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Assembly Elections and Government Formation
Assembly Elections and Government Formation

It’s not just the rise of regional parties that has accentuated the importance of Assembly elections. The rise of regional aspirations and a divide between national and regional goals have long started to decide the fate of a political entity. While Lok Sabha elections give us the macro-level view of where each party stands, the Assembly elections provide us a micro-level understanding of which political parties are garnering maximum support. Assembly Elections: A decisive factor for Lok Sabha Elections From national parties such as Congress and BJP to single-state and multi-state parties, Assembly elections keep every political [...]Read more

What is the Procedure for Trust Vote in Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha
Procedure for Trust Vote in Indian Lok Sabha

It’s a fact that a democratically elected government must enjoy the confidence of Parliament or State Assembly in order to stay in power. At times, certain political equations put a question mark on the credibility of the ruling party and that’s when the party finds it obligatory to know whether it still enjoys the confidence of the House. In Lok Sabha, trust vote is generally sought during the first session with the newly elected government at the helm. This voting is considered as the ideal mechanism to understand whether a party or a coalition commands a majority [...]Read more

Types and Procedures of Elections in India

Elections form the backbone of democracy wherein people elect their political representatives and decide the composition of the government. Holding free and fair elections on a state and national level is integral to upholding the principles of democratic set up in India. From parliamentary elections to the presidential polls, India goes through the electoral process at regular intervals. Apart from the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act of 1952 and the Representation of the People Act of 1951, elections are conducted as per the provisions of the Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961. It’s interesting to note how each [...]Read more

When and Why is a State Assembly Dissolved
Dissolution of State Assembly

Although the legislative assemblies complete their normal tenure as prescribed by the Indian Constitution, yet their dissolution at an earlier date is not uncommon. Recently, The Union Cabinet approved dissolution of the Delhi Assembly on the basis of the recommendation made by the Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung. Subsequently, President Pranab Mukherjee dissolved the Delhi Assembly. There are several reasons for the dissolution of a state Assembly. Similarly, there are methods and processes to ensure that dissolution happens in a legally compliant manner. Why is Legislative Assembly Dissolved? As per the provisions of Article 356 of Indian Constitution, [...]Read more

Election Commission of India
Election Commission of India

The Election Commission of India is a permanent body which has been vested with the responsibility of directing and controlling the entire process of conducting elections. The commission is known for upholding the principle of free and fair elections as mentioned in the Constitution. History & Development of Election Commission The Election Commission was established on 25th January 1950 with an objective of supervising all elections to the Parliament of India, state legislatures and to the office of the President and the Vice-President of India. In the first few decades of its existence, the commission was led [...]Read more

Eligibility Criteria to become an MLA
Eligibility Criteria to become an MLA

Legislative Assembly or the lower house of state legislature is the main law-making body at the state level. The Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs) are democratically elected representative of the electorates. For every Lok Sabha MP from the state, there are between four and nine MLAs. An individual must fulfill a certain set of criteria to become eligible for holding the position of an MLA. Eligibility Criteria to become an MLA The qualifications needed to become an MLA are almost similar to the eligibility criteria for an MP.  Besides being a citizen of India, the individual should [...]Read more

Why some States in India have Bicameral Legislatures ?
Why some States in India have Bicameral Legislatures

Like Union legislature, some of the states of India follow a bicameral system wherein the legislature is divided into two separate houses. A bicameral legislature comprises a lower house and an upper house. While the former is known as the Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the latter is called the Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad). From as early as the first half of 20th century to as latest as 2014, adoption of bicameral legislatures has been influenced by a handful of factors including bifurcation of existing states and formation of new ones. Why Some States in India Have Bicameral [...]Read more

Differences Between Regional and National Political Parties
Differences Between Regional and National Political Parties

Endowed with a multi-party system, India has nurtured many a political parties over the last six decades. While some parties emerged for a brief stint, the others continued to expand their ambit of influence. You may have heard of the Akali Dal in Punjab and Telugu Desam Party in Andhra Pradesh. Similarly, Shiv Sena of Maharashtra and Samajwadi Party of Uttar Pradesh occupy quite a significant chunk of Indian political landscape as of now. These are the regional parties as their influence is confined to a particular state or region. However, national parties such as Congress, BJP, [...]Read more