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Article 12 of Indian Constitution – Meaning of ‘State’
Article 12 of Indian constitution , meaning of 'state'

According to Article 12 of the Constitution of India, the term ‘State’ can be used to denote the union and state governments, the Parliament and state legislatures and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Indian government. Over a period of time, the Supreme Court has expanded the ambit of ‘State’ to include Corporations such as LIC and ONGC since they perform tasks “very close to governmental or sovereign functions”. In fact, the term ‘State’ also accommodates any authority that’s created by the Constitution of India and has [...]Read more

Civic Body Elections Process
Civic Body Elections in india

In India, the Lok Sabha and the state Assembly polls are considered the festivals of democracy. But elections to the civic bodies too carry considerable significance for the political parties and the electorate. The concept of local self-government that was proposed in the late 19thcentury by the then Viceroy of India, Lord Ripon, is still in force in India. That’s manifested in the form of municipal governance. The local government in every state is democratically elected and it comes under the purview of the state or the provincial government. The Constitution has vested in state governments the [...]Read more

State Versus Union Territory in India
State Versus Union Territory in India

Before delving into the difference between states and union territories (UTs), it’s imperative to understand why these UTs were formed in the first place and what was the concept behind establishing a territory, distinct from the state. Why Union Territories were Formed ? As far as history goes, the union territories were either not a part of India during independence or they were too small to be made into a state as per the provision of the Constitution. During the discussion on reorganisation of states in 1956, the States Reorganisation Commission recommended creation of a different category [...]Read more

Assembly Elections and Government Formation
Assembly Elections and Government Formation

It’s not just the rise of regional parties that has accentuated the importance of Assembly elections. The rise of regional aspirations and a divide between national and regional goals have long started to decide the fate of a political entity. While Lok Sabha elections give us the macro-level view of where each party stands, the Assembly elections provide us a micro-level understanding of which political parties are garnering maximum support. Assembly Elections: A decisive factor for Lok Sabha Elections From national parties such as Congress and BJP to single-state and multi-state parties, Assembly elections keep every political [...]Read more

Political Parties in India and their Ideologies
Political Parties in India and their Ideologies

The only factor that explains the mushrooming growth of political parties in India is the difference in ideology. While some of them are pro-liberalisation, some are anti-capitalism. The ideological differences also exist in the social sphere with some political factions swearing by Hindu nationalism and the rest seem quite content with progressive westernisation. It is this multiplicity of ideologies and their practitioners that make Indian politics a difficult yet an interesting case study. Communist Parties in India The communist parties are known for their ‘anti-business’ ideology. Perennially a proponent of subsidies, minority appeasement and preservation of human [...]Read more

Article 16 of Indian Constitution
Article 16 of Indian Constitution

Though ‘reservation’ is an unpleasant word in contemporary Indian politics, yet architects of the Constitution had used it as a social empowerment tool for the backward classes to help them get their due place in the society and be at par with the non-backward classes. Article 16 of the Constitution is one such provision that tends to strengthen the nation’s claim of maintaining an egalitarian society.   Meaning and Purpose of Article 16 The Article guarantees equality of opportunity when it comes to public employment. The first two clauses of the Article elucidate the fact that no [...]Read more

Process of Government Formation in India
Process of Government Formation in India

India is a parliamentary democracy and has a federal structure, whereby it is run by elected officials at both national and state levels. There are several factors that decide the government-formation.  Here is a quick look : Forming Government at the Centre As the existing strength of the Lok Sabha is 543, the magic figure comes to 272 that ensures a party or alliance’s majority in the House, necessary to form the government. With large number of regional parties coming in the fray and contesting Lok Sabha elections, it generally becomes difficult for a single party to reach [...]Read more

What is Article 17 of Indian Constitution
What is Article 17 of Indian Constitution

One of the vital steps that independent India took was the effort towards eradication of untouchability. Finally, the Indian Constitution abolished the practice of untouchability in 1950. The lawmakers included provisions within the Constitution that can provide measures for positive discrimination in both educational institutions and public services for the socially backward groups. Article 17 of the Indian Constitution is a legislation that abolishes practice of untouchability in any form. According to the provision of Article 17, “enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability” is a punishable offence in accordance with law. Purpose of Article 17 [...]Read more

What are the Voting Rights for NRIs in India
What are the Voting Rights for NRIs in India

According to the provisions of Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2010, an individual, who is a citizen of India and residing in any foreign country for the purpose of employment, education or other commitments is eligible to be a voter in the constituency where his residence in India is located. It is to be noted that NRIs who have acquired the citizenship of any other country are not eligible to be registered as voters. Application for the Enrollment of NRIs in Electoral Roll For the overseas Indians, the first step to get registered as a voter [...]Read more

Article 15 of Indian Constitution
Article 15 of the Indian Constitution

In order to uphold the spirit of a secular nation and create a society based on equality, the Constitution makers of India have incorporated various provisions in the Indian Constitution. Article 15 is one such legislation. The Concept of Article 15 The concept and purpose of this Article is to prevent the government from making discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex, or birth place. One of the clauses clearly states that no citizen shall be subject to “any disability, liability, restriction or condition” on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex, and place of [...]Read more

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