About Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
|Founded on||December 1980|
|Founders||Atal Bihari Vajpayee and L K Advani|
|Prominent leaders of BJP||Narendra Modi, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, L K Advani, Rajnath Singh|
|Parliamentary Chairperson||L K Advani|
|President of BJP||Rajnath Singh|
|Leader of BJP in Lok Sabha||Sushma Swaraj|
|Leader of BJP in Rajya Sabha||Arun Jaitley|
|PM Candidate 2014||Narendra Modi|
|Former Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Political Position||Right Wing (Socialism)|
|Philosophy||Hindu-nationalist ideology, Integral humanism, social conservatism|
|Alliance||NDA (National Democratic Alliance)|
|Party type||National Party|
|BJP Youth Wing||Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (BJYM)|
|BJP Women Wing||BJP Mahila Morcha|
|Student Wing||Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad|
|Peasant's Wing||BJP Kisan Morcha|
|Seats in Lok Sabha||116 out of 545|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha||49 out of 245|
|Head office address||11 Ashoka Road, New Delhi – 110001|
|BJP current Chief Ministers|
|BJP Chhattisgarh CM||Raman Singh|
|BJP Goa CM||Shri Manohar Parrikar|
|BJP Gujarat CM||Shri Narendra Modi|
|BJP Madhya Pradesh CM||Shri Shivraj Singh Chauhan|
|NDA Punjab CM||Sardar Prakash Singh Badal(SAD)|
|BJP Rajasthan CM||Smt. Vasundhara Raje|
Election Symbol and its Significance
The Election Symbol of the BJP from its inception, as approved by the Election Commission of India is the “Lotus”. The Lotus is the national flower of India. The BJP election symbol therefore has many prominent representations. Firstly, the symbol is used to indicate a national identity that the BJP strongly upholds. The BJP's political ideology is Hindutva, which it describes as cultural nationalism. In other words, the BJP is adherent to cultural values of India, which holds a national significance. For example, the BJP promotes the ban on cow-killing, as it is considered a Hindu God. Again, the party upholds the cultural unity of India, by strongly criticizing the European notions of ‘secularism'. The BJP believes that the INC is political party with a pseudo-secular ideology. It also believes, that by strongly propagating a cultural nationalist Hindutva approach, it is not in anyway, propagating a Hindu nationalism which believes in dividing the nation along religious lines. On the contrary, the BJP asserts that it is dedicated to the building up of a harmonious, united and integrated India, which will uphold its traditions and heritages. The objectives of the Party are outlined thus: "The party is pledged to build up India as a strong and prosperous nation, which is modern, progressive and enlightened in outlook and which proudly draws inspiration from India's ancient culture and values and thus is able to emerge as a great world power, playing an effective role in the community of nations for the establishment of world peace and a just international order. The Party aims at establishing a democratic state which guarantees to all citizens irrespective of caste, creed or sex, political, social and economic justice, equality of opportunity and liberty of faith and expression.” In other words, the election symbol of the BJP is, according to the party, supposed to symbolize a Pan-Indian outlook, representing and respecting all sections of a united Bharat or India. Secondly, the lotus is a symbol of Goddess Saraswati, the Goddess of learning and education, according to Hindu mythology. The BJP promotes cultural education in various colleges and universities. For example, it recommends the teaching of the Hindu Holy Book, the Gita in various schools across India. Through this wisdom, the BJP believes it can spread the message of traditionalism, cultural pride, purity and integral humanism to the masses of India, including the lower castes and other minorities.
National Executives of BJP
The leaders of the BJP, who are also their national representatives and executives, are the following:
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Senior Leader of BJP-Vajpayee was the founder of the BJP. He was also the Prime Minister of India from 1998-2004. Presently he is a member of the present National Executive Committee of the BJP.
- L.K. Advani, Senior Leader of BJP-Advani is the present Parliamentary Chairperson representing the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was the Leader of Opposition in the 10thand 14thLok Sabha sessions respectively. He had replaced Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the President of BJP. When the NDA formed the government at the Centre in 1998, under the Prime Ministerial role of Vajpayee, Advani was the Home Minister in his cabinet. Later he was given the post of Deputy Prime Minister of India from 2002-04. Advani has written his autobiography called “My Country My Life” which was published in 2008.
- Rajnath Singh, President of BJP-Singh is serving his second term as President of BJP. His first term in the same role was from 2005-2009. And second term is from 2013 to present. He has remained the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, as well as a Cabinet Minister of the NDA in the Centre.
- Nitin Gadkari, ex- President of the BJP-Gadkari remained in office as President of BJP from 2010 to 2013, when he was succeeded by Rajnath Singh. He is a member of the National Executive Committee of BJP.
- Sushma Swaraj, Leader of Opposition of Lok Sabha-Swaraj is an ex Chief Minister of Delhi as well as a Union Cabinet Minister of the NDA-led government of India. She has remained an MP for a consecutive period of 6 terms. She is presently the Leader of Opposition for the 15thLok Sabha session.
- Arun Jaitley, Leader of Opposition, Rajya Sabha- A notable lawyer by profession, Jaitley is a member of the National Executive Committee of the BJP. He was a Cabinet Minister of the NDA-led government, holding important departments like the Ministry of Commerce and Industry as well as Law and Justice.
- Narendra Modi, Chief Minister of Gujarat-Modi is a member of the National Executive Committee of the BJP as well as the PM- candidate from the party for the 2014 general elections. He is serving his 4thterm as Chief Minister of Gujarat.
As a major national political party of India, the BJP has made a number of significant contributions to the political scenario of the country. Some of these are listed below:
- The BJP has to its credit a number of frontal organizations. For example, the BJP youth wing, called the Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (BJYM), founded at almost the same time as the formation of the mother organization BJP, has contributed to the student politics in the country, fighting major issues such as corruption and unemployment. The women wing of the BJP, called the BJP Mahila Morcha, claims to have addressed a number of feminist issues like women violation, both in the domestic and public spheres.
- In the capacity of the Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee ensured peaceful relations with the neighboring country Pakistan. He signed the Lahore Declaration in 1999, with the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif. He thereby committed to long-lasting peace of India with Pakistan. In 2001, Vajpayee initiated a summit between the two nations, inviting Pervez Musharraf as the Pakistan military ruler. Although the summit failed, Vajpayee is said to have made repeated attempts to again warm up the relation between the two nations.
- In 2004, the BJP-led NDA government signed the South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA), with the neighboring countries of the subcontinent, namely Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
- The BJP-led NDA government attempted to attract huge foreign investments through major infrastructural development projects like the Golden Quadrilateral network of National highways as well as the North South East West Corridor.
- As Education Minister, Rajnath Singh famously passed the Anti Copy Act in 1992.
- Official Website of BJP - http://www.bjp.org/
- Information - firstname.lastname@example.org
- Head-Office Address of BJP - 11 Ashoka Road, New Delhi-110001
- Contact Numbers-PHONE:011-23005700
- Email id:email@example.com
Last Updated on February 06, 2014