Punjab Assembly Election 2017The Election Commission of India has declared that Punjab will go to elections in February 2017. The ruling SAD-BJP government, led by Chief minister Parkash Singh Badal, will face voters five years after coming back to power in 2012. Evidently, there is going to be an intensive political activity in the state in the run-up to the elections when voters cast their vote.
The political contest in Punjab has been bipolar for the most part until now with the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) and the Congress as the two main contenders. In the 2011 assembly elections, Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal's estranged nephew Manpreet Singh Badal launched the People's Party of Punjab. The Akali Dal (Longowal), another breakaway outfit of the Shiromani Akali Dal, was launched by Surjit Singh Barnala in 2004. The Lok Bhalai Party was launched by Balwant Singh Ramoowalia in 2009. However, these regional parties have remained on the fringes without making any noticeable impact in the state assembly elections so far.
Anti-incumbencyAs the SAD-BJP combine completes two consecutive terms in the state, there is a palpable degree of anti-incumbency sentiment among voters. Though the Congress is the main opposition, voters are not open to seeing it as a favourable alternative.
Emergence of AAP in PunjabMeanwhile, a third contender has been fast gaining ground in the state after a worthy performance in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. The Aam Aadmi Party got an encouraging response in Punjab when all four of its candidates won in their maiden elections. In fact, Punjab was the only state where the AAP won all the four seats it contested from.
As Punjab braces for Assembly elections next year, the youth in most of Punjab's districts is inclined to go for AAP. Arvind Kejriwal has been the face of the AAP in Punjab till now though a search is on to get a suitable chief ministerial candidate. The party is actively working on building its voter base with the help of volunteers.
About Punjab ElectionsThe erstwhile Patiala and East Punjab States Union was formed on 15 July 1948 by merging eight princely states of East Punjab. The state legislature was bicameral, comprising the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and Vidhan Parishad (upper house). In1956, the state was reorganised and renamed Punjab. The strength of the Vidhan Parishad of the newly formed state was enhanced from 40 seats to 46 and then 51 in 1957.
Punjab was trifurcated in 1966 to form Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and the present-day Punjab. The Vidhan Parishad was reduced to 40 seats and the Vidhan Sabha was expanded to 104 seats. The Vidhan Parishad was abolished on 1 January 1970. Therefore, Punjab has a unicameral legislature now.
The Punjab legislative assembly, or the Vidhan Sabha, has 117 members today. These members are elected directly from 117 single-member constituencies of the state. A term of the Legislative Assembly lasts five years unless dissolved earlier.
The current governor of Punjab is Kaptan Singh Solanki. Charanjit Singh Atwal is the Speaker of the Assembly while Dinesh Singh is the Deputy Speaker. Chief minister Parkash Singh Badal is the leader of the house while Sunil Kumar Jakhar of Congress is the main opposition leader. The Assembly meets at Vidhan Bhavan in Chandigarh.
State Legislative Assembly of PunjabPunjab has a unicameral legislature with 117 seats, with a term of five years. It is headed by the Chief Minister. The current speaker of the house is Charanjit Sigh Atwal. The Legislative Assembly was first summoned in 1937 and post independence of India, the state had a bicameral legislature until a unicameral legislature was established in 1970. In the last election in 2012, the SAD won 56 seats, the INC won 46, the BJP won 12 and the three remaining seats were won by independent candidates.
Issues in the StateThere are a number of issues plaguing the state at present, prime among which are corruption, unemployment, drug addiction and receding water tables that may pose a serious threat to the state's agriculture. Revival of agriculture is a key issue which no political party has adequately addressed till now. Since Punjab is known as the granary and the bread basket of India, its looming crisis in agriculture is not just a concern for the state, but the entire nation. According to studies, water levels have dropped by 10 metres since 1973 and the rate of decline is intensifying.
Creating employment opportunities and tapping the human capital are also two other challenges that the state must deal with in order to check the rising menace of drug addiction among the youth.
Punjab Assembly Election Results:
List of Chief Ministers of PunjabPunjab has been led by fifteen different Chief Ministers, the first being Gopi Chand Bhargave (INC), who assumed office on 15 August 1947. The longest-serving Chief Minister is Parkash Singh Badal (SAD), who served for fifteen years in total.
