The Lok Sabha - House of the People
The supreme legislative body, the Parliament of India comprises of the President and the two Houses -Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The Lok Sabha is also known as the Lower House of the parliament of India. In Sanskrit, "Lok" signifies "people" and "Sabha" signifies "assembly".
How are the parliamentary constituencies formed in India
There are 543 constituencies in India. The size of the constituency is determined by the Delimitation Commission.
|Click to see Results for 543 Parliamentary Constituencies of India|
State-wise list of parliamentary constituencies (Lok Sabha seats) in India
The table shows the number of parliamenttary constituencies in each statae and the ruling party of each state :
Key members of 16th Lok Sabha
|Protem Speaker||Kamal Nath|
|Deputy Speaker||Kariya Munda|
|Leader of the House||Narendra Modi|
|Leader of the Opposition||Mapanna Mallikarjun Kharge|
|Secretary General||P. Sreedharan|
What is General Election in India
The general election, considered to be the biggest exercise in Indian democracy, is held to form the central government. The election is conducted when the ruling government completes its five-year term or if the parliament is dissolved. It decides the fate of all the parties in the country and provides its citizens the chance to elect their representatives. The results of voting in all 543 constituencies of the Parliament of India contribute to the formation of the government. A party must secure at least 272 seats to form the government. The general elections are conducted and organised by the Election Commission of India (ECI).
Why was the 2014 general election so important?
The general election is a part of the constitutional process and takes place every five years to elect the new government of the country. In 2014, though, a lot more was at stake, in light of the following:
- The anti-incumbency wave in India against the UPA which had ruled the nation for 10 years was growing stronger due to the scams and allegations of corruption against the UPA government.
- Rise of Narendra Modi as the Prime Ministerial candidate from BJP due to the featuring of his successful Gujarat model. There was rapid increase in the 'Modi Wave' which attracted the people from every part of the country.
- India was looking for a change from the current government, seeking an awakened India. The nation wanted a complete reversal of the Indian Governance.
- The 2011 India Against Corruption movement led by Anna Hazare stimulated a new move of the common man into politics.
- Emergence of the AAP as a promising party initiated a new drive in the nation, by bringing citizens to fight against corruption by changing the system itself.
- Resignation of the three-time Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit of the Indian National Congress (INC) from her post after a shameful defeat in the Delhi Legislative Assembly election 2013.
- The BJP had won the Vidhan Sabha elections in Goa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Punjab.
- Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam president M. Karunanidhi broke its alliance with the INC for the Lok Sabha elections.
- The Congress is facing a leadership crisis, with Rahul Gandhi, arguably the strongest contender for the position of PM candidate, not viewed as a good choice by political leaders and analysts alike.
India General Elections History
The current Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Indian Parliament) is the 16th Lok Sabha, whose members were elected in the last general elections, held between 7 April 2014 and 12 May 2014. The current NDA government took office on 26th May 2014. The members of the Lok Sabha are elected for a term of five years, therefore, the term of the current Lok Sabha will officially end by May 2019. Elections for the next or 17th Lok Sabha will need to be held before May 2019 to enable a new government to be formed. The next elections for the Lok Sabha will held after five years in the year 2019 when NDA will complete its term as a government.
The Parliament of India comprises of two houses - the Lok Sabha (House of the People) or the Lower House and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) or the Upper House. The Lok Sabha is made up of a total of 552 Members of Parliament. Each of these 552 members represents a particular geographic region from across India. These geographic units are known as the Parliamentary Constituencies. In other words, these Parliamentary Constituencies constitute the number of seats in the Lok Sabha.
Out of these 552 MPs, upto 530 members can represent the states, upto 20 members can represent the Union Territories and 2 members can represent the Anglo-Indian community. Members from each of these Parliamentary Constituencies are elected directly by the voters of the particular constituency, according to the Universal Adult Franchise. The elections are held after a period of every 5 years, if the Lok Sabha is not dissolved sooner. Each state has a fixed number of Parliamentary Constituencies which are represented in the Lok Sabha.
