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Role of Regional Parties in Parliament

Posted by Admin on April 24, 2014 | Comment

Role of Regional Parties in Parliament

It has been long, since Indian politics started becoming more federal. One of the foremost reasons for this is the rise of regional parties. Looking at the way some states are faring, it won’t be an exaggeration to proclaim that regional parties have been able to address people’s concerns, which National parties couldn’t. Their overwhelming presence in elections and large share of seats in the parliament clearly hint at their growing significance. However, what role does a regional party play in the Parliament? Does it add any value to the Parliament and its proceedings?

Role of Regional Parties in Parliament

Expectations from Regional Parties in the Parliament

There’s no denying the fact that regional powers occupy close to 50% of the seats in the Parliament. As representatives come from diverse social, political and cultural backgrounds, they are expected to create a convergence between the discussions on national and regional issues. MPs from various regional parties convey the concerns of their people so that the Parliament gets a holistic view of the state of affairs.An important role of regional political parties is to be the torchbearer for their states and make sure that creation or modification of laws don’t affect the lives of the people they represent. In that way, they compel the House and its members to adopt an all-inclusive approach in their decision making. Greater participation of regional leaders ensures better representation of people from socially and economically backward classes. Regional parties are expected to carry their agenda of states’ welfare every time they meet in the Parliament.Political entities, which initiate new programs and schemes, must share their success stories with the House members, so that others can also take a cue. Similarly, the MPs from regional parties should be receptive enough to learn from the policies discussed in the Parliament.Political parties such as SP, BSP, BJD, JDU, AIADMK, and TMC have often been in the limelight for expressing different opinions on national issues, which indirectly ensured a more thorough debate in the House. The persistence of the MPs has forced several amendments in many important legislations. That is the power of a regional party, which they ought to be leveraged in a prudent manner.

Impact of Regional Parties on Parliament Proceedings

Over the last few decades, the clout of regional parties has expanded phenomenally. This is primarily attributed to their increasing headcount and presence in the parliament. Although, they have brought in diversity in the House and put forward the concerns of people across all strata and caste hierarchy, yet they are often looked upon as a disruptive force.Many are of the opinion that the increasing presence of regional parties in the Parliament has somewhat affected the house’s functioning. With a large number of regional parties being represented in the Parliament, many feel that there has been a general decline in the quality of debates. Increased number of adjournments and walkouts have also affected the functioning of the Parliament. It has a direct impact on the number of bills introduced or passed. Adding to that, the number of times the MPs could meet in each session has also gone down drastically.The increase in the number of representatives from regional parties, is widely known to have contributed towards instability in the Parliament since 1990. MPs from regional parties are accused of delaying domestic decision-making, which has a direct impact on bilateral relations. It takes successive days of ruckus in the Parliament.Under these circumstances, one can’t be confident enough to consider regional parties as enablers.

But then again, issues that otherwise may have never gained National importance, have been pushed to the forefront, thanks to regional leaders. So all in all, regional parties are here to stay, and if they don a more responsible role in the Parliament, they can become the enablers, who ensure an inclusive growth in the country.