About Manipur Elections
Manipur located in the north east India merged with the Indian union on 15th October, 1949. The border state was centrally administered by the Indian government through a Chief Commissioner. In 1950, this advisory form of government was replaced by a Territorial Council of 30 elected and 2 nominated members.
Initially the state was a Union Territory. In 1963, the government of Union Territories Act established a Legislative Assembly of 30 elected and 3 nominated members in the Union Territory. The political situation in Manipur was unstable in the late sixties with secessionist and insurgent groups active in the state. The Legislative assembly was dissolved and President's rule imposed in the state. The Union Territory was now administered by a Lt Governor.
On January 21, 1972 Manipur became a full- fledged state of the Indian Union. Since then, it has held elections for ten state assemblies interspersed with frequent imposition of President's Rule. There are a number of ethnic tribal communities in Manipur, with the Meities the largest and Kuki, Nagas and Hmars the smaller groups. There is reservation for the scheduled tribes in the state assembly as well as in the Lok Sabha. According to the 2011 census the population of the state is 27,21,756. The number of voters is 17,41,581. Manipur is one of the few states with a 97 % coverage of photo electoral rolls.
The State has a unicameral legislature. There is only one house in legislative assembly of 60 elected members. Out of the 60 assembly seats, 20 are reserved for Scheduled Tribes and 1 for Scheduled Castes. The state has two Lok Sabha seats and one Rajya Sabha seat in the Indian Parliament. Shri Rishang Keishing of the INC is the state representative to the Rajya Sabha of the current Indian Parliament. Dr T Meinya Singh and Shri Thangso Baite represent Manipur in the Lok sabha.
The main political parties in the state are the Indian National Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party, and the Communist party of India. In 1968 the Manipur People's Party was formed and it won seats in 2007 assembly elections. The BJP has won the inner Manipur Lok sabha seat consistently since 1995 till it lost to the INC in 2004. The INC has formed the state government since 2002. It won the last assembly elections in 2012.
The Main Political Parties
- The Indian National Congress (INC)
- The Bharatiya Janata Party
- The Communist Party of India
- The Rashtriya Janata Dal
- The Nationalist Congress Party
The mail regional political parties are :
- Democratic Revolutionary Peoples Party
- Manipur State Congress party
- Lok Jan Shakti Party
- All India Trinamool Congress
- Manipur People's Party (MPP)
- Federal Party of Manipur
- Manipur National Conference
- Naga People's Front
- National People's Party (India)
- Nikhil Manipuri Mahasabha
Lok Sabha General Elections History
|Year of General Elections||Lok Sabha||Winning Party/Coalition|
Outer Manipur Inner Manipur(ST)
|1951||First Lok Sabha||-||INC|
|1957||Second Lok Sabha||INC||Socialist Party|
|1962||Third Lok Sabha||-||-|
|1967||Fourth Lok Sabha||INC||Communist party of India|
|1971||Fifth Lok Sabha||INC||INC|
|1977||Sixth Lok Sabha||INC||INC|
|1980||Seventh Lok Sabha||INC||Communist party of India|
|1984||Eighth Lok Sabha||INC||INC|
|1989||Ninth Lok Sabha||INC||INC|
|1991||Tenth Lok Sabha||INC||MRP|
|1996||Eleventh Lok Sabha||INC||BJP|
|1998||Twelfth Lok Sabha||Communist Party of India||BJP|
|1999||Thirteenth Lok Sabha||Nationalist Congress party||BJP|
|2004||Fourteenth Lok Sabha||Independent||INC|
|2009||Fifteenth Lok Sabha||INC||INC|
State Assembly Election History
|Year of Elections||Political Party|
|1957||Territorial Council||J M Raina ( Chief Commissioner)|
|1963||Territorial Legislative Assembly||Baleshwar Prasad ( Lt. Governor)|
|President's Rule in 1964|
|Vidhan Sabha||Chief Minister|
|Janata Party||Yangmasho Shaiza|
|1990||Fifth||MPP||Raj Kumar Ranbir Singh|
|Presidents' rule in 1992|
|INC||Raj Kumar Dorendra Singh|
|2000||Seventh||Samata Party||Radhabinod Koijam|
|2002||Eighth||INC||Okram Ibobi singh|
|2007||Ninth||INC||Okram Ibobi singh|
|2012||Tenth||INC||Okram Ibobi Singh|
Constituencies In Manipur
Manipur has two parliamentary constituencies; Inner Manipur and Outer Manipur. The outer Manipur constituency is reserved for Scheduled tribe candidate. The INC has consistently won the reserved constituency but the BJP has won the inner Manipur constituency from 1995 to 1999.
The Inner Manipur parliamentary constituency has 32 legislative assembly seats. The Outer Manipur has 28 legislative assembly seats.
Some of the legislative Assembly constituencies in Outer Manipur are Heirok, Kakching, Khangabo, Jiribam, Thanlon, Tengnoupal, Tamenglong, and Singhat. Some of the constituencies in Inner Manipur are Khundrakpam, Andro, Wangkhei, Lamlai, Sagolband, Lamsang, Wangoi, Nambol, Mayang Imphal, Kumbi, and Thoubal.
State Legislative Assembly
Manipur has had a stable government since 2002 with the INC in power. The last state assembly elections were held in 2012. The INC trounced all to win 42 out of 60 seats; the All India Trinamool Congress won 7 and the MPP won 4. Shri Okram Ibobi Singh of the INC became the Chief Minister for his third term. Smt Y Indira Devi is the Secretary of the state Legislative Assembly. Shri Gurbachan Jagat is the Governor of the state.