Tamil Nadu Assembly General Elections/Byelections 2016The Election Commission of India has announced that elections to the Thanjavur and Aravakurichi assembly constituencies in Tamil Nadu will be taking place on 19 November 2016. Polling in these two seats was rescinded by the Election Commission in the 16 May assembly elections following reports of large-scale money laundering by candidates and political parties.
The commission has also declared that a byelection will be held for the Tiruparankundram assembly seat on 19 November. The seat fell vacant following the demise of sitting MLA and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) member SM Seenivel. Seenivel had won from Tiruparankundram assembly constituency. He passed away even before taking his oath as a member of the legislative assembly (MLA).
Tamil Nadu Assembly General Elections/Byelections 2016 Schedule
|Date of Notification||Oct 26, 2016|
|Last Date of Making Nomination||Nov 2, 2016|
|Date of Scrutiny||Nov 3, 2016|
|Last Date of Withdrawal||Nov 5, 2016|
|Date of Poll||Nov 19, 2016|
|Date of Counting||Nov 22, 2016|
|Date before which Election shall be completed||Nov 24, 2016|
Tamil Nadu Local Body Election 2016Elections to the local bodies in Tamil Nadu are conducted by the Tamil Nadu State Election Commission every five years to elect representatives to its Rural and Urban local bodies. The state election commission had announced that the 2016 local body elections would be conducted in two phases on 17 and 19 October. The nominations for the Tamil Nadu civic body elections were to be collected from September 26, the last day to submit the documents was October 3 and the last date to withdraw nominations was October 6. However, a single-judge bench of the Madras High Court had declared the notification for elections null and void on grounds of violation of Tamil Nadu Panchayat Election Rules. It also directed election authorities to issue a fresh notification for the same and complete the process by December 31. The state election commission has filed an appeal against the verdict and the same has been admitted by the High Court. The election body has argued that the verdict has caused a grave miscarriage of justice and that it is not desirable to delay the elections.
Tamil Nadu Election Results 2016Pie chart showing party wise 2016 election results for Tamil-nadu. Also shown along are 2011 pie chart showing the number of seats won by AIADMK,CPM,CPI,DMDK and Others.
Tamil Nadu Assembly Elections 2016 SummaryThe 2016 Assembly Election was held in Tamil Nadu in single phase on 16 May. The result was declared on 19 May. Jayaram Jayalalitha created history by being the first incumbent chief minister since 1989 to return to power in the state. She now holds the record for being the chief minister of the state for six times. Jayalalitha's AIADMK (All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) won 134 seats and main opposition party DMK (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) bagged 89 seats. The Tamil Nadu legislative assembly has a sum total of 234 seats. Jayalalitha, who is popularly addressed as 'Amma', proved all exit polls wrong which said that she would lose to the DMK-Congress alliance. Perhaps, DMK's inability to capitalise on anti-incumbency and Jayalalitha's attractive welfare measures made it possible for her party to return to power.
Cabinet Ministers of Tamil NaduAIADMK general secretary J. Jayalalithaa was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu by Governor K. Rosaiah at Madras University’s Centenary Hall on 23 May. Her 28 Cabinet colleagues were also sworn in. According to the new list of Tamil Nadu cabinet members, 13 new faces were inducted.
Let's have a look at the portfolios that will be handled by the ministers.
Experienced MembersJayalalithaa's trusted aide, O. Panneerselvam, has been given the portfolio of Finance Minister. While Edappadi K. Palanisamy will handle PWD, Sellur K. Raju has been given the dual responsibility of Cooperation and Labour. K.P. Anbazhagan has become the new Higher Education Minister and R. Kamaraj has been given the portfolio of a Food Minister. C. Vijaya Baskar, B. Udhaya Kumar and M.C. Sampath will handle health, revenue and industries respectively.
New FacesSome of the new faces that are handling important portfolios, include V. Saroja (Social Welfare), ‘Vellamandi’ Natarajan (Tourism), K.C. Karupannan (Environment), Udumalai Radhakrishnan (Housing & Urban Development), R. Duraikannu (Agriculture & Animal Husbandry) and Dr. Manikandan (I.T.).