The supervision and responsibility of the elections to these Parliamentary Constituencies is carried out by a centralized, independent statutory body called the Election Commission. The size and structure of each of these constituencies is outlined in Section 4 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950. The current 16th Lok Sabha session, which was formed in 2014, has 543 Parliamentary Constituencies. Uttar Pradesh has the maximum number of Parliamentary Constituencies allotted to it, numbering 80.
Political History of India
Ever since India adopted its constitution after its independence in 1947, it has been a sovereign democratic republic. India has a federal form of government where its central government has far greater powers than that of the states. Since India has a multi-party system, several national and regional parties operate on central and regional fronts. If a political party operates in more than 4 states, it becomes a national party.
For most of the democratic history, the central government in India has been led by the Indian National Congress (INC). The Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) is another major political party in the country. The INC has in power for 54 out of 67 years of independence of India. Except for two short spells by the BJP, the INC led the nation from 1950 to 1990. The BJP ruled from 1977 to 1980. Then, in 1989, a National Front Coalition that had Janata Dal as the leading party and the Left Front as ally, ruled for only two years. Both these times, it was public discontent over political issues that threw the INC out of power.
The 1990s saw times of political unrest in India as no single party managed to get clear majority and coalitions were the order of the day. As a result of the 1991 general elections, the INC came to power to form a minority government.
From 1996 to 1998, the central government was ruled sixteenth by the BJP and then by a left-supporting United Front coalition. And then in 1998, the BJP led National Democratic Alliance became the sixteenth non-INC government which completed a full-term of 5 years. During this decade, several new regional players emerged, like Lok Dal, Bahujan Samaj Party, Samajwadi Party and Janata Dal.
However, the 2004 general elections again brought the INC at the helm of political affairs as the party gained the maximum number of seats and formed the United Progressive Alliance with Left parties and many other regional parties. In the 2009 parliamentary elections, the INC won the largest number of seats and formed a government by leading a coalition with smaller parties, with the BJP in opposition.
Now, in 2014, BJP has come to power with their spectacular win. The party has won the clear majority and gained 282 seats. BJP has formed the NDA alliance to rule and power the government in India with Narendra Modi as its Prime Minister.
State Wise Lok Sabha Election Results 2014
The table below shows the number of Lok Sabha seats in each state along with the seats won by BJP, INC and all the other parties in 2014 Lok Sabha Elections.
2014-08-13 03:48:37 pmM. Thambidurai elected LS deputy speaker AIADMK leader M. Thambidurai was today unanimously elected as the deputy speaker of the Lok Sabha. The motion for his election was moved by Home Minister Rajnath Singh and seconded by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj. Almost all parties moved motions for his election, including the Congress. Source:IANS
2014-08-13 12:50:59 pmPresident presents best parliamentarian awards President Pranab Mukherjee presented the outstanding parliamentarian awards to Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, Congress leader Karan Singh and JD-U president Sharad Yadav for 2010, 2011 and 2012, respectively. At a function organised by the Indian Parliamentary Group, Mukherjee said Jaitley, Karan Singh and Yadav were worthy successors of the illustrious lineage of parliamentarians who have received the award in the past. Source:IANS
2014-08-13 12:48:35 pmCabinet approves amendments to Juvenile Justice Act The union cabinet gave its nod to amend the Juvenile Justice Act that will pave the way for 16/18-year-olds to be treated as adults when involved in heinous crimes. The decision was taken at a meeting of the cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, informed sources said. The amended bill will now be sent to parliament for approval. Source: IANS
2014-08-07 09:47:45 amTime for Congress to introspect: Jaitley The Congress party needs to introspect as it was under pressure and its own leaders were speaking out, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said today. "A section of the leadership of the Congress party, because of its inability to lead, has been under pressure," Jaitley said following Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi's aggressive behaviour in the Lok Sabha when he along with other party MPs advanced to the speaker's podium demanding a debate on the rising incidents of communal clashes in the country. Source: IANS
2014-08-06 04:20:56 pmRahul takes lead in Lok Sabha, advances to speaker's podium Leading from the front, Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi today advanced to the Lok Sabha speaker's podium along with other party MPs demanding a debate on increasing incidents of communal clashes in the country. As soon as the house met, the opposition parties led by the Congress raised slogans demanding a debate on the communal riots in Uttar Pradesh and the introduction of the bill against communal violence. Source: IANS
