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MLC Election Process – Maharashtra

May 12, 2020

The Maharashtra Legislative Council elections are scheduled for May 21 to fill the 9 vacant seats of the council. After much consideration, the Election Commission has given a nod to the election and Uddhav Thackeray is able to save his position of Chief Minister. The election commission had postponed the election on account of the COVID-19 pandemic.


MLC Election Process

The Composition of the Legislative Council

The strength of the Maharashtra Legislative Council is 78. From these 78 members, 66 are elected and 12 members are nominated by the Governor of Maharashtra. The composition is defined by article 171 of the constitution. It states that the Strength of the Legislative Council should not exceed 1/3rd of the legislative assembly. The composition is as follows:

1) 30 members shall be elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly
2) 7 members are elected from amongst graduates from seven divisions of Maharashtra
3) 7 members are elected from amongst teachers from seven divisions of Maharashtra
4) 22 members are elected from amongst the local bodies of Maharashtra from 21 divisions of Maharashtra
5) 12 members having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matters such as literature, science, art, co-operative movement, and social service shall be nominated by the Governor

The Process of Election

The members vote for the election by means of the single transferrable vote (STV). In this process, the voter states his preference for that candidate before his name (eg. 1, 2, 3, etc.). A candidate should have a minimum number of first preference votes (Quota) in order to be elected in the state legislative council. The formula is as follows:

MLC Election Formula

If no candidate secures the first preference quota, then the transfer of votes takes place. During which, the candidate with the least first preference votes gets eliminated. The votes of the eliminated candidate are transferred to the other candidates. The number of ballots that had given first preference to the eliminated candidate are considered. In those ballots, the number of second preference votes received by the other candidates are counted and added to their first preference votes. The candidate whose sum total of votes satisfies the minimum quota criteria gets elected to the Legislative Council.

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Yogesh is fascinated by the colossal world of Microbes around us and is pursuing a career in Microbiology. He is an avid reader and ponders upon the current affairs, the insights of which are reflected through his writing. Just like the microbes he studies, Yogesh is an adaptable cool-headed guy who strives for a better version of himself. He also believes that there is no sincere love than the love of food.