Parties and AlliancesWith Tamil Nadu going to elections in the summer of 2016, all major political contenders I the fray have begun preparations. DMK, the main opposition party, has announced that it will fight the elections together with the Congress. After splitting over the Sri Lankan Tamils issue a couple of years back, the two have come together once again for the upcoming elections. Ruling party AIADMK has allied with smaller regional parties and given up seven of the 234 seats for them to contest. Vijaykanth's DMDK has forged alliance with the People's Welfare Front (PWF).
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About Tamil Nadu Assembly ElectionsThe state was renamed Tamil Nadu in August 1968 and the strength of its Legislative Assembly became 234.
The Indian National Congress (INC) was the prominent party in the early years of independence. Justice Party headed by Periyar E V Ramasamy was one of the earliest regional parties in the state. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), founded in 1949 by C N Annadurai , himself a former Justice Party member, came to power for the first time in 1967. The other main political party of the state, the AIADMK, was founded in 1972 by Dr M G Ramachandran, on leaving the DMK. The All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIDMK) led by M G Ramachandran formed the first state government in 1977. M G R remained in power as the CM for ten years till his death in 1987. DMK, currently headed by M Karunanidhi came to power in 1989. Since then each party has formed the government alternately. Currently Jayaram Jayalalitha of the AIADMK is the Chief Minister. M Karrunanidhi of the DMK has been the Chief Minister of the state five times.
In General Election to the Lok Sabha in 2009 DMK in alliance with INC and VKC won 27 out of 39 seats. DMK is part of the United Progressive Alliance with INC. AIADMK contested the 2009 elections as part of a Third Front with CPI and CPI (M).
Some of the prominent politicians of the state have been Shri G K Moopanar, former AICC General Secretary, Shri K Kamaraj and J Jayalalithaa former Chief Minister of the state.
Political Parties in Tamil NaduThe main state and regional parties are:
- All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
- Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK)
- Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
- Dravidar Kazhagam or Dravida Kazhagam (DK)
- Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK)
- Manithaneya Makkal Katchi
- Puthiya Tamilagam
- Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi
- Indian National congress (INC)
- Bharatiya Janata party (BJP)
- Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M))
- Communist Party of India (CPI)
Constituencies in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu has 39 parliamentary constituencies out of which 7 are reserved for candidates belonging to the scheduled castes.
Some of the parliamentary constituencies are Thiruvallur, Chennai North, Chennai South, Chennai Central, Sriperumbudur, Kancheepuram, Arakkonam, Vellore, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri, Tiruvannamalai, Arani, Kallakurichi, Salem, Namakkhal, Erode, Tiruppur, Coimbatore, Pollachi, Dindigul.
There are 234 state assembly constituencies out of which 44 are reserved for candidates belonging to scheduled castes and 2 are reserved for candidates belonging to scheduled tribes.
Some of the state assembly constituencies are Hosur, Aravakurichi, Maduravoyal, Athoor, Ambattur, Kurinjipadi, Anna Nagar, Thiruvarur, Cumbum, Mannargudi, Sankari, Poompuhar, Veerapandi, Nagapattinam, Singanallur, Edappadi, Jolarpet, Villivakkam, Papanasam, Tiruchengodu, Kovilpatti, Bhuvanagiri, Kanniyakumari, Villupuram, Manachanallur, Madurai central, Nagercoil, Palani, Melur, Thanjavur.
State Legislative Assembly Elections
The last state assembly elections were held in 2011. The number of elector who voted was 36756813. The number was 78 % of the total number of electors. The AIADMK won 150 seats. Its alliance partners DDMK won 29 seats and the CPI won 10 seats. The DMK, the incumbent government, won 23. The INC won 5 seats. The AIADMK formed the government and the current Chief Minister is Jayaram Jayalalitha of the AIADMK. The Speaker of the Tamil Nadu Legislative assembly is Shri D Jayakumar and the Deputy speaker is Shri P Dhanapal. The Leader of the House is O Panneerselvam and the Leader of the Opposition is Shri Vijaykant.
