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Role of Political Parties in India

Posted by Admin on April 18, 2014 | Comment

Owing to the diverse geographical, social and cultural concerns, India has nurtured the growth of the multi-party system. Over a period of time, national and regional political parties became the vital constituents of the world’s largest democracy, India. Whether the proliferation of parties has helped the country’s cause, is a different debate altogether. However, it’s important to know what exactly these political parties stand for and what role do they play within the parliamentary democracy.

Role of Political Parties in India

Powers Vested in Political Parties in India

Every political party has its own set of vision and ideologies , which are often aligned with the needs and concerns of the state or region they belong to. Once people choose them during the elections, they become legitimate rulers of the country. The party members get the power to run the executive, as well as the legislative machinery of India.

Roles & Responsibilities of Ruling Parties in India

The party that wields the power also bears certain responsibilities. The primary onus of building political and social consciousness lies on the parties. Under the greater objective of serving the nation and its people, there are several smaller goals that parties set for themselves to ensure that public concerns are allayed, social indicators are favoured and corruption is eradicated.

In case of a coalition setup, the national and regional parties work together to become a platform for common people to put forward their views. They become the voice of the people by representing them at a national level.

Roles & Responsibilities of Opposition Parties in India

While the primary role of the ruling party is to run the government effectively, the ones who sit in the opposition also have their tasks cut out. They position themselves as government watchdogs, with the sole mission of scrutinizing the ruling party’s actions. It is incumbent upon them to prevent the ruling party from becoming dictatorial. On a much broader level, the opposition gives a probing look into the performance of the government and sees to it that good governance benefits the entire nation and not just a few communities. In India, the opposition parties are quick to act against faulty policies and unjust laws. There had been incidents when strong protests were staged against certain bills forcing the government to retract.

However, there is a downside to excessive interference and impudence at various levels of functioning. It often derails the development process. The political parties in India, both the ruling and the opposition, need to practice more discretion and broaden their outlook to contribute towards the holistic growth of the country.