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Thursday, July 29, 2021

Nepal President Bidya Devi Dissolves Parliament and Declares a New Election Date. 

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The deep political crisis in Nepal was evident when K. P Oli dissolved its Parliament last year. The political atmosphere of Nepal is characterized by instability and turbulence. Nepal President Bidya Devi dissolves Parliament and declares a new election date. 

The decision of dissolving the Parliament came on Friday midnight. The President ordered a fresh election in six months. The presidential decision was made on the advice of the council of ministers headed by K. P Oli. 

The dissolution of Parliament by Oli sparked protest and unrest in Nepal. The Supreme Court overturned Oli’s decision and labeled it Unconstitutional. The presidential statement said the decision of conducting new elections came because neither the caretaker Oli nor the opposition leader Sher Bahadur Deuba was able to secure a majority in the Parliament to form a new government. 

The official report states that the first phase of general elections will be conducted on November 12 and the second phase on November 19.

Oli claims to have the support of 153 members; while Deuba claims to have 149 MPs. Bidya Devi’s decision rescued her from getting impeached in Parliament. The opposition stated that the president necessitated the formation of a new government without Oli pursuing a no-confidence motion in the parliament as unconstitutional. Now that the Nepal president declared a new election date, she is safe from getting impeached. In order to impeach a president, a special majority is needed to pass the resolution. 

This is the second time, President has sought to order the dissolution on the aid and advice of the cabinet headed by caretaker KP Oli. 

Article 76(7) of the Nepalese Constitution states that If the Prime Minister appointed according to clause (5) gets the vote of no confidence or if any member fails to be appointed as Prime Minister, the President shall, on the recommendation of Prime Minister, dissolve the House of Representatives and fix a date to conduct another election within six months.

The fresh election in Nepal may improve the political tension in the country but the ongoing surge in corona cases has left the civilian population in the hands of crippled infrastructure. 

The least developed area of Nepal, the lowland bordering Uttar Pradesh and Kathmandu valley has been hit by the corona wave.

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