Tamil Nadu has a unicameral legislature with one house of the State Legislative Assembly. The Tamil Nadu State Legislative Assembly is also known as the Vidhan Sabha. The strength of the state assembly is 234 directly elected members and one member nominated from the Anglo Indian community. The tenure of the house is five year unless it is dissolved.The state has 39 directly elected members in the Lok Sabha and 18 indirectly elected members in the Rajya Sabha in the Indian Parliament.
Regular elections are held for the state assembly and Lok Sabha seats. Apart from these, the state conducts elections for the local bodies including 10 urban municipal corporations, municipalities and town Panchayats.
Tamil Nadu Assembly Election Results:
List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu
|S. No.||Chief Minister||From||To||Party Name|
|1||J. Jayalalithaa||May 23, 2016||Present||AIADMK|
|2||J. Jayalalithaa||May 23, 2015||May 22, 2016||AIADMK|
|3||O. Panneerselvam||Sept 29, 2014||May 22, 2015||AIADMK|
|4||J. Jayalalithaa||May 16, 2011||September 27, 2014||AIADMK|
|5||M. Karunanidhi||May 13, 2006||May 15, 2011||DMK|
|6||J. Jayalalithaa||Mar 2, 2002||May 12, 2006||AIADMK|
|7||O. Panneerselvam||Sep 21, 2001||Mar 1, 2002||AIADMK|
|8||J. Jayalalithaa||May 14, 2001||Sep 21, 2001||AIADMK|
|9||M. Karunanidhi||May 13, 1996||May 13, 2001||DMK|
|10||J. Jayalalithaa||Jun 24, 1991||May 12, 1996||AIADMK|
|11||President's rule||Jan 30, 1991||Jun 24, 1991|
|12||M. Karunanidhi||Jan 27, 1989||Jan 30, 1991||DMK|
|13||President's rule||Jan 30, 1988||Jan 27, 1989|
|14||Janaki Ramachandran||Jan 7, 1988||Jan 30, 1988||AIADMK|
|15||V.R. Nedunchezhiyan(acting)||Dec 24, 1987||Jan 7, 1988||AIADMK|
|16||M.G. Ramachandran||Feb 10, 1985||Dec 24, 1987||AIADMK|
|17||M.G. Ramachandran||Jun 9, 1980||Nov 15, 1984||AIADMK|
|18||President's rule||Feb 17, 1980||Jun 9, 1980|
|19||M.G. Ramachandran||Jun 30, 1977||Feb 17, 1980||AIADMK|
|20||President's rule||Jan 31, 1976||Jun 30, 1977|
|21||M. Karunanidhi||Mar 15, 1971||Jan 31, 1976||DMK|
|22||M. Karunanidhi||Feb 10, 1969||Jan 4, 1971||DMK|
|23||V.R. Nedunchezhiyan (acting)||Feb 3, 1969||Feb 10, 1969||DMK|
|24||C. N. Annadurai||Jan 14, 1969||Feb 3, 1969||DMK|
|25||C. N. Annadurai||Mar 6, 1967||Jan 14, 1969||DMK|
|26||M. Bakthavatsalam||Oct 2, 1963||Mar 6, 1967||INC|
|27||K. Kamaraj||Mar 15, 1962||Oct 2, 1963||INC|
|28||K. Kamaraj||Apr 13, 1957||Mar 1, 1962||INC|
|29||K. Kamaraj||Apr 13, 1954||Mar 31, 1957||INC|
|30||C. Rajagopalachari||Apr 10, 1952||Apr 13, 1954||INC|
|31||P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja||Jan 26, 1950||Apr 9, 1952||INC|
List of Governors of Tamil Nadu
|S.No.||Name of Governor||From||To|
|1||Konijeti Rosaiah||Aug 31, 2011||Present|
|2||Sardar Surjit Singh Barnala||Nov 3, 2004||Aug 31, 2011|
|3||P. S. Ramamohan Rao||Jan 18, 2002||Nov 3, 2004|
|4||Dr. C. Rangarajan (additional charge)||Jul 3, 2001||Jan 18, 2002|
|5||Justice M. Fathima Beevi||Jan 25, 1997||Jul 3, 2001|
|6||Krishan Kant (additional charge)||Dec 2, 1996||Jan 25, 1997|
|7||Marri Chenna Reddy||May 31, 1993||Dec 2, 1996|
|8||Bhishma Narain Singh||Feb 15, 1991||May 31, 1993|
|9||Sardar Surjit Singh Barnala||May 24, 1990||Feb 15, 1991|
|10||P. C. Alexander||Feb 17, 1988||May 24, 1990|
|11||Sundar Lal Khurana||Sep 3, 1982||Feb 17, 1988|
|12||Sadiq Ali||Nov 4, 1980||Sep 3, 1982|
|13||Justice M. M. Ismail (acting)||Oct 27, 1980||Nov 4, 1980|
|14||Prabhudas B. Patwari||Apr 27, 1977||Oct 27, 1980|
|15||Justice P. Govindan Nair (acting)||Apr 9, 1977||Apr 27, 1977|
|16||Mohan Lal Sukhadia||Jun 16, 1976||Apr 8, 1977|
|17||Kodardas Kalidas Shah||May 27, 1971||Jun 16, 1976|
|18||Sardar Ujjal Singh||Jan 14, 1969||May 27, 1971|