2014-08-06 12:42:11 pmLok Sabha adjourned till noon The Lok Sabha was adjourned till noon today following a ruckus created by the opposition parties over communal riots in Uttar Pradesh. Raising slogans and demanding the introduction of the bill against communal violence, the Congress sought a debate on the issue. Amid the din, Speaker Sumitra Mahajan adjourned the house till noon. Source: IANS
2014-08-06 11:57:21 amRajya Sabha disrupted over demands for debate on Gaza The Rajya Sabha was disrupted again on Friday as the opposition continued to create an uproar demanding a discussion on the on-going conflict in the Gaza Strip. The house lost its question hour to disruptions, and saw as many as three adjournments before lunch. As soon as the upper house met, opposition members were on their feet demanding a debate on the issue to be taken up immediately. Responding to the opposition's demands, Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs Prakash Javadekar said the government is ready to discuss the matter on Monday and this has been conveyed to the Business Advisory Committee. Source : IANS
2014-07-18 01:01:07 pmGovernment blocks Rajya Sabha discussion on Israel-Palestine row The government on Wednesday refused to discuss the Israel-Palestine conflict in the Rajya Sabha, saying "no discourteous reference should be made to a friendly nation", adding "we have friendly relations with both the countries". A discussion on the violence in the Gaza Strip and West Bank areas of Palestine was listed in the upper house's list of business on Wednesday. According to members, it was agreed that the discussion would be taken up soon after the question hour. Source : IANS
2014-07-16 04:11:07 pmUproar in Tamil Nadu house over club barring judge The denial of entry to a sitting judge of the Madras High Court and two senior advocates by the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) Club for wearing a 'dhoti' was raised in the state assembly on Monday. Members across party lines condemned the incident and urged the government to take legal action against the club. Speaking on the issue, DMK's M.K.Stalin said such a practice is followed by many clubs like the Gymkhana Club, MCC Club and the Boat Club. Source : IANS
2014-07-14 04:55:54 pmFirst train between Delhi, Katra starts Monday The first superfast New Delhi-Katra train called "Shri Shakti Express" will start from New Delhi and Katra railway stations on Monday evening. Indian railway sources told IANS that "Shri Shakti Express" will leave New Delhi railway station at 5.30 p.m. Monday and reach Mata Vaishno Devi railway station (Katra) at 5.10 a.m. Tuesday. Katra is the base camp town of the Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine which is visited by millions of devotees from all over the country each year. Source: IANS
2014-07-14 04:36:08 pmObama wants stronger economic ties with India, Modi told US Deputy Secretary of State William Burns, who called on Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday, conveyed to him US President Barack Obama's desire to strengthen economic relations with India, and handed him Obama's letter inviting him to visit Washington in September. The Prime Minister's Office said Obama reiterated his invitation to Modi to visit Washington in September and to work closely to make India-US relations a defining partnership for the 21st century. Source : IANS
2014-07-11 03:17:33 pmBill to amend TRAI Act introduced in Lok Sabha A bill to amend Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Act was introduced in the Lok Sabha on Friday amid ruckus. The Telecom Regulatory Authority Amendment Bill will pave way for the appointment of former TRAI chairman Nripendra Misra as principal secretary to Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The bill replaces an ordinance brought by the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government, to amend the act which prohibited its chairman and members from taking up any other job in the central or state governments after demitting office. Source : IANS
2014-07-11 02:38:19 pmExpenses for union ministers up 15.4 percent The sum for expenses of union ministers has been increased by 15.4 percent in the current fiscal. The union budget 2014-15, presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in parliament proposed Rs.433 crore for salaries, tour and other expenses for the union council of ministers as against Rs.375 crore provided for 2013-14. The allocation also include Rs.38.44 crore for Prime Minister's Office and Rs.271.80 crore for tour expenses of the union ministers, as well as provision for sumptuary and other allowances of the cabinet ministers and ministers of state. Source : IANS
2014-07-11 12:05:50 pmRail budget disappointing: Himachal CM Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh Tuesday termed the railway budget a "disappointment" for the state. "The railway budget neither contains the proposal of extensions of rail lines nor the conversion of existing rail tracks into broad gauge," he said in a statement. Source: IANS
2014-07-08 06:00:19 pmLalu, Nitish criticise railway budget Former railway ministers Nitish Kumar and Lalu Prasad on Tuesday criticised the NDA government's first railway budget. Nitish Kumar described the railway budget as "directionless" and said, "The railway budget has no clear-cut direction to move ahead." Lalu Prasad said the railway budget has made it clear that the government will pave the way for private investment and will hand over railway to private players.
