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How budget is made and passed in India
budget making processes in india

Every year, citizens of India wait in anticipation of a people-friendly budget. The expectations build up days prior to the budget presentation.  Much predictions and discussions happen on possible provisions of the budget. Although presentation of budget garners maximum media attention, the actual action starts after the Railway Budget or the General Budget is tabled in Parliament. What follows is a lengthy and meticulous process of passing it before it finally becomes effective.   General Discussion The Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs announces the dates for general discussion on the budget after consulting the Finance Ministry. In Lok [...]Read more

What is SAARC history and objectives
What is SAARC

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic and geopolitical organisation of eight South Asian nations. It plays the role of a guiding force for the member countries. For the last two months, SAARC has been frequently making headlines with several new developments being proposed by its member nations. History of SAARC It was back in 1980 when the concept of regional political and economic cooperation in South Asia was first thought of and fired the public imagination. Even before that, the idea was discussed in three major conferences: Asian Relations Conference (New Delhi), [...]Read more

What is BRICS and what does it stand for ?

BRICS is an acronym for an international association comprising five major emerging economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. The group was earlier known as “BRIC” before South Africa joined as a member in 2010. All member nations of BRICS are known for their fast-growing economies and significant influence on regional and global affairs. BRICS nations are also the members of G-20 group of developing nations. Foundation & Purpose of BRICS Even before the group was formed, its name was coined by the chairman of Goldman Sachs – Jim O’Neill. He used the term in his [...]Read more

Article 368 – Growing Abuse
Article 368

It’s a known fact that the Indian Constitution has been subjected to a series of amendments ever since it was adopted. In fact, the post- emergency period (1975–77) saw amendments being made more frequently. Questions were asked; issues were raised and doubts were expressed about the effectiveness of the amendments and the intentions behind them. Although Article 368 of the Constitution gives Parliament the power to make changes to the nation’s fundamental laws, a sense of arbitrariness could be felt in the way most of the amendments were made. Amendment Procedure under Article 368 As per article [...]Read more

Significance of Article 14 of Indian Constitution
Significance of Article 14 of Indian Constitution

After the Supreme Court gave its verdict on Sharia courts stating that they have no legal authority and their decisions are not legally binding, the discussions on fundamental rights gained momentum. The court had categorically mentioned that fatwas must not violate the rights of individuals guaranteed by law. In this context, people should be reminded and made aware of the Article 14 in the Constitution of India. What is Article 14 of Indian Constitution? According to Article 14, “the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or equal protection of the laws within [...]Read more

Amendments to Indian Constitution
Amendments of Indian Constitution

One can say with certainty that Indian Constitution is one of the most frequently amended constitutions in the world. It was just a year after the Constitution was adopted that the first amendment came into force and several changes were made effective. Many more amendments followed since then. As of May 2013, the Constitution has been amended 98 times. Although the process of amendment was made flexible by the makers of Indian Constitution to help the nation adapt to changing circumstances, yet that seems to have backfired. ‘Whims and fancies’ of the ruling government had often brought [...]Read more

What is Zero hour in Parliament
What is Zero hour in Parliament

We are quite accustomed to see members of Parliament asking questions during the Question Hour. That’s how Parliament begins its day when it’s in session. Apart from the Question Hour, Parliament allocates additional time slot for the members to discuss issues. Although it’s not recognized in our parliamentary procedure, ‘Zero Hour’ has now become a norm in both the houses of Parliament. History of Zero Hour It was during the 1960s when several issues of national and international importance used to be raised by members of Parliament immediately after Question Hour. On one such occasion, a member [...]Read more

Women Governors in India
Women Governors in India

Governors function as constitutional heads of states. Some political observers consider them to be the product of colonial legacy, and doubt their relevance in contemporary times. Although their place in the country’s governance is subject to debate, the Governors continue to find a place in Indian politics. What difference do women leaders make when they hold gubernatorial posts? Let’s find out. First Woman Governor in India :  Sarojini Naidu More than the title of the “First woman Governor of a state in free India”, what makes Sarojini Naidu an important name in Indian political history is the [...]Read more

Women Chief Ministers in India
Women Chief Ministers in India

When Narendra Modi handed over the baton of chief ministership to Anandiben Patel, Gujarat got its first woman chief minister. In a landmark decision, she announced 33 percent reservation for women in the state police force. Gujarat could be a classic example of gender equity and greater participation of women in the political process, but this is certainly not a pan-India phenomenon. It might come as a startling revelation for those who don’t know that India has seen only 15 women chief ministers since Independence with Mamata Banerjee and Anandiben Patel being the latest inclusions in the [...]Read more

Women Members of Parliament in India
Women Members of Parliament in India

The Indian Constitution guarantees it, but the reality is little different. Despite being a proponent of gender equity, India is yet to become a nation wherein women have proportional representation in politics. The Parliament hasn’t seen a fair percentage of women members that can vindicate the nation’s stand on giving a level playing field to women in politics. Representation of Women in Parliament since Independence It was a record of sorts in 2009 when 59 women were elected to the lower house of Parliament. 59 women MPs out of 543 meant the Lok Sabha was represented by [...]Read more

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