|19||Sardar Ujjal Singh (acting till 16 June 1967)||Jun 28, 1966||Jan 14, 1969|
|20||Maharaja Sir Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur||Dec 7, 1965||Jun 28, 1966|
|21||P. Chandra Reddy||Nov 24, 1964||Dec 7, 1965|
|22||Maharaja Sir Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur||May 4, 1964||Nov 24, 1964|
|23||Bhishnuram Medhi||Jan 24, 1958||May 4, 1964|
|24||Pakala Venkata Rajamannar (acting)||Oct 1, 1957||Jan 24, 1958|
|25||A. J. John, Anaparambil||Dec 10, 1956||Sep 30, 1957|
|26||Sri Prakasa||Mar 12, 1952||Dec 10, 1956|
|27||Maharaja Sir Krishna Kumarasinhji Bhavsinhji||Sep 7, 1948||Mar 12, 1952|
|28||Lieutenant-General Sir Archibald Edward Nye||May 6, 1946||Sep 7, 1948|
Cabinet Ministers of Tamil Nadu
|Name of Minister||Ministries|
|Selvi J Jayalalithaa||Public, Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Forest Service, General Administration, District Revenue Officers, Police and Home|
|Thiru O.Panneerselvam||Finance , Planning ,Legislative Assembly ,Elections and Passports ,Public Works , Irrigation including Minor Irrigation and Programme Works|
|Thiru P.Thangamani||Electricity,Non-Conventional Energy Development, Prohibition and Excise, Molasses.|
|Thiru Udumalai Radhakrishnan||Housing, Rural Housing and Housing Development, Slum Clearance Board and Accommodation Control, Town Planning, Urban Development and Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority, Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering, Agro Service Cooperatives, Horticulture, Sugarcane Cess, Sugarcane Development and Waste Land Development.|
|Thiru Edappadi K. Palaniswami||Public Works, Irrigation including Minor Irrigation, Programme Works, Highways and Minor Ports|
|Thiru K.T.Rajenthra Bhalaji||Rural Industries including cottage Industries and Small Industries, Labour, Population, Employment and Training, Newsprint Control, Census and Urban and Rural Employment.|
|Dr. V. Saroja||Social Welfare including Women's and Children's Welfare, Orphanages and Correctional Administration, Integrated Child Development and Beggar Homes, Welfare of the Differently abled, Social Reforms and Nutritious Noon Meal Programme|
|Thiru K.P. Anbazhagan||Higher Education including Technical Education, Electronics, Science and Technology.|
|Thiru Sellur K. Raju||Co-operation, Statistics and Ex-Servicemen Welfare|
|Thiru R.Kamaraj||Food, Civil Supplies, Consumer Protection and Price Control|
|Thiru M.C. Sampath||Industries, Steel Control, Mines and Minerals and Special Initiatives|
|Thiru S.P. Shunmuganathan||Milk and Dairy Development.|
|Thiru K.C. Veeramani||Commercial Taxes, Registration and Stamp Act|
|Thiru S.P. Velumani||Municipal Administration, Rural Development, Panchayats and Panchayat Unions, Poverty Alleviation Programmes, Rural Indebtedness, Urban and Rural Water Supply, Implementation of Special Programme|
|Thiru P. Balakrishna Reddy||Animal Husbandry|
|Thiru O.S.Manian||Handlooms and Textiles|
|Thiru P.Benjamin||School Education, Archaeology, Youth Welfare and Sports Development Department|
|Thiru.Vellamandi N.Natarajan||Tourism, Tourism Development Corporation|
|Tmt.V.M.Rajalakshmi||Adi Dravidar Welfare, Hill Tribes and Bonded Labour.|
|Thiru D. Jayakumar||Fisheries and Fisheries Development Corporation|
|Dr M.Manikandan||Information Technology|
|Thiru R.B. Udhayakumar||Revenue, District Revenue Establishment,. Deputy Collectors, Weights and Measures, Debt Relief including Legislation on Money lending, Chits, Registration of Companies.|
|Thiru Kadambur Raju||Information and Publicity, Flim Technology and Cinematograph Act, Stationery and Printing and Government Press|
