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Election Commission of Bihar

About State Election Commission of Bihar

Bihar was known as a centre of power, learning and culture in ancient India. The state was a part of the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912 but certain portions of Bihar were reorganised to carve out the separate province of Orissa in 1935.

The Bihar State Election Commission is empowered to conduct electoral processes within the state. It is a sole-member Commission overseen by the State Election Commissioner. There is a Secretary, who is also delegated as the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) for the state. The presence of this body makes sure that the electoral procedures are all carried out without any biases to ensure the credibility of the nation's democratic framework.

History & its formation

The State Election Commission of Bihar was established as per Seventy-third Amendment of the Constitution of India. It was formed as a free, federal body, but under the helm of the state government. The basic reason behind the creation of Commission was to conduct election to the Panchayats at various levels. Article 243-K of the Constitution of India provides for the powers and responsibilities of the State Election Commission. The Bihar State Election Commission has been vested with the power of superintendence, direction and control of the entire process for conduct of elections to the three-tier Panchayati Raj institutions and urban local bodies of the State Electoral Laws & System.

As per the constitutional provisions, the elections are conducted by laws made by the state Assembly. Among the major laws of the Constitution are Bihar Panchayat Raj Act, 1993, Bihar Municipal Act, 1922 and The Patna Municipal Corporation Act, 1951. The delimitation of territorial constituencies of panchayat, the reservation thereof, the preparation and revision of electoral rolls and conduct of elections to the Panchayati Raj Institutions are dealt under the Bihar Panchayat Elections Rule, 1995. The delimitation of territorial constituencies of Nagar Parishad and Nagar Panchayats come under the Bihar Municipalities Constitution of Territorial Constituencies Rules, 2001.The Bihar Municipal Election and Election petitions Rules, 1953 deal with the preparation and revision of electoral rolls and conduct of election to Nagar Parishad and Nagar Panchayats. The delimitation of territorial constituencies of Nagar Nigam, the reservation thereof, the preparation and revision of electoral rolls and Conduct of Election to Nagar Nigams of the state are the jurisdiction of the Patna Municipal Corporation constitution of territorial constituencies Rules, 2001 and Patna Municipal Corporation preparation of electoral rolls and conduct of elections Rules, 1951. As per a Supreme Court of India ruling, , the Election Commission has the residuary powers under the Constitution to act in an appropriate manner in case the enacted laws are silent or make insufficient provision to deal with a given situation in the conduct of elections. The same holds good for the State Election Commissions as well since a comparison of Article 324 and Article 243K of the Constitution of India would show that the State Election Commission has the same powers with regard to Panchayat/Urban Local Bodies Elections as Election Commission of India has regarding Parliament and state Assemblies.

Chief Electoral Commissioner of Bihar

Ajay Nayak (IAS) is the Chief electoral commissioner of Bihar state election commission.

Officers Appointed by Election Commission of Bihar

The Bihar State election commission consists of many officers who are entrusted to conduct the duties of the state election commission with diligence. The officers currently holding posts in Bihar State election commission are as follows:

Chief Electoral Officer, Bihar AJAY NAYAK (IAS)
Additional Chief Electoral Officer 1 : R. Lakshmanan (IAS)
Joint Chief Electoral Officer : Sohan Kumar Thakur
Deputy Chief Electoral Officer : Shri Viveka Nand Jha, Shri Baiju Nath Kumar Singh and Shri Sudhakar Prasad
Deputy Secretary : Sanjay Kumar
Deputy Election Officer & Sub Election Officers : Ashok Priyadarshi; Ratnamber Nilay; Priyanka Sinha; Prashant Shekhar and Vijay Kumar

Contact Details and Address of State Election Commission, Bihar

Mr. Asok Kumar Chauhan, I.A.S.
Commissioner of the State Election Commission, Bihar
E-mail Address
0612-2506826 (O).


State Election Commission
Sone Bhawan,
3rd floor,
Beerchand Patel Marg,
Patna - 800 001 (Bihar).
Tel: (0612)-2506917
Fax: (0612)-2507847.
E-Mail: secy-sec-bih@nic.in
Website : http://sec.bih.nic.in/

Last Updated on November 21, 2014

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