2014-07-08 05:40:36 pmJayalalithaa commends centre on rail budget Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa on Tuesday commended Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Railway Minister D.V. Sadananda Gowda for bringing before the nation the true status of the Indian railways. Welcoming the proposal to introduce new trains connecting the state with other places, she expressed the hope that priority would be accorded to allocating funds for some of the long-pending projects in Tamil Nadu for their completion. Source: IANS
2014-07-08 04:45:12 pmCPI-M blasts railway budget The CPI-M denounced the railway budget unveiled on Tuesday, calling it "a cosmetic exercise, high on rhetoric and low in substance". "The emphasis had been in high-sounding bullet trains and commercial freight corridors with no budgetary calculations to back up," it said in a statement. Source: IANS
2014-07-08 04:32:09 pmPositive response from Swiss banks : Jaitley There has been a "positive response" to some requests made by the Indian government to Swiss banks as far as black money stashed abroad is concerned, union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said on Tuesday. Jaitley was responding to a question from Goa Rajya Sabha member Shantaram Naik over the issue in Panaji. Source : IANS
2014-07-08 03:46:29 pmHigh speed train from Mystore to Chennai A high speed train would be introduced from Mysore to Chennai via Bangalore by upgrading the present rail network, Railway Minister D.V. Sadananda Gowda said on Tuesday. "While bullet trains would require new infrastructure, higher speed for existing trains will be achieved by upgrading the present network. Source: IANS
2014-07-08 03:17:48 pmRahul Gandhi says railway budget is hopeless Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi on Tuesday described the railway budget as "hopeless". "It is a hopeless budget," Gandhi told journalists after Railway Minister D.V. Sadananda Gowda presented his maiden budget in parliament. He said that Congress states were not given their due in the Rs.164,374 crore budget. "Congress ruled states were ignored in this budget," Gandhi said. Source: IANS
2014-07-08 03:11:51 pmBengal neglected in railway budget: Mamata West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Tuesday accused the central government of neglecting her state in the railway budget. "West Bengal has been neglected and humiliated by the new government," Banerjee said on her official Facebook page. "Has anyone seen such neglect and humiliation ever," she wondered. Source: IANS
2014-07-08 02:46:11 pmLok Sabha adjourned till 3 p.m. The Lok Sabha was on Tuesday adjourned till 3 p.m. following a protest by members of the Trinamool Congress who claimed that the railway budget had ignored West Bengal. Source: IANS
2014-07-08 02:43:51 pmMedical graduates to serve in rural areas Medical graduates may soon have to serve for some time in rural areas as a mandatory part of their course, said Health Minister Harsh Vardhan. Replying to supplementaries during Question Hour in the Rajya Sabha, he said the central government is trying to create a mechanism to ensure that doctors are available in rural dispensaries and health care centers. Source: IANS
2014-07-08 02:41:52 pmRail budget focusses on transparency, safety: Modi Calling the railways an engine of development, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the railway budget unveiled on Tuesday had its focus on transparency and passenger safety. The Rs.149,176 crore budget presented in the Lok Sabha focussed on "transparency and integrity" as well as the safety needs of commuters, Modi said in remarks later. Source: IANS
2014-07-08 02:39:54 pm