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Article 20 of the Indian Constitution
Article 20 of the Indian Constitution

The Article 20 is one of the pillars of fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India. It mainly deals with protection of certain rights in case of conviction for offences. When an individual as well as corporations are accused of crimes, the provisions of Article 20 safeguard their rights. The striking feature of the Article 20 is that it can’t be suspended during an emergency period. The Article has set certain limitations on the legislative powers of the Union and State legislatures.  Ex Post Facto Legislation  The clause (1) of Article 20 protects individuals against ex [...]Read more

Article 13 of the Constitution of India
Article 13 of the Constitution of India

The Article 13 not only asserts the supremacy of the Indian Constitution but also makes way for judicial review. This legislation creates scope for reviewing pre-constitutional and existing laws. Although the legitimacy of judicial interventions in Constitutional matters has sparked debates, yet in most cases, the power of judicial review is evoked to protect and enforce the fundamental rights guaranteed in Part III of the Constitution. Meaning and Scope of Article 13 It is through Article 13 that the Constitution prohibits the Parliament and the state legislatures from making laws that “may take away or abridge the [...]Read more

Article 12 of Indian Constitution – Meaning of ‘State’
Article 12 of Indian constitution , meaning of 'state'

According to Article 12 of the Constitution of India, the term ‘State’ can be used to denote the union and state governments, the Parliament and state legislatures and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Indian government. Over a period of time, the Supreme Court has expanded the ambit of ‘State’ to include Corporations such as LIC and ONGC since they perform tasks “very close to governmental or sovereign functions”. In fact, the term ‘State’ also accommodates any authority that’s created by the Constitution of India and has [...]Read more

What is Article 17 of Indian Constitution
What is Article 17 of Indian Constitution

One of the vital steps that independent India took was the effort towards eradication of untouchability. Finally, the Indian Constitution abolished the practice of untouchability in 1950. The lawmakers included provisions within the Constitution that can provide measures for positive discrimination in both educational institutions and public services for the socially backward groups. Article 17 of the Indian Constitution is a legislation that abolishes practice of untouchability in any form. According to the provision of Article 17, “enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability” is a punishable offence in accordance with law. Purpose of Article 17 [...]Read more

Jayalalitha (Amma) & Company: The IPC Sections that Nailed them
Jayalalitha and Company - The IPC Sections that Nailed them

While J Jayalalithaa’s 18-year long legal battle ended in her being convicted under sections 13 (1) (e) and 13(2) of the Prevention of Corruption Act. Her three associates were convicted for offences punishable under Section 109, 120(B) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). For a better understanding of the charges levelled against the ex-Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and her aides, it’s imperative to know the clauses mentioned under these sections. Section 13 of the Prevention of Corruption Act The Prevention of Corruption Act was enacted to tackle corruption in government agencies and public sector businesses. According [...]Read more

Article 32 of the Indian Constitution
Article 32 of the Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India has granted us several Fundamental Rights as well as safeguards against their violations. The citizens get to exercise these rights with an option of taking the help of judiciary in case their rights are violated. Since enlistment of rights (no matter how meticulously they are explained in the Constitution) is not always enough, the Right to Constitutional Remedies ensures that these they are respected and valued. Article 32 of the Indian Constitution – The Concept & Purpose According to Article 32, when an individual feels that he has been “unduly deprived” of his [...]Read more

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