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Politics and Common Problems in India

Posted by Admin on May 10, 2014 | Comment

When one of our union ministers remarked that India needs more toilets than temples, it was perhaps a moment of epiphany for those who have been conveniently dodging the pressing issues affecting the common man. Lack of proper sanitation is just a single piece in the puzzle. The nation is battling a plethora of other problems which are throwing it out from the track of development.

Common Problems in India

Uneven distribution of wealth and the ever-widening gulf between the rich and poor have been gnawing at the concept of social equality. At least 25% of the total population earns less than the poverty benchmark set by the government. If statistics are to be believed, 8 out of 28 states have more poor people than that of 26 poorest African countries put together. Rubbing salt in the wound is the spiraling rate of inflation.

What is also hurting our people is the dilapidated state of education sector. On the one hand, government is trying to incentivize education by introducing mid-day meals, while on the other, there lies a crass indifference towards strengthening school infrastructure in rural areas. Student-teacher ratio is abysmal. Despite the ban on child labour, rural schools are losing out on students as most of them are compelled to earn at a tender age.

Can the vicious cycle look more prominent than this?

Corruption has taken a toll on India’s financial health. From petty corruption such as bribery to more serious cases of graft like tax evasion and embezzlement of public fund, much harm is already being done to the nation’s global image. Issues of inadequate healthcare facilities and high infant mortality rate are also contributing to low human development index.

Promises Made by Political Parties

Promises made in the election manifestos do manage to excite the common people and take their aspirations a notch higher, but these promises don’t always see the light of the day. While AAP’s broom wants to sweep away corrupt practices in governance, Congress and BJP are almost inseparable in their poll agenda. Both of them look serious when it comes to highlighting the importance of women’s safety. ‘Quality healthcare’ is a much used and abused agenda that finds a place in their to-do list.

No election manifesto is ever made without including the assurance of fighting corruption. The promise of improving education system is perennially present. All major parties give us hope that they will work towards improving the condition of workers in the unorganized sector. They talk about food security and bringing down the inflation rate.

However, what these claims and promises lack is a substantial justification as to how they will be fulfilled. Political parties shy away from indicating the methodology of meeting these expectations and how to take care of the financial requirements. It should be incumbent upon a political party to have clarity about the rationale behind every agenda it discloses. They ought to work out a feasible approach towards implementing what they intend to.

How to Solve Common Problems in India?

Eliminating income inequality could be one of the initial steps the ruling party has to take. Uplifting the living conditions of farmers is in the interest of the nation. Removing trade barriers in agriculture sector and liberalizing the agrarian economy would give them the economic freedom, which in turn would naturally propel investment in improving the productivity.

Cases of corruption and inadequate implementation of welfare schemes indicate weak governance and lack of accountability of politicians and bureaucrats. No wonder we fare poorly in Global Integrity Index. Governance reform pertaining to executive and judiciary systems is now unavoidable. Moreover, political parties should now focus on thinking and acting differently. They can concentrate on harnessing the power of social innovation to see a major improvement in social indicators. Sam Pitroda had rightly said, “Innovations are needed to solve the problems of the poor.”