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Uneven development in Karnataka

April 16, 2018

Uneven Development in Karnataka

The state of Karnataka is one of the most prosperous states in India. Since the late 1960s, the government has made several efforts to develop and bring prosperity to Karnataka. However, the development in Karnataka has its own fallacies, which has seen enormous development in certain regions of Karnataka while there are regions that are yet to see an image of development.

Bengaluru, the IT capital of India and the capital of Karnataka, has been divided into two districts – Bengaluru Urban and Bengaluru Rural. Bengaluru Urban has been provided with more facilities when compared to Bengaluru Rural. The rural district is basically an agricultural district. If we look at the per capita income of the state according to the Karnataka Economic Survey of 2015-2016, then Bengaluru Urban had an income of Rupees 2,71,387 while Bengaluru Rural had an income of Rupees 1,27, 264.

In fact, there is uneven development in other urban and rural sectors in the state. The major cities namely Bengaluru and Mysuru get sufficient amenities like electricity and clean drinking water while the rural sector is highly neglected. These major cities account for major proportions of the revenue of the state and thus are provided with sufficient power supply and other facilities while the rural districts are mostly ignored. Due to this, inter-state migration is taking place which is leading towards to an overpopulation in the urban districts. This migration is affecting the lives of millions of people dwelling in those areas.

Politically significant regions are also preferred over the rural areas as they help in increasing the number of votes. Lingyats form nearly 17% of the total population, so Lingyats dominating areas are given more preference.

Some regions of Karnataka which were already developed before the state reorganization in 1956 continue to prosper while the economically backward regions still strive for development. All regions of the state are unable to get an adequate amount of resources which is leading towards major uneven development within the state. This is going to harm the economy and social progress of the state of Karnataka in the long run. The literacy rate, population density, availability of basic amenities is also getting degraded and highly affected due to the existing uneven development. It was in the year 2000 that the state realized this uneven development existence and started working on its elimination. A committee was set up which was led by the economist D. M. Nanjundappa and till now the state has been working to cure these regional differences.

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I am a hard and smart working individual who is self-motivated and believes in learning something new every day. Being an avid reader and a major in English Literature I have a small stash of books in my closet which is my prized possession. I love to eat, cook and explore. Reading is my hobby and writing is my passion.

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