|S. No.||Chief Minister||From||To||Party Name|
|1||Parkash Singh Badal||Mar 1, 2007||Present||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|2||Amarinder Singh||Feb 26, 2002||Mar 1, 2007||Indian National Congress|
|3||Parkash Singh Badal||Feb 12, 1997||Feb 26, 2002||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|4||Rajinder Kaur Bhattal||Jan 21, 1996||Feb 11, 1997||Indian National Congress|
|5||Harcharan Singh Brar||Aug 31, 1995||Jan 21, 1996||Indian National Congress|
|6||Beant Singh||Feb 25, 1992||Aug 31, 1995||Indian National Congress|
|7||President's rule||Jun 11, 1987||Feb 25, 1992|
|8||Surjit Singh Barnala||Sep 29, 1985||Jun 11, 1987||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|9||President's rule||Oct 10, 1983||Sep 29, 1985|
|10||Darbara Singh||Jun 6, 1980||Oct 10, 1983||Indian National Congress|
|11||President's rule||Feb 17, 1980||Jun 6, 1980|
|12||Parkash Singh Badal||Jun 20, 1977||Feb 17, 1980||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|13||President's rule||Apr 30, 1977||Jun 20, 1977|
|14||Zail Singh||Mar 17, 1972||Apr 30, 1977||Indian National Congress|
|15||President's rule||Jun 14, 1971||Mar 17, 1972|
|16||Parkash Singh Badal||Mar 27, 1970||Jun 14, 1971||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|17||Gurnam Singh ||Feb 17, 1969||Mar 27, 1970||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|18||President's rule||Aug 23, 1968||Feb 17, 1969|
|19||Lachhman Singh Gill||Nov 25, 1967||Aug 23, 1968||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|20||Gurnam Singh||Mar 8, 1967||Nov 25, 1967||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|21||Giani Gurmukh Singh Mussafir||Nov 1, 1966||Mar 8, 1967||Indian National Congress|
|22||President's rule||Jul 5, 1966||Nov 1, 1966|
|23||Ram Kishan||Jul 7, 1964||Jul 5, 1966||Indian National Congress|
|24||Gopi Chand Bhargava||Jun 21, 1964||Jul 6, 1964||Indian National Congress|
|25||Pratap Singh Kairon||Jan 23, 1956||Jun 21, 1964||Indian National Congress|
|26||Bhim Sen Sachar ||Apr 17, 1952||Jan 23, 1956||Indian National Congress|
|27||President's rule||Jun 20, 1951||Apr 17, 1952|
|28||Gopi Chand Bhargava||Oct 18, 1949||Jun 20, 1951||Indian National Congress|
|29||Bhim Sen Sachar||Apr 13, 1949||Oct 18, 1949||Indian National Congress|
|30||Gopi Chand Bhargava||Aug 15, 1947||Apr 13, 1949||Indian National Congress|
List of Governors of PunjabThe Governor of Punjab is the ceremonial head of the state of Punjab and the Administrator of the Chandigarh Union Territory. He is elected by the President of India. Punjab has had 32 Governors, the first being Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi, who assumed office in 1947. The current Governor is Shivraj Patil, who took office on 22 January 2010.
|S.No.||Name of Governor||From||To|
|1||Shivraj Patil||Jan 22, 2010||Present|
|2||General Sunith Francis Rodrigues||Nov 16, 2004||Jan 22, 2010|
|3||Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai||Nov 3, 2004||Nov 16, 2004|
|4||Om Prakash Verma||May 8, 2003||Nov 3, 2004|
|5||Lieutenant General J. F. R. Jacob||Nov 27, 1999||May 8, 2003|
|6||Lieutenant General B.K.N. Chhibber||Sep 18, 1994||Nov 27, 1999|
|7||Sudhakar Panditrao Kurdukar||Jul 10, 1994||Sep 18, 1994|
|8||Surendra Nath||Aug 7, 1991||Jul 9, 1994|
|9||General Om Prakash Malhotra||Dec 18, 1990||Aug 7, 1991|
|10||Virendra Verma||Jun 14, 1990||Dec 18, 1990|
|11||Nirmal Mukarji||Dec 8, 1989||Jun 14, 1990|
|12||Siddharta Shankar Ray||Apr 2, 1986||Dec 8, 1989|
|13||Shankar Dayal Sharma||Nov 26, 1985||Apr 2, 1986|
|14||Hokishe Sema||Nov 14, 1985||Nov 26, 1985|
|15||Arjun Singh||Mar 14, 1985||Nov 14, 1985|
|16||Kershasp Tehmurasp Satarawala||Jul 3, 1984||Mar 14, 1985|
|17||Bhairab Dutt Pande||Oct 10, 1983||Jul 3, 1984|
|18||Anant Prasad Sharma||Feb 21, 1983||Oct 10, 1983|
|19||S.S. Sandhawalia||Feb 7, 1983||Feb 21, 1983|
|20||Marri Chenna Reddy||Apr 21, 1982||Feb 7, 1983|
|21||Aminuddin Ahmad Khan||Aug 26, 1981||Apr 21, 1982|
|22||Jaisukh Lal Hathi||Sep 24, 1977||Aug 26, 1981|
|23||Ranjit Singh Narula||Sep 1, 1977||Sep 24, 1977|
|24||Mahendra Mohan Choudhry||May 21, 1973||Sep 1, 1977|
|25||D. C. Pavate||Oct 16, 1967||May 21, 1973|
|26||Mehar Singh||Jun 1, 1967||Oct 16, 1967|
|27||Dharma Vira||Jun 27, 1966||Jun 1, 1967|
|28||Sardar Ujjal Singh||Sep 1, 1965||Jun 26, 1966|
|29||Hafiz Muhammad Ibrahim||May 4, 1964||Sep 1, 1965|
