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When and Why is a State Assembly Dissolved
Dissolution of State Assembly

Although the legislative assemblies complete their normal tenure as prescribed by the Indian Constitution, yet their dissolution at an earlier date is not uncommon. Recently, The Union Cabinet approved dissolution of the Delhi Assembly on the basis of the recommendation made by the Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung. Subsequently, President Pranab Mukherjee dissolved the Delhi Assembly. There are several reasons for the dissolution of a state Assembly. Similarly, there are methods and processes to ensure that dissolution happens in a legally compliant manner. Why is Legislative Assembly Dissolved? As per the provisions of Article 356 of Indian Constitution, […]Read more

Universal Adult Suffrage
Universal Adult Suffrage

India has a democratic set up with all citizens having equal rights. This could have been farther from truth if the concept of universal adult suffrage was not adopted. As a promoter of political equality, India managed to do away with the restrictions on the exercise of the vote for adults. However, the journey wasn’t easy. What does Universal Adult Suffrage mean? The Article 326 of the Indian Constitution grants universal adult suffrage, according to which, every adult citizen is entitled to cast his/her vote in all state elections unless that citizen is “convicted of certain criminal […]Read more

Hate Speech Laws in India
laws prohibiting hate speech

The right to freedom of expression doesn’t include the freedom to insult someone or disrespect a community on the basis of caste, religion, race, place of birth, and language. The Indian Constitution forbids anyone from making hate speeches that disturb the harmonious co-existence. In recent times, political discourse has created much discord among the electorates. Anti-hate speech laws have long been established to tackle these aberrations. Definition of Hate Speech The Law Commission of India is now working towards its immediate goal – suggest laws to tackle hate speeches and decide whether the Election Commission can be […]Read more

Types and Provisions of Emergencies in Indian constitution
Types and Provisions of Emergencies in Indian constitution

There have been occasions in the history of Indian polity wherein the country or any state had to adopt an “altered constitutional setup.” The Indo-China war in the 60s and the Indo-Pakistan war in the 70s saw a state of emergency on a national level. Delhi is the latest example of state emergency where President’s Rule was imposed under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, which contains emergency provisions in case of the failure of constitutional machinery in states. What are the different types of emergencies that can be imposed in India and under what circumstances? The Indian Constitution […]Read more

Article 19 of Indian Constitution

 Every citizen of India has the personal liberty and freedom to exercise his/her fundamental rights, as enshrined in the Constitution. Article 19 is one of the key Articles that guarantee freedom of speech and expression. Some of the landmark judgments in the history of India have been taken as per the provisions mentioned in Article 19. Concept and Purpose of Article 19 The primary purpose of Article 19 is to protect certain rights regarding freedom of speech. According to this Article, every citizen has the right to freedom of speech and expression; assemble peacefully (without arms); form […]Read more

Different Acts in Indian Constitution
Different Acts in Indian Constitution

Given the diversity of issues that India has been facing, it was important to formulate constitutional laws that would help the executive and the judiciary in tackling them. Different Acts were passed by Parliament not only to control crime but to enforce discipline in various sectors of our democratic society. While some Acts were given more teeth through a series of amendments, others continue to be marred due to poor or ineffective implementation. Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act Among several constitutional protections and laws, the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act is one that prohibits the […]Read more

Constitutional Bodies in India
The Constitutional bodies in India

The Constitutional bodies are mostly executive in nature, with the power of advising the government vested in them. Ensuring effective functioning of the government is the main objective behind the establishment of these bodies. While some are permanent agencies, there are a few ad hoc bodies as well, which are established for a fixed term. The constitutional bodies not only uphold the principles of the Constitution but also help government machinery to run smoothly.   The different  Constitutional bodies in India are :  Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) The UPSC is a central agency responsible for conducting […]Read more

Salient Features of Indian Constitution
salient features of indian constitution

The Constitution of India has earned the distinction of being the longest written constitution of any sovereign nation in the world. As the “supreme law of India”, it encapsulates the powers and duties of government institutions and establishes fundamental rights and the duties of citizens. Its salient features are worth mentioning. Preamble to the Constitution of India The preamble establishes the guiding principles of Indian Constitution. It’s an introductory statement that sets the purpose of the document that follows thereafter. Since the preamble is not an integral part of the Constitution, it is not legally enforceable. Originally, […]Read more

Significance of Article 14 of Indian Constitution
Significance of Article 14 of Indian Constitution

After the Supreme Court gave its verdict on Sharia courts stating that they have no legal authority and their decisions are not legally binding, the discussions on fundamental rights gained momentum. The court had categorically mentioned that fatwas must not violate the rights of individuals guaranteed by law. In this context, people should be reminded and made aware of the Article 14 in the Constitution of India. What is Article 14 of Indian Constitution? According to Article 14, “the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or equal protection of the laws within […]Read more

Amendments to Indian Constitution
Amendments of Indian Constitution

One can say with certainty that Indian Constitution is one of the most frequently amended constitutions in the world. It was just a year after the Constitution was adopted that the first amendment came into force and several changes were made effective. Many more amendments followed since then. As of May 2013, the Constitution has been amended 98 times. Although the process of amendment was made flexible by the makers of Indian Constitution to help the nation adapt to changing circumstances, yet that seems to have backfired. ‘Whims and fancies’ of the ruling government had often brought […]Read more