What is General Election in India
The general election, considered to be the biggest exercise in Indian democracy, is held to form the central government. The election is conducted when the ruling government completes its five-year term or if the parliament is dissolved. It decides the fate of all the parties in the country and provides its citizens the chance to elect their representatives. The results of voting in all 543 constituencies of the Parliament of India contribute to the formation of the government. A party must secure at least 272 seats to form the government.
Major Political Parties
Bharatiya Janata Party:: Bharatiya Janata Party, known for their philosophy of "integral humanism", has some of the prominent faces of the Indian politics, including Atal Bihari Vajpayee, L. K. Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, and many more. After sitting in the opposition of the Lok Sabha for ten years, the party feels it has a strong chance to win the 2014 election given the anti-incumbency factor against the Congress. The party has therefore projected Narendra Modi, a proven administrator but controversial figure, as its prime ministerial candidate.
Indian National Congress: The Congress party carries the legacy of the Gandhi and Nehru families, and has ruled the nation for most of the post-Independence period. The party’s campaign for the 2014 election would be led by Manmohan Singh, the prime minister of India; Sonia Gandhi, the chairperson of the INC; and Rahul Gandhi, the Vice President of the INC.
The issues which may influence the performance of the INC in the general elections are:
- Bifurcation of the state Andhra Pradesh to provide separate statehood to Telangana.
- Food Security Bill
- Land Acquisition Bill
- Lokpal Bill
Aam Aadmi Party: Although not a major party by any standards, the AAP was able to pull a dramatic upset in the Delhi assembly election 2013 and has announced that it will contest in the Lok Sabha election. It is believed that Kumar Vishwas, the writer-poet AAP member, will contest against Rahul Gandhi, vice-president of the Congress, in the Lok Sabha election. The emergence of the AAP has added an interesting twist to the Indian democracy.
India General Elections 2014 Results Date
The election to the 16th Lok Sabha is scheduled to be held in between April 7 to May 12th with as many as nine phases. The General Elections 2014 results date has been decided upon as 16th of May. The election will be critical for the country as the 10-year uninterrupted rule of the Congress-led UPA will be tested. The party has suffered major defeats in the 2013 assembly elections, and it is being seen as an important indicator of public sentiment. Given the allegations of widespread corruption and poor governance, the party indeed has an uphill task ahead.
The election to the 15th Lok Sabha was held in 2009 in the month of April–May. It was won by United Progressive Alliance (UPA). The UPA had won 262 seats, whereas the opposition, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), bagged 137 seats. The government’s five-year term is scheduled to expire on 31 May 2014.
Major events that shall affect the 2014 16th Lok Sabha (General) Elections
- Price inflation: The latter half of 2013 saw a massive jump in the wholesale price index. The onion was in news for reaching Rs. 100 per kg in the capital, which lost the Congress the assembly election in several states.
- Muzaffarnagar riots: The riots involved communal clashes between Hindus and Muslims on 27 August 2013. The violence continued for weeks in Muzaffarnagar and neighbouring, areas causing 43 deaths and 93 injuries.
- Anti-corruption movement: Perhaps for the sixteenth time in India’s history, public anger on corruption has reached the boiling point. The Congress will suffer the biggest loss, being the ruling party, while the prevailing sentiment may also help the Aam Aadmi Party to an extent.
- Split of BJP & JD(U): Nitish Kumar, the chief minister of Bihar ended the 17-year-old alliance with the BJP on 16 June 2013. This is a major loss for the NDA.
Last Updated on February 5, 2014