|30||Pattom Thanu Pillai||Oct 1, 1962||May 4, 1964|
|31||Narahar Vishnu Gadgil||Sep 15, 1958||Oct 1, 1962|
|32||Sir Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh||Mar 11, 1953||Sep 15, 1958|
|33||Sir Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi||Aug 15, 1947||Mar 11, 1953|
Cabinet Ministers of Punjab
|Ministries||Name of Minsiter|
|Chief Minister,Personnel, General Administration, Power, Cooperation, Science Technology & Environment, Vigilance, Employment Generation, Rural Water Supply & Sanitation, Defence Services Welfare, Removal of Grievances and Welfare of Pensioners||Parkash Singh Badal|
|Deputy Chief Minister, Home, Governance Reforms, Housing, Excise & Taxation, Investment Promotion, Sports and Youth Services Welfare, Civil Aviation||Sukhbir Singh Badal|
|Forest & Willd Life and Labour||Chuni Lal Bhagat|
|Jails, Tourism, Cultural Affairs and Printing & Stationery||S. Sarwan Singh Phillaur|
|Food and Civil Supplies, Information and Technology||S. Adesh Partap Singh Kairon|
|Transport, Legal & Legislative Affairs, Elections||S. Ajit Singh Kohar|
|Industries and Commerce, Techinical Education and Industrial Training & Parliamentary Affairs||Sh. Madan Mohan Mittal|
|Finance & Planning, Institutional Finance & Banking, Programme Implementation||S. Parminder Singh Dhindsa|
|Irrigation||S. Janmeja Singh Sekhon|
|Health & family Welfare, Social Security & Development of Women & Children||Sh. Surjit Kumar Jyani|
|Revenue & Rehabilitation, Information & Public Relations, Non-Conventional Energy, NRI Affairs||S. Bikram Singh Majithia|
|Education, Higher Education & Languages||S. Sikandar Singh Maluka|
|Local Government and Medical Education and Research||Sh. Anil Joshi|
|Rural Development & Panchayats||S. Surjit Singh Rakhra|
|P.W.D (B & R)||S. Sharanjit Singh Dhillon|
|Animal Husbandry & fishries Dairy Development and Welfare of SC's & BC's||S. Gulzar Singh Ranike|
Rajya Sabha Members from Punjab
|Shri Ashwani Kumar||Indian National Congress||10/04/2010 to 09/04/2016||Shri Balwinder Singh Bhunder||Shiromani Akali Dal||05/07/2010 to 04/07/2016|
|Sardar Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa||Shiromani Akali Dal||10/04/2010 to 09/04/2016||Dr. M.S. Gill||Indian National Congress||10/04/2010 to 09/04/2016|
|Shri Naresh Gujral||Shiromani Akali Dal||10/04/2010 to 09/04/2016||Shri Avinash Rai Khanna||Bharatiya Janata Party||10/04/2010 to 09/04/2016|
|Smt. Ambika Soni||Indian National Congress||05/07/2010 to 04/07/2016|
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of PunjabThe Chief Electoral Officer of Punjab is Kusumjit Sidhu, who was appointed prior to the 2009 general election. She is an IAS officer from the 1979 Punjab cadre and has a Bachelor's degree in English, History and French as well as a Master's degree in History.
Ms Kusumjit Sidhu
The Chief Electoral Officer of Punjab
AS (Retd.); Chief Electoral Officer SCO 29-30,Sector 17-E, Chandigarh- 160017 Email Address
The Chief Electoral Officer of Punjab
AS (Retd.); Chief Electoral Officer SCO 29-30,Sector 17-E, Chandigarh- 160017 Email Address
Punjab Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014After the declaration of the results in Punjab no majority party has won clearly in the Lok Sabha polls. Four seats were bagged by Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) and Aam Aadmi Party (AAP). The state of Punjab has 13 Lok Sabha seats which have participated in several Lok Sabha polls so far. The state government in Punjab is headed by Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) party and Prakash Singh Badal is the present Chief Minister of the state. Besides, SAD, Indian National Congress (INC) and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Aam Aadmi Party are other leading parties in Punjab. In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, the state took part for its 13 parliamentary seats, out of which four are reserved for Scheduled Castes. The Amritsar constituency has a These parties followed their campaign strategies and raised issues in Punjab like AAP emphasised on anti-corruption movement, BJP focused on development, and Congress centered around Right to Information (RTI). The exit polls and opinion polls predicted the INC and SAD will grab maximum number of seats in the elections.
Last Updated on April 28, 2016