Parliamentary Constituencies Latest News And Updates
The Lok Sabha - House of the PeopleThe supreme legislative body, the Parliament of India comprises of the President and the two Houses -Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The Lok Sabha is also known as the Lower House of the parliament of India. In Sanskrit, "Lok" signifies "people" and "Sabha" signifies "assembly".
How are the parliamentary constituencies formed in India
There are 543 constituencies in India. The size of the constituency is determined by the Delimitation Commission.
|Click to see Results for 543 Parliamentary Constituencies of India|
State-wise list of parliamentary constituencies (Lok Sabha seats) in India
The table shows the parliamenttary constituencies in each state with the name of the sitting MP along with the MP's performance report.
Key members of 16th Lok Sabha
|Protem Speaker||Kamal Nath|
|Deputy Speaker||M. Thambi Durai|
|Leader of the House||Narendra Modi|
|Leader of the Opposition||Mapanna Mallikarjun Kharge|
|Secretary General||Anoop Mishra|
What is General Election in IndiaThe general election, considered to be the biggest exercise in Indian democracy, is held to form the central government. The election is conducted when the ruling government completes its five-year term or if the parliament is dissolved. It decides the fate of all the parties in the country and provides its citizens the chance to elect their representatives. The results of voting in all 543 constituencies of the Parliament of India contribute to the formation of the government. A party must secure at least 272 seats to form the government. The general elections are conducted and organised by the Election Commission of India (ECI).
Why was the 2014 general election so important?
The general election is a part of the constitutional process and takes place every five years to elect the new government of the country. In 2014, though, a lot more was at stake, in light of the following:
- The anti-incumbency wave in India against the UPA which had ruled the nation for 10 years was growing stronger due to the scams and allegations of corruption against the UPA government.
- Rise of Narendra Modi as the Prime Ministerial candidate from BJP due to the featuring of his successful Gujarat model. There was rapid increase in the 'Modi Wave' which attracted the people from every part of the country.
- India was looking for a change from the current government, seeking an awakened India. The nation wanted a complete reversal of the Indian Governance.
- The 2011 India Against Corruption movement led by Anna Hazare stimulated a new move of the common man into politics.
- Emergence of the AAP as a promising party initiated a new drive in the nation, by bringing citizens to fight against corruption by changing the system itself.
- Resignation of the three-time Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit of the Indian National Congress (INC) from her post after a shameful defeat in the Delhi Legislative Assembly election 2013.
- The BJP had won the Vidhan Sabha elections in Goa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Punjab.
- Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam president M. Karunanidhi broke its alliance with the INC for the Lok Sabha elections.
- The Congress is facing a leadership crisis, with Rahul Gandhi, arguably the strongest contender for the position of PM candidate, not viewed as a good choice by political leaders and analysts alike.
India General Elections HistoryThe current Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Indian Parliament) is the 16th Lok Sabha, whose members were elected in the last general elections, held between 7 April 2014 and 12 May 2014. The current NDA government took office on 26th May 2014. The members of the Lok Sabha are elected for a term of five years, therefore, the term of the current Lok Sabha will officially end by May 2019. Elections for the next or 17th Lok Sabha will need to be held before May 2019 to enable a new government to be formed. The next elections for the Lok Sabha will held after five years in the year 2019 when NDA will complete its term as a government.
The Parliament of India comprises of two houses - the Lok Sabha (House of the People) or the Lower House and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) or the Upper House. The Lok Sabha is made up of a total of 552 Members of Parliament. Each of these 552 members represents a particular geographic region from across India. These geographic units are known as the Parliamentary Constituencies. In other words, these Parliamentary Constituencies constitute the number of seats in the Lok Sabha.
Out of these 552 MPs, upto 530 members can represent the states, upto 20 members can represent the Union Territories and 2 members can represent the Anglo-Indian community. Members from each of these Parliamentary Constituencies are elected directly by the voters of the particular constituency, according to the Universal Adult Franchise. The elections are held after a period of every 5 years, if the Lok Sabha is not dissolved sooner. Each state has a fixed number of Parliamentary Constituencies which are represented in the Lok Sabha.
The supervision and responsibility of the elections to these Parliamentary Constituencies is carried out by a centralized, independent statutory body called the Election Commission. The size and structure of each of these constituencies is outlined in Section 4 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950. The current 16th Lok Sabha session, which was formed in 2014, has 543 Parliamentary Constituencies. Uttar Pradesh has the maximum number of Parliamentary Constituencies allotted to it, numbering 80.
Political History of India
Ever since India adopted its constitution after its independence in 1947, it has been a sovereign democratic republic. India has a federal form of government where its central government has far greater powers than that of the states. Since India has a multi-party system, several national and regional parties operate on central and regional fronts. If a political party operates in more than 4 states, it becomes a national party.
For most of the democratic history, the central government in India has been led by the Indian National Congress (INC). The Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) is another major political party in the country. The INC has in power for 54 out of 67 years of independence of India. Except for two short spells by the BJP, the INC led the nation from 1950 to 1990. The BJP ruled from 1977 to 1980. Then, in 1989, a National Front Coalition that had Janata Dal as the leading party and the Left Front as ally, ruled for only two years. Both these times, it was public discontent over political issues that threw the INC out of power.
From 1996 to 1998, the central government was ruled sixteenth by the BJP and then by a left-supporting United Front coalition. And then in 1998, the BJP led National Democratic Alliance became the sixteenth non-INC government which completed a full-term of 5 years. During this decade, several new regional players emerged, like Lok Dal, Bahujan Samaj Party, Samajwadi Party and Janata Dal.
However, the 2004 general elections again brought the INC at the helm of political affairs as the party gained the maximum number of seats and formed the United Progressive Alliance with Left parties and many other regional parties. In the 2009 parliamentary elections, the INC won the largest number of seats and formed a government by leading a coalition with smaller parties, with the BJP in opposition.
Now, in 2014, BJP has come to power with their spectacular win. The party has won the clear majority and gained 282 seats. BJP has formed the NDA alliance to rule and power the government in India with Narendra Modi as its Prime Minister.
State Wise Lok Sabha Election Results 2014The table below shows the number of Lok Sabha seats in each state along with the seats won by BJP, INC and all the other parties in 2014 Lok Sabha Elections.
Last Updated on February 27, 2015