|Thiru P.Benjamin||School Education, Archaeology, Youth Welfare and Sports Development Department|
|Thiru Dindigul C.Srinivasan||Forests|
|Thiru.K.C.Karuppannan||Environment and Pollution Control|
|Thiru G. Baskaran||Khadi and Village Industries Board, Bhoodhan and Gramadhan.|
|Tmt S.Valarmathi||Backward Classes, Most Backward Classes and Denotified Communities, Overseas Indians, Refugees and Evacuees and Minorities Welfare.|
|Dr.C.Vijaya Baskar||Health, Medical Education and Family Welfare|
Rajya Sabha Members from Tamil Nadu
|A. Navaneethakrishnan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|June 26, 2014 - June 29, 2016||P. H. Paul Manoj Pandian||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|June 30, 2010 - June 29, 2016|
|A. William Rabi Bernard||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 15, 2011 - June 29, 2016||S. Muthukaruppan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
|D. Raja||Communist Party of India (CPI)||July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019||S. Thangavelu||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)||June 30, 2010 - June 29, 2016|
|Dr. R. Lakshmanan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019||Sasikala Pushpa||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
|E. M. Sudarsana Natchiappan||Indian National Congress (INC)||June 30, 2010 - June 29, 2016||T. K. Rangarajan||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
|K. P. Ramalingam||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)||June 30, 2010 - June 29, 2016||T. Rathinavel||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019|
|K. R. Arjunan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019||Tiruchi Siva||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)||April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
|K. Selvaraj||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020||V. Maitreyan||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019|
|Kanimozhi||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)||July 25, 2013 - July 24, 2019||Vijila Sathyananth||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra |
|April 2, 2014 - April 1, 2020|
Tamil Nadu Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) mark another victorious win in the state by winning 37 seats out of 39 seats in the 2014 Lok Sabha polls. One of the largest state in India, Tamil Nadu is a political hub for many political parties in the country. Besides the major political parties like Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the state is majorly run by many regional parties like All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), Desia Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK) and Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). Presently, the state is governed by the AIADMK and headed by the Chief Minister Jayaram Jayalalitha. The 2009 Lok Sabha was won by DMK with an alliance with INC. Tamil Nadu has 39 parliamentary constituencies, out of which seven are reserved for the Scheduled Castes. Elections for the 39 constituencies in 2014 were held on a single day. All the major political parties were hitting at Tamil Nadu as an important state, as the 39 seats could have changed the political scene in the state. The predictions in the exit and the opinion polls by various sources stated that AIADMK would grab maximum number of seats followed by DMK and Congress.
Tamil Nadu in south India is one of the larger states of the country. The state is the seventh most populous, though it is the eleventh in size. The state was known as Madras at Independence. Elections have been held in the state since the constitution of its first legislative assembly with 206 members in 1952.