India-China’s Galwan valley stand-off in 2020 has put the relationship between the two neighboring countries in “crisis”.On June 15, 2020, Galwan Valley of Ladakh observed a violent stand-off between the Armies of India and China. More than 15 Indian soldiers were killed.
In January last year, it was reported that China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) had begun military exercises in Tibet in the bordering areas of India and were positioning armored vehicles, helicopters, and heavy artillery to the region. The surge in military exercise seemed usual however when the Chinese military did not return to their bases and instead moved closer to the Indian border that’s when the Indian side reinforced its deployment in the border areas as a routine precaution.
On 5 May, Chinese forces appeared near the Galwan Valley and Gogra-Hot Springs. There are eight distinct fingers, and where India considered the border at Finger 8, China claimed that it was at Finger 4.There had been a fight near Finger 5 in Pangong Tso where soldiers on both sides injured one another in the clash.
The initial increasing cases of the COVID-19 pandemic, and India’s nationwide lockdown impeded the Army’s response. It was only by early June that India did counter-deployment. India’s objective was to prevent Chinese claims on Indian Territory and to obtain a situation of status quo ante through diplomatic means.
Numerous disengagement plans were implemented. While the forces disengaged face-to-face in Galwan and Pangong Tso areas, but they still remain close to the LAC. Official sources have stated that the Chinese Military is constructing additional accommodations, hospitals, and snow mobility vehicles.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the nation, stating that India wants peace. But on incitement, India will give an appropriate reply.
It took several rounds of diplomatic talks before the two sides agreed to a pull-back in the Pangong region in early February 2021. Further, the Indo-Pacific strategy and the emergence of the Quadrilateral Dialogue are seeking to contain China’s influence.