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Meaning of Article 25 of the Indian Constitution
Meaning of Article 25 of the Indian Constitution

It is through several provisions that the Indian Constitution upholds the spirit of secularism. The Article 25 is one of the pillars of fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution. The relevance of this legislation can be gauged only when one understands the importance of preserving the pluralistic ethos of the country and the idea of harmonious coexistence of different religions.   Meaning and Scope of Article 25 The Article 25 states that every individual is “equally entitled to freedom of conscience” and has the right “to profess, practice and propagate religion” of one’s choice. Practicing religion or [...]Read more

Indian Constitution: Election-Related Provisions
Different Articles in the Indian Constitution

Laws pertaining to the elections in India are contained in Part XV of the Indian Constitution. The provisions mentioned in the Articles (324 to 329) cover all aspects of conducting elections starting from inclusion of names in electoral roll to formulation of laws pertaining to elections. Article 324 – Superintendence, Direction and Control of Elections The Election Commission (EC) of India is the only entity that has been given the authority to supervise, direct and control elections. According to Article 324, the Election Commission should comprise the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and other Election Commissioners, who will [...]Read more

Universal Adult Suffrage
Universal Adult Suffrage

India has a democratic set up with all citizens having equal rights. This could have been farther from truth if the concept of universal adult suffrage was not adopted. As a promoter of political equality, India managed to do away with the restrictions on the exercise of the vote for adults. However, the journey wasn’t easy. What does Universal Adult Suffrage mean? The Article 326 of the Indian Constitution grants universal adult suffrage, according to which, every adult citizen is entitled to cast his/her vote in all state elections unless that citizen is “convicted of certain criminal [...]Read more

Types and Provisions of Emergencies in Indian constitution
Types and Provisions of Emergencies in Indian constitution

There have been occasions in the history of Indian polity wherein the country or any state had to adopt an “altered constitutional setup.” The Indo-China war in the 60s and the Indo-Pakistan war in the 70s saw a state of emergency on a national level. Delhi is the latest example of state emergency where President’s Rule was imposed under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, which contains emergency provisions in case of the failure of constitutional machinery in states. What are the different types of emergencies that can be imposed in India and under what circumstances? The Indian Constitution [...]Read more

Constitutional Bodies in India
The Constitutional bodies in India

The Constitutional bodies are mostly executive in nature, with the power of advising the government vested in them. Ensuring effective functioning of the government is the main objective behind the establishment of these bodies. While some are permanent agencies, there are a few ad hoc bodies as well, which are established for a fixed term. The constitutional bodies not only uphold the principles of the Constitution but also help government machinery to run smoothly.   The different  Constitutional bodies in India are :  Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) The UPSC is a central agency responsible for conducting [...]Read more

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