dr. Selvi J Jayalalithaa|
|1996||Eleventh||DMK||Dr. Kalaignar M Karunanidhi|
|2001||Twelfth||AIADMK AIADMK AIADMK||J Jayalalitha, Thiru O. Panneerselvam, J Jayalalitha|
|2006||Thirteenth||DMK||Dr. Kalaignar M Karunanidhi|