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Ramvilas Paswan Biography



Ramvilas Paswan

Ramvilas Paswan

DOB :July 05, 1946
Place of BirthShaharbanni, Distt. Khagaria (Bihar)
Political PartyLok Janasakti Party
ReligionHindu
NationalityIndian
EducationM.A., LL.B., D.Litt (Honoris Causa) conferred by Bundelkhand University, Jhansi (Madhya Pradesh) Educated at Kosi College, Khagaria and Patna University, Patna (Bihar)
Spouse nameShrimati Reena Paswan
Childrenthree Daughters One Son
Important positions held
  • 1969 Member, Bihar Legislative Assembly
  • 1977-79 Member, Sixth Lok Sabha
  • 1980-84 Member, Seventh Lok Sabha (2nd term)
  • 1982-84 Leader of Lok Dal (K), Lok Sabha
  • 1989-91 Member, Ninth Lok Sabha (3rd term)
  • 1989-91 Union Cabinet Minister, Labour and Welfare
  • 1991-96 Member, Tenth Lok Sabha (4th term) Member, Business Advisory Committee Member, Committee on Home Affairs
  • 1996-97 Member, Eleventh Lok Sabha (5th term) Leader of the House, Lok Sabha Member, Business Advisory Committee
  • 1996-98 Union Cabinet Minister, Railways 1 June
  • 1996-29 June 1996 Minister, Parliamentary Affairs
  • 1998-99 Member, Twelfth Lok Sabha (6th term) Leader, Janata Dal Parliamentary Party
  • 1998-99 Member, General Purposes Committee Member, Committee on Railways Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Home Affairs
  • 1999-2004 Member, Thirteenth Lok Sabha (7th term) 13 Oct.
  • 1999-1 Sept. 2001 Union Cabinet Minister, Communications 1 Sept.
  • 2001-29 April 2002 Union Cabinet Minister, Coal and Mines
  • 2004-2009 Member, Fourteenth Lok Sabha (8th term)
  • 23 May 2004-22 May 2009 Union Cabinet Minister, Chemicals and Fertilizers; Steel July 2010 Elected to Rajya Sabha Aug.
  • 2010 onwards Member, Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions Sept.
  • 2010 onwards Member, Committee on Petitions Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Urban Development

About Ram Vilas Paswan

Ram Vilas Paswan is a prominent Indian politician hailing from the Dalit community. He is president of the Lok Janshakti Party (LJP). Currently, he is serving as the Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution in the Narendra Modi-led NDA government. He was elected to the 16th Lok Sabha from Hajipur constituency in Bihar.

Family and Personal Background of Ram Vilas Paswan

Ram Vilas Paswan was born in Khagaria district of Bihar on July 5, 1946 to Jamun Paswan and Siya Devi. He spent his early life in Khargaria. He did his post graduation from Kosi college. He also qualified the civil service exam. Paswan was then selected for the police training in Scheduled Castes (SC) quota. But his determination to do something for his community refrained him from going for the training. Instead he came in contact with the socialists and started working with them. His first wife was Rajkumari Devi whom he divorced in 1961. He is presently married to Reena Sharma. She belongs to a Punjabi Brahmin family. He has two daughters from his first wife and one daughter and one son from his second wife. His son Chirag Paswan is an actor-turned-politician.

Political Career of Ram Vilas Paswan

Paswan started his political career in 1969 as a member of Samyukta Socialist Party. He was elected as an MLA from the reserved constituency in that year. During this time, he came in contact with leaders such as Jayprakash Narayan and also took part in the anti-emergency movement. Paswan followed in the footsteps of Jayprakash Narayan and was subsequently appointed as the general secretary of Lok Dal in the year 1974.

Paswan was arrested at the time when former prime minister Indira Gandhi declared emergency in India and he spent that period in jail. When he was released in 1977, he immediately joined the Janata Party. Paswan made his entry into Lok Sabha in 1977 on the Janata Party ticket. He won the elections from Hajipur constituency with a record margin and his name was registered in the Guinness Book of World Records. He won the subsequent elections of 1980, 1984, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2004 and 2014. Paswan was the first Dalit leader to join NDA again. He earlier left the party after the 2002 Gujarat riots. The LJP leader is now the Dalit face of the Modi government. After being appointed as the Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution in the Modi cabinet, Paswan said that his priority is to ensure efficiency in public distribution system and consolidate the functioning of the Food Corporation of India.

It was the period between 2009 and 2014 that did not turn out well for Paswan. He lost the Lok Sabha elections after forming an alliance with Lalu Prasad's RJD. His decision to keep away from Congress turned out to be wrong. As a result, he decided to dump both RJD and Congress and finally joined BJP. With the latest win, Paswan has been elected to the Lok Sabha for the ninth time.

Paswan has served as a Union Minister under six Prime Ministers. He became the Union Minister of Labour and Welfare in the V.P. Singh government. While in the office, he urged the government to extend reservations for Sheduled Castes in the employment sector. He also brought to forefront the demands of the Dalits. Under the NDA government, he was appointed as the Railway Minister and finally shifted to Coal ministry in 2001. He formed the Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) in 2000. Under UPA government, Paswan was the minister in Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers and Ministry of Steel.

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Work done by Paswan apart from Politics

Being a Dalit, Paswan was concerned about the welfare of the Dalit community. For the independence and progress of the community, Paswan founded the Dalit Sena in 1983. Soon he came to be regarded as an important Dalit leader of India. Apart from voicing the needs of the Dalits, Paswan has also supported other backward communities.

Political Journey of Ram Vilas Paswan

  • He won the Lok Sabha elections in 1977.
  • He was re-elected in 1980, 1984, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2004 and 2014.
  • In 1989, Paswan was appointed as the Minister for Labour and Welfare.
  • In 1996, he became the Railway Minister.
  • He formed the Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) in 2000.
  • Under UPA government, he was appointed as Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers and Minister of Steel.
  • Paswan was appointed as the Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution in the Narendra Modi-led NDA government in May, 2014.

Last Updated on 16 December, 2017.



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