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Is There Any Political Equation to Win Elections?

Posted by Admin on April 28, 2014 | Comment

The dynamism of Indian politics can be gauged by the fact that new political equations emerge at the most unexpected hour. Whether a regional party decides to get cozy with its one-time rival or an opposition leader stages a walkout and hugs the ruling party, every action is decided by the equations of electoral politics.

Is There Any Political Equation to Win Elections

What are Political Equations?

To cite a recent example, AAP’s debut in political arena actually changed the political equations in Delhi. This is true for both politicians as well as the electorates. Shedding the long-worn loyalty towards national political parties, people had voted for a new entity and chosen Arvind Kejriwal as their CM. It is the shifting in allegiance that did upset the carefully construed calculations of political parties. To be precise, political equation is the foundation upon which parties build assumptions and expectations. In this case, Congress’ expectations were dashed.

How Voters are influenced by Political Equations

Change is the only constant thing in politics, and so is the stand a party takes. During pre-elections phase, both the regional and national parties slip into contemplation and self-analysis mode, identifying the issues that they should resolve or pander to. National parties, in order to gain a national foothold, often fail to serve the diverse interests of different regions of the country; it is here that they form a coalition with the regional players to better their image and enhance their vote bank. If honour killing is a pressing concern in Haryana, a political party will take a vow to eliminate the menace. If BJD is growing ever strong in Orissa, a national party willing to gain foothold in the state would like to form an alliance with the former.

Regional parties vie for greater attention of national parties to get their regional issues resolved. But coalition government’s survival rests on the unhindered relations between the national and regional parties. The ulterior objective of devising equations is to remain in the popular imagination for a longer time.

Role of Regional Parties in Spicing up Political Equations

It won’t be far-fetched to proclaim that the increasing clout of regional parties has certainly made political equations more difficult to mull over. There’s a presence of strong regional leaders in important states, who are skeptical about the offers they receive from their national counterparts. Caste and religion are deeply rooted in Indian politics, and regional parties have been able to wield their power on this front. They have so much support from their region that often parties such as Congress and BJP have to adhere to their whims. What do we infer from that? A party has to sacrifice some of its convictions for the sake of gaining numbers in the parliament.

With coalition government being the trend for the last few decades, each party is aware of its USP and tries to stay connected with the ones who wield power. The game of political engagement is getting challenging every passing day with the parties finding it hard to stay true to their ideology because of the various push-and-pull strategies they have to adopt. As seasoned politicians and veteran ideologues join hands with the regional parties, they are doing their own calculations to derive the best bargain for their entities.

What are the disadvantages of Political Equations?

Common people are often taken for a ride by the political parties who are quick to seize an opportunity and alter the entire game plan by taking a stand contrary to their ideology. Their mercurial behavior is not a psychological disorder. It’s rather a political compulsion. Be it the caste-based politics or the politics of reservations and communalism, voters are swayed by these by-products of political equations. Even today we see how political leaders use poverty as an alibi to create emotional triggers and influence the voters’ decision. The leaders with unbridled political ambition abuse this subtle exercise and deceive the voters in long term.